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M.A. Examination.





Papers set by J. MANN, ESQ., M.A.




Examiners- M. GHOSE, Esq.. B.A. (OxON).




The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

Write explanatory notes on the following passages, showing clearly by whom and under what circumstances each of them is spoken:

(a) You, Polydore have proved best woodman, and
Are master of the feast: Cadwal and I

Will play the cook and servant; 'tis our match:
The sweat of industry would dry and die,

But for the end it works to. Come; our stomachs

Will make what's homely savoury: weariness

Can snore upon the flint, when resty sloth

Finds the down pillow hard. Now, peace be here,
Poor house, that keep'st thyself!


(b) O, the charity of a penny cord! it sums up thousands in a trice you have no true debitor and creditor but it; of what's past, is, and to come, the discharge: your neck, sir, is pen, book, and counters; so the acquittance follows.

(c) Sometime she gallops o'er a courtier's nose,
And then dreams he of smelling out a suit ;
And sometime comes she with a tithe pig's tail
Tickling a parson's nose as a' lies asleep.
Then dreams he of another benefice :

Sometime she driveth o'er a soldier's neck,
And then dreams he of cutting foreign throats,
Of breaches, ambuscadoes, Spanish blades,
Of healths five-fathom deep.

(d) Alack, alack, is it not like that I,

So early walking, what, with loathsome smells,



And shrieks like mandrakes' torn out of the earth,
That living mortals, hearing them, run mad :-
O, if I wake, shall 1 not be distraught,
Environed with all these hideous fears?

(e) The sea, with such a storm as his bare head

In hell-black night endured, would have buoy'd up,
And quenched the stelled fires:

Yet, poor old heart, he holp the heavens to rain.
If wolves had at thy gate howl'd that stern time,
Thou shouldst have said, 'Good porter, turn the key,'
All cruels else subscribed: but I shall see

The winged vengeance overtake such children.

(f) Sir, you have shown to-day your valiant strain,
And fortune led you well; you have the captives
That were the opposites of this day's strife:
We do require them of you, so to use them
As we shall find their merits and our safety
May equally determine.

(g) Let me have no lying: it becomes noue but tradesman, and they often give us soldiers the lie: but we pay them for it with stamped coin, not stabbing steel; therefore they do not give us the lie.

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There's magic in thy majesty, which has
My evils conjured to remembrance and
From thy adiniring daughter took the spirits,
Standing like stone with thee.

(i) By the foot of Pharaoh, and 'twere my case now, I should send him a chartel presently. The bastinado! a most proper and sufficient dependence, warranted by the great Caranza. Come hither, you shall chartel him; I'll show you a trick or two you shall kill him with at pleasure; the first stoccata, if you will, by this air.

2. It has been remarked that King Lear contains incessant references to the lower animals and man's likeness to them. Show that this remark

is true.

3. Compare the character of Goneril with that of the Queen in Cymbeline.

4. I consider Romeo designed to represent the character of an unlucky man-a man who, with the best views and fairest intentions, is perpetually so unfortunate as to fail in every aspiration, and, while exerting himself to the utmost in their behalf, to involve all whom he holds dearest in misery and ruin.

What may be said in favour of this view?





5. 'If Shakespeare had not killed Mercutio, Mercutio would have killed Shakespeare.' Write a short essay on this subject.


6. Hudson remarks of Shakespeare: Niggard of speech, prodigal of thought, he uses the closest compression.' Illustrate this remark from

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7. It has been objected that the incident of Hermione's supposed death and concealment for sixteen years shocks our ideas of probability. What defence may be made for Shakespeare? Do you consider it adequate ?

8. Lady Capulet remarks with regard to Benvolio:

'He is a kinsman to the Montague;
Affection makes him false; he speaks not true. '

How far may this accusation be substantiated ?



Point out some of the most glaring anachronisms in The Winters'



10. Fix approximately the age of Kent.


11. Do you consider that the introduction of the secondary plot in King Lear is a blemish? Give reasous for your opinion. Point out some improbabilities in the secondary plot.

12. Explain the following passages and illustrate them by quotations from Shakespeare :—

(a) To conceal such real ornaments as these, and shadow their glory, as a milliner's wife does her wrought stomacher, with a smoaky lawn, or a black cypress!

(b) Death! I can endure the stocks better.

(c) Only these two have so litte of man in them, they are no part of my care.

13. Describe the expedient by which Captain Bobadil proposed ' to save the one half, nay three parts "of her majesty's" yearly charge in holding war, and against what enemy soever.'



14. Quote some lines in the Prologue to Every Man in his Humour, which seem to contain a satirical allusion to certain incidents in Shakespeare's plays.



15. Discuss the readings in the following passages :

(a) That did but show thee, of a fool, inconstant

And damnable ingrateful.

(b) Ten masts at each make not the altitude
Which thou hast perpendicularly fell.

(c) No court, no father; nor no more ado
With that harsh, noble, simple nothing,

That Cloten, whose love-suit has been to me
As fearful as a siege.

(d) I'll say yon grey is not the morning's eye,
"Tis but the pale reflex of Cynthia's brow.

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2. (A) Tarn the following passages into modern English, adding 14

brief explanatory notes where necessary :

(a) Was ther no philosophre in al thy toun ?

Is no tyme bet than other in swich cas?

Of viage is ther non eleccioun,

Namely to folk of hey condicioun,
Not whan a rote is of a birthe y knowe?
Allas! we ben to lewed or to slowe.

(b) Who lyued euer in swich delyt o day
That him ne moeued other conscience,

Or Ire, or talent, or som kin affray ?

(c) Thise cokes, how they stampe, and streyne, and grynde,
And turnen substance in-to accident,

To fulfille al thy likerons talent!

(d) For vnto shrewes ioye it is and ese

To haue her felawes in peyne and and disese;
Thus was I ones lerned of a clerke.

Of that no charge, I wol speke of our werke.
Whan we been ther as we shul exercyse
Our eluish craft, we semen, wonder wyse,
Our termes been so clergial and so queynte.

(e) Her chaffar was so thrifty and so newe,
That euery wyghte hath deyntee to chaffare
With hem, and eek to sellen hem her ware.
(f) I rekke neuer, whan that they ben beryed.
Though that her soules goon a blakeberyed!

(B) Explain


(a) Flemer of feendes out of hym and here.
(b) Vs moste putte our good in auenture.
(c) Euery man chit, and halt him ynel apayd.
(d) I can nat telle wher-on it was long.

(e) Wo ocupieth the fyn of our gladnesse.

Write some remarks on Paradise Regained as a didactic epic. 10 Criticize the banquet scene, and the answer to the 'philosophical' temptation. Quote, from the description of Athens, the lines referring to the 'famous orators.'

4. Annotate

(a) But what have been thy answers? what but dark,
Ambiguous, and with double sense deluding,

Which they who asked have seldom understood? ...
But this thy glory soon shall be retrenched;
No more shalt thou by oracling abuse
The Gentiles; henceforth oracles are ceased.

(b) Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,
When Agrican with all his northern powers
Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell ;


The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win
The fairest of her sex Angelica

His daughter, sought by many prowess knights,
Both Paynim, and the peers of Charlemane.

Therefore one of these

Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first
By my advice, as nearer and of late

Found able by invasion to annoy

Thy country and captive lead away her kings,
Antigonus, and old Hyrcanus bound,

Maugre the Roman.

(d) Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught
In chorus or iambic, teachers best


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State in your own words, the main thesis of the Essay on Man, and quote the concluding lines of the poem, in which it is summed up. In his choice of his subject Pope was the man of his age: he was no less so in the form.' Discuss this.

6. Annotate

each with the argument :—


the following passages, indicating the connexion of


(a) If the great end be human happiness,


Then nature deviates, and can man do less ?...
Account for moral as for natʼral things:
Why charge we heav'n in those, in these acquit ?
(b) Superior beings, when of late they saw
A mortal man unfold all nature's law,
Admir'd such wisdom in an earthly shape,
And show'd a Newton as we show an ape.
(c) Thus nature gives us (let it check our pride)
The virtue nearest to our vice ally'd :

Reason the byas turns to good from ill,
And Nero reigns a Titus, if he will.

(d) But fools the good alone unhappy call,

For ills or accidents that chance to all.
See Falkland dies, the virtuous and the just!
See god-like Turenne prostrate on the dust!...
Was this their virtue, or contempt of life?
(e) All fame is foreign, but of trae desert ;...
One self-approving hour whole years out-weighs
Of stupid starers, and of loud huzzas ;

And more true joy Marcellus exil'd feels,

Than Ceasar with a Senate at his heels.


Write a short notice of Arthur Hallam. Illustrate from In Memoriam Tennyson's power of putting Nature under contribution to help him in delineating moods of feeling.'

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What hope is here for modern rhyme

To him, who turns a musing eye
On songs, and deeds, and lives, that lie
Foreshorten'd in the tract of time?
These mortal lullabies of pain

May bind a book, may line a box,
May serve to curl a maiden's locks,
Or when a thousand moons shall wane
A man upon a stall may find,

And passing, turn the page that tells
A grief, then changed to something else,
Sung by a long-forgotten mind.
But what of that? My darken'd ways

Shall ring with music all the same :
To breathe my loss is more than fame,
To utter love more sweet than praise.



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