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with the sun, at the same period Teething,
2 that the sun crosses the line. Ma Hooping cough,
1 ny years must elapse before a simi Diseases unknown, 2 lar occurrence can take place. It
8 is worthy of attention whether this
12 singular phenomenon will produce any material effect on the weather.
20 August 29.
CARLISLE, PENN. SEPT. 17. Interments in the different burying At a court of oyer and terminer,
grounds of this city, for the week held in this town last week, came ending this morning at sun rise. on the trial of John and James CaDrowned,
1 rothers, for manslaughter, in taking Cramp in the stomach, 1 the life of James Carothers, senr. Casualty,
1 The trial commenced on Friday Consumption,
2 morning, and lasted until Saturday Croup,
1 evening; the Jury after remaining Intemperance,
1 about an hour, returned a verdict, Bilious fever,
1 “ Not Guilty.” Dropsy,
PHILADELPHIA, SEPT. 8. Hooping cough,
Number of interments in the burial Worms,
grounds of the city and liberties Mumps,
of Philadelphia, in the month of Teething,
August last, viz. Fits, 2
Adul. Chil. Still-born,
5 10 Hives,
3 3 Cholera,
1 3 Diseases unknown,
2 4 German Lutheran, 8 18 Adults,
5 5 German Presbyterian, 39 Children,
33 6 Sociсty of Friends, 5 13 7 St. Mary's,
5 12 38 8 Holy Trinity,
3 7 September 5.
9 First Presbyterian, 1 3 Consumption,
2 10 Second
1 6 2 11 Third do. Hemorrhage, 1 12 Fourth do.
1 4 Sudden death, 1 13 Scotch do.
0 5 Bilious fever, 1 14 Associate do.
0 1 Worms, 3 15 Moravian,
0 1 Fits, 1 16 Swedes,
08 Still-born, 1 17 Methodist,
1 2 Mumps,
1 18 Society of Free Quakers, 6 3 Disease unknown,
1 2 Cholera, 15 20 Universalists,
0 8 Children,
22 African Episcopalians, 1
2 103 September 12.
25 Coats's Burial Ground, 0 0 Dropsy,
26 Public Burial Ground, 30 50 Cramp in the stomach, 1 Sudden death,
122 182 1 Bilious fever,
Of the above died of Fits,
2 Bilious fever
17 is celebrated on this day, as being Cholic
1 the first of their month of Messidor, Decay
5 or the harvest-month. The name Dropsy
4 of Messidor applied to this month Fever
5 shews that the usual harvest-month Fits
15 of France is from the 23d of June Flux
9 to the 23d of July, which is earlier, Gout in the stomach
2 I believe, by a full month than the Hooping cough
4 harvest in England. This fete conKilled
4 sisted of municipal officers, adorned Lunacy
1 with tri-coloured scarfs, marching Mortification
3 in a procession, in the centre of Palsy
1 which was a chariot drawn by oxen. Pleurisy
1 In this chariot, which was covered Purging and vomiting
65 and decorated with green boughs, Still-born
2 twisted together to form a shade, Teeth and worms
10 were seated four old farmers, have Sore throat
2 ing ears of corn in their hats. This Drowned and other casualties 13 procession was attended by the mi. Diseases not mentioned *120 litary of Bordeaux, of which there
are not more than 500 in this large
Total 294 city. * Ofthis number fifty-three were When the procession stopped in the orders from the Alms House, and public gardens, the military paraded three from the Pennsylvania Hos- round the chariot, and the band pital.
played the different republican airs, The number of deaths in the pre- The lower orders of the people are
sent year, contrasted with the mightiiy pleased with these procesa deaths which occurred in the same sions and fetes, while the higher months of 1802.
orders seem to despise them as 1802.
1803. mountebank mummery, and the Adults. Chil.Tot. Ads. Ch. Tot. foppery of republicanism. The Jan. 142 75 217 68 42 110 government, however, considers Feb. 110 60 170 78 35 111 these institutions in the most seriMarch 100 47 147 66 41 107 ous light; they hope from them to April 90 58 148 75 41 116 attach the passions and pleasures May 82 59 141 69 41 110 of the people to the republican June 96 67 163 78 64 142 cause, and to republican ideas. July 129 132 261 78 127 205 With this view, they give them August 109 153 262 | 112 182 294 many republican holidays, set off
with republican pomp and repubTotals 858 651 1509 622 573 1195 lican music.
These kind of holidays have, I Extract from the correspondence of believe, never been introduced be
an American Travellerin France. fore any country. I remember
BORDEAUX, JUNE 23, 1798. nothing like them in ancient or IN my last, I gave you an account modern history; if we except the of some of the melancholy occur. annual rejoicings of the Egyprences which took place during the tians on the retiring of the waters revolution; I have now to describe of the Nile, and the annual custom some of those republican institutions, of the Emperor of China holding by which the Directory expect to the plough, as an example to his make amends to the people for all subjects, and as a mark of respect the evils which accompanied this to the first of arts. It appears to great political event. I this day me, that the idea of these national witnessed one of their public fetes, liolidars was first suggested to the called the fete of agriculture, which French philosophers and literati by
Marmontel, in his historical ro a table in the centre of the inclo. mance called the Incas of Peru. sure. The Peruvians are there represent They then salute the municipal ed as having annual feasts of the officer; and a short republican sun; fetes for youth, for marriage, hymn, appropriate to the occasion, and for old age. The Directory is sung. That couple then retires have instituted annual fetes for from the church with their friends, youth, and fetes for old age; and and another roll of the drum gives as for marriages, having seen their the signal to the second couple to republican marriages, I think the come forward, and go through the subject too important to pass it same ceremonies. With such a over without a particular descrip- display of military standards and tion.
military music, you would almost I was in the cathedral last De- suppose, that the government meant cade (which is the republican sah- to consider marriage as a military bath) and saw ten or twelve couple institution; but the real cause is, married. A part of the church was that, of all shews, a military shew inclosed for the purpose, with seats is the least expensive, and governat each side, and an aitar at the ex ment wishes to have as much shew tremity, to which one must ascend as possible at a small cost. Before by steps. Upon the altar lay a the ceremony had begun, I particubasket of flowers, most of them the larly noticed among the females, common flowers of the fields; at who were within the inclosure, one one side sat the brides and their of about nineteen years of age, who female friends, all in white, with peculiarly attracted my attention by garlands of white flowers (natural the superior fineness of her form or artificial) on their heads, the and eves, and the great degree of same in their bosoms; at the other sensibility and soul which marked side sat the bridegrooms and the her countenance, which was noble male friends. The inclosure was and interesting in the extreme. taken up exclusively by the parties She was, of all the females within to be married and their friends; the inclosure, the most carelessly but from the outside of the inclosure, dressed, not having the usual ornaI saw distinctly what passed within. ments of flowers in her hair. She After the company had been some was so remarkably unadorned (extime seated, the noise of the fife cept by nature), that I rather wonand drum at the church door, and dered at her coming to this feast the display of military standards, without a wedding-garment. For announced the arrival of the muni- a considerable time she seemed easy pal officers. The appearance was and careless, but a roll of the drum not much superior to that of con- (awful to her as the last trumpet) stables of the watch in England: seemed to harrow up her whole soul; they were distinguished by tri- she stood up, burst into tears, and coloured scaris, and wore their hats dropped down again upon her seat. on during the ceremony, which is It was with theutmost difficulty that considered by the law as a mere she could be supported to the altar, civil contract.
where she stood drowned in tears, Every couple knew the order that and hardly knowing where she wilso they were to go up in to the altar. or what was passing. From the At the signal, which is given by the men's side of the inclosure there roll of a drum, the first couple, with hebbled out an old fournisseur, or two or three friends on either side, contractor the army of Italy, who who attended as witnesses, went up was to be her spouse. Then what to the altar and signed the marriage there was before of mystery in her contract; they then descended, and deep affliction became apparen'; signed their names in two more then one could trace ner sorrow to books or registers, which lay upon its secret source, where it lay con
cealed among the warm wishes and they consider, by no means imposnatural desires of a young heart, sible. formed for enjoying and communi The people here are, at present, cating perfect happiness.
very much divided between Decade She went to the church, and was and Sunday: government will not sacrificed at the altar, in obedience allow the shops to be shut on Sunto the advice of friends (which has days, as they consider that a direct more weight with the girls here opposition to the republican calenthan in England); but, when ar- dar, which will not admit of the rived at the altar, she could no Christian era. The people, on the longer govern her affliction, or re- other hand, will not shut their shops strain her tears. I have seen dif. on Decades, or voluntarily acquiferent executions, and have, in dif- esce in the new calender. The ferent countries, witnessed very consequence of this opposition is, barbarous military punishments, but that the Bordeaux shopkeeper keeps never did I see any thing more af no holiday, or day of rest, and fecting than this human sacrifice of drudges the whole year round. a forced marriage.
I have seen the celebrated BarThe old fournisseur was so stii- rere, who appears very publicly pid as to appear quite insensible of here, and is much respected on acthegreat aversion of his young bride, count of his private character, notand to consider her tears and agony withstanding the places he held in as the mere common effects of youth- the Committee of Public Safety. ful bashfulness and maiden modesty. He is a smart well-looking little In France, the unmarried girls have man; his air and manners easy and usually not so much liberty as in genteel, his complexion, hair, and England, while the married women eyes dark, and his countenance extake more: this makes young girls pressive of sensibility and imaginaimpatient to be married; and, when tion. The government must have marriages are made without much connived at his escape from prison, previous acquaintance, and without or he would not venture to appear mutual affection, in a country where so publicly. Drouet, the celebrated gallantry is somewhat the fashion, post-master of Varennes, who stophusbands must be prepared for the ped the royal famiiy, and afterwards consequences. This, I believe, is was taken prisoner, and lay many a principal cause which gives the years in the Austrian dungeons, was French woman the reputation of suffered to escape at the same time. being rather loose in respect to the When he was taken by the Austri. point of female honour. I am con ans, his friends, the Jacobins, had vinced, that when they are united the government of France; when to a man from choice and their own he was released, he found his friends inclination, they are as affectionate proscribed by the re-action which and agreeable companions as any in took place after the death of Robesthe world, as constant, and as much pierre, and, as an Austrian dungeon attached, as ready to share his for- was no school of philosophy or potunes, and to make any sacrifices or litics, it was but reasonable to exexertions for his interest. There pect that he would come out of it are many persons here, who are with the same political principles not content with a republican mar. with which he entered it. riage, but get themselves also privately married by a priest, according to the forms of the Catholic re THE act directed that a general ligion. This not only satisfies every enumeration should be made on conscientious scrupie, but makes the the 10th March, 1801, in England marriage binding in case of a coun- and Wales, and in Scotland as soon ter-revolution, which is a case, as after as possible. The summary
In the year
of the enumeration appeared to be mounts to . 8,872,980 persons for as follows:
England and Wales, to which num
Persons. ber an appropriate share of the In England
8,331,434 soldiers and marines is to be added. Wales
541,546 These appear to be about a thirScotland.
1,599,068 teenth part; the existing population - Army and Militia.
198,351 of England and Wales is therefore Navy and Marines 126,279 in the following table taken at Merchant Seamen 144,558 9,168,000, and the population thereConvicts
1,110 in attributed to the other years is
given in proportion to the average Total....10,942,646 medium of baptisms at the respec-,
tive periods. The total population of Great Britain is supposed to exceed the
Population of England and Wales above number, as from some pa
throughout the last century. rishes no returns were received.
Population. The number of houses in Ireland 1700...................5,475,000 has been nearly ascertained, by the
1710.............. ..5,240,000 collection of the hearth-money tax,
1720...................5,565,000 from which it has been computed
1730...................5,796,000 that the population of that part of
1740.............. 66,064,000 the United Kingdom somewhat ex
1750............. .6,467,000 ceeds 4,000,000.
..........6,736,000 The islands of Guernsey, Jersey, 1770..................7,428,000 Alderney, and Sark, the Scilly isl 1780..................7,953,000 ands, and the isle of Man, were not
1801................... comprised in the enumeration. The
..9,168,000 total population of these islands has
The following table for Scotland, been usually estimated at 80,000 is formed in the same manner, but persons.
is of much less authority, as foundOn these grounds, with a moder- ed on a collection of no more than ate allowance for omissions in the 99 registers from different parts of returns, the total population of the the country. United Kingdom of Great Britain Population of Scotland throughand Ireland, appears to be as fol- out the last century. lows:
Population Persons. 1700..................1,048,000 England and Wales 8,872,980 1710............. 1,270,000 Scotland.
1,599,068 1720........... .1,390,000 Ireland
1730............. ..1,309,000 Islands of Guernsey, &c. 80,000 1740.............
..1,222,000 Allowance for omissions 77,354 1750.......... ..1,403,000
14,629,402 1770........ ... 1,434,000 Soldiers ..
198,351 1780............ ..1,458,000 Sailors...
...... .....1,652,370 Total....15,100,000 REMARKS ON FEMALE DRESS. The abstracts of the registers of IT has been a matter of some baptisms, burials, and marriages, all surprise among the curious, and of concur in shewing that there has still greater concern among the been a gradual increase of the po- benevolent part of mankind, that pulation during the last century. It the present light, airy, and highly appears from the above accounts, unsuitable dresses should prevail that the enumeration of 1801 a among females at this inclement
In the year