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loved," being lodged in it. Mary of || rect places of the fixed stars than York, fifth daughter of Edward IV. Tycho's observations made with plain died here in 1482; and Elizabeth's sight afforded. This being made favourite, the Earl of Leicester, was known to the king, he declared that confined in this tower after he had his pilots and sailors should not want incurred the queen's displeasure by such an assistance. He resolved therehis marriage with the Countess of fore to found an observatory, for the Essex.
purpose of ascertaining the motions The structure was repaired or re- of the moon and the places of the built by Henry VIII. and again en- fixed stars, as a medium of discoJarged by Henry, the learned Earl of vering that great desideratum, the Northampton, to whom it was grant- longitude at sea. ed by James I. and who made it his This spot was chosen for the edichief residence. Soon after the com-fice on the recommendation of Sir mencement of the civil war, it was Christopher Wren: the materials of thought of such consequence by the the old tower were employed to conParliament as a place of strength, struct the new building, towards the that immediate steps were ordered to expense of which the king gave 5001. be taken for securing it. Charles II. and as many bricks as were wanted caused it to be pulled down in 1675, from a spare stock at Tilbury Fort. and on its site founded the present It was completed in August 1676; Royal Observatory, for the purpose and Flamsteed, who was appointed of obtaining a more accurate know- the first Astronomer Royal, being put ledge of the heavenly bodies, in or- in possession, began to make obserder to afford greater facility to the vations in the following month, with attempts at discovering the longi- a six feet radius contrived by himtude.
self, and such other instruments as This foundation owed its origin to were then in use. Flamsteed residthe following circumstance: M. de ed many years in this place, which St. Pierre, a Frenchman, who came from him received the name of Flamto London in 1675, having demand-steed House, doing ample justice to ed a reward from Charles II. for his the royal choice, though walking in discovery of the method of finding an almost untrodden path, and being the longitude by the moon's distance one of the first who employed telefrom a star, a commission was ap- scopes for astronomical observations. pointed to examine into his preten. It was not till 1689 that he had the sions. Mr. Flamsteed, who was ap- advantage of a mural quadrant, and pointed one of the commissioners, that was not such as is now in use, furnished St. Pierre with certain da- but one contrived and divided partly ta of observation, by which to cal- by himself, without any help but the culate the longitude of a given place. strength of his own genius. This he was unable to do, but ex- Flamsteed died at Greenwich in cused himself by asserting that the 1719, and was succeeded by Dr. data were false. Flamsteed contend- Halley, who fixed a transit instrued that they were true, but allowed ment, and had a new mural quadrant, that nothing certain could be dedu- of eight feet radius, constructed unced from them, for want of more cor- der the direction of Graham, and
put up at the public expense in 1725. al is William Pond, Esq: wlio suc
This celebrated astronomer, whoprin- ceeded Dr. Maskelyne in 1810. ja cipally directed his attention to the The observations made heret hy motions of the moon, died at the Ob- the Astronomer Royal since 1767 servatory in 1742, and was buried at have been published annually, under Lees Dr. Bradley, his successor, the inspection of the Royal Society, made many important observations; who visit the Observatory once a and in his time some very valuable year. Within the building is a deep additions were made to the instru- dry..well, for the purpose of admitments at the Observatory: among ting observations to be made on the them was a new mural brass quad stars in the daytime. It is from this rant, of eight feet radius; a transit place that the longitude in all Enginstrument, eight feet in length; a lish maps is calculated. moveable quadrant of forty inches The prospects from the Observaradius by Bird; an astronomical clock tory are very fine; particularly of the by Shelton; and a Newtonian reflect- metropolis, the county of Essex, ing telescope of six feet focal length and the serpentine windings of the by Short. Dr. Bradley died in 1762, Thames, animated by the crowds of and was succeeded by Nathaniel shipping continually navigating its Bliss, M. A. whose decease in 1764 busy stream. Greenwich. Hospital made room for the advancement of isimmediately under the eye, and with the late Astronomer Royal, the Rev. the adjacent country and river, and Dr. Maskelyne, in whose time the London in the distance, presents as Observatory was furnished with an ex-interesting a coup d'oil as can well cellent achromatic telescope, of for- be imagined. The park itself affords ty-six inches focal length, with a much rich scenery: it was laid out by treble object-glass, by Dollond; and Le Notre in the time of Charles II. the whole apparatus was greatly im- and is planted chiefly with elms and proved by Dollond, Nairpe, and Ar- Spanish chesnut, some of the latter nold. The present Astronomer Roy-of which are very large.
A LOVER'S DAY, OR VICISSITUDES OF TWELVE
HOURS! The clock had just struck twelve then too unhappy to be reasonable; as young Ernest de Cronstadt turned and well skilled in the art of selfinto the public walk, where, when tormenting, he contrived in a few the weather was fine, the beautiful moments to convince himself, that his Madame de Waldemar was accustom- Amelia was the most perfidious of ed to take her morning walk. He women, and himself the most abused took a few turns, looked round anx- of men. iously, then threw himself into a seat, That our readers may be acquaintwith his eyes fixed in the direction ed with the premises from which he that he knew she must take; but yet drew this comfortable conclusion, we she came not. At any other time must go back a little in our tale... It he would have supposed that her was now six months since Ernest absence was accidental, but he was had offered his vows at the shrine of the young and beautiful widow of had blown the spark of jealousy to a the old Baron de Waldemar. Young, Aame in the heart of Ernest. handsome, and amiable, Ernest would This was the sight of a stranger have found little difficulty in recom- || in close and earnest conversation mending himself to Amelia, had she with Madame de Waldemar, when not thought that she saw in his tem- he entered her drawing-room the per a strong tendency to jealousy; evening before; they were standiný and as the happiness of her life dur-at a window apart from the company, ing her former marriage had been and it was evident from the looks of sacrificed to this direful passion, she Amelia that the subject interested dreaded placing herself once more her exceedingly. He thought she under its domination. Ernest own- started at his appearance, and that ed his fault, but he promised, nay there was something of confusion in swore, to banish it for ever. " But the air with which she came forward bave you the power?" said Madame and introduced the young stranger de Waldemar doubtingly.-" No, to him as her particular friend, Capdearest Amelia," replied he; “ but tain Sternheim. It was evident to you have."-"I! how so?"_" Pro- the jealous eye of Ernest, that durmise but to be mine, and secure in ing the rest of the evening the young your faith, jealousy will be banished officer had more than his share of. for ever." Amelia hesitated. Er- her attention; he even fancied that nestredoubled his vows, and at length he saw some very significant smiles she agreed to put him upon his pro- exchanged between them; in fine, bation, but still without fixing a time he returned home very much disfor their union. ,
posed to break his promise. ?r., For three months all went very A sleepless night sent him at an well: it is true, that Amelia, strictly earlier hour than usual to Madame speaking, gave her lover no cause to de Waldemar, with an intention of þe, jealous; but she was naturally coming to an immediate explanation, lively, mixed much in the world, and she was not up; he called again' in was accustomed to receive the ho- | an lạour, and received the same anmage of the other sex with the goodswer. He knew, however, that when humoured ease of a woman consci- the weather was fine she 'rarely missous, without being vain, of her beau- ed her walk; and as he was sure that ty... Ernest would rather she had she must have heard of his calling shunned all homage but his own, and twice, he felt almost certain that she though he never presumed to re-would meet him that morning. Howmonstrate with her on the subject, ever, she came not; and after waiting he was often observed to bite his till one o'clock, he was hastening to lips, and to colour and turn pale her house, when he was joined by alternately with anger when he saw an acquaintance, who had been of her smile. upon the adorers who the party the night before. “ Did daily hovered round her. Amelia, you observe," said this 'gentleinan, however, slut her eyes upon these how delighted Madame de Wallittle infractions of their treaty, and demar was to see again her old all went well; but a circumstance friend Sternheim.”—“Have they then occurred the night before, which "known each other a long time?"
" From their infancy, and have al- | Sprotzler and his pretty daughter ways loved each other like brother with her. The young lady had aland sister."
ways appeared disposed to cast a faWhat a revolution did these wordsvourable eye upon Ernest, but never make in the feelings of Ernest: he before were her attentions returned: seized the hand of his friend, and now intent only on piquing Amelia, pressed it involuntarily; then recol-he behaved with marked gallantry lecting himself, and covered with to Miss Sprotzler; and she returned confusion, he hurried away, saying || his compliments with such interest, to himself, “ What a fool I am! I that the baroness, who had at first should have utterly ruined myself only smiled at the scene, became disby exposing my jealousy to her. How concerted. She grew pale, and look could I be such a blockhead? But 'ited so evidently unhappy, that De shall be the last time.”
Cronstadt was touched in spite of He hastened home, and throwing himself. He reflected on the chahimself upon a couch, '
was lost in a racter of his informer; fancied that delightful reverie, when one of those the news might not be true, 'and ft public-spirited people, who attend to nally determined to tell Amelia what every body's business but their own, had passed, and learn his fate from entered. • "
So," cried' he, " we her own lips. These thoughts made shall have the long-deferred wedding him fall into a fit of abstraction; and at last.”_"What wedding?"_" Ma- Miss Sprotzler, finding that she could dame de Waldemar's."_" Madame not recall his attention, took het de Waldemaros! Heavens! is it possi- leave, accompanied by her father: ble?"-" Very possible for a bloom- Before Ernest could' commence ing young widow tò marry again, bis explanation, the most censoribus especially to her first love. There old maid in Berlin entered, and he is no doubt that Madame de Wal-was obliged to hurry away to con demar was secretly attached to Stern- ceal his agitation. He determined, heim when her father forced her to however, to return as soon as he marry the old baron, and every body had recovered himself a little; and wondered that he had not renewed he walked down a retired street at his devoirs since the death of her the back of the baroness's house, husband: but no doubt he is come that he might take a few turns unob? for that purpose now." Ernest clap- served. As he passed the back of ped his hand to his forehead to hide the house he thought that he caught his agitation, and the babbler hur- a glimpse of Sternheim; but scarcely ried away, to repeat his tale else- | daring to credit his senses,' he drew where.
near, and, to his utter astonishment "The perfidious woman!"exclaim and dismay, he saw that it was mit ed Ernest: " this then was the rea- deed the captain, who' at that mor son she never would hearken to my mert was most fondly kissing a pic solicitations for an immediate mar- ture that was suspended by a Black riage. I will fly to her instantly, ribbon round his neck. De Cronupbraid her with her falsehood, and stadt had just reason enough remains bid her adieu forever." He hastened ing to prevent him from rushing into to her house, and found General the house, and taking vengeatice of