« PreviousContinue »
people could reason when their people, and their thirst of glory and wants are in question, it would be conquest, which success only serves easy to prove, that the expenses to stimulate. In this, however, I which are so disagreeable to them have been a good deal deceived. fall in a small proportion on the The conscription was at first effect. public treasury; but we well know, ed with scarce any obstacle, but that the multitude are incapable of not without great murmurs; that entering into such details. The institution which peculiarly belongs Revolution has rendered them jea- to France, seems about to fail comIcus of every thing connected with pletely. There is no ardour in the rank and splendor ; but to that, it youth, much indisposition in the pais proper their minds should be ha- rents..... The Government ought, bituated. As to the burden of taxes, therefore, to direct all its attention I am of opinion that it is not suffici to an inquiry into the causes which ently disguisell, and that it may be have produced this apathy, and reaugmented without being so sensi- sistance. Vigorous measures are bly felt. It is the opinion of finan- necessary to remedy those evils, parciers, that too much is levied on ticularly, if I do not succeed in the land. We must have recourse to efforts I still intend to make in my indirect taxation; but that requires journey, for re-animating that waran extended commerce; and this like spirit which seems about to be war, which I could neither prevent extinguished. nor delay, has deranged all my “I must next notice those scenes plans for the restoration of our in- from which I have experienced an dustry and navigation. I hope, almost equal degree of anxiety, however, that with the aid of some which fortunately, however, begin regular tributes which we have a to diminish, I mean the crimes which right to require from our neigh- some months ago still assailed us, bours, either for the benefits which .... That phrenzy of vengeance and they have received, or which we pillage has long given me great ungrant them, it will be possible to di- easiness, and the special tribunals minish the public charges; but this will never be able to protect us from resource is not yet fixed, though it its attempts. Here I must observe, has already produced much. But thatourjudicialorganization is bad; the 'measure in the execution of the Judges are too independent of which I have experienced real ob- the Government. Their places stacles, and open disaffection, is my ought not to be for life, and we attempt to increase the army to ought to possess more means of stithat degree of force which is pro- mulating them, when they are inacportionate to our influence in Eu tive or timid, or of punishing them rope, and the expeditions lam pre. when they misunderstand their duparing.
ty. The institution of juries, which “We cannot support our power I have preserved out of respect to without a great military establish- those who founded it, rather than ment. We cannot remain formi- from any regard to the public opidable, unless we present to astonish- nion, is useless and never can be na. ed Europe a gigantic army. Mili- turalized among us. Popular intary glory has raised us to our pre- stitutions will never suit France. sent situation, and it is only by a Every thing which approximates display of military power, that we to the people, soon becomes either c.in maintain ourselves in it. the object of their contempt or indif
“I confess, that for constructing ference. We must have severe juthis formidable support of our gran- dicial forms, and inflexible jur'ges. deur, I thought I perceived great Such a reform would be worthy of facilities in the national character, our meditations. You ought to pave in the warlike talents of the French the way for it by your speeches und
your writings....Without it, there consequently, his rights and possesis neither repose for us, nor securi- sions in quality of Prince of that ty for the people."
“In the mean time, until his maCapitulation of Hanover.
jesty shall be informed of their senThe capitulation of Hanover, was timents, he has commanded me to made upon condition that the En- state, in his character of Elector of glish government should ratify the Hanover, he will scrupulously abterms of it. The French minister stain from every act which can be appears to have lost no time in considered as contravening the stitransmitting this instrument to the pulations contained in the ConvenEnglish court, and demanding the tion which was concluded on the confirmation of it. The following 3d of June, between the deputies reply was made by Lord Hawkes appointed by the Regency of Hanobury, in June 15, 1803.
ver and the French Government. "I have his majesty's orders to “General Mortier was then ininform you, that as he has always formed, that in consequence of the considered the character of Elec- refusal of the ratification on the tor of Hanover as distinct from his part of the King of England, the character of King of the United Convention of Sublingen was conKingdoms of Great Britain and sidered as null, as the following letIreland, he cannot consent to acqui- ter from Mortier to Walmoden was esce in any act which might sanction the consequence of this informathe idea that he is justly susceptible tion, of being attacked in one capacity, “I have the honour to inform for the conduct he may think it his your Excellency that the First Conduty to adopt in the other. It is not sul would have approved in its ennow that this principle has, for the tire contents, the Convention of first time, been advanced. It has Sublingen, had the King of England been recognized by several powers himself consented to ratify it. It is of Europe, and more particularly therefore with pain I have to acby the French government, which, quaint you that Lord Hawkesbury in 1796, in consequence of his ma- has informed Citizen Talleyrand jesty's accession to the Treaty of that his Britannic Majesty formalBasle, recognized his neutrality in ly refused that ratification. his capacity of Elector of Hanover, “ Your Excellency will recollect at the moment when it was at war that in 1757, a similar Convention with him in his quality of King of was concluded at Closter Seven, beGreat Britain. This principle had tween M. de Richelieu and the besides been confirmed by the con- Duke of Cumberland, and that the duct of his majesty in reference to King of England not being disposed the Treaty of Luneville, and by the to adhere to it, gave orders to his arrangements which have lately ta- army to recommence hostilities. ken piece relative to the Germanic “ It is to avoid a renewal of the indemnities, whose object must have scenes which then took place, that been, to provide for the indepen. Government charges me to inform dence of the Empire, and which your Excellency, that the refusal of have been solemnly guaranteed by his Britannic Majesty annuls the the principal Powers of Europe, Convention of Sublingen. but in which his Majesty took no “I have empowered general partes King of Great Britain. Berthier, chief of the general staff,
“ in these circumstances, his to communicate to you my proposmajesty, in his character of Elec- als. I must insist that your Exceltor of Hanover, is resclved to ap- lency will have the goodness to pealto the Empire, and the Powers give me a categorical answer in the of Europe, who have guaranteed space of twenty-four hours. The the Germanic Constitution, and army which I have the honour to
command is ready, and waits only Esmenan furnished me with abunfor the signalto action."
dant means. The enemy occupied The subsequent events are thus a position between Steknitz and detailed by the French commander Bille. in a letter to his government.
“ The general attack was to have « On the 30th ult. I wrote to taken place in the night of the 4th. Marshal de Walmoden a letter, of The enemy had got some artillery which a copy is hereto subjoined. of a large calibre at Ratzburg, and Baron de Bock, colonel in the regi. with this they mounted all the batment of guards, waited on me, on teries on the Elbe. 1 had, on my his part, the following morning. side, erected counter-batteries; my Hetold me that the proposalofmak- troops were well disposed, and eveing his army lay down their arms, ry thing announced a fortunate isfor the purpose of being conducted sue, when M. de Walmoden comprisoners into France, was of a na municated to me the following proture so humiliating, that all of them positions. would rather perish with arms in “Citizen First Consul, the Hanotheir hands; that they had made a verian army were reduced to dessufficient sacrifice for their country pair, they implored your clemenby the capitulation of Sublingen; cy. I thought that, abandoned by that it was now time to do something their king, you would treat them for their own honour; that their of- with kindness. In the middle of ficers and their army were reduced the Elbe I concluded the annexed to despair. M. de Bock then re- capitulation with general Walmopresented to me the extreme fideli- den. He signed it with bitterness ty with which the Hanoverians had of heart: you will there see that scrupulously executed all the arti- his army lays down their arms ; cles of the convention of Sublingen, that his cavalry are to be dismountwhich concerned them; that their ed, aud to put into our hands nearly conduct in regard to us was exempt 4000 excellent horses. The soldifrom all reproach, and ought by no ers returning to their homes will means to draw upon them the mis- devote themselves to the labours of fortunes with which Imenaced them. agriculture, and need give us no 1, on my side, recriminated on the kind of uneasiness. They will be no perfidy of the King of England, who longer under the orders of England. had refused to ratify the Convention "Health and profound respect, of the 3d of June ; that it was the (Signed)
E. MORTIER." Machiavelian policy of England "P.S. It would be difficult to dealone that they had to accuse, and
a scribe to you the situation of the fine that it was manifest that Govern
" regiment of the king of England's ment would sacrifice them, as it had
guards, at the moment of their disalways sacrificed its friends on the
mounting.” Continent. "M. de Bock is a man full of ho.
« The King of England having nour and generosity. He said, that refus
refused to ratify the Convention of if I could make admissible proposi
Sublingen, the First Consul has been tions, such as that of sending home
obliged to consider that Convention a part of the army for six months
as null. In consequence thereof in rotation, and keeping up a body
Lieutenant General Mortier, has of 5 or 6000 men in Lunenburg,
agreed to the following capitulation, that he conceived the Marshal
which shall be executed, without might enter into an arrangement
being submitted to the ratification with me. My answer was in the of the two Governments. negative, and we parted. I had al- Article I. The Hanoverian arready made every preparation for my shall lay down its arms; they passing the river. A number of shall be given up with all its artille. boats collected in the Eloe and the ry, to the French army.
II. All the horses of the Hano- proclamations were distributed in verian cavalry and artillery shall every part of the town, calling on be given up to the French army, by people to unite as before, in opposione of the members of the States. tion to English oppression, &c, and A Commissioner, appointed by the at so early an hour as eight o'clock, commander in chief to that effect, a large party forced into the Lord shall be instantly sent to take an ac- mayor's, and seized all the arms count of their state and number and pikes, which were in the house,
III. The Hanoverian army shall and about ten o'clock a general enbe disbanded; the troops shall re- gagement took place in the neighpass the Elbe, and withdraw to their bourhood of James-street, Thomasrespective homes.... They shall pre- street, and in every part of the liberviously give their parole not to car- ty. Lord Kilwarden (the chief jusry arms against France and her al- tice of the king's bench) coming to lies until after having been ex- town about 9 o'clock, was forced changed for those of equal rank by out of his carriage in Jame's-street, as many French military as may be with his nephew, and were both taken by the English in the course killed by pikes. of the present war.
“Col. Brown of the 21st, and a IV. The Hanoverian generals few more officers, and several of and officers shall retire upon their the soldiery and yeomen have unparole to the places which they fortunately been killed, together may choose for their abode, provie with a great number who appear ded they do not depart from the con- of the very lowest order. But what tinent. They shall keep their swords is the most alarming, is that their and take away with them their plots have been carried on with such horses, effects, and baggage.
secrecy that they are not yet discoV. There shall be given to the vered, notwithstanding several percommander in chief of the French Sons were taken. Mr. Clark, of army with the least possible delay, Palmerston, cotton manufacturer, a nominal list of all the individuals was shot on Arran quay, at So'clock of whom the Hanoverian army is in the evening: and it appears composed.
there were several parties collectVÍ. The Hanoverian soldiers ing, in different parts of the town, sent to their respective homes shall
at a very early hour. The privý not be allowed to wear their uni- council has been sitting at the casforms.
tle these two hours past, and it is VII. They shall be provided
expected martial law will be prowith subsistence until their return claimed immediately. There are home, and forage shall also be several gallows's erected in differgranted to the horses of the officers.
horses of the officers. ent parts of the town, and the exeVIII. The 16th and 17th arti- cutions it is supposed will be innucles of the Convention of Sublingen merable, as there are about one shall be applicable to the Hanoveri- hundred prisoners taken. They do an army.
not seem to have any leaders of conIX. "The French troops s'all sequence ; the only one taken is a immediately occupy that part of the man of the name of M'Cabe, a pubElectorate of Hanover situated in lican, at whose house about one the county of Lauenburg.
thousand pikes and six hundred The Insurrection in Ireland.
rounds of ball cartridge were found.
We have not yet heard of any disThe only particulars, of this im- turbance in the country, and all the portant event are contained in the coaches have arrived this morning. following letters from Ireland.
" The situation of the city is most July 24.
awful. The drums beat to arms at “At an early hour yesterday ten o'clock at night and continued evening, a variety of inflammatory to twelve, when almost every citi.
zen was under arms, The engage the melancholy disasters of the ment continued until four o'clock, night, might be reckoned the murand within these two hours two of der of Lord Kilwarden, chief justhe 62d regiment have been killed tice of the court of king's bench, in the neighbourhood of the rcyal and the Rev. Arthur Wolfe, his hospital.”
nephew, who accompanied him July 25.
with the ladies of his lordship's fa"On Saturday evening last, go- mily, in a carriage to town. The vernment having had intimation wound he received was a large lathat a depot of pikes and other en- cerated one in the side, having the gines of destruction, had been made appearance of being inflicted by a by a newly organized horde of in- shot from a blunderbuss. surgents in the vicinity of Bridge- A privy council have been sitting foot-street, a detachment of cavalry yesterday at the castle, and did not had been ordered by Gen. Dunn break up until a late hourlast night; from the barracks, which wcre a proclamation offering a reward of joined by a company of ycomen in- one hundred pounds for the discofantry, part of the Liberty Rangers, very of the murderers of Lord Kilnow under the command of the earl warden, and the Rev. Arthur of Meath, arrived at the spot where Wolfe, had been issued, upwards their instructions directed them, of one hundred prisoners had been after a skirmish of a few minutes lodged yesterday, in the new prison, with the populace, in which a few in the barracks. A printed notice lives were lost, a great number of from the Lord Mayor and board of pikes were found, also severalcom- magistrates, was yesterday handing bustibles, parcels of nails, fragments about, apprizing all the citizens of of iron, glass, compost clay,oakum, Dublin, that from the recent disand other materials.
turbances, they feel it incumbent “With these were discovered a on them to reinforce the insurrecnumber of deal balk, in pieces of tion act, pursuant to which it bevarious lengths, from seven to fif. came penal, during the last rebelteen feet in length, with a circular lion, for any citizen not on military cavity in each of about three inches duty, to be out later than eight diameter, filled with gun-powder, o'clock in the evening.” to each aperture was applied a
August 1. wooden plug, with a handle and “We understand that the whole vent hole, or receptacle for a fuze of the plan for insurrection, of appear on the upper surface of the which the affair of Saturday night timber about the middle : This ma- was the commencement, has been chine was supposed to have been developed. A general levy of ten intended to aid the projected ope- men from every parish in Ireland rations of setting fire to Dublin Bar- had been agreed upon by the reracks..... Several kegs of powder bels; these were to form a body of were discovered, with parcels made thirty-eight thousand men, who off our musket balls in each, and a were to make their way to Dublin, tin tube of about two inches long, as privately as possible, in small through which fire was to have bodies, where they were to be supbeen communicated to whatever plied with arms, and then to rise vehicle was constructed to discharge en masse. them.
"Lord Kilwarden had been sent A suit of green uniform, with for from his country-house, and was gold epaulets and a splendid em- on his way to the castle to attend a broidery was also found, and seve- privy council, when he was murral papers, by which thc train of dered. operations fixed by these deluded " An Englishman and his wife, people was discovered and will by the name of Cater, coming into doubtless be prevented. Among town from Naas, the former was