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the bank to be made up of such an unusual breadth. For, if one side of the hedge be cut down quite close to the bank, when it is only two or three years old, the other half will remain as a fence till that fide become strong again; and then the opposite side may be cut down in its turn ; and so on alternately as long as you may incline: By which means the bank will always have a strong hedge upon it, without ever becoming naked at the root. And, as this plant, when bruised, is one of the most valuable kinds of winter food yet known for all kinds of domestic animals the young tops may be carried home and employed for that purpose by the farmer; which will abundantly compensate for the trouble of cutting, and the

P waste

* Some may perhaps imagine, that the expression in the text is rather too bold but, I have very sufficient reason, from undoubted experience, for using it. waste of ground that is occasioned by the breadth cf the bank.

The other method of preserving a hedge1 of whins from turning open below, can only be practised where sheep are kept; bus may be there employed with great propriety* In this case,- it will be proper to sow the" feeds upon a sharp ridge of earth, shoved up from the surface of the ground on each side, without any ditches. If this is preserved! from the sheep for two or three years at first, they may then be allowed to have free access to it; and, as they can get up close to the foot of the bank upon each side, if they have been accustomed to this kind of food, they will eat up all the young shoots that are within their reach, which will occasion them to send out a great many lateral shoots; and these being continually broused upon, soon become as close as could be desired, and are then in no fort of danger of becoming naked

ked at the root, although the middle par* /hould advance to a considerable height.

The reader ought to be apprised of one very great objection to this kind of fence, viz. that the feeds are blown by the wind into the fields, and come up in such abundance, as to become a very great nuisance. As it is hardly posiible to extirpate them when they are once established, every one, therefore, ought duly to consider what are to be the conseejuenpes, before h,e sows jbem.

I xxvii.

4 fart kit lar Fund of Fence described for Orchards^ Bleaching Greeny &?c«

The fences hitherto mentioned are only intended to preserve fields from the intru,lion of cattle. But, on some occasions, it is, necessary to have a fence that would even resist the efforts of men to breakthrough it; as around bleaching fields, ofchyards, &c.; the want of which often subjects the proprietor of such fields to very disagreeable accidents. And, as such a fence might, on some occasions, be procured at no great expence or trouble, it were to be wished that the method of doing this were more generally known.

To effectuate this, it is necessary to begin

by trenching up, or ploughing a large belt all around the field you mean to inclose, of forty or fifty feet or more in breadth, if you find it convenient; the outer edge of which should be fenced by a good dike, or a ditch and hedge. This belt should be kept in culture one year at hast, and well manured, if your situation will admit of it; and laid up beiore winter, in such a manner that no,

wztfer water may be suffered to lodge upon it; and planted, in the winter time, all over with plants of eglantine, so thick as not to be above two feet from one another. Between these, put a good number of young birch plants not above two years old, interspersed with hazels, oak, ash, rawn, (wild service,) and other trees that you think will thrive upon your foil; together with thorns, hollies, brambles, and woodbine (honey-suckle); and having then fenced it from cattle, keep down the weeds that may rife upon its surface, as long as it is conveniently accessible ; leaving it afterwards to nature.

If this is done, and your foil be not extremely bad, the belt, in a very few years, Will be entirely filled with a close bush of trees, so intermixed with the bending branches of the eglantine, and bound together by jhe trailing shoots of the bramble and woodbine.

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