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ing, If our transgressions and our sins be upon came; and had opened my mouth, until he us, and we pine away in them, how should we came to me in the morning; and my mouth then live?

was opened, and I was no more ''dumb. 11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord 23 Then the word of the Lord came unto God, 'I have no pleasure in the death of the me, saying, wicked; but that the wicked turn from his 24 Son of man, they that inhabit those way and live : turn

ye,
turn
ye

evil wastes of the land of Israel speak, saying, ways ; for 'why will ye die, O house of Abraham was one, and he inherited the land : Israel?

but we are many; the land is given us for 12 Therefore, thou son of man, say unto inheritance. the children of thy people, The Orighteousness 25 Wherefore say unto them, Thus saith of the righteous shall not deliver him in the the Lord God; Ye eat with the blood, and day of his transgression : as for the wicked- lift up your eyes toward your idols, and shed ness of the wicked, he shall not fall thereby in blood : and shall ye possess the land ? the day that he turneth from his wickedness; 26 Ye stand upon your sword, ye work neither shall the righteous be able to live for abomination, and ye defile everyone his his righteousness in the day that he sinneth. neighbour's wife: and shall ye possess the

13 When I shall say to the righteous, that land ? he shall surely live; if he trust to his own 27 Say thou thus unto them, Thus saith righteousness, and commit iniquity, all his the Lord God; As I live, surely they that righteousnesses shall not be remembered ; but are in the wastes shall fall by the sword, and for his iniquity that he hath committed, he shall him that is in the open field will I give to the die for it.

beasts ''to be devoured, and they that be in 14 Again, when I say unto the wicked, the forts and in the caves shall die of the pestiThou shalt surely die ; if he turn from his sin, lence. and do 'that which is lawful and right;

28 For I will lay the land 'most desolate, 15 If the wicked restore the pledge, give and the "Spomp of her strength shall cease ; again that he had robbed, walk in the statutes and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, of life, without committing iniquity; he shall that none shall pass through. surely live, he shall not die.

29 Then shall they know that I am the 16 None of his sins that he hath committed Lord, when I have laid the land most desolate shall be mentioned unto him : he hath done because of all their abominations which they that which is lawful and right; he shall have committed. surely live.

30 9 Also, thou son of man, the children 17 | Yet the children of thy people say, of thy people still are talking against thee by The way of the Lord is not equal : but as for the walls and in the doors of the houses, and them, their way is not equal.

speak one to another, every one to his brother, 18 When the righteous turneth from his saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is righteousness, and committeth iniquity, he the word that cometh forth from the LORD. shall even die thereby.

31 And they come unto thee '*as the people 19 But if the wicked turn from his wicked- cometh, and 'they sit before thee as my people, ness, and do that which is lawful and right, he and they hear thy words, but they will not do shall live thereby.

them: for with their mouth ''they shew much 20 Yet ye say, 'the way of the Lord is love, but their heart goeth after their covetousnot equal. 'Oye house of Ísrael, I will judge you every one after his ways.

32 And, lo, thou art unto them as ''a very 21 [ And it came to pass in the twelfth lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in and can play well on an instrument: for they the fifth day of the month, that one that had hear thy words, but they do them not. escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me, say- 33 And when this cometh to pass, (lo, it ing, "The city is smitten.

will come,) then shall they know that a prophet 22 Now the hand of the LORD was upon hath been among them. me in the evening, afore he that was escaped 4 2 Sam. 14. 14. Chap. 18. 32. 5 Chap. 18. 31. 6 Chap. 18. 24. 7 Heb. judgment and justice. 8 Chap. !8. 25.

9 2 Kings 25. 13 Chap. 7. 24, and 24. 21, and 30.6, 7. 14. Heb. according to the coming of the people. 15 Or, my people sit brfure thee.

16 Heb, they make loves, o?, jests. 17 Heb, a song of lores.

ness.

10 Chap. 24. 27.

11 Heb. to devour him.

Te Heb, desolation and desolation.

1

Verse 21. 'And it came to pass,' etc.- It would seem lateness thus assigned to the intelligence, many commen. from this that the news, or rather the full particulars of tators, not without reason, think that this messenger came the taking and burning of Jerusalem was brought to that to Ezekiel, not simply to relate the taking of Jerusalem part of the Chaldæan dominion where the Jewish captives and the ruin of the temple, but to apprise him of the enwere placed, in about a year and four months after the tire desolation of the country, of the death of Gedaliah, and calamity happened. Rumours, at least, of the event must of the last transportation of the people to Egypt. surely have reached them. Indeed, to account for the 30. Talking...by the walls and in the doors of the

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CHAPTER XXXIV.

3 Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with 1 A reproof of the shepherds. 7 God's judgment the wool, ye kill them that are fed : but ye against them. 11 His providence for his flock. 20 feed not the flock. The kingdom of Christ.

4 The diseased have ye not strengthened, And the word of the LORD came unto me, neither have ye healed that which was sick, saying,

neither have ye bound up that which was 2 Son of man, prophesy against the 'shep- broken, neither have ye brought again that herds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, which was driven away, neither have ye sought Thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds, that which was lost; but with 'force and with Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed cruelty have ye ruled them. themselves ! should not the shepherds feed the 5 And they were scattered, because there flocks?

is no shepherd : and they became meat to all Or, without a shepherd, and so verse 8.

545

2 1 Pet. 5. 3.

1 Jer. 23. 1.

21

VOL. III.

one "shepherd over

the beasts of the field, when they were scat- tread down with your feet the residue of your tered.

pastures? and to have drunk of the deep 6 My sheep wandered through all the waters, but ye must foul the residue with your mountains, and upon every high hill : yea, feet ? my flock was scattered upon all the face of the 19 And as for my flock, they eat that which earth, and none did search or seek after them. ye have trodden with your feet; and they

7 * Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word drink that which ye have fouled with your feet. of the LORD ;

20 T Therefore thus saith the Lord God 8 As I live, saith the Lord God, surely unto them ; Behold, I, even I, will judge bebecause my flock became a prey, and my flock tween the fat cattle and between the lean became meat to every beast of the field, cattle. because there was no shepherd, neither did my 21 Because ye have thrust with side and shepherds search for my flock, but the shep- with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased herds fed themselves, and fed not my flock ; with your horns, till ye have scattered them

9 Therefore, Oye shepherds, hear the word abroad ; of the LORD;

22 Therefore will I save my flock, and they 10 Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I shall no more be a prey; and I will judge am against the shepherds; and I will require between cattle and cattle.

to cease from feeding the flock; neither shall the them, and he shall feed them, even my servant shepherds feed themselves any more : for I will David; he shall feed them, and he shall be deliver my flock from their mouth, that they their shepherd. may not be meat for them.

24 And I the LORD will be their God, and il For thus saith the Lord God; Be- my servant David a prince among them; I hold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and the Lord have spoken it. seek them out.

25 And I will make with them a covenant 12 *As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to the day that he is among his sheep that are cease out of the land : and they shall dwell scattered ; so will I seek out my sheep, and safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the will deliver them out of all places where they woods. have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. 26 And I will make them and the places

13 And I will bring them out from the round about any hill a blessing; and I will people, and gather them from the countries, cause the shower to come down in his season ;

land, and shall be

of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, country.

and they shall be safe in their land, and shall 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and know that I am the LORD, when I have broken upon the high mountains of Israel shall their the bands of their yoke, and delivered them fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and out of the hand of those that served themselves in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the moun- of them. tains of Israel.

28 And they shall no more be a prey to the 15 I will feed my flock, and I will cause heathen, neither shall the beast of the land them to lie down, saith the Lord God. devour them ; but they shall dwell safely, and

16 I will seek that which was lost, and none shall make them afraid. bring again that which was driven away, and 29 And I will raise up for them a plant 'of will bind up that which was broken, and will renown, and they shall be no more ''consumed strengthen that which was sick : but I will with hunger in the land, neither bear the destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed shame of the heathen any more. them with judgment.

30 Thus shall they know that I the LORD 17 And as for you, O my flock, thus saith their God am with them, and that they, even the Lord God; Behold, I judge between the house of Israel, are my people, saith the $cattle and cattle, between the rams and the Lord God.

31 And ye my "'flock, the flock of my 18 Seemeth it a small thing unto you to pasture, are men, and I am your God, saith have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must the Lord God. 4 Heb, according to the seeking. 5 Heb. small cattle of lambs and kids. 6 Heb. great he-goats.

Che goats.

9 Or, for renown.

10 Heb. taken away.

8 Isa. 11.1. Jer, 23. 5.

7 Isa. 40.11. John 10. 11. 11 John 10. ll.

Verse 25. They shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and wrapped in their thick capots or loose coats, by some sleep in the woods:—The image is here derived from the glimmering embers, among the bushes in a dale, under a exigencies of pastoral life-when the people out with the spreading tree by the fold. They received us hospitably, flocks, are exposed to all the dangers that may be abroad, heaping on fresh fuel, and producing some cards and from the enemy in time of war, and at all times from de- coarse bread, which they toasted for us on the coals. We predators and beasts of prey. The promise that all this made a scanty meal, sitting on the ground, lighted by the should cease, and that they might dwell safely in the wil- fire and by the moon; after which sleep suddenly overderness, and sleep securely in the woods, must be most powered me. On waking...I was much struck with the suggestive of quiet and happy times to an Oriental ima- wild appearance of the spot. The tree was hung with gination. Chandler has left a striking picture of the kind rustic utensils; the she-goats in a pen, sneezed, and bleated, of life from which these images are chosen. 'About two and rustled to and fro; the shrubs by which our horses in the morning, our whole attention was fixed by the bark- stood, were leafless; and the earth bare ; a black cauldron ing of dogs, which, as we advanced, became exceedingly with milk was simmering over the fire; and a figure more furious. Deceived by the light of the moon, we now than gaunt or savage, close by us, struggling on the ground fancied we could see a village; and were much mortified with a kid, whose ears he had slit, and was endeavouring to find only a station of poor goatherds, without even a to cauterize with a red-hot iron.'- Travels, p. 157, shed, and nothing for our horses to eat. They were lying,

10 Because thou hast said, These two

CHAPTER XXXV.

9 I will make thee perpetual desolations, The judgment of mount Seir for their hatred of Israel.

and thy cities shall not return: and shall

ye

know that I am the LORD. MOREOVER the word of the Lord came unto me, saying

nations and these two countries shall be mine, 2 Son of man, set thy face against mount and we will possess it ; 'whereas the LORD Seir, and prophesy against it,

was there : 3 And say unto it, Thus saith the Lord 11 Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God; Behold, O mount Seir, I am against God, I will even do according to thine anger, thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against and according to thine envy which thou hast thee, and I will make thee 'most desolate. used out of thy hatred against them; and I

4 I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shalt will make myself known among them, when I be desolate, and thou shalt know that I am have judged thee. the LORD.

12" And thou shalt know that I am the 5 Because thou hast had a "perpetual LORD, and that I have heard all thy blashatred, and hast 'shed the blood of the children phemies which thou hast spoken against the of Israel by the force of the sword in the time mountains of Israel, saying, They are laid of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity desolate, they are given us to consume. had an end :

13 Thus with your mouth ye have 'boasted 6 Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God, against me, and have multiplied your words I will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall against me: I have heard them. pursue thee: sith thou hast not hated blood, 14 Thus saith the Lord God; When the even blood shall

pursue
thee.

whole earth rejoiceth, I will make thee deso7 Thus will I make mount Seir most deso- late. late, and cut off from it him that passeth out 15 As thou didst rejoice at the inheritance and him that returneth.

of the house of Israel, because it was desolate, 8 And I will fill his mountains with his so will I do unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, slain men: in thy hills, and in thy valleys, and O mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all of it: in all thy rivers, shall they fall that are slain and they shall know that I am the Lord. with the sword.

3 Heb. poured out the children. 5 Heb. desolation and desolation. 7 Or, though the LORD was there.

9 Heb. magnified.

4 Heb, hands.

1 Heb. desolation and desolation. 2 Or, hatred of old.

6 Psal. 83. 4, 12.

8 Heb, to devour.

Verse 4. "I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shalt be desolate.'—To the testimonies already furnished in verification of Scripture prophecy, we may add a passage from the Travels of Irby and Mangles, which concludes with a reference to the present prediction. On leaving Petra, the track rises considerably, and is slippery and dangerous: our attention was particularly excited on this side, by remarking with how much care the scanty soil had been banked up into terraces, and disposed into fields and gar

dens ; every nook that could furnish footing for a single plant was turned to account, proving that Strabo was not mistaken, in speaking of the horticultural advantages of this city : and the inhabitants seem to have made the most of them. At present the barren state of the country, together with the desolate condition of the city, without a single human being living near it, seem strongly to verify the judginent prouounced

against it.'

men.

beast : and they shall increase and bring CHAPTER XXXVI.

fruit : and I will settle you after your old 1 The land of Israel is comforted, both by the destruction

estates, and will do better unto you than at of the heathen, who spitefully used it, 8 and by the your beginnings : and ye shall know that I am blessings of God promised unto it. 16 Israel was the Lord. rejected for their sin, 21 and shall be restored with

12 Yea, I will cause men to walk upon you, out their desert. 25 The blessings of Christ's kingdom.

even my people Israel ; and they shall possess

thee, and thou shalt be their inheritance, and Also, thou son of man, prophesy unto the thou shalt no more henceforth bereave them of 'mountains of Israel, and say, Ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the LORD:

13 Thus saith the Lord God; Because 2 Thus saith the Lord God; Because the they say unto you, Thou land devourest up enemy hath said against you, Aha, even the men, and hast bereaved thy nations ; ancient high places are our's in possession :

14 Therefore thou shalt devour men no 3 Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith more, neither 'bereave thy nations any more, the Lord God; Because they have made you saith the Lord God. desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, 15 Neither will I cause men to hear in thee that ye might be a possession unto the residue the shame of the heathen any more, neither of the heathen, and 'ye are taken up in the shalt thou bear the reproach of the people any lips of talkers, and are an infamy of the more, neither shalt thou cause thy nations to people :

fall any more, saith the Lord Gon. 4 Therefore, ye mountains of Israel, hear 16 | Moreover the word of the LORD came

word ;

Lord God to the mountains, and to the hills, 17 Son of man, when the house of Israel

woman.

to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the deso- dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their late wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, own way and by their doings: their way was which became a prey and derision to the before me as the uncleanness of a removed residue of the heathen that are round about ;

5 Therefore thus saith the Lord God'; 18 Wherefore I poured my fury upon them Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken for the blood that they had shed upon the against the residue of the heathen, and against land, and for their idols wherewith they had all Idumea, which have appointed my land into polluted it: their possession with the joy of all their heart, 19 And I scattered them among the heathen, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey and they were dispersed through the coun

6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land tries : according to their way and according of Israel, and say unto the mountains, and to to their doings I judged them. the hills, to the rivers

, and to the valleys, 20 And when they entered unto the heaThus saith the Lord Gon; Behold, I have then, whither they went, they profaned my spoken in my jealousy and in my fury, because holy name, when they said to them, These are ye

have borne the shame of the heathen: the people of the Lord, and are gone forth

7 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; I out of his land. have lifted up mine hand, Surely the heathen 21 But I had pity for mine holy name, that are about you, they shall bear their which the house of Israel had profaned among shame.

the heathen, whither they went. 8 But ye, O mountains of Israel, ye shall 22 Therefore say unto the house of Israel, shoot forth your

branches, and yield your fruit | Thus saith the Lord God; I do not this for to my people of Israel ; for they are at hand your sakes, O house of Israel, but for mine holy to come.

name's sake, which ye have profaned among 9 For, behold, I am for you, and I will turn the heathen, whither ye went.

and
ye
shall be tilled and sown :

23 And I will sanctify my great name, 10' And I will multiply men upon you, all which was profaned among the heathen, which the house of Israel, even all of it: and the ye have profaned in the midst of them; and cities shall be inhabited, and the wastes shall the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, be builded :

saith the Lord God, when I shall be sanctified 11 And I will multiply upon you man and in you before 'their eyes.

unto you,

1 Chap. 6. 2.

2 Heb. Because for because.

5 Or, cause to fall,

3 Or, ye are made to come upon the lip of the tongue.
6 Isa. 52. 5. Rom. 2. 24.

7. Or, your.

+ Or, bottoms, or, dales.

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