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(a) GENERAL, 1814–1815 ; (6) LITERATURE.
(a) 1. Trace the progress of events from the Russian Campaign to Waterloo.
2. Compare the National Convention with the previous assemblies; enumerate its acts and those of the Reign of Terror. What was the Directory?
3. Compare the Feudal System in France with that of England ; and explain the French Constitution till the time of the Revolution.
4. Give a clear account of the “ States-General.” Why did they take the name of the “National Assembly"?
(6) 5. Who were Froissart, Villon, Le Moyne, Balzac, Descartes, Pascal, Scarron, Montaigne, La Motte, Montesquieu ; give a short biography of each, with dates.
1. Trace the steps by which the nation gained the control of (a) Taxation, (6) Legislation. Discuss the legality of Tudor Benevolences and Proclamations.
2. Discuss the constitutional importance of the Great Charter.
3. How and when has the maintenance of a standing arany been deemed a constitutional grievance ?
4. Sketch briefly the History of Bribery, (i) of Members of Parliament ; (ii) of electors.
Senior. 1. Define wealth. Show that wealth and money are not the same; and explain why such a view was once held.
2. Explain the law of diminishing return ; and show how it influences rent.
3. “ Trades Unions are to be encouraged, for by their means workmen can raise the rate of wages. Examine this statement.
4. Describe the mercantile system, and contrast it with our present Free Trade system.
5. Define the following terms :—“Real and nominal wages, “ Credit," “ Co-operation.
6. Explain fully the service that capital renders to labour ; and prove that a demand for commodities is not a demand for labour.
7. Write a brief essay on the advantages and disadvantages of speculation and the credit system.
1. What method of investigation would you employ in the study of Economic Science ?
2. Distinguish between the necessary and avoidable causes of fluctuation in the state of prices and trade. 3. Define wealth. Would you include the following under
. the term :-(i) Irving's dramatic talent, (ii) A cannon ball, (iii) A bottle of medicine.
4. Explain precisely what you understand by money. What would be the effect on trade of the disappearance of metals from circulation ?
5. Point out the assumptions required in order to make it true that indirect taxes fall wholly on the consumer.
6. What services are rendered to society by banks ? Account for the fact that bankers' profits are high.
7. “Property in land-rents is now severely criticized.” Examine the reasons for this statement and the facts involved.
Junior and Senior.
1. Add such flats to the following as will make it a major scale, and such sharps as will do so :
2. Name the relative minors of the foregoing scales, and write one octave, ascending and descending, of all the forms of each.
3. Give the names of the two following grace notes, and describe the difference in their manner of performance.
4. Describe fully the chord of the dominant 7th and its inversions, and give their figuring.
5. What is meant by the resolution of a discord ? Which note in a chord of the dom. 7th has a fixed progression besides the 7th, and why?
6. Write in four parts the dom. 7th and all its inversions in the key of E minor, and follow each by a suitable resolution.
7. Explain the following terms :-Andante; allegretto ; syncopation; rallentando; sforzando; mezzo forte ; maestoso.
8. What is the difference between a chromatic and diatonic semitone ?
9. Add common chords to the following bass :
1. What are the essential features of the sonata, symphony, concerto, and overture ? Name an example of each of these forms of composition by Beethoven, Mozart, Schumann, and Mendelssohn.
2. What instruments form the string quartett? In what relation do they stand to each other as regards pitch, and on what staves should their respective parts be written ?
3. What is meant by the terms chamber music and programme music?
4. Analyse the chords of the opening Adagio of Beethoven's Pf. Sonata in E flat, Op. 81. Describe each chord fully ; give the ground-note and the key to which it belongs, and refer to the chords as ch. 1, ch. 2, etc.
5. Transpose the Adagio referred to in Q. 4 into the key of A major.
6. Write a melody in F major which shall be an exact imitation of the rhythm given below, and harmonize it in four parts.
7. Describe the time, pace, and rhythm of the following dance forms :
minuet, sarabande, polonaise, gavotte, waltz, jig, bourrée.
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING. SPECIAL SUBJECTS :
MILTON'S TRACTATE ON EDUCATION ; LIFE AND WORK OF
1. What is the relative force of the intellect, the will, and the emotions in bringing about the state of resolution ? Distinguish between irresolution and impulsiveness. How may each be counteracted ?
2. By what means and motives would you seek to impart the power of intellectual and moral judgment.
3. A can recall a clear image of this morning's breakfast table, the colour and pattern of the cups and saucers, the flowers in the centre ; B has only a blurred vision of the whole. How might B’s deficiency have been obviated by early training ? What are the constituents of A's power?
4. Mention some essentials in a good text-book on Physiology or some other branch of Natural Science. What place would such a text-book hold in your teaching ? Show how the notebook, the text-book, and the oral lesson may be effectively combined in the teaching of History.
5. How far may Froebel be regarded as an original thinker. Where does he follow, and where differ from Pestalozzi?
6. Compare the educational theories of Kant and Condillac, Basedow and Rousseau.
7. (a) By what steps would you lead a class to the appreciation of Bacon's Essay on Truth, or Shakespeare's character of The Melancholy Jacques ? For what age do you consider such subjects suitable. (6) Selecting any two verses of a simple poem, show how to help young children (i) to understand it; (ii) to read it effectively ; (iii) to commit it to memory.