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BY A. NESBIT,
OXFORD-STREET, MANCHESTER ;
THIRD EDITION, CORRECTED AND IMPROVED.
Wood Cuts, three Copperplates, and an Engraven Field-Book.
GREEN, LONDON ; AND BY WILSON AND SONS, YORK,
ELLIS CUNLIFFE LISTER, ESQUIRE,
AS AN ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF GRATITUDE FOR NUMER
OUS FAVOURS RECEIVED,
A Token of Esteem for His general Knowledge of
Peug Aned marley
Various have been the conjectures concerning the origin of Geometry or Mensuration; but as it is a Science of general utility, there can, I think, be little doubt that its existence is nearly coeval with the creation of Man. Indeed I can see no reasonable objection why we may not attribute its invention to our first parent Adam ; especially as we are informed in Holy Writ, that his son Cain built a city ; to do which, it is evident, would require some knowledge of a measuring unit, which is the first principle of Mensuration. By the same infallible testimony, we find that the Arts and Sciences were cultivated to a considerable extent long before the Flood. Jubal was the father of all such as handled the harp and organ; and Tubal-cain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron. It is also more than probable that Noah was well acquainted with the Art of Mensuration, as practised in his day; for it does not appear that he found any difficulty in building the Ark, which consisted of three stories, according to certain dimensions given him by the Lord of the Universe.
Diodorus, Herodotus, and Strabo, are of opinion that the Science of Mensuration had its rise among the Egyptians; whom they represent as constrained, on account of the removal or defacing of the land-marks by the annual inundation of the Nile, to devise some method of ascertaining the ancient boundaries, after the waters had retired. By Josephus, however, the invention is ascribed to the Hebrews. This riter