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cient, and better than Montfaucon's more diffuse narrative. Such a work. (I have heard) Mr. Burke is now employed about, which though not intended for this purpose might be applied perhaps to this use. Then at the end of each reign should come a dissertation explanatory of the plates, and pointing out the turn of thought, the customs, ceremonials, arms, dresses, luxury, and private life, with the improvement or decline of the arts during that period. This you must do yourself, beside taking upon you the superintendance, direction and choice of materials. As to the expense, that must be the King's own entirely, and he must give the book to foreign ministers and people of note; for it is obvious no private man can undertake such a thing without a subscription, and no gentleman will care for such an expedient; and a gentleman it should be, because he must have easy access to archives, cabinets, and collections, of all sorts. I protest I do not think it impossible but they may give in to such a scheme : they approve the design, they wish to encourage the arts and to be magnificent, and they have no Versailles or Herculaneum.


Henry VIII. Portrait of Richard de Gainsborough,
mason, in second volume of Letheuillier's Hist. Hen-
ry VI. and House of Parliament, engraven by Pyne.
Edward IV. &c. before Catalogue of Royal and Noble

Authors. Jane Shore, at Eton.
When first used. Succeeded by falling band.
Often cut on reverses of cameos and intaglios. Often

good at the same period that our coins bad.
Mysteries. Farces. Pantomimes. Morrice-dancers. In-

terludes. Pageants. Vide Blount's Jocular Tenures. Peerages annexed to

castles and lands. Arundel and Berkeley Castles. Their fashions in different ages. When statues on them

first. When brasses. Roman columns about time of Queen Elizabeth. Knights Templars, cross-legged.






At Bayeux. In a room near the House of Commons,

with a crusade of Richard I.
Several houses anciently called the Vineyard and the

Vine. Mr. Chute's in Hampshire. Mr. Talbot's near
Dorking. The Vineyard in St. James's Park; qu.

how old ? Vide Barnaby's Journal.
Court of wards and liveries.
Legacies. How many witnesses. When they could not

write, made the sign of the cross. Bequeathing their clothes, beds, &c. &c. Cups and covers, their plate.


Then follows the subsequent list of authors to be consulted :
Madox’s History of the Fuller's Worthies. Statutes at large.

Fynes Moryson.

Blount's Jocular Tenures.

Speed and Stowe.

Search rolls for patents of Skinner.

Fleetwood's Chronicum manufactories and moPeck's Desiderata Curiosa. Pretiosum.


I hope to see you toward the end of March. If you bestow a line on me, pray tell me whether the Baronne de la Peyriere is gone to her castle of Viry; and whether Fingal be discovered or shrewdly suspected to be a forgery. Adieu !

I am yours ever.


Sunday, December 30, 1764.

I HAVE received the Castle of Otranto, and return you my thanks for it. It engages our attention here,* makes some of us cry a little, and all in general afraid to go to beds o’nights. We take it for a translation, and should believe it to be a true story, if it were not for St. Nicholas.

* At Cambridge.

When your pen was in your hand you might have been a little more communicative : for, though disposed enough to believe the opposition rather consumptive, I am entirely ignorant of all the symptoms. Your canonical book I have been reading with great satisfaction. He speaketh as one having authority. If Englishmen have any feeling left, methinks they must feel now; and if the ministry have any feeling (whom nobody will suspect of insensibility) they must cut off the author's ears, for it is in all the forms a most wicked libel. Is the old man and the lawyer put on, or is it real? or has some real lawyer furnished a good part of the materials, and another person employed them? This I guess; for there is an uncouthness of diction in the beginning, which is not supported throughout-though it now and then occurs again, 'as if the writer was weary of supporting the character he had assumed, when the subject had warmed him beyond dissimulation.*

Rousseau's Letters f I am reading heavily, heavily! He justifies himself, till he convinces me that he deserved to be burnt, at least that his book did. I am not got through him, and you never will. Voltaire I detest, and have not seen his book : I shall in good time. You surprise me, when you

* Mr. Gray may probably allude to a pamphlet, called “ A Letter concerning Libels, Warrants, seizure of Papers, and Security for the Peace or Behaviout, with a View to some late Proceedings, and the Defence of them by the Majority." -Supposed to have been written by William Greaves, Esq. a master in Chart cery, under the inspection of the late Lord Camden.

+ The Lettres de la Montague.

talk of going* in February. Pray, does all the minority go too? I hope you have a reason. Desperare de republica is a deadly sin in politics.

Adieu! I will not take my leave of you ; for (you perceive) this letter means to beg another, when you can spare 'a little. !


you, but

Cambridge, December 13, 1765. I am very much obliged to you for the detail you enter into on the subject of your own health : in this you cannot be too circumstantial for me, who had received no account of at second hand-such as, that you were danger, ously ill, and therefore went to France; that you meant to try a better climate, and therefore staid at Paris; that you had relapsed, and were confined to your bed, and extremely in vogue, and supped in the best company, and were at public diversions. I rejoice to find improbable as it seemed) that all the wonderful part of this is strictly true, and that the serious part has been a little exaggerated. This latter I conclude not so much from your own account of yourself, as from the spirits in which I see you write; and long may they continue to support you! I mean in a reasonable degree of elevation: but if (take notice) they are so volatile, so flippant, as to suggest any of those doctrines of health, which you preach

• To Paris.

with all the zeal of a French atheist; at least, if they really do influence your practice; I utterly renounce them and all their works. They are evil spirits, and will lead you to destruction. ---You have long built your hopes on temperance, you say, and hardiness. On the first point we are agreed. The second has totally disappointed you, and therefore you will persist in it; by all means. But then be sure to persist too in being young,

in stopping the course of time, and making the shadow return back upon your sun-dial. If you

find this not so easy, acquiesce with a good grace in my anilities, put on your under-stockings of yarn or woollen, even in the night-time. Don't provoke me! or I shall order you two night-caps (which by the way would do your eyes good), and put a little of any French liqueur into your water: they are nothing but brandy and sugar, and among their various flavours some of them may surely be palatable enough. The pain in your feet I can bear; but I shudder at the sickness in your stomach, and the weakness, that still continues. I conjure you, as you love yourself; I conjure you by Strawberry, not to trifle with these edge-tools. There is no cure for the gout, when in the stomach, but to throw it into the limbs. There is no relief for the gout in the limbs, but in gentle warmth and gradual perspiration.

I was much entertained with your account of our neighbours. As an Englishman and an Antigallican, I rejoice at their dulness and their nastiness; though I fear we shall come to imitate them in both. Their atheism is a little too much, too shocking to rejoice at. I have been long sick

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