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to the festering air. In this forlorn and mise' rable state, neglected by man, we are told, that “the dogs came and licked his sores." (LUKE xvi. 21.) The tongue of the dog, as we well know, is peculiarly soft, and the constant licking and keeping the sores clean, tends greatly to promote the healing of them, as we see is the case when any thing is the matter with the animals themselves. Here might the rich man have learned a lesson of humanity from his own dogs, as they were probably his own.
7. The last passage which I shall produce on this head, is from the third chapter of the Epistle of St. James, where he is speaking of the unruly nature of the tongue, and the great offences committed by it: “My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not
in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. But we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body." (1-3.) “For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind: but the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. There with bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God. Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be so." (7-10.)
III. Thus, as the design of the gospel was to bring “ peace on earth, and good-will to men,” (LUKE ii. 14.) so it was no less intended to bring peace and good-will to the lower part of the animal creation, and to promote goodwill between man and them, and between each
other. As, after six days of creation, God rested on the Sabbath-day; and, as man and beast, after six days of labour, have their Sabbath appointed to them, so we expect, that, after six thousand years of labour, of trouble, of vexation, and of sorrow, God-in whose sight “a thousand years” are “as one day," (2 Pet. ii. 8.)—will be pleased to afford a final, full, and everlasting Sabbath to all the works of his hands. The prophet Isaiah, in speaking of the Messiah and his reign, says, in the eleventh chapter, “ There shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots.”_"And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins. The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf, and the young lion, and the fatling together, and a little child shall lead then. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. The sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.” (ver. 1. 5-9. See, also, lxv. 25.) The vision of St. Peter, before mentioned, in which he saw a great vessel,'" as it had been a great sheet, knit at the four corners, and let down to earth, wherein were all manner of four-footed beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air,” (Acts x. 11, 12.) was emblematic of the very same thing, speaking to the eyes as well as to the ears.
It is true, that these passages are generally understood in a figurative sense, as describing that harmony which shall prevail amongst mankind,-amongst men, who, being of as contrary dispositions as the wolf and the lamb, and the lion and the ox, which now tear and devour,--shall, by the blessed and softening influence of the gospel, be made to love and delight in the society of each other. But, though the passages undoubtedly have this figurative meaning, yet it is no less true that they will be fulfilled in the very letter of it also, So it was in the days of innocence in Paradise, till it was interrupted and turned into enmity by the sin of man.
But, what Adam disturbed and lost by his disobedience, the Second Adam, by his obea dience, will repair and restore. (1 Cor. xv. 22.) For, according to his promise, “we look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.” (2 Pet. iii. 13.; Rev. xxi. 5.) “ There shall be no more curse.” (Rev. xxii. 3.)