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as depends purely upon the People : And when the whole Method of the Preachers Maintenance and Reputation must consist in the various Arts by which he can either guide or follow the several Humours of each of his Congregation; no man can tell what it is possible for a good Crafts-mafter to perswade the Multitude unto.

But this Danger, how great and plain foever it be, yet in the opinion of the great Promoters of the desired Ecclesiastical Confusion, is so far from being looked upon as any Inconvebience, that it is in all likelihood the true and real and only Reason which makes them to be so very fond of it, to desire it with so great earneftness, and never to be put off by never fo. many denials and disappointments. The Church is one great rub in their way between them and the Crown ; and therefore because they find that they cannot directly demand the present removal of it, they have be. thought themselves of two plausible Methods whereby to prepare the


way for doing it another time : First, to open the door to let the Churches old Enemies in upon her, and for all the care which thall be taken to give them Liberty, to bring their old Enmities along with them; and by that means the Church will be not only weakned, by being divided within her self, but besides there will be a part of her self always ready to betray her, and give her up. One fort of the Projectors desire only thus much, and that will fatisfie them : Another fort there are, who think it not sufficient that the Church be only weakned within, unlefs there be a free Liberty for whosoever pleaseth to train up as many as he can prevail with to come and learn of them the several ways by which the Church, when occasion offers it felf, may be set upon from without : Andit is well known, that thefe Gentlemen are not unacquainted with new Models of Civil as well as Ecclefiaftical Administration." :And having thus pointed at some few of the innumerable Inconvenia, ences of Toleration, I shall add once



more, that some care ought to be taken of the present Device of Com- ' prehension; that if it be thought fit to be granted, it may be upon this Condition, That all who receive benefit by it, thould be obliged pub. lickly before their Congregations to declare their Approbation of the Liturgy, in a Form to be appointed by Authority for that purpose , and to renew that Declaration on certain Days to be likewise appointed, and to read the Common Prayer themselves, and not to leave it always to mean Perlons, who shall only be appointed to Nubber it over, to spend the time till the Company is got to. gether ; and then one of the Precious Men shall come and put himself in all the most folema Postures imaginable, and in fact say to the People (as Dr. Heylin's Chamber-fellow was served after a short Grace) Dearly Beloved, let us praise God better : And withal, that Security should be taken, That this Conformity of theirs be not used merely as an Expedient to keep them ia publick Employment; that so they


may be the more ready, when opportunity offers it self, to assist Providence in carrying on the great Work of a thorough Reformation. And this Advice is by no means to be despised, as a thing perfectly needless, because that as great a Conformity as for ought appears is now intended, hath been formerly advised and submitted to upon this very account, to prepare Matters the better for an intended Change. This Mr. Calamy (in his A. pology against Mr. Burton, 1646 quoted in the Collection called Evangeli, um Armatum, p. 47.) alledgeth for himself to have been one of his own old Arts : As for the Service-book, let Mr, Burton know, that at a meeting at my Houfe, it was resolved by above a hundred Ministers, after a long debate, upon divers weighty Considerati. ons, That all that could in their Judge ments Submit to the reading of fome part of it, thould be entreated for a while to continue fo to do. To this our. diffenting Brethren then present did agree, and one of them made a speech to manifest his concordance. This is e

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nough to give any man satisfadion for the late laying it down. And proportionably to this, it is a thing well known, that some very well af fected to the Good Old Cause, do for all that conform to the use of the Ceremonjes of the Church, under the fanctified Excuse of submitting to them as Burthens. Now there, I think, are competent fore-warnings to Authority to take care to secure it self against any ill use which is possible to be made of any abatements towards that fort of People, who in this very Case do profess themselves to act without sincerity, and to make use of all the Arts which they can think of.

And in the next place their great earnestness in deliring to be difpenfed with for renouncing the Covenant, doth in them plainly shew a very great fondness remaining toward it, and if yielded to, would in Authority appear more than a tacic Confessi. on, that it had hitherto been to blame in its Zeal against it. Their restlerness in this is not to be wondred at, because they are sworn never to be wrought

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