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year for some time, while it is young, and in its most vigorous state.

But, although it may be easily propagated by cuttings, yet it is always adviseable to plant these first in a nursery of rich gardenmold, where they may be allowed to take root, and acquire a little strength before they are planted out, where they are to remain ina hedge : For, as some of these usually do not strike root so readily as others, it would occasion some irregularity in the growth of the hedge, that may be avoided by this precaution. After they have been nursed a year or two, and have formed good roots, they may be taken up and planted on a bank in the same manner as thorns, managing them in every respect as the thorns (§ XII, XIII. XIV.) ; only observing to put a.plant of eglantine for every plant of poplar ror the whole length of the hedge. And, as this tree would, in all probability, (for I here speak only from analogy, never having seen

them them planted in this way,) make very strong shoots, they would soon be large enough to. form a very strong fence; and the eglantine would furnish the defensive prickles which this plant stands so much in need of. But, the way in which I apprehend that this plant might be most advantageously employed in fencing, would be as follows.

Let the young plants remain in the nursery till they are become as large at the root as the wrist of an ordinary man, which may be expected to be the cass e in four or five years from the time of planting ; taking care to dig the earth each year between the rows, that the plants may have abundance of short well formed roots. When the plants are of a proper size, prepare a ridge to receive them, exactly in the same manner as was directed for the willows (§ XXII.) and, having first cut off all their tops at the height of four or five feet from the ground, raise them from the nursery with as great caution,

M as you can,—carry them directly to the ridge, and plant a row of these in the middle of it, in an upright position, at the distance of one foot from one another; which will form a sort of railing, as is represented at Fig. 6th; always taking care to put a plant of eglantine between every two poplars, for the reasons already mentioned. And to keep them more firmly together, and in some measure to prevent cattle from attempting so readily to rush through between them at first, it will be ;of use to twist | some shoots of willows along their top, as is represented in the figure ; or, in places where these cannot be had, a strong rope-of straw twisted may be employed as a Juccedaneum for it.

These trees would not fail to fend out strong shoots from the top of every stem, as at E, which would quickly arrive at a considerable magnitude; and the root-stems, encreasing in size proportionally, would in Q time. time close the intervals so much, as that v\q animal whatever could break: through it. The tops of these trees might be afterwards cut over at the height of five feet from the ground, whenever the shoots had attained the magnitude that should be thought the most proper for the purpose that they might be designed for; whether it was walkingstaffs, hurdles, hop-poles, shafts to carts, or any other use that the peculiarities of the situation might render most advantageous; and would thus, in all probability, afford a profit to the farmer much greater than could be drawn from any other kind of fence whatever. Reader, observe, I do not speak from experience. What I here hint is only probable conjecture ; let it^ therefore, make no further impression on your mind than reason seems to authorise *.

§ XXIV.

* Since writing the above, I have met with some facts that seem to show, that the Lombardy poplar is §. XXIV.

Of the Use 6s the %uick-beam, or RaivHtree, in Fencing.

Another plant that may be employed For the same purposes, and in the same manner as the last mentioned, is the wild service, sometimes called the mountain-ashi or rawn-tree. This is one of the quickest growing trees, for a dry barren foil, that is known in this country. It grows uprights and tapers gradually from the root-^—is extremely

riot such ah exceeding quick grower, or Valuable tree in otfier respects as we were made to believe when it was first introduced into Great Britain. But, as several kinds of strong upright shooting willows' might be employed as a fence in this way, as well as the elm, hornbeam, &c. I chuse to let the passage remain without further corrections

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