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THE

ART OF PAPER-MAKING

TS 1105 •W344a

WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR.

Just ready. Fourth Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Crown 8vo,

78. 6d. cloth.

THE ART OF SOAP-MAKING: A Practical Handbook of the Manufacture of Hard and Soft Soaps, Toilet Soaps, &c. Including many New Processes, and a Chapter on the Recovery of Glycerine from Waste Leys. With numerous Illustrations. "Really an excellent example of a technical manual, entering as it does, thoroughly and exhaustively, both into the theory and practice of soap manufacture. The book is well and honestly done, and deserves the considerable circulation with which it will doubtless meet."-Knowledge.

Second Edition. Crown 8vo, 9s. cloth.

THE ART OF LEATHER MANUFACTURE: Being a Practical Handbook, in which the Operations of Tanning, Currying, and Leather Dressing are fully Described, and the Principles of Tanning Explained, and many Recent Processes Introduced. numerous Illustrations.

"A sound, comprehensive treatise on tanning and its accessories.. The book is an eminently valuable production."--Chemical Review.

With

Just Published. Third Edition, revised and much enlarged. 600 pp., crown 8vo, 9s. cloth.

ELECTRO-DEPOSITION: A Practical Treatise on the Electrolysis of Gold, Silver, Copper, Nickel, and other Metals and Alloys. With descriptions of Voltaic Batteries, Magneto and DynamoElectric Machines, Thermopiles, and of the Materials and Processes used in every Department of the Art, and several Chapters on ELECTRO-METALLURGY. With numerous Illustrations.

"Eminently a book for the practical worker in electro-deposition. It contains minute and practical descriptions of methods, processes and materials, as actually pursued and used in the workshop. Mr. Watt's book recommends itself to all interested in its subjects."-Engineer.

Just Published. Ninth Edition, enlarged and revised, 12mo, 4s. cloth. ELECTRO-METALLURGY: Practically Treated. Ninth Edition, Enlarged and Revised, with Additional Matter and Illustrations, including the most recent Processes.

"From this book both amateur and artisan may learn everything necessary for the successful prosecution of electro-plating."-Iron.

CROSBY LOCKWOOD & SON, 7, Stationers' Hall Court, London, E.C.

PAPER-MAKING.

A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK OF THE MANUFACTURE
OF PAPER FROM RAGS, ESPARTO, STRAW, AND
OTHER FIBROUS MATERIALS, INCLUDING
THE MANUFACTURE OF PULP FROM
WOOD FIBRE

With a Description of the Machinery and Appliances used

TO WHICH ARE ADDED

DETAILS OF PROCESSES FOR RECOVERING SODA FROM

WASTE LIQUORS

BY ALEXANDER WATT

AUTHOR OF "THE ART OF SOAP-MAKING," "LEATHER MANUFACTURE,'
METALLURGY," " ELECTRO-DEPOSITION," ETC., ETC.

Capio Lumen

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LONDON:

PRINTED BY J. S. VIRTUE AND CO., LIMITED.

CITY ROAD.

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PREFACE.

In the present volume, while describing the various operations involved in the manufacture of paper, the Author has endeavoured to render the work serviceable as a book of reference in respect to the processes and improvements which have from time to time been introduced, and many of which have been more or less practically applied either at home or abroad.

The recovery of soda from waste liquors has been fully dealt with, and the details of several applied processes explained.

Special attention has also been directed to some of the more important methods of producing pulp from wood fibre, since it is highly probable that from this inexhaus-. tible source the paper-maker will ultimately derive much of the cellulose used in his manufacture. Indeed it may be deemed equally probable, when the processes for disintegrating wood fibre, so largely applied in America and on the Continent, become better understood in this country, that their adoption here will become more extensive than has hitherto been the case.

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