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MILL'S Representative Government.

'But though every one ought to have a voice,—that every oue should have an equal voice, is a totally different proposition.' What exceptions to the principle of 'one mau, one vote,' are permissible, and why? limitation must be placed on this plurality of votes ?


2. What conditions are necessary to make Federation advisable ? Ex.. plain the function of the Supreme Court in the constitution of the United States.



Paper set by-M. PROTHERO, Esq., M. A.

All questions carry equal marks.

History of India.

1. Give some account of the trade of India as described in Pleriplus of the Erythraean Sea.

What evidence is there of open sea voyages being undertaken by the Hindus about this time?

2. Of all the dynasties that had yet ruled in india, that of Tamerlane was the weakest and most insecure in its foundations.' Why was this, and how did the consciousness of his insecurity affect Akbar's policy?

3. By the original theory of Mahometan government, the law was independent of the state, or rather the state was dependent on the law.' Explain this, and show what classes of cases were decided by the Kazis and the government officers respectively.

4 Describe the quarrels among the Mahrattas, which led to their splitting up into the states of Satara and Kolhapur, and the rise to power of the Peshwas down to 1761.

5. How did Chin Kilich Khan and Saadat Ali Khan establish themselves respectively in independent sovereignties?

6. State the provisions of the following treaties :-The Subsidiary Treaty with the Nizam, Bussein, Sirjee Anjengaon, Umritsar, Yandaboo.

7. Explain the importance of the dates 1748, 1761, 1784, 1799, and 1858. 8. Contrast the old policy of Non-interference with Lord Dalhousie's Annexation Policy. What states did Lord Dalhousie annex, aud on what grounds?

AMIR ALI'S History of the Saracens.

9. Who were the Himyarites and Modharites and how did the rivalry between them affect subsequent history?

10. Briefly mention the successive sects of Freethinkers who appeared under the Abbassides. Where were they chiefly located, and whence do their tenets appear to have been derived?




The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

(Answers to be always in Bengali.)

Write essays on any two of the following subjects :

1. On Hindu civilization-its antiquity its strong points and weak 50 points-its domestic and social regulations-its intellectual and moral sides its gradual development from the Vedic to the later Hindu times. 2. On the development of Bengali literature from the earliest times - 50 to the introduction of English education-the early stage-the changes brought about by Brahmans, Musalmans, and Vaishnavas-original works and translations.

3. Babu Bankim Chandra Chatterji-his birth-his education-his style of writing-his novels-his other works their influence on young Bengal-his readers-to what class of society confined.



The study of poetry and its influence on the human mind -epic. 50 poetry-lyric poetry-pastorals-dramas-satires-sonnets-how each kind of poetry affects the human mind and tends to elevate and ennoble


5. On the Achara regulations of the Hindus-what are these regula- 50 tions? on whom are they obligatory? and to what extent ? their influence on domestic economy-on morals--and manners-on health-on sanitation-on social peace and prosperity.

6. On your own ideal of a scholar-what he should be and what he 50 should not be.



Examiner--LALA SITARAM, B.A.

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

(Answers to be always in Hindi.)

Write essays on any two of the following subjects :

(a) Moral education-its objects-truthfulness-motives to this 50 virtue--kindness-incentives to the benevolent feeling-modesty-its



violations-indolence-irregularity and irresolution.


(b) The lesson in Julius Caesar is that vengeance, death, shall follow 50 rebellion for insufficient cause, for misjudging the political state of one's

country and misjudging the means-taking unlawful ones-to attain one's ends.'

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(c) All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy'-absence of game sin. Maktahs and Pathsālās—its consequences-connexion between a healthy body and a healthy brain--games auxiliary to mental development-they teach the players to be fair and unselfish, and create subordination and co-operation-the fallacy of the statement that good players are not good students.

(d) Indian seasons and customs connected therewith-the various 50 Hindu festivals--the Dipamālikā or Lakshmīpūjā-the Holi or Doljātrā— the Dasaharā or the Durgpāūjā-the influnce of western civilization.




The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

Write essays in Urdu on the following subjects

(a) Vernacular as a medium of instruction in the Indian Schools. 28
(b) Female Education among the Natives of India.
(c) The relation between morality and religion.



(d) Health is wealth.





The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

Write essays on any two of the following subjects:

(a) Mahamahopadhyaya Chandra Sekhar, Sinha Samant-Story of 50 his life and early education-His original observations and the instraments he used in making them-His great work, the Siddhanta Darpan and the discoveries and improvements introduced by him into Hindu astronomy-His view of the movements in the solar system -The recognition of his genius by Prof. Jogeschandra Ray, and the subsequent honours conferred upon him by Government-His circumstances in life and his character.

(b) Story of the rise, progress and decline of Buddhism in Orissa, 50 to be related in the chronological order determined by modern research-Traces of its influence in the present social and religious insti

tutions of the province-Buddhistic architectural remains in Orissa, and Buddhistic propaganda as set forth in the Dhauli edicts of Asoka.

(c) Influence of home-The scenes and associations of early days- 50 The holy ties of love that bind children in a home to their parents and to each other-The lasting influence of parental example for good or evil-Domestic life should be based on the everlasting principles of truth

and love.


"They must upward still and onward
Who would keep abreast of truth."


B.Sc. Examination,




Moderated by-SIR ALEX. PEDLER, KT., C.I.E., F.R.S.


One essay should be written on one and one only of the subjects in Physics or Chemistry contained in Group (a) below, and one essay and one only should be written on one of the optional subjects taken up by the Candidate, and contained in Group (b).

If the second essay is on a subject not included under the optional subjects taken up by the Candidate it will not be examined.

The essays will be valued mainly on account of the Candidate's knowledge of English, and of his power of expressing himself grammatically, idiomatically, accurately, and concisely in that language. At the same time errors of fact in the portion of the sciences dealt with in the essays will be considered to reduce the value of the essay, and the essay must show a sufficient knowledge of the particular scientific subject dealt with.

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1. Write an essay on the subject of Osmotic Pressure.

2. Write an essay on the subject of Conduction of Electricity through Gases.



Group (a). CHEMISTRY.

Examiner J. A. CUNNINGHAM, ESQ., B.A., A.R.C.Sc.I.

Write a short essay on the influence of Dalton's Atomic Theory and of Avogadro's Molecular Hypothesis on the development of Modern Chemistry. Write a short essay on Mendeléeff's classification of the elements; indicate how this theory has been of use in the recent history of Chemistry, and to what extent the theory is capable of being used.

5. Write an essay on the theory of Quantivalence, and contrast the hypothesis of the constant valency of elements with modern views regarding valency.

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