Cure, Comfort and Safe Custody: Public Lunatic Asylums in Early Nineteenth-Century England
Explores the evolving tensions between the three objectives of the English mental asylum from 1808 to 1845: custody, cure, and comfort. Smith (arts and social sciences, U. of Birmingham, UK) finds that the implicit goal of custody, evidenced in penitentiary-style regimes, was gradually superseded by an Enlightenment-tempered movement towards cure. However, eventually the flaws in the system led to an overcrowding by ever larger numbers of physically deteriorated, aging people, and the emphasis switched to comfort.
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31 December admission admitted Andrews Annual Reports April asylum management August became Bedford behaviour Bethlem CCRO Charlesworth Commissioners in Lunacy Corsellis county asylums County Record Office Crommelinck Crowther cure custodial DCRO Derangement Digby Dorset Dorset Asylum early February Forston GCRO Gloucester Asylum GLRO governors Hanwell Hanwell Asylum Higgins Hill History of Psychiatry Hospital Infirmary Insanity London institution January John Conolly Journal July June keepers LAWN Lincoln Asylum LLSL Madhouses Madness magistrates March mechanical restraint Medical Officers 1841 Metropolitan Commissioners Middlesex moral treatment NCRO NkCRO non-restraint Norfolk Asylum Nottingham Asylum November numbers Observations October Paul Slade Knight Pauper Lunatic Asylum physician practice public asylums Robert Gardiner Hill Rules Samuel Hitch Samuel Tuke SCRO Scull Select Committee September Solitary of Afflictions staff Staffordshire subscription asylums SuCRO Suffolk Asylum superintendent therapeutic Visiting Justices Epiphany visitors Wakefield West Riding Asylum William Ellis WRCRO York Retreat