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flock to day, removing from thence 40 And Jacob did separate the all the speckled and spotted cattle, lambs, and set the faces of the and all the brown cattle among flocks toward the ring-straked, the sheep, and the spotted and and all the brown in the flock of speckled among the goats: and of Laban: and he put his own flock such shall be my hire. *

by themselves; and put them not 33 So shall my righteousness unto Laban's cattle. answer for me g in time to come, I 41 And it came to pass whenwhen it shall come for my hire soever the stronger cattle did before thy face: every one that is conceive, that Jacob laid the rods not speckled and spotted amongst before the eyes of the cattle in the goats, and brown amongst the the gutters, that they might consheep, that shall be accounted ceive among the rods. stolen with me.

42 But when the cattle were 34 And Laban said, Behold, I feeble, he put them not in: so the would it might be according to feebler were Laban's, and the thy word.

stronger Jacob's. 35 And he removed that day the - 43 And the man increased exceedhe-goats that were ring-straked, ingly, and had much cattle, and and spotted, and all the she-goats maid-servants, and man-servants, that were speckled and spotted, and camels, and asses. and every one that had some white in it, and all the brown among the. CHAP. XXXI. sheep, and gave them into the 1 Jacob's departure from Laban. hands of his sons.

22 Laban pursueth him. 43 Their 36 And be set three days journey covenant at Gilead. betwixt himself and Jacob: and Jacob fed the rest of Laban's flocks. AND he heard the words of

37 | And Jacob took him rods Laban's sons, saying, Jacob hath of green poplar,' and of the hasel taken away all that was our father's; and chesnut-tree; and pilled white and of that which was our father's strakes in them, and made the white hath he gotten all this glory. appear || which was in the rods. 2 And Jacob beheld the counte

38 And he set the rods which nance of Laban, and behold it he had pilled before the flocks was not toward him as before. in the gutters in the watering- : 3 And the LORD said unto Jacob, troughs, when the flocks came to Return unto theland of thy fathers, drink; that they should conceive and to thy kindred ; ** and I will when they came to drink.

be with thee. 39 And the flocks conceived 4 And Jacob sent and called before the rods, and brought forth Rachel and Leah to the field unto cattle ring-straked, speckled, and his flock. spotted.

5 And said unto them, I see

* That is, such as are brought forth from henceforward, speckled, spotted, and brown; after you have separated those, that are sw, from them, shall be my hire.

If thou shouldest hereafter entertain a doubt of my honesty, in judging, that I have taken thy property, my righteousness will then answer for me, as I shall have none but what are speckled, &c. & Heb. To morrow.

By peeling off the rind that covered it. It seems, that the device of the rods, was only made use of by Jacob, at the beginning; but when they had brought forth speckled, and spotted, he made a separate flock of theni, and set them in front, so that the others, by looking on them, might conceive, and bring forth the like; and which it appears they did.

** The learnel Abarbanel observes, that there were taree causes to induce Jacob to quit Laban's service, and return home. The first, the discourse of Laban's sons. Second, the countenance of Laban himself. Third, the command of God; and which was the most weighty of all

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בְּכָל־־צאנְךָ הַיּוֹם הָסֵר מִשָּׁם כָּל־־שָהי נָקָד וְטָלוּא וְכָל־־שֶׁה־־חוּם בַּכְּשָׂבִים וְטָלְוּא וְנָקָר בָּעַיִם וְהָיָה שְׂכָרִי : 33 וְעָנְתָה־בִּי צִדְקָתִי בְּיוֹם מָחָר כִּי־תָבוֹא עַל־שְׂכָרִי לְפָנֶיךְ כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־אֵינֶנּוּ נָקָד וְטָלוּא בָּעַזִים וְחוּם בַּכְּשָׂבִים בְּנָוּב הוּא אִתִּי : 34 וַיֹּאמֶר לָבָן הֵן לוּ יְהִי כִדְבָרֶךְ : 35 וַיָּסַר בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֶת־הַתְּיָשִׁים הָעֶקְדִּים וְהַטְלָאִים וְאֵת כָּל־הָעַזִים הַנְקְדִוֹת וְהַטְלְאֹת כָּל אֲשֶׁר־לָבָן בּוֹ וְכָל־חוּם בַּכְּשָׂבִים וַיִּתֵּן בְּיַד־בָּנָיו : 36 וַיָּשֶׂם דֶּרֶךְ שְׁלֹשֶׁת יָמִים בֵּינוֹ וּבֵין יַעֲקֹב וְיַעֲקב רעֶה אֶת-צאן לָבָן הַנּוֹתָרת : 37 וַיְקַח־לו יעקב מקל לִבְנֶה לַח וְלָוּז וְעַרְמְוֹן וַיְפַעֵל בָּהֵן פְּצָלָוֹת לְבָנוֹת מַחְשׂף הַלָּבָן אֲשֶׁר עַל־־הַמַּקְלוֹת: 38 ויצג אֶת־ הַמַּקְלוֹת אֲשֶׁר פְּצֵל בָּרֶהָטִים בְּשְׁקָתוֹת הַמָּיִם אֲשֶׁר תָּבֹאן הַצְאן לִשְׁתּוֹת לִנְכַח הַצאן וַיְהַמְנָה בְּבאָן לִשְׁתּוֹת: 39 וַיִּחמוּ הַצְאן אֶל־־הַמַקְלוֹת וַתֵּלֶדֶן הַצֵאן עֲקָדִים נְקָדִים וּטְלָאִים : 40 וְהַכְּשָׂבִים הִפְרִיד יַעֲקב וַיִּתֵּן פְּנֵי הַצְאן אֶל־עָקָד וְכָל־חוּם בְּצֵאן לָבָן וַיָּשֶׁת לָוֹ עֲדָרִים לְבַדּוֹ וְלֹא שָׁתָם עַל־צאן לָבָן : 41 וְהָיָה בְּכָל־־יהֶם הַצאן הַמְקָשָׁרוֹת וְשָׂם יֶעקְב אֶת־־הַמַקְלוֹת לְעֵינֵי הַצְאן בָּרְהָטִים לְיַחְמַנָּה בַּמַּקְלוֹת: 42 וּבְהַעֲטִיף הַצְאן לֹא יָשִׂים וְהָיָה הָעַטְפִים לְלָבָן וְהַקְשָׁרִים לְיַעֲקב:

43 וַיִּפְרֹץ הָאִישׁ מְאֹד מְאֹד וַיְהִי־־לוֹ צאן רַבּוֹת לא וּשְׁפָחוֹת עֲבָדִים וּגְמַלִים וַחֲמֹרִים : וַיִּשְׁמַע אֶת־

דִּבְרֵי בְנֵי־לָבָן לֵאמֹר לָקַח יַעֲקֹב אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר לְאָבִינוּ וּמֵאֲשֶׁר לְאָבִינוּ עָשָׂה אֵת כָּל־הַכָּבֵד הַזֶּה: 2 וירא יַעֲקב אֶת־פְּנֵי לָבָן וְהִנֵּה אֵינֶנּוּ עַמּוֹ כָּתְמוֹל שִׁלְשׁוֹם : 3 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־יַעֲקֹב שֶׁוּב אֶל־־אֶרֶץ אֲבוֹתֵיךְ וּלְמוֹלַדְבֶּךְ וְאֶהְיֶה עִמָּךְ : 4 וַיִּשְׁלַח יַעֲקֹב וַיִּקְרָא לְרָהֵן וּלְלֵאָה הַשָּׂדֶה אֶל־צֹאנוֹ : 5 וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶן רֹאֶה אָנֹכִ

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mandrakes * in the field, and 23 And she conceived and bare brought them unto his mother a son; and said God hath-taken Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, away my reproach. || Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's 24 And she called his name mandrakes.

Joseph; and said, The Lord shall 15 And she said unto her, Is it add to me another son. a small matter that thou hast taken 25 , And it came to pass, when my husband? and wouldest thou Rachel had borné Joseph, that take away my son's mandrakes Jacob said unto Laban, Send me also ? And Rachel said, Therefore away, that I may go unto mine he shall lie with thee to night for own place, and to my country. thy son's mandrakes.

26 Give me my wives and my 16 And Jacob came out of the children, for whom I have served field in the evening, añd Leah went thee, and let me go: for thou out to meet him, and said, Thou knowest my service which I have must come in unto me, for surely done thee. I have hired theë with my son's 27 And Laban said unto him, I mandrakes. And he lay with her pray thee, if I have found favour that night.

in thine eyes, tarry: for I have 17 And God hearkened unto learned by experience that the Leah, $ and she conceived and Lord hath blessed me for thy bare Jacob the fifth son.

sake. T 18 And Leah said, God hath 28 And he said, Appoint me given me mine hire, I because I thy wages, and I will give it. have given my maiden to my hus- 29 And he said unto him, Thou band: and she called his name knowest how I have served thee, Issachar.

and how thy cattle was with me. 19 And Leah conceived again, 30 For it was little which thou and bare Jacob the sixth son. . hadst before I came, and it is now

20 And Leah said, God hath increased unto a multitude; and endued me with a good dowry; the Lord hath blessed thee since now will my husband dwell with my coming : and now when shall me, because I have born him six I provide for mine own house sons: and she called his name also ? Zebulun.

31 And he said, What shall I 21 And afterwards she bare a give thee? And Jacob said, Thou daughter, and called her name shalt not give me any thing; if Dinah.

thou wilt do this thing for me, 22 | And God remembered I will again feed and keep thy Rachel, and God hearkened to flock: her, and opened her womb.

32 I will pass through all thy * A plant whose root is supposed to bear a resemblance to the human form; but it is certain that Rachel must have desired exceedingly to have theni, to purchase them at such a price.

$ That is, he paid attention to the extraordinary desire that she had to bear children, and thereby render herself acceptable to her husband : as nothing was so honourable then, as a numerous progeny.

According to the English translation, she praises God for giving her the mandrakes that her son had found, which enabled her to purchase her husband's company for one night, which occasioned the birth of this son. But, if my hire was to be rendered my reward, then this verse would have a more natural and more simple meaning : viz. “God hath requited me my reward (meaning, by “ giving her this son,) for my generous action of giving my handmaid to my husband.” And, by the English version, she constitutes the mandrakes as the reward of that generous action, by which she had been able to hire her husband to cohabit with her.

|| Barrenness was then accounted a reproach; and so it continued among the posterity of Jacob; as may be seen by Hannah, 1 Samuel, chap. i verse 6.

I For before he came, he had no son, as his daughter was ubliged to attend the flock; which it is not likely would have been the case, had he had sons, as at present. Jarchi

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