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NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK, TO WIT: XE it remembered, That on the fifth day of July, in the forty-seventh geal of the Independence of the United States of Ameren, A. D. 1822. E. & E. HOSFORD, * of the said districe, have deposited in this office the title of
book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, to wit: "Murray's English Reader; or pieces in prose and poetry, selected from the best writers, designed to ar sist young persons to read with propriety and effect; to improve their language and sentiments, and to inculcate some of thu most important principles of piety and viriue, with a tew pre
liminary observations on the principles of good reading, improv. ed by the addition of a concordant and synonymising vocabulary; consisting of about fifteen hundred of the most important words, contained is this work The words are arranged in columns, and aro placed over the sections, respec tively, from which they are selected; and are dividec, defined and pronounced, according to the principles of John Walker. The words in the vocabulary, and their correspondent words in the sections, are numhered wiih figures of reference. Walker's Pronouncing Key which governs the vocabulary, is prefixed to this work. Words can have no definite idea attached to them when by themselves; it is the situation and tract
in the sentence which determine their precise meaning ;-Dr. Johnson. By JEREMIAH GOODRICHI."
In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by socuring the copies of' Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authours and proprietors of such copies, during the times thereia sautioned ;" and also, to the act, entitled " An act supplementary to an ach
titled, “ An act for the encourngement of learnixg, by securing the copies of Taps, Charts, and Books, to the authours and proprietors of such copies during the time therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of De. signing, Engraving and Elching bistorical and other prints."?
RICHARD R. LANSING, Clerk of
the Northern District of N. Yurk.
By miaprision of the Clerk, the names of E. & E. Hosford, were invaried in the record and cortificate, instead of Jeremiah Gondrich
TABLE OF THE SIMPLE AND DIPTHONOAL VOWELS REFERRED TO BY THE FIGURES OVER THE LETTERS IN THE VOCABULARY PLACED BEFORE EACH SECTION OF THỊS WORK. 1. d. The long slender English a, as in fato, pd por, 2. &. The long Italian a, as in får, få thor, pa pa, mam na. 3. a. The broad German a, as in fall, wall, wÅ ter. 4. A. The short sound of the Italian a, as in fat, mát, már ry. 1. é. The long e, as in me, hère, me tre, md dium. 2 e. The short e, as in inét, lët, gêt. 1. !. The long dipthougal i, as in pina, ti tle. : 2. !. The short simple i, as in pin, tlt tlo. 1. d. The long open o, As in no, note, no tico. 2. 8. The long close o, as in move, prove.. 3. d. The long broad 0, as in nd:, for, or ; 1:ke the broad d. 4. d. The short brond o, as in not, hét, gót. I. d. The long dipthongal u, as in tone, Cà pida 2. 6. The short simple u, as in teb, cip, sốp: 3. 4. The midello or obtuse r, as in m. li, füll, mill. 01. The long broad 6, and the short], as in 8ti.
. The long broad d, and the middle obtuse ů, as in thes, please
An attempt to improve a work stamped with the name of the immortai Murray and clothed with universal patronage, may be deemed the height of presumption. But the Author has not handled the rcader irreverently ; for he has left it in precisely the same shape in which he found it : except that a few pages are added to its size by placing a vocabulary over cach section, giving the definition and true pronunciation of the most imporfant words, agreeably to the principles of the celebrated John Walker. Walker's orthography is also given to the work for the purpose of uniformity. Mr: Murray says, that the English Ricailcris “ desigued to assist young persons to read with pro. priety and cliect: and to improve their language and sentiiments.” To every one, who can read Murray's title page, it is evident, that youmg persons can not read the following work with propriety and effect, without a perfect knowledge of the words of which it is composed. Neither can their language and sentiments be much improved, by prating over a work, without regarri either to pronunciation or definition. As there can be na diversity of opinion on this point, the only question is, what is the most convenient and expeditious method of acquiring a vecessary knowledge of words? All will agree, that the best method of becoming acquainted with words, is to consult them, as they occur in the writings of the best authors., But the drudgery of looking out words in a full dictionary, (which must be repeated as often as the learner may forget thicin,) added to the loss of time and the expense of having alictionaries tumbler to pieces in the hands of children, calls loudly for improvement. The pulilick are now invited to deterinine, whether a pronouncing vocabulary placed at the head of each section, is not a more debirable mode of acquisition, than to ramble over \Valker's full work, for every unknown word that may occur.
Py the aid of this vocabulary, teachers can furnish their pu. pils with lessons in spelling, pronunciation, and definition, to he committed to memory, previously :o reading ihe secuons, from which the words are selected. The iciter's 0 rererence will guide the pupil in the application of the definitions. key is huog over each section. inviting the young reader to una luck the door. ana view the treasure, which i Gurray has pre. pared for min.
Should any material errour 02 discovered in the rocabulary, i hy any one, who will communicate the proper corrections to the Mauthour, the favour will be received with gratitude,
MANY selections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will, scarco, ly be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his coinpilation iustructive and interesting, end sufficiently distinct froin others,
Tho present work, as the title expresses, ains at the attalóment of three objects: To improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.
The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which va. riety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts, as well as with respect to one another, will probably have a much greater efri, in properly teaching the art of reading, Man is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice; and the common difficoliies in learning to read well, are obviated. Wher the learner bus acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with justice and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely dif ferent.
The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has been carefully regardedl. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of dic. tion, distinguish il:cm. · They are extracted from the works of the most correct. and clegant writers. From the sources whence the sentiments are drawn, the reador may expect to find them connected and regular, sutticiently it-portant and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or oocentrick The frequent perusal of such composition, naturally tends to infuse a tüs:e for this species of excellence; and to produce a habit of thinking and of composing. with judgment and accuracy.
That this collectiou may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and vistve, the Compiler has introduced many extracts, which place religion in the mosi amiable light: and which recommend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their nature, and the happy oilucts they produce. These sub
*The loerper, in lois progress through this volvu.? and ?!:0 Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instances of composition in sirict contorniy to the ruten for promoting perspicuous and elegant writing, contained in the Appendix is the Authour's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, be will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them wish ease and dexterity.
It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Seque!, besidro toach ing to read accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, may bom considered as auxiliaries to the Authoni's Eriglish Grammar; as practical illu Wations of the princirles and rules contained in that work.
jects are exlibited in a style and manner, which are calculaird to arrest : autention of youth; and io make strong and durabie impressions on their roinde.
The Cooper has been careful 19 avoid every er prets:on and sentiment the mighi gratify a corrup: mind, or in the last degree, offind the eye or ear of in pocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbeni on every person, who writes for th:e benefit of youth. it would, indep I, be a great and happy improvement in education, if no writings were allowed to come under their notice, but such as are perfectly innocent; and it, on all proper ocrusions, they were encouraged to peruse iliose which iend to inspire a due reverence for virtue, and an abhorreace of vico, as well as to animate them with sentinents of piery and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainmen's, could scarcely tail of attending ihem through life; and of prodncing a solidity of principle and characier, that would be able to resist the danger arising from fuivre intercourse with the world.
The Authur has endeavoured to relieve the graro nnd serious parts of his coilection, by the occasional admission of pieces, which amuse as well as instruct. If, however, any of his readers should think it contains too great a proportion of the former, it may be some afology to observe, thot in the existing publications desigued for the perusał of young persons, the preponderanca is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of iniprovement. Vlen the imagination, of youth especially, is toch eniertained, wie sober sierates of the understapeting are regarded with indifference; and i he influence of yoo:laitections is either feeble or transient. temperate use of such entertainment pernis therefore requisite, lu ailord proper scope for the operations of the unlersiunding and ihe heart.
The recilor will percvive, that the Compiler has been solicitous to recommend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing through bis work, some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invalu. able writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so luigh importance, is tv warrant the attenpt to promoto in in every proper occasion.
To improve the young mind and to afford soma assistance to tutors, in the arduous and importaut work of education, were the motives u hich led to this production. If the Authour should be so successful as to accomplish these ende, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well employed; and will deem himself amply rewarded.
« Pro-pri-e-ty, pro-pri’-d-lè, exclusive slion, the act of imparting right, justuens
Au-di-ence, a w'-je-ense, the act of • Im-por-iant, im-por-tant, momen hearing, persons collected to hear Lous, weighty
r Doubt-less, d8ůt'-lês, unquestionsc Attain-ment, at-tane-mènt, acqui bly sition
s Ex-tra-or-di-na-ry, éks-trôr-de-nár-é: d Pro-duc-tive, prd-důk'-liv, fertile, eminent, unusual generative
1 Ex-cel-lence, ék'-sel-lense, state of e Es-sen-tial, és-sên'-shål, necessary, excelling, eminence important
u Art, årt, science, skill s Mi-nute-ly, mé-nute'-14, exactly v Am-ply, am'-ple, largely, liberally & In-ac-cu-rate, in-ak'-ků-rate, not ex-w Re-ward, re-wård' a recompense, to
recompense, to repay k Con-cep-tion, kin-sép'-shủn, preg- 2 Ex-er-tion, égz-ér'-skin, the act of
exerting, effort i Re-sult, re-zůlt', to follow as a conse- y Nec-es-sur-y, nês'-sés-sër-re, needful, quence
requisite j As-cer-tain, as-sér-távo', to make cer- z Pause, påwz, a stop, suspense tain
a Em-pha-sis, eni'-fa-sis, a remarkable k Ac-quire, ak-kwire', to gain by la stress laid upon a word, bour or power
15 At-iain-a-ble, at-tano'-a-bl, that may 1 Fa-cil-i-ty, fa-sil'-:-1ė, easiness, dex be obtained terity
e Im-i-ta-tive, ?m'-e-ta-tiv, inclined to m Con-sti-tute, kôr'-sie-tute, to pro copy duce, appoint
1:2 Ut-ier-ance, åt'-tår-anse, pronuuciani Com-pen-sa-tion, kóm-pên-sa'-shin,
e Ac-cu-rate, åk'-ků-råte, exact, witho Pleas-liri, plëzl'-åre, delight, appro ont defect bation
Com-prise, kóm-prize', to contain pCoin-mu-ni-ca-tion, róm-mu-ne-ka' iucluco OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES or GOOD
TO read with propriety” is a pleasing and important attainment : productives of improvement both to the understanding, and the heart. It is essential' to a complete reader, that he minutely/ perceive the ideas, and enter into the feelings of the author, whoso sentiments he professes to repeat: for how is it po:sible to represent clearly to others, what we have but faint or inaccurates conceptions of ourselves? If there were no other bensits resulting fra.n the art of reading weil, than the necessity it lays us under, of precisely ascertaining the meaning of what ie read; and the
NOTE.--For many of the observation conui in this preliminary tract, the author is indebied tu the writings of Dr. Blais, and to ile Encyclopedia Britannica.