« PreviousContinue »
they would be almost as new to begin as at first.—But, if this must be expected, even where the operator seriously wishes to do his best, what may we expect will be the case, if he is altogether indifferent about succeeding in these attempts, or even wishes secretly that they may not turn out to advantage, but that the implements will be allowed to go out of order, and the field be laboured in such an imperfect manner as greatly to damage the crop,—make the field suddenly run wild, and thus essentially hurt the interest of his employer? But, if the master, instead of this attempt, had taken care to direct the proper method of labouring it with his ordinary implements, the servant would exert himself to the utmost of his power to perform the work with accuracy 1—would consider himself in some measure as a party interested in the success of the crop, and use '«very effort that he could to insure success. rr-Anxious about this, and emulous to excel,
he he weighs with attention every hint that is. suggested by the judicious master, and marks; the result of every trial of his own; so as in time to be capable of perceiving the effects of many nice peculiarities of practice that could never have occurred to the most acute speculative observer. In jhU manner, the farmer reaps a full instead of a scanty crop —and is saved from an enormous expenee to carpenters and smiths; which, a6 the judicious Mr Liste justly observes, too often prove the ruin of young and sanguine improvers.
The advice that is offered above, is so contrary to the usual practice of gentlemen im* provers, and so inconsistent with the ideas that naturally present themselves to specular tive farmers, that I am well aware of the bad reception it will meet with from many of these.—I perceive the innumerable arguments that present themselves to their imagination against what is here said :—I foresee the merriment that it will excite,—the
S , ....
raillery that it will produce, and the many witty things that will be laid against the man who dares to advance such an absurd opinion, as that a worse practice flioukj, in any cafe, be preferred to qne that is acknowledged to be better. But, without detaining the fen-r sible reader with answers to these obvious objections, I shall content myself with simply desiring the young improver to look around him J and remark the success of those impror yerB who have adopted the one or the other of these modes of practice, and leave him*self to draw the inference that this will fug* gest. And, if this has the effect to make him remark circumstances with attention, he will not be long of discovering reasons abundandy cogent for confirming him in the opinion that he must adopt,tt
Let it not, however, be understood, as if I meant to dissuade the improving farmer from adopting any other implements of husbw>dry or modes of culture, than those that have
been been usually practised in that part of the country where his farm maybe situated; for, if these are imperfect, he does well to introduce others of a better sort that may be well fitted to the nature of his soil, and the situation of his fields. But, before he attempts this-, let him weigh all matters with a cautious circumspection; and what he has once adopted with judgment, let him adhere to with unremitting perseverance; and success will in the end crown his endeavours. Or if, in process of time, he so far meliorate his soil, as to render his whole farm capable of a more perfect degree of culture than it could formerly admit of, let him, when all circumstances are ready for the change, boldly lay aside his former implements and mode of culture, and at once adopt another that he knows to be better adapted to the circumstances of his farm.—Or, if his farm is extensive, and will admit of two distinct set of labourers, he may make each of these
follow follow a different mode of culture adapted to the state of the fields they are to manage: But, in no case ought he to allow the same labourers to work with different implements, if it can possibly be avoided.—Almost the utmost latitude that prudence can admit of in this respect, is a greater or lesser degree of weight and strength in different implements, of the same construction, adapted to the different degrees of ruggedness in the different fields;—and where there is any considerable difference in the tilth of different fields, this ought always to be practised.