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the settlement of Colan, and though of a whitish and unpleasant look, is, nevertheless, accounted wholesome, and supposed to be impregnated with the medicinal virtues of sarzaparilla, through a wood of which trees it passes. They bring it in balzas or rafts, on which they also carry maize and other productions to the ships; but they have no other cattle than goats, though plenty of fish, and particularly the sea-cats, which they catch in abundance, and carry for sale to the other provinces, when dried, and where they are used in the same manner as dried cod-fish.

The houses are low, and the walls of earth and cane, with the exception of the house of the cerregidor, the parish church, and a convent of the order of La Merced, which are all of stone; but the slight structure of their buildings is only adapted to this climate, where it is something wonderful to rain; and thus, when a considerable shower fell in 1728, the greater part of the houses were quite demolished.

The climate is dry and hot, though healthy. There is a small castle for the defence of the fort, on the top of a small mountain, called the Silla de Paita. The English admiral George Anson, took, burnt, and destroyed this city in 1741. It is 494 miles n. by w. from Lima, and 192 5. by w. of Guayaquil, in long. 80' 50' w. lat. 5" 5'.

Pairapupu, a point of land of the coast of Peru, in the same province and corregimiento.

PAITANABA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Copiapo in the kingdom of Chile, on the shore of the river Huasco, not far from the junction of the two rivers which form this.

PAITILLA, a point in the bay of Panama, on the coast of the S. sea, one league from that capital. It forms with the point of Cniriqui, a small road, which is dry at ebb-tide, and is the place where the canoes come to carry on the traffic of the place.

PAITITI, Grano, a province and extensive country of the kingdom of Peru, little known as being inhabited by infidel Indians ; among whom there are, however, some of the missions of the monks of San Francisco.

PAIX, Poet De. See Port De Paix. PAI-ZAMA, a large rock of the province and government of Buenos Ayresin Peru, near the city of Ascension, in the road leading toBrasil; on the top of which rock are to be seen in the stone the marks of a man's feet, which, according to the tradition of the Indians, were of a certain person, who preached to their ancestors after the Deluge,

and whose name was Paizuma, the same which the rock still retains. Some historians pretend to prove, that it was the apostle S. Thomas, supporting their argument by the tradition of similar phenomena in various other parts of America.

[PAJARO, Pajaros, or Paxaros, islands on the coast of Chile, on the S. Pacific ocean. These are three or four rocks, the largest of which is called Pajaro Ninno, or Paxaro Ninno, and two miles n. w. by n. from the southernmost point of the main or point Tortugas, that closes the port of Coquimbo.l

[pajaros, Les, or Islands Of Birds, a cluster of small islands on the coast of Chile, 29 miles n. n. w. of the bay of Coquimbo, and 66 s. s. w. of the harbour of Guasco or Huasco. The island of Choros is four miles n. of these islands, towards the harbour of Guasco.]

[pajaros. See Paxaros.]

[PAKANOKIT, the seat ofMasassoit, the famous Indian chief, was situated on Namasket river, which empties into Narraganset bay.]

PAKEBSEY, orPouGHKEEPsiE, a city of the

Erovince and colony of New York, e. of the river [udson, and 62 miles R. of the city of New York. [See Poughkeepsie.]

PALACE, an ancient province of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, now united to the province of Popayan; discovered by Sebastian de Benalcazar in 15S6. Its natives are cruel and ferocious, and descendants of the Paeces. It is at present without inhabitants, although it has some gold mines not worked.

PALACIO, a river of the province of Sucumbios, in the kingdom of Quito, which runs from W. to e. and unites itself with the river ,which rises from the lake Mocoa, in lat. 1" n.

PALAGUA, a lake of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, in the province of Muzo or of Los Marquetones; formed from a waste water of the river Grande de la Magdalena.

PALANCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Chochapoyas in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Soritor.

PALANDA, an ancient province of the kingdom of Quito, belonging partly to the province of Jaen and partly to that of Piura, although the settlement remains in a very dilapidated state; of the same name, and situated on the bank of a river, w. of the city of Loyola, in lat. 4° 48' *.

Palanda, the aforesaid river, runs s. e. rising near the city of Valladolid; waters the province, and enters the Chinchipe.

PALANIZUELA, a settlement of the head settlement of the district of Juguila and alcaldia mayor of Xicayan in Nueva Espafia. It contains T24 families of Indians, and is 20 leagues e. of its head settlement.

PALANTLA, a settlement of the head settlement of the district of Zitlala and alcaldia mayor of Chilapa, in the same kingdom as the former. It contains 42 families of Indians, and is two leagues s. of its head settlement.

PALATA, a river of the province and government of Tucuman in Peru, and of the district and jurisdiction of the city of Salta. Its shores abound with the pasture of simbolar, resembling the cane, and with leaves like barley, and on 'which the mules thrive and fatten. It is also used by the natives for interweaving the heads of the carts used for transporting merchandize to Buenos Ayres. It runs e. and enters the Pasage.

[PALATINE, New York. A part of this town was erected into two new towns by the legislature in 1797.]

[palatine, or Palestine, a township in Montgomery county, New York, on the n. side of Mohawk river, and no. of Caghnawaga. In 1790 it contained 3404 inhabitants, including 192 slaves. In 1796, 585 of the inhabitants were electors. The compact part of it stands on the bank of the Mohawk, and contains a Reformed Dutch church, and 20 or 30 houses. It is 36 miles above Schenectady.]

[palatine Town, in the state of New York, lies on the e. bank of Hudson's river, and n. side of the mouth of Livingston river, which empties into the former: 10 miles «. of Rhynbeck, and 14 southerly of Hudson's city (l

PALATOS, a settlement of the jurisdiction and corregimiento of Bogota in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, i'

PALCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Angaraez in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Acoria.

PA'LCAMAYO, a river of the province and corregimiento of Pataz in Peru, which runs n. in the district of the missions of Caxamarquilla for many leagues, and then unites with the Pangon to enter in a very abundant stream the Ucayale.

Palcamayo, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tarma in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Acobamba. s'PALCARO, a settlement of the province and ■corregimiento of Cotabambas in Peru.

PALCIFA, a lake of the province and government of Tucuman in Peru, formed from the river Andahuilas in the confines of the kingdom of Chile. On its shore is a fort for defence against the Infidel Indians.

VOL. IV.

Palcipa, an extensive, fertile, and delightful valley of the same province.

PALCO, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Lucanas in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Otoca.

Palco, another settlement, in the province and corregimiento of Concepcion in the kingdom of Chile, on the shore of the river Biobio.

PALENA, a settlement of the province and government of Maracaibo in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; on the shore of the river S. Domingo, to the *. of the city of Barinas Nueva.

PALENQUE, a settlement of the province and kingdom of Tierra Firme, situate on the n. coast, in the jurisdiction of the city of Porto Bello, where terminates the jurisdiction of the

Erovince, and where that of the province of larien begins. It is composed of negro refugeeslaves, who have, for the sake of better security, selected a place craggy and difficult of access on the shore of the river Sardinas. Many maintain their religion, and in 1743 they intreated the president of Panama that he would send them a curate.

Palenque, another settlement, of the province and government of Cartagena, and district of the town of Maria, n. of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada.

Palenque, another, of the province and government of Guayaquil in the kingdom of Quito, of the district of Baba; situate on the shore of this river, to the «. of its head settlement, at 24 leagues distance.

Palenque, another, of the province and government of Santa Marta in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, on the sea-coast.

Palenque, a river in the same province and kingdom as the former. It enters the Sebastian. • Palenque, a point of land on the s. coast of the island S. Domingo, between the point of Nizao and the river Ozama.

PALENQUES, a barbarous nation of Indians of Guayana or Nueva Andalucia. They took this name from the estacades which they made for their defence, and which resembled trenches. It is not numerous, but ferocious, and dwelling on the borders of the Orinoco; bounded by the nation of the Guamos.

PALIZADA. See Missisippi.

PALLACTANGA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Riobamba in the kingdom of Quito; celebrated for the rich mines of gold and silver in its district, and which were formerly worked to such profit as to exceed all the other mines of Peru; one individual alone havc

ing a register, in which 18 veins of these metals were marked as his own property. These mines are no longer worked.

PALLAH UA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of A rica in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Tacna.

PALLALLA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Angaraez in Peru, where there is a coal-mine not worked.

PALLAQUEZ, San Miguel De, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Caxamarca in Peru.

PALLAS, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Tarma in Peru; annexed to the curacy of Atabillosbaxos.

PALLASCA, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Conchucos in Peru.

PALLATE, a bay on the *. coast of the island Jamaica.

[PALLISER'S Islands, in the s. Pacific ocean, are between 15' and 16 of*, lat. and from 146° to 147° of w. long. From lat. 14 to 20 s. and long. 138° to 150 s>. the ocean is strewed with low halfoverflowed islands, which renders it necessary for navigators to proceed with much caution.]

PALMA, Nuestra Senora De La, a city of the corregimiento of Tunja, in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada; founded by Don Antonio de Toledo, in the country of the Colimas Indians, in 1560, and not in 1512, as the Ex-Jesuit Coleti asserts: translated to the spot where it now stands by Captain Gutierre de Ovalle in 1563 (and not in 1572, as that author also affirms), giving it the name of Honda, in honour of his native place, but which it afterwards lost.

It is of a moderately hot temperature, produces much cotton, maize, yucas, plantains, and sugar-cane, of which sugar is made in abundance, with preserves, particularly of guayaba; and with these and some cotton and linen manufactures, it carries on a pretty trade. Money being very scarce here, articles of cotton are bartered for provisions, and vice verse. The principal food of the natives is what they call soata, which is composed of maize and reyamas. This city has, besides the parish-church, which is entitled Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, a convent of the religious order of San Francisco, so poor as to maintain only one individual. The copper mines, which are very fine, are worked.

The inhabitants amount to 600 housekeepers, who by the commerce alone aforesaid of the sweets and linen, have raised themselves to such a degree of opulence and respectability as to vie with the inhabitants of the neighbouring town of

Pamplona, without the advantages of their silver and emerald mines. They have, however, a fairer mine, the source of all happiness, virtue. It is this that renders them beloved and esteemed throughout the kingdom. This city is situate on the e. shore of the river Magdalena, 54 miles ». w. of Santa Fe, and 68 w. by s. of Tunja. Lat. 5 8' n. and long. 74° 52 30 w.

Palma, a settlement of the head settlement of the district of Tamazunchale, and alcaldia mayor of Valles, in Nueva Espafia; situate in a spot surrounded by serranias, in which dwell dispersed the Pames Indians. Few of these live in the settlement, but prefer scattering themselves over the mountains and woods, according to their antient habits, and in different times of the year they take up their residence by the stalls where they pen their cattle. The population (including these mountaineers) amounts to 3000 families. It has a convent of the religious order of San Francisco, and is 22 leagues a>. of its head settlement.

Palma, another, of the head settlement of Zanguio, and alcaldia mayor of Zamora, in the same kingdom; situate in an extensive and pleasant valley.

It i> of an hot and moist temperature; bounded e. by the mountain of Las Canoas, and w. and n. by the sea of Chapala, from the shores of which it is distant a league and an half. Its population is of 24 families of Spaniards, Mustees, and Mulattoes, and 13 of Indians, who maintain themselves by fishing. Somewhat less than three leagues from its head settlement.

Palma, another, of the province and corregimiento of Valparaiso in the kingdom of Chile; situate s. of the town of Santa Barbara.

Palma, another, with the dedicatory title of Nuestra Senora del Rosario, of the missions which are held by the religious order of S. Domingo, in the district of the city of Pedraza, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada.

Palma, a river of the kingdom of Brazil, which runs nearly w. with a slight inclination to s. no. and enters the Paratinga.

Palma, an island situate near the coast of the same kingdom as the former river, close to the mouth of the river La Plata.

Palma, another settlement, with the surname of Gorda, in the jurisdiction of Orizava, and alcaldia mayor of Ixmiquilpan in Nueva Espafia.

PALMAR, San Agustin Del, a settlement and head settlement of the district of the alcaldia mayor of Tepeaca in Nueva Espafia; of a cold and dry temperature, and containing 36 families of Spaniards, 48 of Mustees, 12 of Mulattoes, and (jl of Indians. Its territory is barren and fallow, so that the greater part of its inhabitants follow the trade of locksmiths. Eight leagues e. one quarter to s.e. of its capital.

Palmar, another settlement, of the province of Guayana and government of Cumana: one of the missions held there by the Capuchin fathers of Cataluiia; situate s. of the city of S.Tomas.

Palmar, another, of the province and government of Veragua, in the kingdom of Tierra Fir me.

Palmar, another, of the province and government of Yucatan, in the kingdom of Guatemala, on the side of the point of Piedra on the coast.

Palmar, a bay on the coast of the S. sea, of the province and government of Darien, of the kingdom of Tierra Fjrme; situate between the port Quemado and that of Pifias. It is a good port, called De la Hambre, where the river of the same name empties itself.

Palmar, a lake of the province and captainship of Rey in Brazil, in the extremity of the coast formed by the river La Plata.

Palmar, a port on the coast of the S. sea, of the province and government of Esmeraldas, under the equinoctial line.

Palmar, a river of the province and government of Guayaquil in the kingdom of Quito, of the district of Yaguache, to the n. It runs n. w. and enters the Babahoyo in lat. 1" 45' s.

Palmar, a point of land of the interior points which form the entrance or channel of the lake ofMaracaibo.

PALMARES, San Diego De Los, or De Guames, a settlement of the province and government of Quixos and Macas in the kingdom of Quito: one of those which form the missions of the Sucunbios Indians, and which were held at the charge of the Jesuits. It is situate on the shore of the river Guames, near where it is entered by the Putumayo.

Palmares, another settlement, of the province and captainship of Rev in Brazil; situate on the coast, near lake Charqueada.

PALMAS, Salazar De Los, a city of the

Government of S. Faustino in the Nuevo Rey no e Granada: founded by Diego de Montes in 1553, by way of security to the silver mines of S. Pedro, on the shore of a river which traverses a beautiful date-grove; but its inhabitants shortly abandoned it being pressed sore by the infidels, who succeeded in destroying it. In 1555 it was re-peopled by Captain Diego Parada, with the name of Nirua, from its having been removed to

the shore of this river: but here it had not better fortune than in the former place, and in 1583 it was founded a third time in the spot where it now stands, by the Governor Francisco de Caceres, by order of the Colonel Alonso Estevan Range!, for the head of the alcaldia mayor, which title the successors of the governor preserved for many years.

It is of an hot temperature, and lies amongst some rough and craggy mountains; but is very abundant in cacao, sugar canes, plantains, yucca, and maize. It has, besides the parish church, a chapel of Nuesta Senora de Belen. Its population is composed of 400 housekeepers, and it is 16 leagues n.n.w. of Pamplona; from the jurisdiction of which it is divided by the river «alazar, or Sulia.

Palmas, another city, with the dedicatory title of San Miguel, in the same kingdom: founded by Fernando V aides in 1544, on the shore of the grand river Magdalena, n. of Santa Fd; but it has fallen into such decay as to be nothing more than a miserable hamlet.

Palmas, a settlement, with the' dedicatory title of San Juan, in the province and government of Cartagena, of the same kingdom as the former cities. It belongs to the district of the jurisdiction of the town of Sinai, and is situate at the bay of this name, near the coast.

Palmas, another, with the dedicatory title of San Luis, of the missions which are held by the religious order of S. Domingo, in the district and jurisdiction of the city of Pedraza, of the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, on the shore of the river Canaguan.

Palmas, a river of the province and alcaldia mayor of Panuco in Nueva Espana, which runs into the sea in the bay of Mexico.

Palmas, another river, of the alcaldia mayor of Tabasco, in the same kingdom; which also enters the sea between the rivers Santa Ana and De Dos Bocas.

Palmas, a bay on the coast of California, opposite Nueva Espana, between the bay of Cer* ralvo and the cape Portia.

Palmas, a port of the province and government of Santa Marta in the Nuevo Reyno de Granada, in the river Grande de la Magdalena, with a settlement of considerable traffic.

Palmas, another river, of the province and government of Venezuela in the same kingdom, which runs s. and enters the Manapire.

Palmas, another port, on the n. coast of the island of Cuba, between the port of Sama and the bay of Baxanas.

Palmas, an island of the S. sea, discovered by Francisco Pizarro in 1527, who gave it this name from the number of palms found upon it. It lies in the bay of Chiramina, is a league and an half in circumference, opposite the mouth of the river San Juan, of the province and government of Choco. Twenty-six leagues from the cape of Corrientes, and is desert and uncultivated.

Palmas, another river, of the island of Granada, one of the lesser Antilles of the French. It runs e. and enters the sea in lat. 12° 4' n.

Palmas. Some islands of the N. sea, near the coast of the province and government of Darien, and kingdom of Tierra Firme. They are many, and form a semi-circle between the island Pinos and the Playon Grande and the bay of Mandinga.

[PALMER, a rough and hilly township in Hampshire county, Massachusetts, 63 miles w. by s. of Boston; it is situated on the n. side of Ouebang river, and bounded e. by Western in Worcester county. An act passed in last session, 1796, to incorporate a society to make a turnpikeroad between these two towns. It was incorporated in 1752, and contains 809 inhabitants.]

[palmer's River, a water of Narraganset bay, which empties with another small river, and forms Warren river, opposite the town of Warren.]

PALMERAS, Punta De, a point on the coast of Los H limos, of the province and captains/tip of Seara in Brazil; between the island Corubun and port Tortuga.

[PALMERSTON'S Island, of which one in particular has been so named, is in lat. 18 10' *. and long. 163° 20' w. and is the second in situation from the s. e. of a group of 9 or 10, all known by the same general name. It affords neither anchorage nor water; but if the weather is moderate, a ship that is passing the s. Pacific ocean in this track, may be supplied with grass for cattle, cocoa-nuts, fish, and other productions of the island. The principal island is not above a mile in circumference; nor is it elevated more than three feet above the surface of the sea.]

[PALMETTO, the most e. point of the bay so called, on the s. w. coast of the island of S. Christopher's, in the W. Indies. The shore is rocky, and a fort protects the bay. Also the most n. point of the island of Jamaica; having Manatee bay on the w. and Island bay on the e.]

PALMILLA, San Lucas De Los, a settlement of the head settlement of the district and alciddia mayor of Guejozinco in Nueva Espafia. It contains 77 families of Indians, and lies n. of its capital.

Palmilla, another settlement, with the dedicatory title of Santa Cecilia; a reduction of Indians made by the missionaries of the order of San Francisco, in the district and jurisdiction of the alcaldia mayor of Guadalcazar in Nueva Espafia. It contains 40 families of Indians, without those who live dispersed about its precincts, and is 20 leagues from the head settlement of the district of Tula.

Palmilla, another, of the province and government of Sierra Gorda in the bay of Mexico, and kingdom of Nueva Espafia, founded in 1740, by Don Joseph de Escandon, Count of Sierra Gorda, colonel of militia of Queretaro.

[PALMISTE Point, on the n. side of the n. To. part of the island of St. Domingo, three leagues s. of point Portugal, the e. point of the small island La Tortue, and five e. of Port de Paix.l

PALMISTES, Punta De, a point on the s. coast of the island of S. Christopher, one of the lesser Antilles, between the river Pentecoste and the rivulet of Pelau.

PALMITAL, a small river of the province and captainship of Portoseguro in Brazil. It rises near the coast, runs n.«. w. and enters the river of Las Piedras.

PALMITO, a river of the province and country of the Canelos Indians, in the kingdom of Quito, which runs e.n.e. and enters the Bobonasa by the w. shore, between the Caspi-yacu tothe n. and the Chambira to the s. in lat. l°37' s.

Palmito, a point of land of the ». coast of the island Jamaica, between the river Annoto and the bay of Orange.

PALMYRA, a town and the only port of entry and delivery in the state of Tennessee, constituted a port of entry by law of the United States, January 31, 1797.]

PALO, Colo a A Do, a settlement of the province and corregimiento of Quillota in the kingdom of Chile; situate on the coast at the mouth of the river Limari.

Palo, Arecife Del, an island near the coast of Vera Cruz in the bay of Mexico and kingdom of Nueva Espafia, between the island Verde and La Anegada.

PALOMAS, Is La De Los, an island in the gulf of Venezuela, at the entrance or mouth of the lake of Maracaibo, to the n. of the city. It has a small settlement of the same name, and is in lat. 10 56' n.

PALOMETA, a small river of the province and government of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Peru. It rises from some very lofty mountains

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