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Enter Duke, Escalus, and Lords.


Escal. My Lord.
Duke. Of Government the properties

Would seem in me t'affect speech and dif-

Since I am not to know, that your own Science
Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice
My strength can give you: then no more remains :

Puc i The story is taken from Cinthio's Novels, December 8. November 5.

Mr. Pope.
2 Since I am not to know, that your own Science

Exceeds, in that, the lifts of all advice
My Arength can give you : 'then no more remains :

Put that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able,

And let them work. ] To the integrity of this reading Mr. Theobald objects, and says, What was Escalus to put to his Jufficiency! why his science : But his frience and sufficiency were

Put that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able,
And let them work. The nature of our people,
Our city's institutions, 3 and the terms
Of common justice, y'are as pregnant in,
As art and practice hath enriched any
That we remember. There is our Commission,
From which we would not have you warp. Call hither,
I say, bid come before us Angelo :
What figure of us, think you, he will bear?
* For you must know, we have with special roll
Elected him our Absence to supply ;
Lent him our Terror, drest him with our Love ;
And giv'n his Deputation all the organs
Of our own Power : say, what think you of it?

Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth To undergo such ample grace and honour, It is lord Angelo. but one and the same thing. On what then does the relative them depend? He will have it, therefore, that a line has been acci dentally dropt, which he attempts to reftore by due diligence. Nodum in fcirpo quærit. And all for want of knowing, that by sufficiency is meant authority, the power delegated by the Duke to Escalus, The plain meaning of the words being this ; Put your skill in governing (says the Duke) to the power which I give you to exercise it, and let them work together. 3

and the terms of common justice,] i. e. bounds, limits. 4.

For you must know we have with special souL

Eleťted him our absence to fupply;] This nonsense must be corrected thus,

with special ROLL i. e. by a special commission. For it appears, from this scene, that Escalus had one commission, and Angelo another. The Duke had before delivered Escalus his commiflion. He now declares that designed for Angelo: and he says, afterwards, to both,

To th' hopeful execution do I leave you

of your commiffions. Why Angelo's was called the special roll was, because he was in authority superior to Escalus.

old Escalus,
The firf in question, is thy fecondary.


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c E N E

Enter Angelo.
Duke. Look, where he comes.

Ang. Always obedient to your Grace's will,
I come to know your pleasure,

Duke. Angelo,
There is a kind of character in thy life,
That to th' observer doth thy history
Fully unfold : thy self and thy belongings
Are not thine own so proper, as to waste
Thy self upon thy virtues ; they on thee.
Heav'n doth with us, as we with torches do,
Not light them for themselves : 3. for if our virtues
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd,
But to fine issues ; nor Nature never lends
The smallest scruple of her excellence,
But, like a thrifty Goddess, she determines
Her self the glory of a creditor,
Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech
To one that can ? my part in him advertise ;
5--for if our virtues, &c.]

Paulum sepultæ diftat inertia
Celata virtus.

Horat. 6

But I do bend my Speech To one that can my part in him advertise; ] This is obscure. The meaning is, I direct my speech to one who is able to teach me how to govern: my part in him, signifying my office, which I have delegated to him.

7 my part in him advertise ; ] 1. e. who knows what appertains to the character of deputy or viceroy. Can advertise my part in him ; that is, his representation of my person. But all these quaintnesses of expression, the Oxford Editor seems sworn to extirpate ; that is, to take away one of Shakespear's characterific marks; which, if not one of the comlieft, is yet one of the Atrongeft. So he alters this to

To one that can, in my part, me advertise.
A better expression indeed, but, for all that, none of Shakespear's.


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Hold therefore, Angelo :
In our Remove, be thou at full our felf.
Mortality and Mercy in Vienna
Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escalus,
Though first in question, is thy Secondary.
Take thy Commission.

Ang. Now, good my lord, ,
Let there be fome more test made of my metal,
Before fo noble and so great a figure
Be stampt upon it.

Duke. Come, no more evasion :
We have with a prepar'd and level'd choice
Proceeded to you; therefore take


Our hafte from hence is of fo quick condition,
That it prefers it felf, and leaves unquestion'd
Matters of needful value. We shall write to you,
As time and our concernings shall importune,
How it goes with us; and do look to know
What doth befal you here. So, fare you well.
To th’hopeful execution do I leave you
Of your Commissions.

Ang. Yet give me leave, my lord,
That we may bring you something on the way.

Duke. My haste may not admit it ;
Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
With any scruple ; your scope is as mine own,
So to inforce, or qualify the Laws,
As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand
I'll privily away. I love the people ;
But do not like to stage me to their eyes :
Though it do well, I do not relish well
Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement :

8 Come, no more evasion :
We have with a prepar'd and LEAVEN'D choice

Proceeded to you ;) leaven'd' has no senfe in this place: we Should read Level's choice. The allufion is to archery, when a man has fixed upon his object, after taking good aim.



you well.

Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,
That does affect it. Once more, fare you well.

Ang. The heav'ns give safety to your purposes !
Escal. Lead forth and bring you back in happiness!
Duke. I thank


Escal. I shall desire you, Sir, to give me teave
To have free speech with you ; and it concerns me
To look into the bottom of my Place:
A pow'r I have, but of what strength and nature
I am not yet instructed.

Ang. 'Tis so with me : let us withdraw together,
And we may foon our satisfaction have
Touching that point.
Escal. I'll wait upon your Honour. [Exeunt.
S c E N E III.

The Street.
Enter Lucio, and two Gentlemen.

to composition with the King of Hungary, why, then all the Dukes fall upon the King.

i Gent. Heav'n grant us its peace, but not the King of Hungary's!

2 Gent, Amen.

Lucio. Thou conclud'ft like the fanctimonious Pirate, that went to sea with the ten Commandments, but scrap'd one out of the Table.

2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal.
Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd.

I Gent. Why, 'twas a Commandment to command the captain and all the rest from their functions; they put forth to steal ; there's not a soldier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, does relish the petition well that prays for Peace. 2 Gent. I never heard any foldier dislike it.


Lacio. If ,

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