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was present when a child, at the and more health than probably has death of Captain Cook, and that ever fallen to the lot of the same extraordinary event had made an number of men in any situation for indeliable impression on his memo- the same period. ry; he was one of a group of wo Such a thing is happiness, which men and children, who stood aloof, the poet defines to be “ health, spectators of the fray.
peace, andcompetence," but whichi, In answer to my inquiries, the if 'resolvable into any one thing, Captain told me, that this man and must be traced to a temper constianother he had taken on board from tutionally cheerful. As to health, another ship at sea : on what terms it is, at best, only certain degrees or with what motives they left their of it, that are necessary to tran. native country was not explained, quillity: as to peace, there is too but this one (he shortiy after parted much ambiguity in this expression with the other) has been the mirror if mental peace be meant, it': mounts of good nature, cheerfulness and to no more than what had previously fidelity ever since. He has never
been said, “ that happiness is hap. betrayed the slightest uneasiness at piness.” If external circumstances his situation, nor expressed the be meant, it stillanounts to nothing, least desire to return. His country for no term can be more vague and and all its concerns are to him like indeterminate, as descriptive of the dream of infancy; they are sel- personal conditions. As to compedom called back to remembrance, tence, happiness su'ely consists in and appear to produce no emotion the pursuit of competence rather when they are remembered. than in the enjoyment, and the haj)-He made his appearance last hope, and eager in the pursuit of
piest faces are those animated by winter on the New-York Theatre, a distant object. in a drama, exhibiting the death of Captain Cook, and displayed with poorest and most dependent, the
Among all my acquaintance, the great applause, the peculiar dress, least qualified for gaining aitinence weapons, and exercises of his coun
and dignity among a civilized race try....Here was an actor, such as fails to the lot of but few Managers man whose hours fly away in most
of men, and, at the same time the to obtain.
gniety of heart, is my friend Janica If it be a blessing to enjoy perfect Cook, the Owhyhee man, health, a chearful temper, an alicctionate heart, and a robust frame, " James Cook" deserves to be en
LEGIBILITY IN WRITING. vied. His understanding does not I have just received an applica" appear to be an improveable one. tion in writing from a writings He has more resemblance to Omai master, which it has cost me some than to Prince Leboo, and joins the trouble to decypher. He professes docility of a child to tlaqe vigour of a to teach many valuable arts, and, man.
among other things, • a free, easy On board of this ship, two hun- and elegant hund.” This letter is, dred and fifty persons have resided no doubt, designed as a specimen four months, and traversed three of penmanship, and it cannot be thousand miles of ocean; they are denied to be free, easy and cieganta of all ages and sexes; many hive It is free, that is, the strokes are been born on board: yet they ail almost horizontal, and the words have enjoyect, within such narrow are very near iogether, while the compass, with the recollections of lines and letters are very wide an home rever abandoned, and apart; it is easy, inasmuch as the with the prospect of years of ser- pen flew like a glance of lightning vitude to unknown masters in a from one side of the sheet tu tie strange land, as much chcerfulness, oiler, an what a man perforius
with ease, he generally does quick: contents of a score of huge mishapen it is elegant, because the ink is and gigantic pages are reduced to very black and brilliant, and the the limits of a few ociodecimos, as strokes, at the same time, are the Milton's internal giants were remost graceful curves, and are duced to pigmics. “ slender by degrees and beautiful Those who write for the press, ly less.” Unluckily, however, and have seldom any mercy upon the as the consequence of this freedom, eves cf the poor devils, the printers. ease, and elegance, his words oc- They, who are careless and hasty cupy four times more space upon on other occasions, are doubly so the paper than is necessary, and on this, alleging, forsooth, that all are scarcely legible.
pains are thrown away upon a paper It is very strange that custom which is to be used for a few mishould thus consecrate a manifest nutes, and then cast away forever. defect, and that writing should be Bad writers cannot write well, generally condemned, in propor- without more than usual deliberation as it accomplishes the very tion and delay, and this is the great end of writing, which consists cause of their continuing to scrawl. in being read. To occupy as small I wish it were possible to convince a space as is consistent with dis- them that, abstractedly co sidered, tinctness, and to adopt that size and it is as easy to form characters corform of letters which is most easily rectly as incorrectly, and that the read, is the legitimate excellence of most distinct and legible hand is writing, and ought to be exclusive. written, by some persons, who are ly studied by all teachers. Any other wellinstructed, with as much facility elegance than that arising from uni- and expedition, as they themselves formity is spurious and pernicious. disp.ay. Habit is as necessary to Lines straight, parallel, and equal make us write zig-zag lines and in width: and letters uniform in horizontal strokes with dispatch, as size, figure, and relation to each on straight lines and upright letters. other, constitute the genuine elegance of writing.
I believe it will be found that those ALL the errors, and all the spiwho write with most excellence, rit of disputation, in cases where according to my notions of excel- the parties have been limited to pen lence, have taught themselves, be- and ink, have been exemplified cause such are most likely to copy in the controversy which has been printed books, and typographical carried on for several years in the characters are far superior, in ge- United States, on the origin and neral, to written ones, in the pro- nature of the yellow fever. During perty of being legible.
the present season the controversy I have often been amused in appeared, at first, to have languishobserving the vast difference be- ed, but the example ofone of our gatween writing and printing. A zettes gradually iflamed the rest, miserable scrawling hand, never to and the fever was not suffered wholbe decyphered but by the study of ly to pass without a renewal of the the context, ragged paper of all warfare. I have just been amused textures, colours, and sizes, filled with the perusal of a newspaper with interlineations and blots, and essay on this subject, in which the the nice adjustment of points and writer reasons with great force capitais totaily neglected, is meta- and ingenuity, in favour of foreign morphosed by that magical ma- origin, but in which he is betrayecl, chine, the press, into the perfection by the strengh of his own conof beauty, regularity, and accuracy: viction, into the usual invectives It is like the form of a Dorick against his adversaries. temple, rising, at the waving of an For instance .... Reierence (says omnific wand, from a chaotic heap he) to these facts (those which he of spars and brick-bats; and the had just descanted on....) are suffi
bient to convince the most incredu- or politeness, or a desire of conlous who are desirous that the truth vincing ought to induce us to conshould be established.
ceal our doubts. There is nothing " But,” he thus proceeds, “ not clearer than that acrimony and conwithstanding these undeniable and tempt only fortify the mind against decisive piroofs, there are some who conviction, and that the strongest ....still deny their validity, and, arguments will only be thrown away with the obstinacy of fiends, per- upon those whom we charge as severe in their endeavours to esta- foolish or criminal for differing blish its domestic origin."
from us. After comparing the present and former condition of Philadelphia, in point of cleanliness, he inquires, “ How any man, acquainted with I have retired at a late hour the connection between cause and to my lonely and quiet chamber, effect, or accustomed to reason on and taken up the pen as usual, the nature and causes of events, to rescue some of the events of can presume to ascribe such a dis- this day from oblivion. This ease to," &c.
solitude, seclusion and quiet, and After the considerations enume. the perfect liberty they confer rated, he proceeds to exclaim.... are not without many charms; but, “ No man, po88c88ed of rational alas! my mind is seldom in a state facul'ips, can possibly hesitate in to relish these charms. This freedeciding to which doctrine, if truth dom is servitude; this stillness is vere his object, he ought to sub- irksome; this loneliness is dreary. scribe."
My heart pants after a companion He winds up his dissertation in at such hours of retirement: an the following style :....“ If the facts ear to drink in the effusions of my which have been stated are au- boundlessly communicative tongue: thentic, no man who examines a tender bosom unlocking all its them dispassionately, or whose treasures of thought and feeling in mind is not under the duminion of return. the most ertraordinary delusion, This is happiness. It may not can possibly withhold his belief;" be the only species of felicity, and &c. &c. How unnatural it is, or of all the kinds of terrestrial bliss, it rather how perfectly natural it is may be the seldomest enjoyed, and for a reasoner of this kind to sign the most transitory and precarious himself " A Dispassionate Phila- in possession, but to me, this is delphian."
the highest bliss. Such an arguer as this, places his Seldom, indeed, is marriage proadversary in a very whimsical di- ductive of an harmony and union lemma. He dares not deny any of like this; if the wedded pair have these undeniable positions, without equal understandings, and conseincurring the charge of “ being quently feel and think in a manner destitute of rational faculties”.... intelligible to each other, ten thou“ of being under a most extraordi- sand chances to one, but some nary delusion”....." of wishing to humour, some caprice, some fasestablish falshood."
tidious dciicacy on one side, or One would think that a man, de some habitual indecorum on the sirous of gaining converts, would other, enbitter's their secluded monot begin with awakening the pre- ments. Without taking into view judices of his opponents, by question. the external ills of life, incident in ing their understanding and their some degree to all, and doubled honesty. If we cannot hinder the upon each devoted heart by comheat of argument from inspiring us nunion and sympathy, there is a with doubts of the reason or inte. plenteous and inexhaustible source grity of our opponents; prudence of misery in temper. All are, in this
respect, in some degree defective, real children, and his own actual and tempers, harmless by them- temper, and person, and manners, selves, are frequently pernicious by are beyond his power to bend and being unhappily sorted.
mould agreeably to any imaginary
standard. This unhappiness, however, though occasionally intense, allows I spent this evening at C.......'s, of bright intervals: there are for- and had two amusing instances of tunate moments when such minds matrimonial character before me. meet without collision; in which The lady was very unhappy. She their thoughts and feelings are
could not rid herself for a moment alike. To such, therefore, happi- of an air of apprehension and disness, though a rare visitant, and quiet. On inquiry, I found that frequently turned out of door by all this discomposure arose from the humour and caprice, is not utterly absence of her husband, who was a stranger. Pure and uninterupted gone ten miles out of town, and misery belongs only to a couple contrary to expectation was to stay whose minds are unimpaired: so un
the night abroad. How necessary, equal to each other in capacity and thought I, is the company of her dissimilar in feelings, that they are
husband to this lady's happiness, never permitted to recognize a kin- since his absence for one night is dred spirit, and to whom the compa
so intolerable; but I quickly ceased ny of each other is the worst solitude. to wonder at this impatience, when Nothing is more common than such she proceeded to inform me that marriages as this. Whether it be this was the first night which they the incurable defect of human na
had passed under separate roofs, ture, which forbids men and women during the eleven and än half years to resemble each other sufficiently of their marriage. for their mutual happiness, or the This lady's impatience is no proof folly and precipitance of youth in of attachnient to her husband, nor the marriage choice, is a point easi. of the happiness his company afly debated, but hard to decide.
fords her. Bere there no other My friend J....... endeavours to proofs of their mutual affection and console himself under his late dis. domestic harmony, I should more appointment, by insisting on the readily infer an unhappy, than an impossibi'ity of any permanent har. happy life, since many must be the mony in marriage, or any sufficient occasions of repining to one, whom coincidence between the tempers
a day's absence of an husband makes and understandings of men and
miserable. women. He pretends not to set I was much amused with the himself up as an immaculate ex contrast which the lady's sentiments ample, but admits with facility, and experience bore to those of that his own temper and habits captain L......., who happened to would be incompatible with natri. be present. After expressing his monial felicity. However vague surprise at her emotion, he shewed and hollow the pleasures he derives us à letter from his wife which from indulging a fertile imagina. breathed the utmost cheerfulness tion on this topic, and creating a and good humour, though she had wife and a woman to his fancy, he not seen him during the last eighthinks greater happiness is to be teen months. In this time he had expected from this source than crossed the Atlantic several times, from any actual marriage. In his but always returning to a port, diswaking dreams, he can model his tant from his wife's residence, he own person and temper, and those found it most convenient to defer of his wife and children as he visiting her till his next voyage was pleases; but the real wife, and the accomplished.
THE PERUVIAN RELIGION.
Mrs. C. expressed her surprise, For the Literary Magazine. that any woman could endure such an absence from a man she loved. My wife (returned the captain)
To the Editor, &c. is a very excellent woman, and loves her husband as well as the common run of women. There is
I wish some of your correspondents not an happier couple breathing, would inform me where I must when we are together.
look for an accurate acquaintance I suppose, said I, your interviews with the Peruvian religion. The are too short to allow you to be very brief abstract to be found in tired of each other.
Dr. Robertson, serves rather to
whet curiosity tha:2 to gratify it. By no means. I have been at The books to which the historian home above three weeks at a time. alludes, are chiefly Spanish, and And pray, said I, what has been lated, but which of them has been
some of these, perhaps, are transFour longest absence from her?
made accessible by an English transThree years and an half is the lation, I am desirous of knowing. very most.... The captain proceed I should be still better pleased, if ed to tell me, that he had had seven some ingenious scholar would supchildren, not one of whom he had ply me and the world with an acever seen, and explained this seem- count of this religion, compiled from ing paradox by observing, that each original writers as fully and circumof his children had come into the stantially as these authorities would world in his absence, and gone out admit. Should he carry the spirit of of it again before his return; Robertson into this subject he would of them, it seems, was two years produce a very interesting perand an half old at its death.
formance. What conceivable purpose of
The Peruvian religion is the marriage was answered by an union
most extraordinary form of worof persons
in these circumstances? ship known in the world. The It is commonly supposed, that peo- nation, indeed, in every point of ple marry in order to live together; view, is the most singular and and that marriage is a curse, instead most like the creature of a romanof a blessing, to those who are obliged
tic invention, of any to be found to be separate.
in the records of history, and
deserves much more attention from An ill assorted couple, indeed, philosophical inquirers than it has can only find their happiness in se hitherto obtained. The true cirparation, and to such, absence and cumstance in this religion, most forgetfulness are the highest goods. worthy of note, appears to be the But there are many well disposed selection of the sun...." of this great men, among sailors, who seem to world both eve and soul”....as the have much humanity and milkiness only object of worship, and the use of disposition, and who are fortun- of flowers and fruits, as offerings ate in tender and amiable wives, to this divinity. Unbloody sacriand yet find home insupportable. fices, and the adoration of the great After being a few weeks on shore, lumin ry, is a species of idolatry the uniformity and stillness of the the least absurd and pernicious that scene becomes intolerabie, and they can be imagined, and the influence pine after storms and billows with of this re'iyin on the manners of as much intensity, as sunie vther Peru, justies this opinion. people sigh alier a quiet fire-side, I hope some of your readers will the caresses of a wife, and the dig, attend to this request. mity and comforts of home.