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(e) 20. Make a tabular statement of the differences in the vascular systems of the Worm, Crayfish, Mollusc, Ascidian, Amphioxus, Amphibia, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals.
21. Describe and contrast the nature of respiration in each of the above. Describe the lungs of the last four, and explain what differences are correlated with the fact that some have cold, and some warm, blood.
22. Describe the structure of the sternum and ribs in a Crocodile, a Fowl, a Pig, or Deer, and in Man.
23. Give the dental formula of a Hare. How does it differ in the young animal and in the adult ? ,
(f) 24. What is the general histological plan on which the whole alimentary canal is constructed ?
How is this modified in the regions of the stomach and small intestine ?
25. Describe fully the action of (i) gastric, (ii) pancreatic juice, on proteids.
26. How and where are starch and fat digested and absorbed ?
27. Give an account of the structure of serous and mucous glands.
(9) 28. Give carefully Mallet's theory of earthquakes. Illustrate by a diagram.
29. Describe the geological effects of an earthquake.
30. What evidences have we of the permanent upheaval of land ? Describe the phenomena due to this cause.
31. In what localities is subsidence of land at present taking place? Where has such subsidence occurred in past times ? What proofs of this have we?
1. What is the meaning of the term law of nature? Explain as fully as possible the following statement of Mill:-" The problem of Inductive Logic may be summed up in two questions: how to ascertain the laws of nature, and how, after having ascertained them, to follow them into their results."
2. What does Mill mean by saying that the law of universal causation is an induction which is fitted to be the ultimate test of all other inductions ?
3. Explain the terms cause, effect, counteracting cause, preventing cause, permanent cause, and give examples.
What is the popular distinction between the conditions and the cause of an effect ?
4. Explain as fully as possible what is meant by the statement that effects are proportional to their causes.
5. Explain the place and the use of (i) observation, (ii) experiment in inductive inquiry. Give examples illustrating your
What are the chief advantages which experiment possesses over observation ?
6. There are four methods of experimental inquiry : The Method of Agreement and the Method of Difference are called the two fundamental methods. Why? Show how it is true that they include the other methods.
7. “ The Method of Agreement can only yield empirical laws, and cannot prove causation." Why is this?
Why is this? Of what use is the Method of Agreement ?
8. What is the Joint Method of Agreement and Difference? Explain how it may be called (i) the double method of agreement, (ii) the indirect method of difference. What advantage does it possess over the Simple Method of Agreement ?
(a) GENERAL, 1378—1464 ; (6) SPECIAL, 1360—1381.
(a) 1. What were The Armagnacs, Great Schism, Praguerie Pragmatic Sanction (1438), Ordinance of Orleans, and League of Public Weal? Give dates.
2. What events led to Azincourt ? Give date and articles of Treaty of Troyes.
3. Write a brief life of Jeanne d'Arc ; describe Bedford's rule in France ; name the circumstances which led to our loss of possession there.
(6) 4. Give date and terms in full of Treaty of Bretigny. What important appanage did John present to his son Philip?
5. Give date, cause, and result of Battle of Rossbecque. Who was Phil. van Artevelde? What part did he take in the war between France and England (Charles the Sixth's Reign)?
6. What was the origin of the Salic Law? Do you consider it just?
7. Draw a small map of Charles the Fifth's conquests; or sketch his reign.
Constitutional History. 1. How did Henry VII. amass the vast sums of money he bequeathed to his son ? Discuss the legality of his methods.
2. What were the objects of Wolsey's policy? Illustrate your answer by reference to History.
3. Show clearly that personal liberty was but imperfectly secured during this period. Give instances.
4. How did the Tudor Sovereigns deal with their Parliaments ?
5. Write a short Essay on the causes of the Royal power during the Tudor Period.
Preparation for February Questions, THE REFORMATION.
1. What is meant by a “ Standard of Comfort ? ” What circumstances enable a country to support a large population ?
2. What are the chief conditions of “free circulation” of Labour and Capital ? How far are such conditions present in England now ?
3. What is the relation between (i) the demand for a commodity, (ü) the supply of it, (iii) its expenses of production, (iv) its price?
4. What are the chief causes affecting the rate of interest ?
-5. Define credit, and examine its effect on prices. Why do bills act more than book-credits, and bank-notes than bills ?
6. Senior Paper, No. 6.
1. Give an account of the nature and objects of a modern Trade's Union.
2. “The cost of labour is a function of three variables." Explain this fully. 3. Explain the phrase, “Price of Money." What would be
, the effect on the value of money and prices in England of a discovery of gold mines in Canada ?
4. Distinguish between “cost of production " and "expenses of production.”
5. What is meant by a “ double standard of value ?” Would it be advisable to adopt the system in England ?
6. How is the price of the following articles determined :(i) A picture by Raphael, (ii) a ton of hay, (iii) a patent screw, (iv) a Christmas card ?
Junior and Senior.
1. How many quavers are equal to one dotted minim ? crochets
doubly dotted semibreve ? semiquavers ,
a minim and a crochet ? semiquavers a doubly dotted crochet ? demisemiquavers ,
one dotted semibreve ?
2. Write notes of the following names and values first on the treble stave, and afterwards on the bass stave. Put a double bar after the last note of each exercise and a single bar line after every other note. Minim, Crochets, Semibreves, Quavers, Semiquavers, Demisemiquavers. b, f. d, g.
f, a, 9, d.
C, e, b.
3. How many notes are there between the highest note on the bass stave and the lowest note on the treble stave, and what are their names ? How are notes written that are too high or too low for the stave which is being used ? Write an example.
4. What are the uses of staves and clefs ? Give two names for each of the clefs most commonly ased, and explain them.
5. What is an octave? How many sounds do we use within an octave, and at what distance or interval are they from each other?
6. Write the tune of “ Abide with me," one octave higher than it is given on the treble stave, and one octave lower than it is given on the bass stave.
7. In music that is written for treble, alto, tenor, and bass voices, which parts can be sung by men, which by women, and which by children ?