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for task, job, Hyen, to vex, to molest. AT hoest, met' hoest. Mec, mede, met, mit, with, till it is as with, till as desired. Hoest, cough, difficulty of respiration, wheezing.

IT RAINS CATS AND DOGS.

That is, the rain is violent and drives to the face. 'Et reyn's hetse aen d'oogs; q. e. this is a proper current into the eyes; it is a thorough drive upon the eyes; it is as if its only object was our eyes; how properly it besets one's eyes! The phrase is evidently jocular in both travesty and original; and evidently spoken by one who had been peppered by some driving storm of rain. 'Et, het, this, it. Reyn, pure, unmixed, proper, sheer. 'S, is, is. Ketse, as the participle present of ketsen, kitsen, to chase, to drive on after, to pursue, to hunt. D'oogs, de oogs, the eyes.

THERE IS NOT A PIN TO CHUSE BETWEEN 'em.

In the sense of, chuse which you will, the choice will be a bad one, and said of persons or things equally worthless. Daer is nood er pijn t'u Gheus bij te winnen; q. e. you must take a little pains before you get any good out of a vagabond [worthless wretch]; there wants a little trouble to squeeze any thing worth having out of a proper beggar; to get any thing from one who has nothing is a troublesome affair. Gheus, beggar, nood, necessity, need, pyn, trouble.

1 GAVE HIM A ROLAND FOR HIS OLIVER.

In the sense of, I gave him as good as he brought '• I treated him as roughly as he did me; and implies I made him repent of his rudeness [insolence] and showed him I was not to be ill used with impunity. Ei! geeve hem er rouw lang voor 'es hoi ijver ; q. e. aye '. give him there reason to repent for a long while of his mad zeal [officiousness] in this affair; make him remember it long. Ei! eh! aye! Geeve, give. Rouw, repentance, sorrow, grief. Hoi, outrageous. Ijver, zeal, warmth, ardour, but with hoi it bears the sense of over-zeal, ill-timed zeal, mad-zeal.

HE LOOKED A9 MELANCHOLY AS A GIB CAT.

A ludicrous, but common expression, used by one who sees another with a woeful and dejected countenance; but with whom it is evident he has not much fellow-feeling, either from knowing him to be an undeserving person, or from believing him to have met with no more than his desert. Hie luck's als mal aen hole als er kipt guijt; q. e. here luck has fallen into as silly a scrape, as the rogue who is nabbed has; the case in question seems one of a same ridiculous sort, as when a rogue is fool enough to let himself be taken up; and meaning, he looks like a fool for his pains; he deserves what he has met with for his folly. Luck, is as accident, personified by the person in question. Hole (now kool), fire, as exemplified in a burning piece of coal, wood, or turf, but here used in the sense of disaster [any kind of misfortune]; as when we say " he fell from the frying-pan into the fire;" which is as, he fell from one misfortune into another still greater, more complete. Kippen, to lay hold of, to catch suddenly, vulgarly to nab. Guijt, is as the worst kind of ruffian, thief, villain, one that is a rogue in all senses of the word and sounds cat.

Oil! THE PRIDE OF A COBBLER'S DOG T

Said of a person who prides (values) himself upon some employment which is either derogatory to him, or at least does not raise him in the esteem of others. Hoe die breyde af de koppelers doogh! q. e. how this person glorifies himself from a pandar's lucre; how he glories in [swells out, vaunts of] the profit (livelihood) made by a disgraceful office. Breeden, breyden, to amplify, to expand, to dilate, to boast. B and p interchange, so that breyde sounds exactly as we utter pride. Koppeler, a pimp, a go-between; now spelt koppelaar.

GREAT CRY AND LITTLE WOOL.

A great fuss about nothing, great bustle about some trifle. Gereedt kraeije aen littel woel; q. e. Crow gets ready upon a slight disturbance, crow soon takes alarm; alluding to the sort of instinctive exhibition of alarm, so remarkable in that bird, which is thus an apt type of needless apprehension. Kraeije (now kraai,) Crow; the source of our verb to cry; as well as of the Dutch kraeiijen, the Italian gridare, the French crier, and upastv in the same sense. Gereiden, gereeden, to make ready, to prepare. Woel, tumult, disturbance.

TO KICK AGAINST THE BRICKS.

In the sense of—to strive against general opinion, [custom] is useless [in vain]; to oppose the sense of mankind, the opinion of the world, is nonsense, foolish, unwise, not permitted. T'u kicke, ergeen's't die bruick's; q. e. keep it to yourself, if it is nothing that custom admits to be said; whisper it to yourself, when it is nothing which is fit to be told in the society where you are. And thus implying, to do as others do, is safest, less likely to prove hurtful to you; more prudent. T'u to yourself. Kicken, to mumble, to speak within the mouth, and so not to let a word out. Geen, nothing. 'S, is, is. 'T, et, het, it. Ishet, is it, that is, if it should happen to be. Bruick, bruik, usage, custom, sounds brick. The phrase has nothing to do with the proverb to kick against the pricks, which means to do that by which injury is received; and which stands in Camden's Remaines In the form of, to kick against the pricke [the thorn, the sharp point].

HE HAS GOT THE WRONG SOW BY THB EAR

In the sense of, he has made a mistake by that which he has done; he wilf repent of what he has done. Hie haest gij hotte dij wrongh so by die hier; q. e. here (by this) you have possibly prepared mischief for thyself in what you are doing; what you are now doing may perhaps [or at once] turn into a mass of evil to yourself, and thus implying, like the travesty, you are mistaken. But if haest is here in the sense of at once, that of the original form would be, that you have actually prepared the mischief for yourself. For haest means nearly, almost, and also quickly, soon, at once. Hotten, to prepare, to cause to turn into a different form than before; and also to happen, to take place. Wrongk, mischief, injury. Die, that which is doing. Hie, hier, here. Gij, you. Dij, thee.

HE TOSSED UP HEAD OR TAIL

In the sense of, he tried by luck, as he does who tosses up; he tried for the prize in question; for the advantage to be gained. Hie toest, op, heet oordeel; q. e. the trial begins below, what shall settle the case is called in the air. And does not one of those who are to try the event cast up the coin by an effort made where he stands? and does not another call that which is to be the issue of the trial while the coin is up in the air? The original phrase alludes to nothing but the touch [the effort] made from below, and the fixing the issue by a call, while the progress of the trial is yet going on above. Toetsen, to make a trial [to prove] by touch, to handle, and sounds tossed. Op, above, on high. Heet, is pronounced. Oordeel, judgment, decision, issue. It is a sort of corollary of—man is tried below, but judged above. Oor sounds or. D and t being sister sounds deel sounds tail, tale. And oordeel is the German vortheil. Hie, here, below. In what sense can the word tail be used in the expression than as the representative of another like-sounding sense?

HE IS AS CROSS AS TWO STICKS.

A familiar way of Saying, he is in a great passion (state of anger); but from the form of the expression implying no very serious cause for his being so. Hie is als gij raase als toe stet heck's; q. e. this is just like you when you are in a passion at finding the town wicket [barrier] shut [closed against you]; just so you rave when you find yourself benighted and shut out by being too late from some miscalculation of your own. And, in a small way, what more irritating or provoking? However, this is a species of vexation seldom experienced by any in England, except by those who dwell within the precincts of a garrison. On the continent this species of dilemma and proof of temper is still rife; and was in former days even so at home. Hie, here, now. Gij, you. Raesen, raazen, to rave, to storm. Toe, shut, closed. Stee, stede, town, place. Heck, wicket, barrier. 'S, is, is.

THE BACKWARDWAY THE BROOMSTICK.

In the sense of a bad way [a wrong mode] of raising a reputation, of making yourself famous, known. De back waerd wee; dij beroem! stick! q. e. the river puts a value upon misfortune, so get yourself to be talked of I go drown! the water has always reserved a price [remuneration] for those who suffer by it; if you are so anxious to be notorious, [mentioned in publick]; go then and drown yourself. Implying, of course, in the speaker of this apostrophe, no great regard for the person addressed by it, and that he thinks him a vain ambitious person without either talent or industry. People when they drown themselves are sure to be more or less talked of, at least for a time, and consequently then heard of, which they might not have been till then.

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