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dee, 328; on Highland raids in

Angus, 332
Edwards (Mr. E.), his ‘Memoirs of

Libraries,' cxxxix. 1, 2
Edwards (H. S.), his Life of Rossini,

cxxxiii. 33 (see Rossini); his work

of little value, 34
Edwards (Mr. W.), magistrate of

Budaonin Rohilcund during the
Mutiny, cxxiv. 323; his allega-
tion of native grievances not sub-

stantiated, ib., 324
Egbert (King of Wessex, d. 836),
his claims of sovereignty, cxxx.

Églé, her imprisonment and execu-

tion, cxxv. 315
Egra, capture of, by Marshal Saxe,

cxx. 525

Longman, cxxix. 534 ; difficulties
of, at his accession, 537; incident
in his campaign of 1327 paral-
leled, ib.; his discountenance of
Balliol, 539; his triumphs in
France, ib.; claims to the French
throne, 540; causes of the war
with Philip, 541 ; his prepara-
tions, 543; his naval victory off
Sluys, 544; Crecy and Poitiers,
545; story of St. Pierre, 516;
folly of his French invasion, 547 ;
increased power of Parliament,
548; his claims to commercial re-
form, ib.; his unsuccessful attempts
to check the rise of wages, 551 ;
sumptuary legislation, ib; aboli-
tion of Peter's Pence, 552; Mr.
Longman's estimate of his cha-

racter, 554
Edward IV. (1441-1483), division

of parties after his death, cxv.
304; anecdote of, 310

-ceremony at his funeral, cxxi.

portrait of, at Windsor Castle,
cxxiv. 350; supposed to be genuine,

Edward VI. (1537-1553), his reign

a period of transition, cxix. 244;
debasement of the currency, 245;
disturbances mainly social, 246 ;
and not due to Protestantism,
247; his government compara-
tively humane and liberal, 252;
unsettlement of the succession at
his death, ib.

Holbein's portrait of, cxxv.
436; picture of, wrongly ascribed
to Holbein, 438

legislation respecting Convo-
cation, cxl. 436
Edward (Prince, Duke of Kent,

1767-1820), his marriage and

death, cxxxvi. 383
Edward (Rev. R.), his Latin ac-

count of Angus, cxx. 310; on the
effect of the Reformation at Dun-

Egypt, conquest of, by the 'Shep-
herd Kings,' cxi. 54

anchoritism in, cxiv. 328

meagre prospects of cotton
cultivation in, cxv. 480

Chevalier Bunsen on the
early history of, cxvi. 82 ; recent
sources of historical knowledge,
85; ancient astronomy in, 97 ; pe-
riods of dynasties in, 100; inter-
pretation of hieroglyphics, 103

article on, in the Dictionary
of the Bible, cxxi. 65

ignorance of, early in the
present century, cxxii. 217; recent
tourist travel in, ib. ; historical
sketch of, 218; rule of Mohammed
Ali, 220; present debasement of
the people, 221; their good quali-
ties, ib.; forced labour, 222; the
Mahmoodeeyeh Canal, 223; native
revolts, ib.-225; want of European
sympathy with the people, 227

French expedition to, cxxvi.
321 ; objects of the invasion stated
by the Directory, 322; cruel cha-
racter of the occupation, 324

Convention with Turkey in
1840, cxxxiii. 334

Egypt (ancient), canons of sculptu-

ral proportion in, cxl. 188, 189
Einsiedeln, visit of a pilgrim from,

to Rome, cxviii. 359; his anony-
mous description of the city, ib.-
363. See Rome, Medieval

Abbey of, night attack on, in
1314, cxxix. 141, 142
Elam (Dr.), his credulity as to here-

ditary influences in ' A Physician's
Problems,' cxxxii. 105, 109; on

the isolation of genius, 123
Elands, acclimatisation of, in Eng-

land, cxi. 167; good quality of

their venison, 169
Elbruz (Mount), ascent of, by Mr.

Freshfield, cxxx. 350; previous

failures, 351 and note
Elcho (Lord, the present), his atti-

tude in 1865 on electoral reform,
cxxii. 284; his proposal of a com-
mission of inquiry thereon, 294

his letters on military or-
ganisation reprinted from the
* Times,' cxxxiii. 207; his broad

principles of defensive policy, 228
Eldon (John Scott, Earl of, 1751-

1838), Landor's lines on, cxxx. 235
Eleanor of Guienne (Queen of Henry

II.), legends of, cxxx. 567
Election, the, of 1868—Conservative

calculations defeated, cxxix. 269;
majority for Mr. Gladstone, 270;
causes of Mr. Disraeli's overthrow,
ib.; Conservatisın in the manufac-
turing districts, ib.; the Irish and
working-class elements, 271; can-
didates of extreme opinions re-
iected, 289

of 1874-causes of the fall
of Mr. Gladstone's administration,
cxxxix. 546, 560; absence of Tory

pledges or policy, 506
Electoral statistics, cxxiii. 588. See

Electoral system, want of increased

publicity, cxxxi. 564; failure of
legislation to repress political im-
morality, 566

Electricity, Faraday's discoveries in

magnetu-electricity, cxxxii. 193,

problems in, awaiting solu-
tion, cxxxiii. 163; elementary
ignorance of its nature, ib.; is it
a material agent ? ib.; questions
raised by its universality, 164;
theory of its connexion with gra-
vitation, ib.; hypothesis of an Ether

of Space, ib.
Electricity, valuable aid of, in medi-

cal science, cxxxvi. 510
Electric lights, applied to light-

houses, cxv. 180
Electric telegraphs, influence of

earth-currents, cxiii. 115; requi-
sites of ocean cables, 116; the
rate of signalling, 117; gutta
percha as an insulating covering,
119; defects caused by air-bub-
bles, ib.; process of paying out
marine cables, 123 ; the first wire
between England and France, 124;
the Black Sea telegraph, 126; the
first Atlantic telegraph, 127-132;
causes of its failure, 133; Govern-
ment guarantees to companies,
134-142; causes of injury in shal-
low water, 135; the Channel Is-
lands line, ib.; the Red Sea and
India telegraph, 137; the commit-
tee on deep-sea telegraphy, 139

rapid spread of, in India,
cxvii. 21

services of, in the Indian
Mutiny, cxix. 134

marvels of the discovery,
cxx. 488, 489

recent purchase of, by Go-
vernment, cxxix. 154; achieve-
ments of private companies, ib.;
their conflict with public interests,
155; the principle of State pur-
chase approved, ib.; extravagant
cost of transfer provided by the
recent Act, ib. ; agitation for re-
duced charges, ib.; State inter-
vention abroad, 156 ; Mr. Scuda-

more's Report of 1866, ib.; capacity
of the Post Office for the manage-
ment of, 157; his supplementary
Report of 1868, 158; the Act of
last year, ib.; extravagant terms
conceded to the companies, 160;
compensation to railway compa-
nies, 163; waste of public funds,
165; arrangements not defined,
166 ; Mr. Scudamore's calculations
of receipts and expenses, ib.; pros-
pects of a sixpenny rate, 167 ;
hasty character of the Act, 168;
rates for words over twenty too
high, ib.; rise in value of telegraph

shares, 169. See Portal Telegraphs
Electric telegraphs, first step in the

discovery, cxxxii. 209 ; subsequent
inventions, 210; adopted on the
Great Western Railway, 211;
State purchase of, completed, 212;
scheme of Post-office management,
213; the "galvanometer,' 232;
submarine cables, ib.-247. See

Ocean Telegraphs
Electro-magnet, the, invented by

Sturgeon, cxxxii. 209
Elephants, introduction of, into war-
fare, cxiv. 80

extinct species of, cxviii. 297
Elers (J. P. and David), their pot-

tery-work in Staffordshire, cxxvi.
210 ; their precautions for secrecy,
211; their workmanship revealed,

ib.; their removal to Chelsea, 212
Elgin (James Bruce, Earl of, 1811-

1861), Narrative of his mission to
China and Japan in 1857, 1858,
and 1859, by L. Oliphant, his pri-
vate secretary, cxi. 96; state of
Chinese affairs on his arrival, 97 ;
enters Canton after bombardment,
100; his first despatch to the Em-
peror, ib. ; his plan to intercept the
grain-fleet at the Peiho, 101; non-
arrival of gun-boats, ib.; Treaty of
Tientsin, 102; his view of the
mission to Pekin, 104; his favour-

able impression of the Japanese,


voyage to Nagasaki in
the 'Furious,' 106; sketch of
Yeddo, 109; respect entertaiced
for his rank, 113; signature of the

Treaty, 115
Elgin (Earl of), his relations with

the Executive Council in Canada,
cxxi. 194

his remarks on Chinese cha-
racter, cxxix. 331

Letters and Journals of,edited
by Mr. Walrond, cxxxvii. 39; the
type of an English Governor, ib. 40;
his birth, ib.; brilliant circle of
Oxford friends, ib.; eloquence at
the Union, 41; his brief career in
Parliament, ib.; made Governor of
Jamaica, ib. ; inaugurates free la-
bour, 42; Governor-General of
Canada, 43; conciliation of the
French Canadians, 44; commerciul
reforms, ib. ; the Rebellion Losses
Bill, 45; his resignation, ib.; his
policy vindicated, 46; steady sup:
port of monarchical principles in
Canada, 47; returns to England,
ib.; declines a seat in the Cabinet,
48; news of the Indian Mutiny on
his arrival at Ceylon, 49; he diverts
the transports from Singapore to
Calcutta, ib. ; visit to Calcutta,
ib.; his view of the crisis, 50; his
mission to China, ib.; and Japan,
51 ; ambassador extraordinary in
1859 to China, 52; on the affair
of the Peiho Forts, ib.; justifies
the destruction of the Summer
Palace, 53; signs the Treaty of
Pekin, 54; returns to Englard,
ib.; his viceroysbip of India, 55;
his provincial tours, 56; death
and burial-place, ib.; his patriotic
services, ib.; note to above article,
p. 52, correcting statements rela-

tive to the Peiho Forts, 298
Elin, St. (Giovanni Rachetta, d. 904),
his efforts against the Mussulmans

cxvi. 372

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in Sicily,

Eliot, Sir John (1590-1632), his

manuscripts in the possession of the
Earl of St. Germans, cxx. 1; bis
early education, 3 ; enters Parlia-
ment, ib.; his admiration of Ra-
leigh's heroism, 4; appointed Vice-
Admiral of Devon, ib. ; captures
Nutt the pirate, 5; is imprisoned
on false charges, ib. ; regains his
seat in Parliament, 6; vindicates
freedom of speech, 7; his conspi-
cuous part in debate, 8; his me-
moir of the first Parliament of
Charles I., 9; deprecates the sus-
pension of laws against Catholics,
11; on the character of Went-
worth, 12; his speech against
Buckingham, 18; his arrest and
release, ib.; loss of his official post,
19; a recusant to the forced loan,
ib. ; his religious spirit, 20; his
speech in 1627 on the national
grievances, 21; his motion for a
Remonstrance, 26; his second in-
vective against Buckingbam, 28;
death of his wife, 29; his assertion
of ministerial responsibility, 33;
his Declaration, 34; is committed
to the Tower, 35; his prison life,
37; his death, 38; Hallam's eu-
logy of him, ib.; his judgment

reversed by Charles II., 39
Eliot (George), her • Felix Holt,'

cxxiv. 435 (see Felix Holt) ; mas-
culine pseudonym of the authoress,
ib.; her love of exposing dull un-
derstandings, ib.; success of her
• Romola,' 436; her power of de-
lineating character, 438: defective
corstruction of her shorter tales,
ib. ; her mistakes in law, 439

her 'Spanish Gypsy,'cxxviii.
523; novelty of the experiment,
ib. ; peculiar structure of the poem,
524; its story, 525; the hero and
heroine, 527 ; extravagance of its
originality, 528 ; her powers of
description, 535; preferred as a
novelist to a poet, 538

Eliot (George), her Middlemarch,'

cxxxvii. 246. See Middlemarch
Elizabeth (Queen, 1533-1603), her

scheme of a joint protectorate
with France over the Netherlands,
cxiii. 191; promises assistance
against Spain, 194; her avarice
and caprice, 195; deceived by

Philip's show of friendship, 211
Elizabeth (Queen), her character re-

vealed by the Simancas archives,
cxix. 261 ; her policy of ecclesiasti-
cal compromise, 262; her fickle
dealings with the Scotch Protes-
tants, 265; her hatred of Knox,
268; her character contrasted by Mr.
Froude with that of Mary Stuart,
273; her speech at Tilbury, 274;
her relations with Leicester, 275

Catholic martyrdoms during
her reign, cxxiii. 163, 164, notes.

her agate charm, cxxiv. 232;
her letter to Mary on Darnley's
murder, 481 ; her show of friend-
ship to Mary, 488; her Commis-
sion of 1568, 489; guilty of in-
justice and perfidy to Mary, 491 ;
conspiracies against, 493; her
mean policy towards the Hugue-
nots, 494; revolt of Earl of
Northumberland, ib.; excommuni-
cated by Pius V., 497; her outrage
to Scotland, ib. ; divided opinions
among her Ministers, 498 ; nego-
tiates with Mary, ib.; her fickle
policy with France, 501; proposed
marriage with the Duke of Anjou,
ib., 502; summons Parliament,
503; Spanish plot for her assassina-
tion, ib. ; proposed marriage with
Alençon, 505, 506; influence of
England abroad, 507 ; promises
assistance to Morton against Mary,
508, 509; her bad qualities re-
viewed, 510

her negotiations with the
Huguenots, cxxx. 368; loss of
Havre, 371 ; failure to recover
Calais, ib.

Elizabeth (Queen), harsh portrait of, Ellicott (Charles John, Bishop of

by Mr. Froude, cxxxi. 7; ingratitude Gloucester and Bristol, b. 1819),
to her Ministers, %; her false repu- on the characteristics of the four
tation, ib.; her niggard policy, 9; Gospels, cxix. 589
subservience to Philip, ib.; her

his articles on the Pauline
evasions of responsibility, 10; Lord Epistles in the Dictionary of the
Macaulay's estimate of, in the Bible, cxxi. 72
Edinburgh Review, 11; her policy

on the Apocryphal gospels,
towards the Catholics, 16; plots cxxviii. 82
against her, 18; projects of mar- Elliot (Sir Gilbert), history of the
riage with the Duc d'Alençon, baronetcy, cxxxix. 183. See
23, 26; the Babington conspiracy, Minto, Earl of
27; her plans to entrap Mary, 28; (Mr. F.), his report on Colo-
her misconduct during the Spanish nial defence, cxv. 105
Armada, 37

Ellis (Rev. W.), his Three Visits to
her remark to Sully on Madagascar, cxxvi. 376 ; circum-
securities for Europe, cxxxiii. stances of his first visit, 393; bis

practical knowledge, ib.; his unsuc-
political pamphlets against, cessful application to visit the
cxxxiv. 171; Bull of Pope Sixtus capital, 394 ; invited in 1856, 395;
V. against, 173; peculiar sects his interview with the Prince
suppressed by, 174

Royal, 399; confidential inter-
her answer respecting the course with native converts, 400;
Eucharist, cxxxvi. 288

returns to England, 401; re-in-
her severities to the Catho- vited in 1862 by Radama II., 403;
lics in Ireland, cxxxvii. 131

his welcome, ib.; his prudent ab-
her policy respecting Con- stinence from politics, 405; he
vocation, cxl. 437; the "Adver- teaches English to the King, 406 ;
tisements of 1565, 438

threatened by the idol-keepers,
Elizabeth (Madame, sister of Louis 407 ; jealousies of Jesuit mission-

XVI.), her Correspondence edited aries, 408 note; his last interview
by M. Feuillet de Conches, cxxiii. with the King, 410
450 ; new light on her character Ellison (T), his “Slavery and Seces-
therein, ib., 453

sion in America,' cxiv. 556
Ellenborough ¡Edward Law, Lord, Ellora (Central India), cave-temples

1750-1818), his speech against the of, cxxii. 374, 383
abolition of capital punishment for Elmina (Gold Coast), French claims
thefts above five shillings, cxi. to the colonisation of, in the

fourteenth century, cxxviii. 210,
absurd story of, by Crabb 212
Robinson, exxx. 511

Dutch cession of, to England,
his partial summing-up in cxxxvii. 577 ; recent disturbances
the prosecution of the Examiner,' at, ib. See Gold Coast
cxxxv. 514

Elswick Factory, competition of,
(Earl of, 1790–1871), his with the Royal Gun Factory at
proposed reform of the Indian Woolwich, cxix. 486
Council, cxvii. 471 ; his despatch Emancipation, slave, effects of, on
against Lord Canning's proclama- the constitution of property, cxv.
tion to Oude, 474

3:33. See Vegroes, Slarery

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