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Den. Sir, I have brought my lord the archbishop, As you commanded me.

Do you not know what state you be in with the whole world, and how many great enemies you have: Do you not consider what an easie thing it is to procure three or foure false knaves to witness against you? Thinke you to have better lucke that waie than than your master Christ had 2 I see by it you will run headlong to your undoing, if I would suffer you. Your enemies shall not so prevaile against you; for I have otherwise devised with myselfe to keep you out of their handes. Yet notwithstanding tomorrow when the counsaile shall sit, and send for you, resort unto them, and if in charging you with this matter, they do commit you to the Tower, require of them, because you are one of them, a counsailer, that you may have your accusers brought before them without any further indurance, and use for your selfe as good persuasions that way as you may devise; and if no intreatie or reasonable request will serve, then deliver unto them this my ring (which then the king delivered unto the archbishop,) and saie unto them, if there be no remedie, my lords, but that I must needs go to the Tower, then I revoke my cause from you, and appeale to the kinges owne person by this token unto you all, for (saide the king then unto the archbishop) so soone as they shall see this my ring, they knowe it so well, that they shall understande that I have reserved the whole cause into mine owne handes and determination, and that I have discharged them thereof. “The archbishop perceiving the kinges benignity so much to him wards, had much ado to forbeare teares. Well, said the king, go your waies, my lord, and do as I have bidden you. My i. humbling himselfe with thankes, tooke his leave of the kinges highnesse for that night. “On the morrow, about nine of the clocke before noone, the counsaile sent a gentleman usher for the archbishop, who, when hee came to the counsaile-chamber doore, could not be let in, but of purpose (as it seemed) was compelled there to waite among the pages, lackies, and serving men all alone. D. Buts the king’s physition resorting that way, and espying how my lord of Canterbury was handled, went to the king’s highnesse, and said; My lord of Canterbury, if it please your grace, is well promoted; for now he is become a lackey or a serving man, for yonder hee standeth this halfe hower at the counsaile-chamber doore amongste them. It is not so,(quoth the king,) I trowe, nor the counsaile hath not so little discretion as to use the metropolitane of the realme in that sorte, specially being one of their own number. Butlet them alone (said the king) and we shall heare more soone. “Anone the archbishop was called into the counsaile-chamber, to whom was alleadged as before is rehearsed. The archbishop inswered in like sort, as the king had advised him; and in the old when he perceived that no maner of persuasion or intreatie

A. Hen. Ha! Canterbury?

Den. Ay, my good lord.

K. Hen. 'Tis true: Where is he, Denny?

Den. He attends your highness' pleasure.

R. Hen. Bring him to us. [Exit DEN.

Lov. This is about that which the bishop spake; I am happily” come hither. [Aside.

could serve, he delivered them the king's ring, revoking his cause into the king's hands. The whole counsaile being thereat somewhat amazed, the earle of Bedford with a loud voice confirming his words with a solemn othe, said, when you first began the matter, my lordes, I told you what would come of it. Do you thinke that the king would suffer this man’s finger to ake Much more (I warrant you) will he defend his life against brabling varlets. You doe but cumber yourselves to hear tales and fables against him. And incontinently upon the receipt of the king's token, they all rose, and carried to the king his ring, surrendring that matter as the order and use was, into his own hands. “When they were all come to the king’s presence, his highness, with a severe countenance, said unto them; ah, my lordes, I thought I had wiser men of my counsaile than now I find you. What discretion was this in you thus to make the primate of the realme, and one of you in office, to wait at the counsaille-chamber doore amongst serving men: You might have considered that he was a counsailer as wel as you, and you had no such commission of me so to handle him. I was content that you should trie him as a counsellor, and not as a meane subject. But now I well perceive that things be done against him maliciouslie, and if some of you might have had your mindes, you would have tried him to the uttermost. But I doe you all to wit, and protest, that if a prince may bee beholding unto his subject (and so solemnelie laying his hand upon his brest, said,) by the faith I owe to God I take this man here, my lord of Canterburie, to be of all other a most faithful subject unto us, and one to whome we are much beholding, giving him great commendations otherwise. And, with that, one or two of the chiefest of the counsaile, making their excuse, declared, that in requesting his indurance, it was rather ment for his triall and his purgation against the common fame and slander of the worlde, than for any malice conceived against him. Well, well, my lords, (quoth the king,) take him, and well use him, as hee is worthy to bee, and make no more ado. And with that, every man caught him by the hand, and made faire

weather of altogethers, which might easilie be done with that man.” Steevens.

* happily –) The present instance, and another in p. 332, seem to militate against my former explanation of-happily, and to countenance that of Mr. M. Mason. See p. 309, n. 9. Steevens.

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Re-enter DENNY, with CRANMER.

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Cran. It is my duty, To attend your highness' pleasure. A. Hen. 'Pray you, arise,

My good and gracious lord of Canterbury.
Come, you and I must walk a turn together;
I have news to tell you: Come, come, give me your hand.
Ah, my good lord, I grieve at what I speak,
And am right sorry to repeat what follows:
I have, and most unwillingly, of late
Heard many grievous, I do say, my lord,
Grievous complaints of you; which, being consider'd,
Have mov’d us and our council, that you shall -
This morning come before us; where, I know,
You cannot with such freedom purge yourself,
But that, till further trial, in those charges
Which will require your answer, you must take
Your patience to you, and be well contented
To make your house our Tower: You a brother of us,”
It fits we thus proceed, or else no witness
Would come against you.

Cran. I humbly thank your highness;
And am right glad to catch this good occasion
Most throughly to be winnow'd, where my chaff
And corn shall fly asunder: for, I know,
There 's none stands under more calumnious tongues,
Than I myself, poor man."

K. Hen. Stand up, good Canterbury; Thy truth, and thy integrity, is rooted In us, thy friend: Give me thy hand, stand up;

9 — rou a brother of us, &c.] You being one of the council, it is necessary to imprison you, that the witnesses against you may not be deterred. johnson.

1 Than I myself, poor man.] Poor man probably belongs to the King's reply. Grey. -

Pr’ythee, let’s walk. Now, by my holy-dame,
What manner of man are you? My lord, I look’d
You would have given me your petition, that
I should have ta'en some pains to bring together
Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard you
Without indurance,” further.

Cran. Most dread liege,
The good I stand on 3 is my truth, and honesty;
If they shall fail, I, with mine enemies,”
Will triumph o'er my person; which I weigh not,"
Being of those virtues vacant. I fear nothing
What can be said against me.

K. Hen. Know you not how
Your state stands i' the world, with the whole world?
Your enemies
Are many, and not small; their practices
Must bear the same proportion: and not ever*
The justice and the truth o' the question carries
The due o’ the verdict with it: At what ease
Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt
To swear against you? such things have been done.
You are potently oppos'd; and with a malice

2 indurance, i.e. confinement. Dr. Johnson, however, in his Dictionary, says that this word (which Shakspeare borrowed from Fox's narrative already quoted) means—delay, procrastination. - steevens. 3 The good I stand on T Though good may be taken for advantage or superiority, or any thing which may help or support, yet it would, I think, be more natural to say : The ground I stand on —. johnson. The old copy is certainly right. So, in Coriolanus: “Your franchises, whereon you stand, confin'd “Into an augre's bore.” Malone. Again, in The Merry Wives of Windsor; “Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty — steevens. 4 — 1, with mine enemies, Cranmer, I suppose, means, that whenever his honesty fails, he shall rejoice as heartily as his eneInies at his destruction. Malone. * — I weigh not, i.e. have no value for. So, in Love's Labour’s Lost: “You weigh me not.—O that’s, you care not for me.” See King Richard III, Act III, sc. i. Steevens.

6 and not ever –) Not ever is an uncommon expression, and does not mean never, but not always. M. Mason.

Of as great size. Ween you of better luck,”
I mean, in perjur’d witness, than your master,
Whose minister you are, whiles here he liv'd
Upon this naughty earth? Go to, go to;
You take a precipice for no leap of danger,
And woo your own destruction.

Cran. God, and your majesty, } rotect mine innocence, or I fall into The trap is laid for me!

K. Hen. Be of good cheer; They shall no more prevail, than we give way to. Keep comfort to you; and this morning see You do appear before them: if they shall chance, In charging you with matters, to commit you, The best persuasions to the contrary Fail not to use, and with what vehemency The occasion shall instruct you: if entreaties Will render you no remedy, this ring Deliver them, and your appeal to us There make before them.—Look, the good man weeps: He 's honest, on mine honour. God’s blest mother! I swear, he is true-hearted; and a soul None better in my kingdom.–Get you gone, And do as I have bid you.-[Erit CRAN.] He has stran


IIis language in his tears.

Enter an old Lady.” Gent. [within] Come back; What mean you? Jady. I’ll not come back; the tidings that I bring Will make my boldness manners.-Now, good angels Tiy o'er thy royal head, and shade thy person Under their blessed wings!" A. Hen. Now, by thy looks

7 Ween you of better luck, To ween is to think, to imagine. Though now obsolete, the word was common to all our ancient writers. Steevens.

8 — an old Lady..] This, I suppose, is the same old cat that appears with Anne Bullen, p. 250. Steevens. 9

good angels

Fly o'er thy royal head, and shade thy person

Under their blessed wings /) So, in Hamlet, Act III, sc. iv:
“Save me, and hover o'er me with your wings,
“You heavenly guards!” Steevens.

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