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the Lord. The offering was a sacrifice, appointed, probably, by God, at the time of the fall of Adam; and the promise of the seed of the woman to bruise the serpent's head, as a type of that Lamb of God, which was in due time to appear and be sacrificed for us, to take
way the sin of the world. The flock, probably, was kept by Abel for the milk, as, “Who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?” (1 Cor. ix. 7.) For the eating of flesh, it seems, was not yet permitted, as the food still assigned to man after the fall, was “the herb of the field.” (Gen. iii. 18.) Whether man had gone beyond this permission, and had eaten flesh before the flood, we are not informed.
II. After the flood, however, we find, that, on Noah's coming out of the ark, with all the creatures, he “ builded an altar unto the Lord," and "offered burnt offerings upon the altar.” (Gen. viii. 20.) “And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. And the fear of you, and the dread of you, shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand they are delivered. Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you, even as the green herb have I given you all things. But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, ye shall not eat." (GEN. ix. 1-4.)
Man, who was created originally as the Lord of the creation, to have dominion over it, which implies rule, for the general good, on his fall became the tyrant over his subject animals, and bears sway, not for the general good, but according to his own self-will, and for what he conceives to be his own self-interest, and looks upon them with indifference or contempt, ex. cept so far as they seem to administer to his interest and his pleasure. But shall man look with indifference or contempt upon those things which have been made by the Allmighty and All-wise Creator of all? The same God who made man, hath made, also, “all sheep and oxen; yea, and the beasts of the field, and the fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, and whatsoever walketh through the paths of the sea.” (Psalm viii. 7, 8.) And, when man had “corrupted his way before God," and He had determined, on that account, not only to destroy man from the face of the earth, but every living thing also, “ Noah found grace in his eyes;" and so, also, did “ every living thing of all flesh:” (Gen. vii. 8, 19.) an ark was prepared for man and every living thing; food was procured for all; and, on the subsiding of the waters, and the release of all from out of the
ark, God made ONE COVENANT with man and animals: “GOD spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, And I, behold I esta blish MY COVENANT with you, and with your SEED after you, and with EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you, of the fowl, of the CATTLE, and of EVERY BEAST of the earth with you, from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. And I will establish my COVENANT with you; neither shall ALL FLESH be cut off any more by the waters of a flood: neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.”
. “And GOD said, This is the TOKEN of the covenant which I make between me and you, and EVERY LIVING CREATURE that is with you for perpetual generations: I do set my Bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember my covenant which is between me and you and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. And the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember THE EVERLASTING COVENANT between God and EVERY LIVING CREATURE of all flesh, that is upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between Me and all flesh that is upon the earth.” (Gen. ix. 8—17.)