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Seregipe, the capital, has the dedicatory title of S. Christoval, and its right title was Ciriji, which has been corrupted into Seregipe. It is situate on the shore of the river Vazabaris, five miles from the coast, on an eminence, and has a good fort for its defence, although the same be badly built. The parish church, with the title of Nuestra Senora de la Victoria, is very handsome, as is also the house of Misericordia, and the convents of the religious Carmelites of S. Francisco, and a chapel of Nuestra Senora del Rosario. In the suburb is an hermitage of S. Gonzalo, much frequented by the people of the neighbouring settlements.
In this city resides the governor of the Portuguese, called the caption mayor, with a fixed garrison. Towards the part called Cotinguiba is another parish with four chapels, and towards the river Vasa-Barriz are five others. The population, which was formerly numerous, is now reduced to 500 housekeepers. [In lat. 11° 40' s. long. 37° 30' 30" ».]
Seregipe, a river in the same province and kingdom, which rises in the mountains which lie between the rivers Real and Grande of S. Francisco, runs s. s. e. and enters the sea in the bay.
SERENA. See Coquimbo. [SERGIPE Del Rey. See Seregipe.] SERINHAIM, a small river of the province and captainship of Todos Santos in Brazil, which rises in the sierra Chapada, runs e. and enters the sea between the point of its name and the island of Quepa.
SERINZA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tunja in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; of a very cold temperature, abounding in wheat, maize, papas, barley, &c. It has more than 100 Indians, and a few whites. Ten leagues «. of Tunja.
Serinza, another settlement, with the dedicatory title of Nuestra Senora de Belen del Valle, in the same province and kingdom as the former; annexed to the curacy of Santa Rosa. It is of a good temperature, abounding in vegetable productions and cattle, and contains more than 300 housekeepers, who live very comfortably.
SERIS, Cienega De Los, a lake of the province and government of Sonora in N. America, near the coast of the Gulf of California. SERPA. See Andalucia. [SERRA DO FRIO, some diamond mines in the province of Minas Geraes in Brazil. Mr. Mawe obtained permission to explore them, a
favour which had never yet been granted to any foreigner. From the moment that he entered within the limits of this El Dorado of Portugal, the condition of the people bore the most striking marks of wretchedness; and the further he proceeded the worse it became. The occupant of every house and farm seemed as if on the point of abandoning it, and all the buildings were falling into decay.
The principal of these diamond works, according to Mr. Mawe, is at Mandango, on the river Jigitonhonha, in the district of Serra do Frio. Formerly they were farmed out, but, for many years back, the establishment has been entirely in the hands of government. The produce was mostly sent to Holland, where the stones were cut and set; but of late they have found their way to the London market. Mr. Mawe tells us, that the establishment is still in debt to foreigners for considerable sums advanced to them on security of the produce of the mines. We have also heard, and it is a curious fact, that a single house in London raised a loan of one million sterling for the service of Portugal, and took in pledge the produce of the mines of Serra do Frio/]
[S ERR AN A, or, as some will have it, Servanilla, an isle between Jamaica and the coast of Nicaragua, which took its name from one Serrana, who parted with the fleet from Spain, in the time of Charles V. and was shipwrecked on the rocks of this island; but having gained the shore by swimming, he found there neither herbs, trees, nor water, and went over all the island, which is about six miles in circuit, without finding any thing to quench thirst or satisfy hunger. Pressed at last with extreme hunger, he caught some crabs on the shore, which were his food for some days; and then seeing large turtles which came ashore, he caught some of them. Having lived for three years in this manner on crabs and turtles, and drank nothing but rainwater which he gathered in turtle-shells, he discovered another companion in misfortune, who had also been shipwrecked. This companion was some comfort to him, and they lived four years together; at the end of which time a vessel coming near the island carried them both to Spain. The last of these died on the way thither; but Serrana was carried to Germany, and presented to Charles V. as a kind of prodigy; for all his body was overgrown with hair like a bear, and his beard came down to his waist. The emperor bestowed on him 4800 ducats to be paid in Peru; but he died on his way to Panama, as he was going to receive them. Lat. 14° 27' n. long. 80° 14' a>.]
SERRE, a river of the province and country of Las Amazonas in the country of Matogroso. It rises in the confines of the province of the Chiquitos and mountains of the Guarayos Indians, runs n. and enters the Itenes or Guapor6, opposite the settlement of San Joseph of the Missionaries, the Portuguese clergy.
SERVITA, a settlement of the province of Muzo and government of Pamplona in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; the head settlement of the corregimiento; of a cold but healthy and pleasing temperature. It has plenty of fine water, and its territory is extremely fertile, enjoying both hot and cold situations. It produces much wheat of excellent quality, much sugar-cane, maize, tartuffles, beans, vetches, onions, cabbages, and other vegetables, and an infinite number of neat cattle and goats. It contains 400 whites and 200 Indians; is 24 leagues from Pamplona, being bounded by the settlement of Tequia, just by which is the terminary of the jurisdiction of Tunja and Pamplona, and it is to the w. of the former and that of Santa F6.
[SESEME QUIAN, a river of the N.W. Territory, which empties through the w. bank of Illinois River, about 180 miles by the course of the Manois from the Mississippi. Its mouth is 40 yards wide, and the land bordering on it is very good. It is boatable 60 miles by its curvature course.]
SESQUILE, a settlement of the corregimiento of Guatavita in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, situate on the skirt of a small mountain which is in the middle of an extensive and beautiful plain. It is of a cold temperature, but healthy; and abounding in wheat, maize, barley, papas, and other vegetable productions of a cold climate. Here the natives fabricate many jars, pitchers, and other earthenware articles highly esteemed, and which they carry for sale to Santa Fc and other parts. It contains 100 housekeepers, and as many other Indians, and is nine leagues from Santa Fe to the «.
SETEGANTI, a river of the province and
government of Darien and kingdom of Tierra 'irme; which rises in the mountains of the interior, runs nearly w. passes by the skirt of the mountain of Espiritu Santo, and enters the River Cupe.
SETIQUO, a settlement of Indians of the province and colony of N. Carolina; on the shore of the river Tanassee.
SEVEN, a small island of the N. Sea, near the coast of the province of Jersey, one of the United States, between the islands Ludley and Five Miles.
Seven, a bay on the «. coast of the river St. Lawrence, very convenient and secure from the winds, and fit for vessels. Twenty-five leagues w. of Anticosti; in lat. 50° 20' s. It was one of the royal establishments of the French for their trade with the Indians.
[seven Brothers, small islands on the n. coast of the island of St. Domingo. They lie opposite the mouth of Monte Christ River, or Grand Yaqui. They have occasioned several wrecks, ana prove a shelter to privateers.]
S. SEVERINO, a river of the province and government of Guayana, or Nueva Andalucia. It runs s. and enters the Orinoco, according to the description of Mr. Bellin, engineer to the King of France.
[SEVERN, a small river of Maryland, of short course, which runs s. e. to Chesapeak Bay. It passes by Annapolis City on the n. and empties into the bay about two miles below the city.]
[severn, a river of New South Wales, which pursues a n. e. course, and enters Hudson's Bay at Severn House, which is 160 miles e. of York Fort.]
SEV I, a small river of the province of Georgia in N. America, which runs s. and enters the sea between those of Congaree and Cooper.
SEVIER, a country of Tennessee, Hamilton District. In 1795 it contained, according to the state census of 1792, 3578 inhabitants, including 129 slaves.]
SE VILLA, a city of the island Jamaica, founded by Juan de Esquivel on the n. coast, with a small port. When it belonged to the Spaniards they had in it a college with an abbot.
Sevilla, another city, with the additional title of Oro. See Macas.
Sevilla, a settlement of the island of Cuba, with a good port, on the s. coast, on the shore of a river of its name. In its vicinity are some copper-mines, from whence very much of this metal has been extracted.
Sevilla. The above river rises near the s-. coast, runs s. and enters the sea between the rivers Turino and Puerto de San Pedro, and has at its mouth a good port.
[SEWEE Bay, or Bull's Harbour, on the
coast of S. Carolina, is s. w. of Cape Carteret.
The long and narrow island called Racoon Keys
is between Cape Carteret Island and the entrance to this harbour, which is at the n. e. end of Bull's Island. See Sekwee.j
[SEYBO, or Seyvo, a settlement in the *. e. part of the island of St. Domingo, on the upper road from Higuey to St. Domingo City 4 18 leagues w. by n. of the former, and 24 n. e. of the latter. It is also 12 leagues m of the little island of St. Catherine, on the s. coast of the main land. It is not that founded in 1502 in John of Esquivel, but a settlement formed in the same canton about 00 years ago by several graziers, and has a place of worship. 'Towards the year 1780 it had augmented, but is now falling to decay. The parish contains more than 4000 persons, the greatest
Start of whom are graziers or herdsmen, free
[SHAFTSBURY, a considerable and flourishing township of Vermont. It has Arlington on the n. and Bennington on the s. and contains 1999 inhabitants.]
[SHAG Island, near the entrance into Christmas Sound, on the s. coast of the island of Terra del Fuego. The entrance to Port Gierke in this sound is just to the «. of some low rocks which lie off a point of Shag Island.]
SHALLOT, a small river of the province and colony of S. Carolina; which runs s. and enters the sea in Long Bay.
[SHALLOW Ford, k that part of Tennessee River which is 1200 yards broad; 12 miles above the Whirl. It lies between Chatanuga and Chickaugo Rivers, which fall in from the s. c]
[shallow Water, Point, on thew.rc. coast of N. America, lies in lat. 63° 9' n. Between this point and Shoal Ness, which is three degrees of latitude to the 5. Captain Cook did not explore the coast, on account of the shallow water he met with.]
[SHAMBE, a small river of W. Florida, which empties into Pensacola Bay. It admits shallops some miles up, and boats upwards of 50 miles.]
SHAMOKIN, a settlement of Indians of the province of Pennsylvania of the United States: on the shore of the river Susquehannah.
SHANASSINS, a settlement of Indians of province as the former; on the shore of the Ohio.
[SHANNOCK Country. See Rhode Island State.]
[SHAPLEIGH, a township of the district of Maine, on the w. line of York County, at the
head of Mousom River. It was incorporated in 1785, contains 1329 inhabitants, and lies 75 miles n. of Boston.]'
SHARK, a small river of the province of New Jersey of the United States, which runs e. and enters the Shrewsbury and the Squad.
[SHARKSTOWN, in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. See Kent County.]
[SHARON, a township of Vermont, Windsor County, e. of Royalton, and w. of Norwich on White River. It contains 569 inhabitants.]
[sharon, a township of Massachusetts, Norfolk County, 10 miles s. w. of Boston. It was taken from Stoughton, and incorporated in 1765. It contains 1994 inhabitants.)
[sharon, a township of Connecticut in Litchfield County, bounded e. by Cornwall, from which it is separated by Hausatonic River, and ■w. by the c. line of New York State. It is about 12 miles n.w. of Litchfield.]
[sharon, a village in Georgia, about five miles from Savannah. In this place, just at the close of the war, General Wayne was attacked in a furious manner by a body of Cherokee Indians, headed by a British officer. They fought hand to hand manfully, and took two pieces of artillery. But General Wayne, at the hazard of his own life, gained the victory.]
[sharon, a new town in Schoharie County, New York, incorporated in 1797.]
SHARP, a settlement of the island Barbadoes, in the district of the parish of St. Thomas.
[SHARPSBURG, a post town of Maryland, Washington County, about two miles from Po towmac River, and nearly opposite to Shepherdstown, in Virginia, at the mouth of Shenandoah River. It contains a church, and about 250 houses. It is nine miles n. n. w. of Williams's Port, 49 w. by n. of Baltimore, and 123 w. s. w. of Philadelphia.]
[SHAWANEE, and Shavanon; the former the Indian, and the latter the French name of Cumberland River, in the state of Tennessee. It is also called Shawanoe.]
[SHAWANESE, or Shawanoes, an Indian nation, great numbers of whom have joined the Creek confederacy. They have four towns on the Tallapoose River, containing 300 warriors; and more are expected to remove thither. By the treaty of peace, Aug. 3, 1795, the United States agreed to pay to this tribe a sum in hand, and 1000 dollars a year for ever, in goods. They inhabit also on Scioto River, and a branch of the Muskingum, and have their hunting-grounds between Ohio River and Lake Erie. They are generally of a small size, rather handsome in their features, and are very cheerful and crafty people. Counselling- among their old people, and dancing among their young men and women, take up a great part of their time.]
[SHAWANGUNK, a township in Ulster County, New York; bounded e. by Newburgh and Marlborough, and s. by Montgomery and the Platte Kill. It contains 2128 inhabitants; of whom 323 are electors, and 350 slaves. It is 20 miles from Goshen, and 12 from New Paltz.l
SHAWANOAH, a settlement of the province and colony of Virginia in N.America.
[SHAWSHEEN, a considerable stream of Massachusetts, which rises in Bedford, in Middlesex County, and passing through Billerica, Tewksbury, and Andover, discharges itself into Merrimack River.]
[SHEBA Island. See Saba.] [SHECATICA, a bay of very irregular shape and breadth, on the coast of Labrador, N. America; having an island of its name at its mouth. It is situate between lat. 51° 14' and 51°28'«. and between long. 58° 16' and 58° 22'».]
[SHECHARY, a lake of New N. Wales, formed like a bow. It receives Churchill River from the s. w. and at its n. e. end has communication with Berbazon Lake, which lies due n. and s. At the s. end, of the latter, the waters of both lakes run e. under the name of Seal River, which empties into Hudson's Bay not for from Churchill Fort, between Button's Bay on the n. and Cape Churchill on the s.e. Both lakes are long and narrow.]
[&HEDIAC, a harbour on the c. coast of New Brunswick, and on the w. side of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fifty-three miles s. e. of Miramichi Bay.]
[SHEEPSCOT, or Sheepsout, a river of the district of Maine, which empties into the ocean to the e. of Kennebeck, and is navigable 20 or 30 miles. On the w. side of this river is the excellent port calledWiscasset,in the township of Pownalborough. Newcastle township is at the head of navigation on this river, ana extends from Sheepscot to Damariscotta River. The compact part, which is a post-town, is 10 miles n.e. of Wiscasset. Sheepscot Harbour has high water, at full and change, 45 minutes after ten o'clock; depth, nine fathoms.]
[SHEEP'S Cove, on the e. coast of Newfoundland, lies between Bay Robert and Port Grave.] ("SHEFFIELD, a township in the n. part of Caledonia County, Vermont.]
[sheffield, a post-town of Massachusetts,
Berkshire County, 23 miles s. e. of Hudson, in the State of New York, and 100 w. of Boston. It was incorporated in 1733, and contains 1899 inhabitants. Housatenic River, which is nine rods in breadth, passes through it from n. to *. which with its branches supply water for several mills and iron-works. South Mountain extends the whole length of the town, along thee, side of the river.]
[SHELBURNE, a township of Vermont, Chittenden County, on the e. side of Lake Champlain. It has Burlington on the w. and Charlotte on the s. and contains 389 inhabitants.]
[shelburne, an interior township in Grafton County, New Hampshire. It was incorporated in 1769, and contains 35 inhabitants.]
[SnELBURNE,a township in HampsnireCounty, Massachusetts, adjoining Greenfield.]
[shelburne, a town of Nova Scotia, at the head of a bay which runs up from Port Roseway, at the s. w. part of the province. In 1783, it contained 600 families, but is now less populous. It is 18 miles n. e. of Barrington, and 88 *. w. by *. of Halifax.]
[SHELBY, a new county of Kentucky.]
[SHELTER Island, at the e. end of Long Island, in Suffolk County, New York; lies three leagues w. of Gardner's Island. It is about-five miles from e. to w. and seven from w. to s. it is a fruitful spot, containing about 8000 acres; was incorporated in 1788, and contains 201 inhabitants, of whom 34 are electors. Considerable numbers of cattle, sheep, and poultry are raised here. When you leave Shelter Island on your larboard hand, and run w. by n. about five or six miles, you will open a large bay where 100 sail of vessels may lie safe, and anchor in three or four fathoms.]
[SHENANDOAH, a county of Virginia, bounded «. by Frederick, and s. by Rockingham. It contains 10,510 inhabitants, including 512 slaves. Chief town, Woodstock.]
[shenandoah, a river of Virginia, which rises in Augusta County, and after running a n. e. course of about 200 miles, it joins the Patowmack in about lat. 39° 23', just before the latter bursts through the Blue Ridge. It is navigable about 100 miles ; and may be rendered so nearly its whole course at a small expense. When this is done, it will bear the produce of the richest part of the state.]
[shenandoah Valley, extends from Winchester, in Virginia, to Carlisle and the Susquehannan, in Pennsylvania, and is chiefly inhabited by Germans and Dutch.]
SHENANGO, or Cheninque, a settlement of the English in the province and country of Iroquois Indians, on the shore of the Ohio.
SHENECTADY, a city of the county of Albany in the province of New York.
[SHEPHERDSFIELD, a plantation of the district of Maine, in Cumberland County, containing 330 inhabitants.]
[SHEPHERDSTOWN, or Shepherdsburg, a post-town of Virginia; situate in Berkeley County, on the 5. side of Patowmack River. Its situation is healthy and agreeable, and the neighbouring country is fertile and well cultivated. It contains about 2000 inhabitants, mostly of German extraction. It lies at the mouth of Shenandoah River, 12 miles e. by s. of Martinsburg, and 127 s. w. by w. of Philadelphia.]
SHEPODY, a settlement ot the province of Nova Scotia in N. America, at the entrance of the river of its name.
Shepody, this river runs e. and enters the sea in the interior of the Bay of Fundy.
Shepody. Some mountains of this province, which run s. e. between the river Patcootyeak and the e. coast.
SHEPSCUT, a river of the province of Sagadahock in the United States. It rises from a small lake, runs s. and enters the sea in the Bay of Sagadahock.
Shepscdt, a fort built by the English on the shore of the above river.
[SHERBURNE, in Massachusetts. See Nantucket.]
[sherburne, a township of New York, Herkemer County. By the state census of 1796, it contained 483 inhabitants, of whom 79 are electors.]
SHERON, a town of the province and colony of New York in the United States.
[SHETUCKET, a river of Connecticut, which is formed by the junction of Willomantic and Mount Hope Rivers, and after running e. a few miles, pursues a «. course, and uniting with Quinabaug River, empties into the Thames in the s. part of the township of Norwich.]
[SHIMENE Port, on the «. side of the Island of St. John, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Its entrance, w. of St. Peter's Harbour, is very narrow; but the bason within is very spacious.]
SHINGOES, a settlement of Indians, of Canada in N. America, on the shore of the river Little Bever.
[SHINING Mountains, in the n. w. part of N. America, are little known. It is conjectured that they terminate in about lat. 47° or 48° n. where a number of rivers rise, and empty them
selves either into the N. Pacific Ocean, into Hudson's Bay, into the waters which lie between them, or into the Atlantic Ocean. They are called also, The Mountains of Bright Stones, on account of the immense number of large crystals shooting from the rocks and sparkling in the rays of the sun, so as to be seen at a great distance.]
SHIP Channel, between the islands of Sigateo and St. Salvador of the Lucayes.
Ship, a point of land on the s. coast of Newfoundland, within the great Bay of Plaisance.
[ship Island, lies between Horn and Cat Island, on the coast of W. Florida, and is about 10 miles s. of the Bay of Biloxi. It is nine miles long and two broad; produces pine trees and grass, and has a tolerable well of water in it.]
[SHIPPANDSTOWN, in Virginia, on the*, side of the Patowmack, 40 or 50 miles from Alexandria.]
[SHIPPENSBURG, a post-town of Pennsylvania, Cumberland County, on a branch of Conedogwinnet Creek, which empties into the Susquehannah; and contains about 60 houses, chiefly built of stone. It is 11 miles n. by e. of Chambersburg, 17 s. w. of Carlisle, and 107 w. of Philadelphia.]
[SHIRLEY, a township of Massachusetts, in the «. to. part of Middlesex County, 41 miles n. w. of Boston. It was incorporated in 1753, and contains 677 inhabitants.]
[shirley, a township of Pennsylvania; situate in Huntingdon County.]
SHOALS, Islands of, on the «. coast of New England, in the district and jurisdiction of the province of Hampshire. They are many, all small, and opposite the mouth of the river Piscataqua.
(These shoals or islands, which are seven m number, constitute that group to which the celebrated Captain John Smith gave his own name, but the ingratitude of man has denied his memory that small honour. From the Isle of Shoals to the Dry Salvage Rock, the course is s. half w. eight leagues; to Portsmouth n. n. w. three; to Newbury Port Bar s. w. seven ; to York Harbour n. half e. five. Lat. 42° 57' n. Long. 70° 41' a).]
[SHOENECK, a Moravian settlement in Pennsylvania, near Nazareth; begun in 1757.]
SHOP. See Concepcion.
[SHOREHAM, a township of Vermont, Addison County, on the e. side of Lake Champlain, having Orwell on the s. and Bridport on the n. a little n. e. of Ticonderoga. It contains 721 inhabitants.]