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CONTENTS.

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LITTER

Page 13. From Mr. West, on leaving the University, and removing to the Temple

32 14. To Mr. West. A Sapphic Ode, occasioned by the preceding letter, with a Latin postscript, concluding with an Alcaic fragment

33 15. From Mr. West. Thanks for his Ode, &c. His idea of Sir Robert Walpole

36 16. To Mr. WALPOLE. Congratulates him on his new place. Whimsical description of the quadrangle of Peter-house

S7 17. To Mr. West. On his own leaving the University

38 18. From Mr. West. Sends him a Latin Elegy in answer to Mr Gray's Sapphic Ode

39

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Short narrative, concluding the Section

41

SECTION II. "Connecting narrative. Mr. Gray goes abroad with Mr. Walpole.

Corresponds, during his tour, with his parents and Mr. West

42

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1. To his Mother. His voyage from Dover. Description of Calais.

Abbeville. Amiens. Face' of the country, and dress of the people 43 2. To Mr. West. Monuments of the Kings of France at St. Denis, &c. French opera and music. Actors, &c.

46 3. To Mr. West. Palace of Versailles. Its gardens and water-works. Installation of the Knights du S. Esprit

50 4. To his MOTHER. Rheims. Its cathedral. Disposition and amusements of its inhabitants

53 *5. To his Father. Face of the country between Rheims and Dijon.

Description of the latter. Monastery of the Carthusians and Cis-
tertians

56 6. To Mr. West. Lyons. Beauty of its environs. Roman antiquities 57 7. From Mr. West. His wishes to accompany his friend. His retired

life in London. Address to bis Lyre, in Latin Sappbics, on the
prospect of Mr. Gray's return

60 *8. To his MOTHER. Lyons. Excursion to the Grande Chartreuse. So

lemn and romantic approach to it. His reception there, and commendation of the monastery

61 9. To his Father. Geneva. Advantage of a 'free government exhi

bited in the very look of the people. 'Beauty of the lake, and
plenty of its fish

64 10. To his MOTHER. Journey over the Alps to Turin. Singular accident in passing them. Method of travelling over mount Cenis

66 11. To Mr. West. Turin. Its carnival. More of the views and scenery

on the road to the Grande Chartreuse. Wild and savage prospects
amongst the Alps agreeable to Livy's description

69 12. To Mr. West. Genoa. Music. The Doge. Churches and the Palazzo Doria

72

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LETTER
13. To his MOTHER. Paintings at Modena. Bologna. Beauty and rich-
ness of Lombardy

74 14. To his MOTHER. The Appennines. Florence and its Gallery 76 15. To Mr. West. Journey from Genoa to Florence. Elegiac verses

occasioned by the sight of the plains where the battle of Trebiæ was
fought

79 16. From Mr. West. Latin Elegy, expressing his wishes to see Italy and Greece

80 17. To his Mother. Death of the Pope. Intended departure for Rome. First and pleasing appearance of an Italian spring

82 18. To his MOTHER. Cathedral of Sienna. Viterbo. Distant sight of

Rome. The Tiber. Entrance into the city. St. Peter's. Intro-
duction of the Cardinal d'Auvergne into the Conclave

83 19. To his MOTHER. Illumination of St. Peter's on Good Friday, &c. 87 20. To Mr. West. Comic account of the palace of the Duke of Modena

at Tivoli. The Anio. Its cascade. Situation of the town. Villas
of Horace and Mecænas, and other remains of antiquity. Modern

aqueducts. A grand Roman ball
21. To Mr. West. An Alcaic Ode. Ludicrous allusion to ancient Ro-

man customs. Albano and its lake, Castle-Gondolfo. Prospect from the palace; an observation of Mr. Walpole's on the views in that part of Italy. Latin inscriptions, ancient and modern

. 92 22. To bis MOTHER. Road to Naples. Beautiful situation of that city.

Its bay. Of Baiæ, and several other antiquities. Some account of the first discovery of an ancient town, now known to be Herculaneum

97 23. To bis FATHER. Departure from Rome and return to Florence. No

likelihood of the Conclave's rising. Some of the cardinals dead.
Description of the Pretender, his sons, and court. Procession at
Naples. Sight of the King and Queen. Mildness of the air at
Florence

• 99 24. From Mr. West. On his quitting the Temple, and reason for it · 102 25. To Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing letter. Some account of

Naples and its environs, and of Mr. Walpole's return to Florence · 104 26. To his MOTHER. Excursion to Bologna. Election of a pope; des

cription of his person, with an odd speech which he made to the
cardinals in the Conclave

108 27. To Mr. West. Description, in Latin hexameters, of the sudden rising

of Monte Nuovo near Puzzoli, and of the destruction which at-
tended it

110 28. To his FATHER. Uncertainty of the route he shall take in his return

to England. Magnificence of the Italians in their reception of strangers, and parsimony when alone. The great applause which the new Pope meets with. One of his bon mots

114 29. Po his Father. Total want of amusement at Florence, occasioned

by the late Emperor's funeral not being public. A procession to
avert the ill effects of a late inundation. Intention of going to
Venice. An invasion from the Neapolitans apprehended. The
inhabitants of Tuscany dissatisfied with the government

116 30. To Mr. Wast. The time of his departure from Florence determined.

Page

Alteration in his temper and spirits. Difference between an Italian fair and an English one. A farewell to Florence and its prospects, in Latin hexameters. Imitation, in the same language, of an Italian sonnet

. • 118

Account of Mr. Gray's return home, and of his second visit to the

Grande Chartreuse, where he wrote an Alcaic Ode, which concludes the Section

• 121

SECTION III.

Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray's father dies, and the year after he re

turns to Cambridge, and takes a degree in civil law; during that
interval he corresponds with Mr. West.

123

LETTER

1. From Mr. West. His spirits not as yet improved by country air. Has begun to read Tacitus, but does not relish him

126 2. To Mr. West. Earnest hopes for his friend's better health, as the

warm weather comes on. Defence of Tacitus, and his character.
Of the new Dunciad. Sends him a speech from the first scene of
Agrippina

126

The plan, dramatis personæ, and all the speeches which Mr. Gray
wrote of that tragedy, inserted

150

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3. From Mr. West. Criticism on his friend's tragic style. Latin hexameters on his own cough

198 4. To Mr. West. Thanks for his verses. On Joseph Andrews. Defence of old words in tragedy

140 5. From Mr. West. Answer to the former, on the subject of antiquated expressions

144 6. To Mr. West. Has laid aside his tragedy. Difficulty of translating Tacitus

147 7. From Mr. West. With an English Ode on the approach of May 148 8. To Mr. West. Criticises his Ode. Of his own classical studies · 150 9. From Mr. West. Answer to the foregoing

152 10. To Mr. West. Of his own peculiar species of melancholy. Inscrip

tion for a wood in Greek hexameters. Argument and exordium of
a Latin heroic epistle, from Sophonisba to Massinissa

• 153

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Account of Mr. West's death. Of Mr. Gray's English poetry, writ

ten about this time, with the general plan, argument of the first book,
and all the parts which the Author finished of a Latin didactic poem
"De Principiis Cogitandi" ·

157

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SECTION IV.

Pago Prefatory narrative. Mr. Gray takes his degree in civil law, and

makes Cambridge his principal residence for the rest of his life.
The Editor of these Memoirs becomes acquainted with him in the
year 1747. He corresponds with Dr. Wharton and several other
persons till the year 1768, when he is appointed Professor of Mo-
der History

169

LETTER

1. To Dr. WAARTON. On taking his degree of Bachelor of Civil Law · 172 Fragment of an Hymn to Ignorance

· 175

• 178

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2. To Dr. WHARTON. Ridicule on University laziness. Of Dr. Akenside's poem, on the Pleasures of Imagination

176 3. To Dr. WHARTON. His amusements in town. Reflections on riches.

Character of Aristotle
4. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ridicule on Cibber's Observations ou Cicero. On

the modern Platonic Dialogue. Account of his own and Mr. West's
poetical compositions

181 5. To Mr. Walpole. Criticisms on Mr. Spence's Polymetis

184 6. To Mr. WALPOLE. Ladicrous compliment of condolence on the death of his favourite cat, inclosing his Ode on that subject

187 7. To Dr. WHARTON. Loss by fire of a house in Cornhill. On Dio

dorus Siculus. M. Gresset's Poems. Thomson's Castle of Indo

lence. Ode to a Water-Nymph, with a character of its Author 188 8. To Dr. WHARTON. More on M. Gresset. Account of his own pro

jected poem on the alliance between government and education 190 Fragment of that poem, with a commentary, notes, and detached sentiments relative to it

192 9. To Dr. Wharton. Character of M. de Montesquicu's L'Esprit des Loix

199 10. To Dr. WHARTON. Account of books continued. Crebillion's Ca

talina. Birch's State Papers. Of his own studies, and a table of
Greek chronology, which he was then forming

200 11. To Dr. WHARTON. Ludicrous account of the Duke of Newcastle's

Installation at Cambridge. On the Ode then performed, and more
concerning the Author of it

202 12. To his Mother. Consolatory on the death of her sister

204 13. To Dr. WHARTON. Wishes to be able to pay him a visit at Durham.

On Dr. Middleton's death. Some account of the first volumes of
Buffon's Histoire Naturelle

205

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Narrative of the incident which led Mr. Gray to write his Long Story.

That poem inserted, with notes the Editor, and prefaced with
his idea of Mr. Gray's peculiar vein of humour

207 14. To Dr. WHARTON. On the ill reception which the foregoing poem

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