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Unwilling to outlive the good that did it;"
Sad and solemn musick. .
Grif. She is asleep: Good wench, let’s sit down quiet, For fear we wake her;-Softly, gentle Patience.
3 Ipswich,) “The foundation-stone of the College which the Cardinal founded in this place, was discovered a few years ago. It is now in the Chapter-house of Christ-Church, Oxford.” Seward's Anecdotes of distinguished Persons, &c. 1795. Steevens.
4 Unwilling to outlive the good that did it;] Unwilling to survive that virtue which was the cause of its foundation: or, perhaps, “the good” is licentiously used for the good man, “the virtuous prelate who founded it.” So, in The Winter's Tale: “ — a piece many years in doing.” Mr. Pope and the subsequent editors read—the good he did it; which appears to me unintelligible. “The good he did it,” was laying the foundation of the building and endowing it: if therefore we suppose the college unwilling to outlive the good he did it, we suppose it to expire instantly after its birth. “The college unwilling to live longer than its founder, or the goodness that gave rise to it,” though certainly a conceit, is suf. ficiently intelligible. Malone. Good, I believe, is put for goodness. So, in p. 314: 46 May it please your highness “To hear me speak his good now " Steevens.
The Vision. Enter, solemnly trihhing one after another,"
Rath. It is not you I call for:
Kath. No? Saw you not, even now, a blessed troop
Grif. I am most joyful, madam, such good dreams
*—solemnly tripping one after another,) This whimsical stagedirection is exactly taken from the old copy. Steevens.
Of this stage-direction I do not believe our author wrote one word. Katharine's next speech probably suggested this tripping dumb-shew to the too busy reviver of this play. Malone.
6 — golden wizards —). These tawdry disguises are also mentioned in Hall's account of a maske devised by King Henry VIII: “—thei were appareled &c. with visers and cappes of golde.” - - Steevens. 7 And leave me here in wretchedness behind ye 2) Perhaps Mr. Gray had this passage in his thoughts, when he made his Bard exclaim, on a similar occasion, (the evanescence of visionary forms): “Stay, O stay! nor thus forlorn “Leave me unbless'd, unpitied, here to mourn!” Steevens. .
Possess your fancy.
Aath. Bid the musick leave, They are harsh and heavy to me. [Musick ceases. Pat. Do you note,
How much her grace is alter'd on the sudden!
Aath. . You are a saucy fellow: Deserve we no more reverence? Grif. You are to blame,
Knowing, she will not lose her wonted greatness,
Re-enter GRIFFITH with CAPUcIUs.
8 — Mark you her eyes?] The modern editors read—Mark her eyes. But in the old copy, there being a stop of interrogation after this passage, as after the foregoing clauses of the speech, I have ventured to insert the pronoun—you, which at once supports the ancient pointing, and completes the measure. Steevens.
9–go to, kneel.] Queen Katharine's servants, after the divorce at Dunstable, and the Pope’s curse stuck up at Dunkirk, were directed to be sworn to serve her not as a Queen, but as Princess Dowager. Some refused to take the oath, and so were forced to leave her service; and as for those who took it and stayed, she would not be served by them, by which means she was almost destitute of attendants. See Hall, fol. 219. Bishop Burnet says, all the women about her still called her Queen. Burmet, p. 162. Reed.
VWhat is your pleasure with me?
Caft, Noble lady,
Kath. O my good lord, that comfort comes too late;
Caft. Madam, in good health.
Kath. So may he ever do! and ever flourish,
Pat. No, madam. [Giving it to KATH.
Rath. Sir, I most humbly pray you to deliver This to my lord the king."
* This to my lord the king.] So, Holinshed, p. 939: “-perceiving hir selfe to waxe verie weak and feeble, and to feele death approaching at hand, caused one of hir gentlewomen to write a letter to the king, commending to him hir daughter and his, beseeching him to stand good father unto hir; and further desired him to have some consideration of hir gentlewomen that had served hir, and to see them bestowed in marriage. Further that it would please him to appoint that hir servants might have their due wages, and a yeares wages beside.” Steevens.
This letter probably fell into the hands of Polydore Virgil, who was then in England, and has preserved it in the twenty-seventh book of his history. The following is Lord Herbert’s translation of it:
“My most dear lord, king, and husband,
“The hour of my death now approaching, I cannot choose but, out of the love I bear you, advise you of your soul's health, which you ought to prefer before all considerations of the world or flesh whatsoever: for which yet you have cast me into many calamities, and yourself into many troubles.—But I forgive you all, and pray God to do so likewise. For the rest, I commend unto you Mary our daughter, beseeching you to be a good father to her, as I have heretofore desired. I must entreat you also to respect my maids, and give them in marriage, (which is not much, they being but three,) and to all my other servants a years pay besides their due, lest otherwise they should be unprovided for. Lastly, I make this vow, that mine eyes desire you above all things. Farewell.” Malone. F f 2
Caft. - Most willing, madam.
Kath. In which I have commended to his goodness The model of our chaste loves,” his young daughter:The dews of heaven fall thick in blessings on her!— Beseeching him, to give her virtuous breeding; (She is young, and of a noble modest nature; I hope, she will deserve well;) and a little To love her for her mother’s sake, that lov’d him, Heaven knows how dearly. My next poor petition Is, that his noble grace would have some pity Upon my wretched women, that so long, Have follow’d both my fortunes faithfully: Of which there is not one, I dare avow, (And now I should not lie) but will deserve, For virtue, and true beauty of the soul, For honesty, and decent carriage, A right good husband, let him be a noble;3 And, sure, those men are happy that shall have them. The last is, for my men;–they are the poorest, But poverty could never draw them from me;— That they may have their wages duly paid them, And something over to remember me by ;
The legal instrument for the divorce of Queen Katharine is still in being; and among the signatures to it is that of Polydore Virgil. Steevens.
* The model of our chaste loves,) Model is image or representative. See Vol. V, p. 267, n. 3; and Vol. VII, p. 418, n. 4. Malone.
3. A right good &c.] I would read this line (not with a semicolon, as hitherto printed,) but with only a comma: A right good husband, let him be a noble; i. e. though he were even of noble extraction. Whalley. Let him be, I suppose, signifies, even thou he should be; or, admit that he be. She means to observe, that nobility superadded to virtue, is not more than each of her women deserves to meet with in a husband. The same phraseology is found in King Richard II: “Setting aside his high blood's royalty, “And let him be no kinsman to my liege.” Steevens. This is, I think, the true interpretation of the line; but I do not see why the words let him be a noble, may not, consistently with this meaning, be understood in their obvious and ordinary sense. We are not to consider Katharine's women like the attendants on other ladies. One of them had already been married to no more than a noble husband; having unfortunately captivated a worthless king. Malone.