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ral years, during the latter part of our residence in College, when you fulfilled, with so much ability, firmness, and urbanity, the arduous office of a Tutor, and the still more arduous one, (though for a single year,) of Proctor in the University,_and our present separation, by our residence on our respective cures, make such an opportunity peculiarly grateful to me. But I have the further satisfaction of reflecting, that the Discourses themselves met your approbation, on your reading them here, and you expressed your wish to see them in print. I beg you,, then, to accept them, with this Dedication, as a mark of the sincere regard and friendship, of

Yours, most truly,


The following Discourses comprehend the substance of a Discourse on “The Duties of Man to the Brute Creation, preached before the University of Cambridge, on Sunday, May 8th, 1796, in the afternoon.” It happened to be upon one of the visits of Prince William of Gloucester (our present Chancellor) to the University, after he had ceased to reside. The subject was then considered by many as trifling, and beneath the dignity of the pulpit, and especially that of the University. It was suggested to the preacher by the repeated perusal of Cowper's Task. Much has been done since, however, to

interest the minds of the public at large on the subject. The cause of the Brute Creation has been repeatedly before Parliament, and has been a theme for the eloquence of Lord Erskine. An annual sermon has been founded at Batb, in bebalf of the Animal Creation, and another at Soutbampton: a society has been established at Liverpool, for the express purpose of preventing cru: elty to Brute Creatures; and it is, also, one of the objects of the Society for the Suppression of Vice. Several valuable works have been published on the subject: amongst which must be mentioned Mr. Young's Essay on Humanity to Animals, published in 1798; several of the Secmons* preached at the before-mentioned

* By the Rev. Charles Daubeny, the Rev. Leigh Richmond, and the Rev. Richard Mant. There is,

ark, God made ONE COVENANT with man and animals: “GOD spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, And I, behold I esta blish MY COVENANT with you, and with your SEED after you, and with EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you, of the Fowl, of the CATTLE, and of EVERY BEAST of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. And I will establish my COVENANT with you; neither shall ALL FLESH be cut off any more by the waters of a flood: neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.”

. “And GOD said, This is the TOKEN of the covenant which I make between me and you, and EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you for perpetual generations: I do set my Bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember my COVENANT which is between me and you and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember THE EVERLASTING COVENANT between God and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh, that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between Me and all flesh that is upon the earth.” (Gen. ix. 8—17.)

III. If we pursue our way through the Sacred Books, we shall still find, that, as God at first made the animals of the brute creation, and, as they “ found grace in his eyes” at the destruction of the world by water; so, when the world had again become corrupt, and God

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