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against the system proposed, and which either have
8. When this has been done, the author may be
Whether I have succeeded in producing an ex-
have ever departed. Should it prove in any re-
June 28, 1809.
IT is a question, whether the seventy weeks are composed of solar years or of lunar years; and, if of the latter, whether each year contains 354 days or 360 days. p. 3. I. There is no reason to suppose, that the seventy weeks are
composed of years containing each 354 days, p.5. II. But several arguments have been adduced to prove, that
they are composed of years containing each 360 days,
p. 7. 1. The grounds on which Mr. Marshall maintains this to
have been the case. p. 7, (1.) From the length of the Noctic year. p.7. (2.) From the length of the Egyptian year. p. 7. (3.) From the length of the Greek year: p. 7. (4.) From the length of the Roman year. p. 8. (5.) From the length of the Chaldean and Persian year,
p. 8. (6.) From the length of the year of other Asiatic nations,
p.8. (7.) From the three times and a half of Daniel and Stę,
John, p. 8. 2. Ģranting the truth of this statement, it does not follow
that the inference drawn from it is just; because, whatever might be the length of a single year, the question is, whether a series of such years was not by intercalation or other means made equal to a corresponding series of solar years. p, S.
(1.) One method of lengthening the year of 360 days was
by adding 5 supernumerary days at the end of it. p.9. (2.) Another method was by occasional monthly interca
lation. p. 10. 3. Aware of this remark, Mr. Marshall attempts to shew
that the year of 360 days was used collectively as well
as singly. p. 11. (1.) His first argument from the conversation of Solon
with Cresus stated, and answered. p. 11. (2.) His second argument from the continuance of the
Babylonian captivity stated, and answered by shew
ing the true length of that captivity. p. 13. (3.) His third argument from the collective sum of three
years and a half stated, and answered. p. 34. (4.) His fourth argument from Solomon's purveyorships
stated, and answered. p. 36. Av. From the silence of Scripture there is reason to suppose,
that monthly intercalations were unknown to the more ancient Jews: whence it will follow, that a series of their years must have been equal to a corres, ponding series of years either of 360 days each or of
365 days each. p. 38. (1.) The latter argued to be the case from two of the
great Jewish festivals being fixed to spring and au.
tumn. p. 40. (2.) From the lengths of the Levitical weeks of years. p. 42. . ..' .
. (3.) From the duration of the sojourning of the children
of Israel. p. 43. (4.) From the impossibility of reconciling the chronology .. of Israel with that of the neighbouring nations by - the former mode of computation. p. 46...! 5. The sum of the matter is, that the more ancient Jewish year must have been solar. p. 47... !!
: 6. This 6. This however is of no consequence in reckoning the se
venty weeks; because, whatever might be the length of a single Jewish year, the fixed nature of the great festivals proves, that a series of such years must have been made equal to a corresponding series of solar
years. p. 47. III. The argument strengthened by the authority of persons
who have written on the subject. p. 48. 1. Jackson. p. 49. 2. Prideaux, p. 60. 3. Sir Isaac Newton. p. 62. 4. Blayney. p. 62.
5. Davies. p, 65, IV. The conclusion is, that the more ancient Jews used the so,
lar year, and that they did not begin to use the intercalated lunar year until the time of the Greek princes in Asia, when the Rabbinical Ve-Adar, which
is unknowu in Scripture, was introduced. p. 74, 1. But, however this may be, the observance of the great
festivals proves, that a series of Jewish years must
have been equal to a series of solar years. p.75. 2. Whence it will follow, that the 490 years of the seventy
weeks must, either singly or collectively, be equal to
490 solar years. p. 76. 3. Therefore no interpretation of the prophecy can be ad
mitted, which is built on a calculation by abbreviated lunar years of either description. p. 77,
СНАР. ІІ. Concerning the chronology of the decrees enacted by the Kings of
Persia for the rebuilding of the temple and city of Jerusalem and
for the restoration of the civil and ecclesiasticul polity of Judah, Į. IT has generally been said that four decrees were enacted for
these several purposes, but it does not appear that there were any more than three, p. 78.