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sembly at Glascow, 1638. pass an A& concerning Salmon.fithing , another about Salt-pans , Roger L'Estrange, p. 330. By Act of Assembly at Dundee 1592, they prohibited all Trading with any of the King of Spain's Dominions, and they put down the Munday-market at Edinburgh, Spotfwood, p. 393, 394. But in this Case the Shoo-makers thought fit to allert their Christian Liberty against the Impositions of the Presbytery, and tumultuously gathered together, and threatned to chase the Ministers out of Town; upon which the Market continued: Which, as that grave Historian tells us, did cause much sport at Court, where it was said, That Rascals and Soutars. conld obtain at the Ministers hands what the King could not in Matters morereasonable. .,

That Trading hath, ever since the Restauration of his Majesty, been ve. ry bigh, notwithstanding the many complaints about it, it is very evi. dent to any man who is never so little acquainted with the Custom house ; but that it hath not answered to the height of all mens hopes, is not to be wondred at,if we consider some things which have hapned, which the Act of Uniformity was no way concerned in: First, there was a 'War with France and Holland, by which it was not to be avoided, but that many Merchants must needs become very great Sufferers : Secondly, At the very same time there was a raging Plague,not onJy in London but in most of the other Írading places of the Nation ; which did not only fweep away great numbers of our Trading People, but may easily be supposed to have had an unhappy influence upon Trade it felf: Thirdly, To accompany these Two great difficulties there came a dreadfol Fire, the loss by which is inestimable : And Fourthly, there hath beep a Second Dutch War. Now there are none of all these things can happen to a Nation, but Trade must unavoidably suffer by, and feel it ; and then the wonder will be very little if we consider that we have suf. fered by them all. And these are things lo publickly known, that it is to be admired, that men should have the confidence to take no notice of

any one of them, but if they hear of , any Difficulties which the Trading

People do wrestle with, presently o verlook all these notorious Causes,and enter into long Haraogues about Com. mon Prayer and Ceremonies. I may add that befides the fore-mentioned Calamities ; If we are out done in point of Trade by our Neighbours in Holland, it is not to be wondered at, if we consider the Nature of our Country, and the Manners of our People.

Our Country hath in it self a great plenty of all things necesary for the life of men, which Holland hath not ; they must trade or they cannot live, which is not our Cafe : And if neceffity makes men expert and their being expert brings them to thrive ; it is not to be wondred at: It is this very neceffity which every day makes vaft Numbers among them,glad to fubmit to all theLabours &Hazards of all the Seas in the World,& all this purely to fupport their Lives with very course fare, and very small wagess now the goodness of


our Country affording to our People a more comfortable subsistence upon much easier terms than is to be had among them, is one plain cause why our People are not easily to be brought to take that pains, run into those dangers and submit to those severe terms, which with them is not less than absolutely necessary : Not to say any thing of the return of their long Voyages, what vast advantages do they make by Fishing upon our own Coasts, which we alwayes complain of, but will by no means betake ourselves unto. Again he who hath got a vast sum of money by trading, hath here in England a perpetual conveniency of purchasing Land with it, and by that means he himself or his Son doth become a Country Gentleman, which in Holland is not to be done; by which means Trade is amongst us given over, when men come to be Masters of such great sums of Money as to be best able to command it, and to reap the most confi. derable advantages by it: In Holland because Trade is the thing which every one is to trust to, their Wives and


Children are all instructed in the Mvsteries, and inured to the business of it, and so the Stock and Experience of a Family descends from Father to the Son, and increaseth from Generation to Generation: Now it is far from being a Miracle, that their Merchants should be able to out-do ours, who are frequently left by their parents as large or larger sums of Money to begin with, as ours take themselves to be very well satisfied with and give over: They go on and improve what we look upon as more adviseable barely to enjoy, and by that means prevent an increase which would have come easily, and too often waste and consume what they in a few Years are by reason of their great Stocks ina. bled without difficulty to treble. And befides that different way of dirposure of the plenty of the Rich which is between them and us: They make another and greater advantage of the necessities of the Poor, than we either do or can do, or it is fit for us to do: They make their People to work hard. er , fare harder than any of ours will


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