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13. And behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed. 14. And in thee, and in thy seed, shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Gen. xxxv. 9. And God appeared unto Jacob again, :when he came out of Padan-aram, and blessed him. 10. And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.
Exod. iii. 1. Now Moses kept thc flock of Jethro his father in law. 2. And the angel of the Lord ap„peared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. 4. And God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. 7. I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt. 8. And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land fiowing with milk and honey. 15. Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you.
§. II. 380 Q.-Wherein did this revelation of the divine will differ from those that preceded it?
A.-By it God chose the Israelites, from among
other nations, to be a separate and peculiar people unto himself, that they might preserve the knowledge of the only true God, in the midst of heathen darkness; and, to effect this purpose, he gave them,
through Moses, Laws, Statutes, and Judgments, for their civil and religious conduct:
Exod. xix. 3. And Moses went up unto God, and the Lord called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 4. Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. 5. Now therefore if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then
ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine. 6. And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.
Deut. iv. 5. Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the Lord my God commanded me; that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. 6. Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. 7. For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the Lord our God is in all things that we call upon him for?
Deut. vii. 6. Thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God: the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth.
Deut. ix. 5. Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart dost thou go to possess their land ; but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Deut. xxviii. 10. And all the people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the Lord; and they shall be afraid of thee.
Deut. xxx. 15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil: 16. In that I com. mand thee this day to love the Lord thy God, to walk
in his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, that thou mayst live and multiply: and the Lord thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to possess it. 17. But if thine heart turn away, so that thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them; 18. I denounce unto
you this day, that ye
shall surely perish, and that ye shall not prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over Jordan to go to possess it.
34th Q.-Did this comprise the whole of the divine revelation delivered to the Israelites ?
A.—No, Moses also committed to writing an account of the origin of the world, the creation and fall of man, and a summary history of the world to his own time; comprising an instructive description of God's dealings with inankind, both before the flood, and afterwards, during the patriarchal age; and this history, with the Law subjoined to it, is considered as the first written revelation of God to man,
35th Q.- Is the Law of WIoses of universal and perpetual obligation ?
A.--The Law of Moses was adapted to the state of the Israelites as a nation or political body; it therefore admits of a threefold consideration, lốt. As political; 2dly. As ceremonial ; 3dly. As moral. The last of these only, is of universal and perpetual obligation.
:. 36th Q.--What part of the Law was political ?
A.—That which related to the internal government of the Israelites as a nation, and to their intercourse with other nations; the observance of it cannot therefore extend beyond the Israelites considered as a political. body.
371h Q.-What part of the Law was ceremonial?
A.-That which related to their public worship, and was designed to prepare their minds for the reception of the Messiah ; of whose mediatorial work and office, all the washings, purifications, and sacrifices enjoined by it, were typical or figurative: it is consequently fulfilled and superseded by: the coming of Christ the Antitype.
See the Proofs to the next Answer..
38th Q.-How did the ceremonial Law point to Christ?:
A.-One or two instances will suffice to: illustrate its allusion: to Christ :: The scape goat, upon whose head' “all the iniquities of the children of Israel” were. laid, and i the continual sacrifices for sins, whether wil. ful or ignorant, to make atonement* for the sins of the people, clearly advert to Christ, upon whom was laid “the iniquity of us all;" and who, by the one sacrifice of himself, became an atonement or “propitiation for the sins of the whole world."
Heb. ix. 1. Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. 2. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. 3. And after the second vail, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; 4. Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5. And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy-seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly. 6. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. 7. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: 8. The Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing : 9. Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
* Atonement signifies agreement and concord. In the Scriptures it is mostly, if not always, applied to the medium chosen by Cod to remove whatever obstructs the concord and union between himself and his creature man; and is therefore applied to the Jewish sacrifices, because they were types of Christ, who is the grand and special medium of reconciliation between God and