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required an act of indemnity for all past offences, with a full enjoyment of the estates they possessed before the present revolution, freedom for the Catholic worship, with an establishment of one Romish ecclesiastic in each parish. They also required, thạt Catholics should be declared fully qualified for every office, civil and military ; that they should be admitted into all corporations; and, that the Irish army should be kept up and paid in the same manner with the king's other troops, provided they were willing to serve. *
Ginckle refused to accede to their proposal ; but being desired to offer such terms as he could grant, he proposed conditions which were accepted by the garrison, and which are contained in the following civil articles.
Three days after they were signed, the French fleet arrived in Dingle Bay.
THE CIVIL ARTICLES OF LIMERICK,
Exactly printed from the Letters Patent, wherein they are
ratified and exemplified by their Majesties, under the Great Seal of England.
GULIELMUS & Maria Dei gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Franciæ, & Hiberniæ, rex et regina, fidei defensores, &c. Omnibus ad quos presentes literæ nostræ pervenerint salutem : inspeximus irrotulament. quarund. literarum patentium de confirmatione, geren. dat. apud Westmonasterium vicessimo quarto die Februarii, ultimi præteriti in cancellar. nostr. irrotulat. ac ibidem de recordo remanem. in hæc verba. William and Mary, by the grace of God, &c. To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas cer
* Leland, vol. iii. b. 6. c. 6.
tain articles, bearing date the third day of October last past, made and agreed, on between our justices of our kingdom of Ireland, and our general of our forces there on the one part; and several officers there, commanding within the city of Limerick, in our said kingdom on the other part. Whereby our said justices and general did undertake that we should ratify those articles, within the space of eight months or sooner; and use their utmost endeavours that the same should be ratified and confirmed in parliament. The tenor of which said articles is as follows, viz.
ARTICLES AGREED UPON THE THIRD DAY OF OCTOBER, ONE
THOUSAND SIX HUNDRED AND NINETY-ONE,
Between the Right Honourable Sir Charles Porter, Knight,
and Thomas Coningsby, Esq. Lords Justices of Ireland, and his Excellency the Baron De Ginckle, Lieutenant General and Commander in Chief of the English army,
on the one Part,
Viscount Gallmoy, Colonel Nicholas Purcel, Colonel
lon, and Colonel John Brown, on the other Part:
County of Limerick, the Counties of Clare, Kerry, Cork,
Sligo, and Mayo.
and other Agreements made between the said Lieuten-
I. The Roman Catholics of this kingdom shall enjoy such privileges in the exercise of their religion, as are consistent with the laws of Ireland; or as they did enjoy in the reign of King Charles the Second; and their Majesties,
as soon as their affairs will permit them to summon a Parliament in this kingdom, will endeavour to procure the said Roman Catholics such further security in that particular, as may preserve them from any disturbance upon the account of their said religion.
II. All the inbabitants or residents of Limerick, or any other garrison now in the possession of the Irish, and all officers and soldiers, now in arms, under any commission of King James, or those authorised by him, to grant the same in the several counties of Limerick, Clare, Kerry, Cork, and Mayo, or any of them; and all the commissioned officers in their Majesties' quarters, that belong to the Irish regiments now in being, that are treated with, and who are not prisoners of war, or have taken protection, and who shall return and submit to their Majesties' obedience; and their and every of their heirs shall hold, possess, and enjoy, all and every their estates of freehold and inheritance; and all the rights, titles and interest, privileges and immunities, which they, and every or any of them held, enjoyed, or were rightfully and lawfully entitled to in the reign of King Charles II., or at any time since, by the laws and statutes that were in force in the said reign of King Charles II., and shall be put in possession, by order of the government, of such of them as are in the King's hands, or the hands of his tenants, without being put to any suit or trouble therein; and all such estates shall be freed and discharged from all arrears of crown rents, quit rents, and other public charges, incurred and become due since Michaelmas 1688, to the day of the date hereof: and all persons comprehended in this article shall have, hold, and enjoy all their goods and chattels, real and personal, to them or any of them, belonging and remaining either in their own hands, or in the hands of any persons whatsoever, in trust for, or for the use of them, or any of them: and all and every the said persons, of what profession, trade, or calling soever they be, shall and may use, exercise, and practise their several and respective professions, trades, and callings, as freely as they did use, exercise, and enjoy the same in the reign of King Charles II., provided that nothing in this article contained be construed to extend to or restore
any forfeiting person now out of the kingdom, except what are hereafter comprised; provided also, that no person whatsoever shall have or enjoy the benefit of this article that shall neglect or refuse to take the oath of allegiance, made by act of Parliament in England in the first year of the reign of their present Majesties, when thereunto required.
III. All merchants or reputed merchants of the city of Limerick, or of any other garrison now possessed by the Irish, or of any town or place in the counties of Clare or Kerry, who are absent beyond the seas, that have not bore arms since their Majesties' declaration in February 1688, shall have the benefit of the second article, in the same manner as if they were present; provided such merchants and reputed merchants do repair into this kingdom within the space of eight months from the date hereof.
IV. The following officers, viz. Colonel Simon Lutterel, Captail Rowland White, Maurice Eustace of Yermanstown, Chieveas of Maystown, commonly called MountLeinster, now belonging to the regiments in the aforesaid garrisons and quarters of the Irish army, who were beyond the seas, and sent thither upon affairs of their respective regiments or the army in general, shall have the benefit and advantage of the second article, provided they return hither within the space of eight months from the date of these presents, and submit to their Majesties government, and take the above mentioned oath.
V. That all and singular the said persons comprised in the second and third articles, shall have a general pardon of all attainders, outlawries, treasons, misprisions of treason, premunires, felonies, trespasses, and other crimes and misdemeanors whatsoever, by them or any of them, committed since the beginning of the reign of King James II., and if any of them are attainted by Parliament, the Lords Jus
* I A. B. do sincerely promise and swear, that I will be faithful, and bear true allegiance to their Majesties King Wil. . liam and Queen Mary. So help me God.
tices and General will use their best endeavours to get the same repealed by Parliament, and the outlawries to be reversed gratis, all but writing-clerks' fees.
VI. And whereas these present wars have drawn on great violences on both parts; and that if leave were given to the bringing all sorts of private actions, the animosities would probably continue that have been too long on foot, and the public disturbances last; for the quieting and settling therefore of this kingdom, and avoiding those inconveniences which would be the necessary consequence of the contrary, no person or persons whatsoever, comprised in the foregoing articles, shall be sued, molested, or impleaded at the suit of any party or parties whatsoever, for any trespasses by them committed, or for any arms, horses, money, goods, chattels, merchandizes, or provisions whatsoever, by them seized or taken during the time of the
And no person or persons whatsoever, in the second or third articles comprised, shall be sued, impleaded, or made accountable for the rents, or mean rates of tenements, or houses, by him or them received, or enjoyed in this kingdom, since the beginning of the present war, to the day of the date hereof, nor for any waste or trespass by him or them committed in any such lands, tenements, or houses: and it is also agreed that this article shall be mutual and reciprocal on both sides.
VII. Every nobleman and gentleman comprised in the said second and third articies, shall have liberty to ride with a sword and case of pistols, if they think fit; and keep gun
in their houses, for the defence of the same, or for fowling
VIII. The inhabitants and residents in the city of Limerick, and other garrisons, shall be permitted to remove their goods, chattels, and provisions, out of the same, without being viewed and searched, or paying any manner of duties, and shall not be compelled to leave the houses or lodgings they now have, for the space of six weeks next ensuing the date hereof.