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joyn both Counsels and Arms toge. ther: The leading Men of both Parties in Ireland were wonderfully great together, all the while that the De. fign was managing against my Lord of Strafford ; and here in England, in the Declaration which the King set forth concerning the Success of the Battel at Edge-bill on O&ober 23.1643. He hath left this Memorial to all Posterity ; All men know the great numbers of Papists which serve in their Armies, commanders and others ; the great Industry they have used to cor. rupt the Logalty and Affection of all our loving Subje&t's of that Religion ; the PRIVATE PROMISES and UNDERTAKINGS THAT THEY HAVE MADE TO THEM, that if they would assist them against Us, ALL THE LAWS MADE IN THEIR PREJUDICE SHOULD BE REPEALED, OC.

As to the next Objection, That the suppressing of Conventicles will be a great hindrance to Trade: Imust needs confess that this is a thing which would have great weight, if it had any truch in it. That Trade is a

thing of great and general Concern, is fo plain and confessed a thing, as that there is no need of spending many words whereby to prove it: Our wisest Kings have always thought themselves concerned to make Laws and all manner of provisions whereby to promote and encourage it ; and there is scarce any man fo mean, but that he doth in one degree or other receive some benefit by our Commerce with other Nations. Not to enter into particulars, I shall only name one, which is indeed the Meafure of all the rest, and that is Money ; which is not a thing of our own Growth, but it is a thing without which those things which are of our own Growth, cannot without great difficulty pass from one hand to another. Our Ships are our Bulwarks, nay,they are more than sozfor they not only keep other Nations from coming to us, but they carry us to them : They make the Sea to be our Earth, the whole world to be as it were our native Soil, by bringing home to our doors whatsoever groweth in a

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ny Corner of the Universe. It was Trade which brought Tyre to be call. ed The City of Jog, the crowning City, whole Merchants were Princes, and whose Traffickers the honourable of the earth, Etay 22.7, 8. It was by the benefit of Trade that this City is again faid to have beaped up filver as dust, and fine Gold as mire in the streets, Zech. 9. 3. It is absolutely necessary for us, if we will be secure of our own Land, to keep up a proportionable strength at Sea. "And besides this neceffity in point of Safety, it brings innumerable advantages in point of jmprovement ; carrying from us our own Commodities which we can fpare from our own use, and in return bringing us whatsoever the World doth afford, for Ufe, Delight, Strength or Ornament. It is a thing by which vast makitudes do alone fübfift and altogether depend upon, which great numbers do thrive and flourish by ; by which his Majesty hath a brave Addition to his Revenue, and every man besides doth in his degree find many comforts and


conveniencies in his way of Living : It is the great Employer and Reward. er of all sorts of Ingenuity and of Industry ; by means whereof we every day see men advanced to Wealth and Honour, to live comfortably to them. selves, and with great benefit to their Country. It is a thing in it self clear, that Trade is very highly and universally beneficial, and those who are but ordinarily versed in it are able to reckon many admirable Advantages which I cannot so much as think upon. It remains now that I enquire whether there be any such Inconsistency between Trade and Uniformity in Religion, as is generally (though without any Ground which ì could ever hear) pretended? These Two things have in their nature no manner of Répugnancy,and ifthere be any Repugnancy between them , it doth not proceed from them them. felves, but from something elle, which it is to be hoped may be removed, and neither of these Two things the worse for the removal of it; and what that is I shall now


It is well known that this Argu. ment from Trade hath been used in former days, when there was no manner of occasion for it; but however it served as a pretence, whereby to amuse the People, and make them clamour against the Government. I instance in the Case of my Lord of Strafford : What a noise was raised all over the Town, that there could be no Trade in the Kingdom till Exe. cution was done upon him: And whosoever raiseth any such Cry shall have always some ready to joyd with him in it, because there will be al. ways those who will want Trade : And let him but tell them that the Court and the Bishops are the only Causes of this their want, and it is no wonder if they cry out with the loudest, Down with them , down with them to the ground. Indeed if the Bishops in England did pretend to the fame Power with the Presbyteries in Scotland, then indeed it might so happen that the Traders might have fome cause to be jealous of them; for those Gentlemen did at the As..


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