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fire or six of the Americans, were wounded. Two were killed, and two or three were frozen to death. The detachment in Trenton consisted of the regiments of Rabl, Losberg, and Kniphausen, amounting in the whole to about 1,500 men, and a troop of British light horse. All these were killed or captured, except about 600, who escaped by the road leading to Bordenton. The British had a strong battalion of light infantry at Princeton, and a force yet remaining, near the Delaware, superior to the American army. Washington, therefore, in the evening of the same day, thought it most prudent to recross into Pennsylvania with liis prisoners. These being secured, he recrossed the Delaware, and took possession of Trenton. The detacliments which had been distributed over New Jersey, previous to the capture of, the Hessians, immediately after that event assembled at Princeton, and were joined by the army

from Brunswick under lord Cornwallis, From this position, they came forward towards Trenton in great force, hoping by a vigorous onset to repair the injury their cause had sustained hy the late defeat. Truly delicate was the situation of the feeble American arnıy. To retreat, was to hazard the city of Philadelphia, and to destroy every ray of hope which

had began to dawn from their late success. To risk an action with a superior force in front, and a river in rear, was dangerous in the extreme. To get round the advanced party of the British, and by pushing forwards to attack in their rear, was deemed preferable to either. The British, on their advance from Princeton, about four P. M. attacked a body of Americans which were posted with three field pieces a little to the northward of Trenton, and compelled them to retreat. The pursuing British, being checked at the bridge over Sanpink creek, which runs through that town, by some field pieces, which were posted on the opposite banks of that rivulet, fell back so far as to be out of the reach of the cannon, and kindled their fires. The Americans were drawn up on the other side of the creek, and in that position remained till night, cannonading the enemy, and receiving their fire. In this critical hour, two armies, on which the success or failure of the American revolution materially depended, were crowded into the small village of Trenton, and only separated by a creek, in many places fordable. The British, believing they had all the advantages they could wish for, and that they could use them when they pleased, discontinued all farther operations, and kept themselves in readiness to make the attack next morning. The next morning presented a scene as brilliant on the one side, as it was unexpected on the other. Soon after it became dark, general Washington ordered all his baggage to be silently removed, and having left guards, for the purpose of deception, marched with his whole force, by a circuitous route, to Princeton.


This manquvre was determined


in a council of war, from a conviction, that it would avoid the appearance of a retreat, and at the same time the hazard of an action in a bad position; and that it was the most likely way to preserve the city of Philadelphia from falling into the hands of the British. Washington also presumed, that from an eagerness to efface the impressions made by the late capture of the Hessians at Trenton, the British commanders had pushed forward their principal force, and that, of course, the remainder in the rear at Princeton was not more than equal to his own. The event verified this conjecture. The more effectually to disguise the departure of the Americans from Trenton, fires were lighted up in front of their camp. These not only gave an appearance of going to rest, but concealed from the British what was transacting behind them, In this relative position, they were F4

a pillar

a pillar of fire to the one, and a pillar of cloud to the other. Providence favoured this movement of the Americans. The weather had been for some time so warm and moist, that the ground was soft, and the roads so deep as to be scarcely passable : but the wind suddenly changed to the northwest, and the ground in a short time was frozen so hard, that when the Americans took up their line of march, they were no more retarded than if they had been upon a solid pavement,

Washington reached Princeton early in the morning, and would have completely surprised the British, had not a party, which was on their way to Trenton, descried his troops, when they were about two miles distant, and sent back couriers to alarm their unsuspecting fellow soldiers in their rear. These consisted of the seventeenth, the fortieth, and fifty-fifth regiments of British infantry, and some of the royal ariillery, with two field pieces, and three troops of light dragoons. The centre of the Americans, consisting of the Philadelphia militia, while on their line of march, was briskly charged by a party of the British, and gave way

in disorder. The moment was critical, Wasbington pushed forward, and placed himself between his own men and the British, with his horse's head fronting the latter. The Americans, encouraged by his example and exhortations, made a stand, and returned the British fire. The general, though between both parties, was providentially uninjured by either. A

A party of the British fled into the college, and were there attacked with field pieces, which were fired into it. The seat of the Muses became for some time the scene of action. The party wbich had taken refuge in the college, after receiving a few discharges from the American field pieces, came out, and surrendered themselves prisoners of war. In the course of the

engagement, 60 of the British were killed, and a greater number wounded, and about 300 taken prisoners ; the rest made their escape, some by pushing on towards Trenton, others by returning towards Brunswick. While they were fighting in Princeton, the British in Trenton were under arms, and on the point of making an assault on the evacuated cainp of the Americans. With so much address had the movement to Princeton been conducted, that though, from the critical situation of the two armies, every ear may be supposed to have been

open, and the greatest watchfulness to have been employed, yet Washington moved completely off the ground with his


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