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King, Rufus, correspondence
with Miranda, 17-20.
Knox, P. C., investigates title
of Panama Canal Company,
185; tries to settle differences
with Colombia resulting from
Panama Revolution, 270-274;
Central American policy, 282-

Lansing, Robert, secretary of

state, negotiates treaty for
purchase of Danish West
Indies, 290; suggests adop-
tion of Declaration of Rights
and Duties of Nations, 305.
Latin America, and the Great

War, 312-318.

Laybach, conference of powers
at, 59.

League of Nations, and Mon-

roe Doctrine, 333, 334.
Lee, Fitzhugh, consul-general
at Havana, 129.
Lincoln, Abraham, views on
Panama canal, 151.
Liverpool, Lord, on conference

at Aix-la-Chapelle, 58; on
French intervention in Spain,

Lodge, H. C., on alleged secret
alliance with England, 266;
reservation of Monroe Doc-
trine, 333.

Lôme, Enrique Dupuy de, inci-
dent and recall, 129, 130.
Loomis, F. B., acting secretary
of state, 188.
Lopez, Narciso, Cuban patriot,

Louis Napoleon. See Bona-

Louis Philippe, suggested as
possible ruler for Spanish

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policy of, 128-132; demands
cession of Philippine Islands,

McLane, R. M., minister to
Mexico, 195.

Mackintosh, Sir

James, on
Monroe's message of Decem-
ber 2, 1823, 78.

Madero, Francisco, murder of,

Madison, James, receives Mi-
randa informally, 20; favors
joint action with England
against intervention of
powers in Spanish America,
70; views on Cuba, 84.
Magoon, C. E., provisional
governor of Cuba, 142.
Magruder, J. B., accepts office
under Maximilian in Mexico,


Maine, U. S. battleship, sent to

Havana, 129; blown up, 130.
Marcy, William L., secretary of

state, Cuban policy of. 99-105.
Maritime Canal Company, se-
cures concessions from Ni-

caragua, 183.
Mason, John Y., connection

with Ostend Manifesto, 104.
Maury, M. F., accepts office
under Maximilian in Mexico,


Maximilian, Archduke Ferdi-
nand, suggested for Mexican
throne, 208-211; offered the
position of Empe or of Mex-
ico, 215; not recognized by

the United States, 218, 219;
career in Mexico, 220-234;
death, 237.
Mexico, becomes independent
of Spain, 45-47; frequent
changes of government in,
193; claims of foreigners
against, 196; joint interven-
tion of England, France, and
Spain, 203-212; war with
United States, 263, 264; re-
lations with United States
under Huerta, 307-309; un-
der Carranza, 309-311; hot-
bed of German intrigue, 316.
Miles, Nelson A., occupies

Porto Rico, 134.
Miranda, Francisco de, plans

for revolutionizing Spanish
America, 15-19; organizes
expedition in New York, 20;
attempts to land in Vene-
zuela, 21, 22; takes part in
Venezuelan revolution, 38;
imprisonment and death, 39.
Monroe, James, attitude toward

South American struggle for
independence, 52, 53; letter
to Jefferson on Canning's
proposals, 67, 68; message of
December 2, 1823, 76, 77.
Monroe Doctrine, text of mes-
sage of December 2, 1823,
76-77; and Clayton-Bulwer
treaty, 157, 159, 175, 176; and
French intervention in Mex-
ico, 222, 223; asserted by
President Cleveland in Vene-
zuelan boundary dispute, 238-
249; tested by Germany, 249-
255; imperialistic tendencies
of, 290, 291, 329; President
Wilson's statement of, before
Pan American Scientific Con-

ference, 306-307; an execu-
tive policy, 320; relation to
European balance of power,
321, 322; attitude of England
toward, 322; consistently in-
terpreted, 323; does not per-
mit transfer of American
colonies from one European
power to another, 323, 324;
reservation of, at Hague
Conference, 325, 326; as ap-
plied by President Roosevelt,
326, 327; proposals to Pan
Americanize, 330; probable
effects of Great War on, 331,
332; distinct from policy of
isolation, 332, 333; recog-
nized in covenant of League
of Nations, 333; Lodge reser-
vation, 333; definition of,
demanded by Salvador, 334.
Moore, John Bassett, secretary
of commission to negotiate
peace with Spain, 135; on
Monroe Doctrine, 323.
Morgan, J. T., advocates Ni-
caragua canal route, 184.
Mosquito Coast, Great Bri-
tain's claims to, 157-159;
British interference in, 178-

Motley, J. L., minister to Aus-
tria, 232, 233.

Naón, R. S., Argentine ambas-
sador to the United States,
on "European War and Pan
Americanism," 316-318.
Napoleon. See Bonaparte.
New Granada. See Colombia.
Nicaragua, signs canal treaty
of 1867 with United States,
166; canal treaty of 1884
withdrawn from Senate by

Cleveland, 177; sovereignty
over Mosquito Coast, 178-
180; relations with United
States under Roosevelt, 280,
281; under Taft, 282-285;
under Wilson, 285-288; treaty
of 1916, 286.
Nicaragua Canal, comparative

merits of Nicaragua and
Panama routes, 145, 146;
draft of treaty for construc-
tion of canal, 152, 153; route
investigated by Walker com-
mission, 182.

O'Higgins, Bernardo, Chilean
patriot, 32, 33.
Olney, Richard, secretary of
state, on Cuba, 127; on Clay-
ton-Bulwer treaty, 180; in-
terpretation of Monroe Doc-
trine in Venezuelan boundary
dispute, 240.

Ostend Manifesto, 104, 105.
Ouseley, Sir William, mission

to Central America, 162-164.

Palma, T. E., first president of

Cuba, 140, 142.
Panama, Republic of, recog-
nized by President Roose-
velt, 189; leases Canal Zone
to United States, 191.
Panama Canal, comparative

merits of Panama and Ni-
caragua routes, 145, 146;
treaty of 1846 with Colom-
bia, 149; opened to com-
merce, 191.
Panama Canal Company, or-
ganized by De Lesseps, 167;
reorganization and extension
of concession, 182; offers to
sell to United States, 184, 185.

Panama Congress, 292-295.
Panama Railroad, 146, 150.
Panama Revolution, 187-189.
Pan American Financial Con-
ferences, 304.

Pan American Scientific Con-
ferences, 304.

Pan American Union, 303.
Pan Americanism, definition
of, 292; promoted by Presi-
dent Wilson's Mexican policy,
309, 311; put to test in the
Great War, 312-317.
Pecuniary Claims, against Mex-
ico, 196, 197; British policy in
regard to, 198; attempt to
collect by force from Vene-
zuela, 249-257; Resolutions
of Second Hague Confer-
ence, 259, 260; considered by
International American Con-
ferences, 302, 303.

Peru, liberation of, 33-37; war
with Spain, 298; with Chile,
299, 300; severs relations
with Germany, 316.
Philippine Islands, ceded to
United States, 135, 136.
Pierce, Franklin, Cuban policy
of, 99-105.

Platt Amendment, text of, 138-
139; treaty with Nicaragua
embodying, defeated by Sen-
ate, 285, 286; applied in part
to Haiti, 289.

Poinsett, Joel R., 49, 53.
Polk, J. K., and Mexican War,
263, 264.

Porter, Horace, presents reso-

lution to Hague Conference
of 1907 on forcible collection
of pecuniary claims, 259.
Porto Rico, cession of, de-
manded by United States, 135.

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withheld from

Huerta, 308. See Belliger-
ent Rights.

Reed, Walter, yellow-fever in-
vestigations, 137.

Reid, Whitelaw, commissioner
to negotiate peace with Spain,

Roosevelt, Theodore, and Cu-
ban reciprocity, 140-142;
signs canal bill, 185; de-
nounces Colombia's rejection
of Hay-Herran convention,
186; recognizes Republic of
Panama, 189; on acquisition
of Canal Zone, 190; creates
strained relations with Col-
ombia, 192; on Monroe Doc-
trine, 251; interview with
Holleben on German inter-
vention in Venezuela, 252-
254; refuses to arbitrate
Panama question, 268; de-
nounces Bryan treaty with
Colombia as blackmail, 275;
establishes financial super-
vision over Dominican Re-
public, 276-280; Central
American policy, 280, 281;
attempts to purchase Danish
West Indies, 290; interpreta-
tion of Monroe Doctrine,
326, 327.

Root, Elihu, author of Platt
Amendment, 139; attempts to
settle differences with Co-
lombia, 268-270; visits South
America, 303; on Monroe
Doctrine, 330, 331.
Rush, Richard, minister to
England, conferences with

Canning on schemes of Holy
Alliance, 65-67, 72, 73.
Russia, claims to northwestern
coast of America, 75.

Sagasta, P. M., Spanish minis-
ter, Cuban policy of, 128.
Salisbury, Lord, reply to O1-
ney's dispatch on Venezuelan
boundary dispute, 242; agrees
to arbitration of the boundary
dispute, 248.

Salvador, protests against pro-
tectorate over Nicaragua,
285-287; requests official defi-
nition of Monroe Doctrine,
Sampson, W. T., blockades
Cuba, 134.

San Ildefonso, secret treaty of,

San Martin, José de, takes part
in Argentine revolution, 30-
32; liberates Chile, 32, 33;
liberates Peru, 33-37; rela-
tions with Bolivar, 43, 44;
death, 45.

Santo Domingo, annexation
proposed by Seward, 264, by
Grant, 265. See Dominican

Schenck, Robert C., minister
to England, 120.
Schofield, J. M., informal mis-
sion to France, 227.
Seward, W. H., views on
Panama canal, 151; favors
expansion, 165; raises ques-
tion as to binding force of
Clayton-Bulwer treaty, 166;
proposes to assume payment
of interest on foreign debt
of Mexico, 200; declines to
unite with European powers

in measures against Mexico,
205, 206; attitude towards
French in Mexico, 214-231;
efforts to annex Santo Do-
mingo and Danish West
Indies, 264, 265.
Shaw, Albert, and Panama
Revolution, 189.
Sherman, John, secretary of
state, 128.

Sherman, W. T., selected for
special mission to Mexico,
234, 235.

Sickles, Daniel E., mission to
Spain, 109-118.
Slave trade, 12-14.

Slavery, in Cuba, 89, 90, 106,

107, III.

Slidell, John, introduces bill for
purchase of Cuba, 106.
Smuggling, in Spanish colonies,

Spanish Colonies, revolt of, 28.
Spooner, J. C., offers amend-
ment to canal bill, 184.
Sucre, Antonio José de, Vene-
zuelan general, 42-44.

Suez Canal Convention, and
Hay-Pauncefote treaty, 181.
Sumner, Charles, opposes an-

nexation of Danish West
Indies and Santo Domingo,
264, 265.

Taft, W. H., proclaims pro-
visional government in Cuba,
142; tries to settle differences
with Colombia resulting from
Panama Revolution, 270-274;
relations with Nicaragua and
Honduras, 280-285; and
Huerta revolution, 308.
Taylor, Hannis, minister to
Spain, 128.

Soulé, Pierre, mission to Spain, Taylor, Zachary, issues procla-


Spain, colonial policy of, 4-12;

revolution of 1820, 56, sup-
pressed by French army, 63;
revolution of 1868, 107; re-
public proclaimed in, 113;
treaty of 1898 with United
States, 136; claims against
Mexico, 197; decides on joint
intervention in Mexico, 203;
withdraws troops from Mex-
ico, 212, 213; extent of colo-
nial empire at beginning of
nineteenth century, 261; war
with Chile, Peru, Bolivia,
and Ecuador, 298, 299.
Spanish-American republics, ac-
corded belligerent rights, 48;
recognized as independent
by United States, 53, by Eng-
land, 80.

mation warning Americans
against aiding Lopez expedi-
tion against Cuba, 93; and
Mexican War, 263.

Texas, claim to, abandoned by
the United States, 261; es-
tablishment of independence
of, 262; admitted to Union,

Thayer, W. R., version of Hol-
leben incident, 252-254.
Trade, with Spanish colonies,
monopoly of, 12-14.
Troppau, conference of 1820,

Tupac Amaru, last of the In-
cas, 6.
Tyler, John, and annexation of
Texas, 262, 263.

Utrecht, treaty of, 12.

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