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support, they could be laid towards the hedge, which would answer the purpose of stakes perfectly well, and admit of their being pulled with the utmost facility.
If these pease are of the early sort, and the soil and situation favourable, they may be off the ground in sufficient time to admit of rearing in perfection a crop of winter turnip upon the same ground. And, as this plant serves to meliorate the ground more than almost any other, there is little doubt but the nursery could be kept, for any length of time that could be necessary, in very high order, by this succession of crops, without almost any expence of manure whatever.
By this, or some similar mode of management, the nursery will always afford its owner very profitable crops, and the thorns will be reared to the utmost perfection* and have their roots formed as properly as; could be desired, at little or no expence. But, as it is impossible to purchase such
'• plants plants as these from an ordinary nursery garden,—and, as the young thorns always suffer very much by being long kept out of the ground, not to mention the expence that would attend the transporting such large plants from any considerable distance, it is of much consequence for every improving farmer to rear plants for himself: Or, if he buys them at all from a nursery, to take them when only one or two years old, and nurse them afterwards for himself.
The only thing that can make the plan here proposed miscarry, is the neglecting to make the nursery rich enough before the thorns are planted in it ; for, I have frequently observed, that gentlemen in the country, or farmers, who are at a distance from manures, err exceedingly in this respect. I therefore again repeat it, that it is of the utmost consequence, on all occasions, to have the nursery as rich as possible. And indeed, unless this be the case, he who shall
attempt attempt to rear thorns in the manner above described,will certainly be a loses, and, therefore, had better not attempt it at all, than do it in an imperfect manner: For a poor soil could never produce to advantage the crops above enumerated. But, if the ground is once put into proper tilth, it may be continued as a nursery ever afterwards, without almost any expence at all.
To put the ground into that high tilth the year before you intend to turn it to a nursery, give it a fallow in the beginning of summer, and a very thick dressing of dung, and lime, if it needs it, and take a crop of winter turnips. This will clean, enrich, and mellow the foil. If it has been in good order before, this will be sufficient;-but, if the soil was naturally poor, it may be proper to repeat thia same dressing a second year, which will assuredly effect the purpose. Starve not your plants at first; for the richer your foil is at first, the more quickly and abundantly will it repay you.
§ VIIL § VIII.
Rules for chusing the Plants.
If you wish to have a good fence, free of gaps, and of an equal degree of strength throughout, pick your plants with great care, so as to have them all as nearly as poflible of one size, and of an equal degree of healthiness. But, if you should have occasion for so many plants at one time, as makes it necessary for you to take them as you can find them, you had much better assort them into several lots of different sizes, and plant each of these lots in a place by itself, than plant the whole promiscuously; it being much better to have two inclosures fenced with hedges of different degrees of strength throughout their whole extent, but equal in every part, than one which is in F some some places stronger than in others; because, so long as any one part of it is weak, all the stronger places can be of no use as a fence; and if, with a view to remedy that evil, you plant your weak plants by the fide of the strongest, they are apt to be overtopt by these, and stinted in their growth; so that the hedge, in these places, continuing always weak, is liable to be broke down by cattle, hogs, &c.; which occasions these un-r sightly and irremediable gaps that farmers so generally have reason to complain of. But, if all the plants are at first quite equal, their first shoots will be nearly equal in vigour, and ' will continue to advance at the same rate, so as to form a hedge equally strong in every part.