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ABA,B acute angle ACB base becomes bisector bisects centre Chap chapter chord circle circumference coincide common chord consequently construct contained converse curve diagonal diameter difference directive divided double draw drawn equal angles equal in area equiangular Euclid evident external extremities figure follows four fourth geometry given line given magnitude greater half Hence impossible inscribed internal angles intersection isosceles triangle less letters line joining manner mean meet obtuse opposite sides pair of sides parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular placed polygon possible principle Prob problem produced proportional proved radii radius ratio reasoning rectangle remaining right angles round segments semicircle similar squares stand submultiple subtended suppose taken tangent term Theor theorem third triangle triangle ACB vertex vertical angle whole
Page 6 - Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another. 2. If equals be added to equals, the wholes are equal. 3. If equals be taken from equals, the remainders are equal. 4. If equals be added to unequals, the wholes are unequal.
Page 115 - Article, — j— = — -=- ; oa bd also - =" — j ac , , a—bb c—dd a—b c- d therefore - x - = — -- x - or = j bade ac or a — b : a :: c — d : c, and inversely, a '. a — b :: c : c — d. This operation is called convertendo. 396. When four quantities are proportionals, the sum of the first and second is to their difference as the sum of the third and fourth is to their difference.
Page 163 - The first of four magnitudes is said to have the same ratio to the second, which the third has to the fourth, when any equimultiples whatsoever of the first and third being taken, and any equimultiples whatsoever of the second and fourth ; if the multiple of the first be less than that of the second, the multiple of the third is also less than that of the fourth: or, if the multiple of the first be equal to that of the second, the multiple of the third is also equal to that of the fourth : or, if...
Page 43 - If two sides of a triangle are unequal, the angle opposite the greater side is greater than the angle opposite the less side.
Page 30 - The angle between a tangent to a circle and a chord through the point of contact is equal to the angle in the alternate segment.
Page 108 - The sum of the squares on the sides of a parallelogram is equal to the sum of the squares on the diagonals.
Page 114 - If four quantities are in proportion, they will be in proportion by COMPOSITION; that is, the sum of the first and second, will be to the second, as the sum of the third and fourth, is to the fourth.
Page 66 - If a parallelogram and a triangle be on the same base and between the same parallels, the parallelogram shall be double of the triangle.