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ties was carried off. The liquor a particular species, to which they being strained through a woolen give the name of Sphondylium Pecloth, each of them was boiled to the naces. The inhabitants of Kamtthickness of a syrup, which was put chatka gather the stalks of this plant in a glass, and set eight months in in June, and having stripped off the a warm place, when little crystalli- leaves, they shave off the outer sations of sugar appeared, which skin with muscle shells, 'and dry were with difficulty separable from them in the sun, and afterwards the fluid. For this purpose each they are chewed for the sake of syrup was evaporated by a gentle sucking out the saccharine matter. fire, till they became dry, and this In drying the surface of the stalks, mass was digested with alkoholized it is covered with a white sacchaspiritus vini to ebullition. The fluid rine powder, which they separate by still hot was instantly poured through shaking them in a leather bag; but a linen cloth, whereon the mucila- forty pounds of them afford only a ginous parts remained, but on the quarter of a pound of this powder. cooling of the spirituous solution, a sugar, which therefore is considered true sugar, of a yellow colour, cry, as a great rarity. Besides this the stallised in small grains. The al- stalks and roots of the plants are kohol being drawn from the remain- employed for obtaining a sort of ing fluid, by distillation, another por- brandy. I was supplied with some tion of sugar was got by gentle eva. fresh plants of the Heracleum sibi. poration; and altogether, two ounces ricum for my experiments, but findfrom the syrup of the young stalks, ing that the stalks were by no means and one ounce and a half from that so rich in sugar, as it is related of of the spikes.

those plants growing in Sibiria, I By these experiments it is suffi- tried the roots, of which I got four ciently shewn, that from the young pounds, whose taste is sweetish, like fresh stalks, as well as from the that of parsneps. Having freed them spikes, of India-corn, a true sugar from the outer skin they were dried, can be extracted; but as its separa- but no saccharine crust appeared on tion from the gummons and other the surface. They were therefore particles mixed with it is combined ground; and being mixed with water with such difficulties, and the gain the juice was pressed, which tasted so inconsiderable, that a pound of sweetish, but a little acrid. Being raw sugar from this plant would cost boiled with the white of eggs, and one rixdollar, or above three shil. clarified, it was thickened to the lings, appears that no profit or consistence of a syrup, of which six economy will arise from the fabric ounces were got, wherein after a cation of this sugar.

space of three months, a brown

grainy sugar had crystallized, which Experiments for obtaining Sugar however was not quite free from a from the Siberia Cow-Parsnep. disagreeable flavour. Though it is

shown by these experiments, that The Russian cow-parsnep (Hera. sugar may be obtained from that cleum SphondyliumLin; Heracleum plant, get the preparation of the sibiricum) has been long known, as sugar is too expensive, for making a plant containing a great deal of use of it in economy. It is however saccharine matter, in which respect, probable, that the soil has a great according to Steller (in his travels influence upon the plant, and that to Kamtchatka, in German) it de- therefore those growing in Siberia serves the next place to the sugar- are richer in sugar. cane, and the natives cail it the

Experiments 10 oblain Sugar from swe Gmelin (Flora Sibirica, s. 1. p.

The Must of Wine. 214) it does not differ from our com- It might be presumed from the mon Cow-parsnep, but others think it taste of must obtained from ripe grapes, that a considerable quantity lous syrup. To take away this free of saccharine matter is contained in acid, the syrup was dissolved again it, though involved by mucilage. To in limewater, and so much of it try whether a true sugar could be added, till no acid was perceived by extracted from it, some experiments reagents. The fluid being again were uudertaken. Eight Berlin clarified and evaporated, a very quarts of must, from ripe sweet agreeable syrup was obtained, from grapes, were seethed with the white which it was by no means possible to of egys, clarified and filtered. The exhibit crystallised sugar, How. fluid being evaporatedl, gave three ever, this syrup would, at the high pounds of an agreeable but acidu- price of must not be very profitable. promises to be a source of great unable to get it farther, it was conriches to the proprietor. The me sumed together with the others, in tal was first found by two or three sight of its agonized parent. Their children of Mr. Reed, who were bones were gathered up on the fol. fishing. They brought a few pieces lowing day and decently interred. home to their father, as a curiosity, ignorant of its value. On examina Alexandria, December 12. tion, the ore was found not only to Flour inspected in the town of be gold, but gold of a very pure qua- Alexandria, for the quarter ending lity. Since this discovery, these the 11th December, i803: little boys have picked up daily from 10,485 barrels one hundred to one hundred and 1,938 half barrels twenty penny-weights (worth up 119 barrels Indian meal. wards of twenty pounds sterling) but the proprietor has lately found a Philadelphia, December 13. Jump of the ore twenty-eight pounds About two o'clock in the after. weight, which it is supposed, when noon, a fire broke cut in an unfinishfluxed will yield twenty-seven ed three story brick house, situated pounds of pure gold, and is worth on the south side of Sansom-street, upwards offive thousand six hundred near Seventh-street. Although the dollars! These facts are assured to citizens immediately repaired to the us by one of the members of our ge- place, and used every effort in their neral assembly from Cabarras, now power to stop its progress, it was in this city, who has in his posses- not subdued until it had destrored sion two specimens of this precious the house in which it originated, metal, one as it is found and the other and seven other new brick buildings as purified.


Hanover, (Vt.) Dec. 2. town, within these few days. On A remarkable bird was last Satur- 'Tuesday evening about 7 o'clock, day killed by Henry Nevens, of this Mr. John Winship, returning home town. It was upwards of three feet from market, was attacked by three in height.....though it weighed but persons on the Medford and Menotwelve pounds, it was judged suffi- tomy road, opposite the Ten-Hius ciently stout, and bold enough to farm, in Charlestown, robbed of behave attempted and even destroyed tween twenty and thirty dollars in the lives of calves, sheep, and lambs. silver, and severely wounded. On Its wings extended, measured seven Friday evening, on the same road feet, eight inches; and its claws were and near the same spot, a Mr. Bat. two and one-fourth inches in length. ley, of Charlestown, on his return This fowl is supposed to be of the from a journey to the upper parts of eagle species ; but few of this size the country, was assailed by seven are rarely met with in this part of persons, two of wliom entered his the country. What is remarkable, chaise, and presenting pistols at his Mr. Nevens shot him flying, sitting breast, demanded his money, and on his horse.

took all he had about him, then threw

him on the ground, searched for his Reading, Penn, Dec. 3. pocked-book and watch ; and not In the night of Monday and Tues- finding either, bade him get into his day, the 29th ult. the barn and sta- chaise and go back to Medford..... bles of Mr. Waters Dewees, at After proceeding about forty rods, Birdsborough, with ton of his best thinking the robbers had dispersed, horses, and a quantity of grain and heattempted to get to Charlestown; hay, were entirely consumed by fire, but on arriving at the spot where and so violent were the flames that he had before been robbed, he was pothing of this valuable property again assailed by the robbers, and could possibly be saved, only the obliged to return to Medford, where riding horse of Mr. Dewees, who he continued all night. The robescaped much burned, and will hard. bers were armed with musquets and ly ever be fit for use. Tlie worst pistols. of the horses was worth fifis pounds ....Nobody knows how the fire broke

Raleigh, N. C. Dec. 6. out.

A bed of gold ore has been lately

discovered in Cabarrus county, in Boston, Dec. 5. this state, in a creek running through Two highway robberies have been the land of Mr John Reed, a native committed in the vicinity of this of Hesse Cassel, in Germany, which

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of the same size, adjoining it. The

burning shingles were carried by Staunton, Vir. Dec. 9. the force of the wind, in a southA melancholy accident happened westerly direction, several squares on Thursday, the 1st instant, in this from the place, and they would procountry. The kitchen of Mr. Coiner bably have occasioned other confia. was consumed by fire, and with it grations had not the houses been two of his children, one about two previously wet by a seasonable rain. and the other about four years of These buildings were nearly tenantage together with a negro child. able, but fortunately neither of them Mrs. Coiner and the children being were occupied by a family. We at home by themselves, she, while understand that they were the procleaning the house, told them to perty of industrious carpenters and go to the kitchen, a few minutes after bricklayers....some of whom, it is having occasion to go there herself, said, are not in a situation to bear discovered it enveloped in flames, so heavy a loss. None of the houses supposed to have originated by the were insured. children in playing with the fire, dropping some coals in a quantity of New York, December 15. flax contiguous to the door, which There is now in the harbour of prevented her from entering, she New York, 131 ships, 96 brigs, 146 immediately ran to a hole in the schooners, and 354 wall where she beheld her tender 727: exclusive of mill, market, offspring with uplifted hands, sup- pleasure, and ferry boats, pettiaugplicating assistance; her exertions crs, &c. a greater number than has to rescue them were in vain; on been in it at one time since the retaking hold of their arms they slip- volutionary war. ped from her grasp, the skin remaining in her hands; she made a

December 16. second effort, and got the head of We can hardly recollect so severe one through the crevice, 'but being a gale of wind as has prevailed dur

VOL. I....NO. V.

ing the last forty-eigh: hours. It John about one mile froni commenced before day on Tuesday, this borough, and before any assistaccompanied with violent rain. Our ance could reach the place was burnt harbour crowded with shipping and to the ground. All his furniture, coasting craft, was exposed, espe- together with a large quantity of cially on the Hudson side of the town, grain, which was in the upper story to all its rage. The following ves- of the house, were entirely consels were either dashed to picces sumed. against the wharves and adjoining vessels, or sunk. In the North river

Haverhill, Dec. 20. near the hay-scales, a schooner be- On Saturday last, a barn in Anlonging to Mr. John Hitheid, of dover, containing twenty head of Staten-island, laden with hay; and cattlc, a horse chaise, and a quana sloop, name unknown: near the tity of grain, hav, &c. belonging to corporation dock, a sloop laden wich Mr. Nathanial Gage, was entirely wood and marketing: off thebattery consumed by fire. It is supposed a sloopladen with pork, beef, cheese, this accident was occasioned by a &c. in the East river, near the Ex- negro boy, who carried fire in a change-slip, a schooner belonging mug, into the barn, to warm his to Mr. Cornwell, owner of the mills hands while foddering the cattle. at Red hook, laden with flower; and On Sunday night, the 18th De. a schonner belonging to Mr. Rey- cember, Mr. Phineas Moody, of Dolds. Exclusiveof the above, which Somers, (Con.) who had for some have been completely wrecked, a time previous been in a low, mevast number have sustained more lancholy state of mind, was led to or less injury, and the total damage the horrid purpose of murdering his cannot be rated at less than twenty family and himself. thousand dollars.

After the family were asleep, he

procured an axe with which he in December 17. the first place killed his wife and The lovers of the fine arts will be infant child, about twelve months gratified to learn, that a very inge. old. His wife was badly cut in senjous painter from Italy, has taken veral places; her arm, on which his residence in this state, which we probably the child lay, was cut hope soon to see enriched with his almost entirely off, likely by the productions. Mr.Zuchotti some time blow which dispatched the infant. since arrived and took lodging in He then went up into a chaniber Roxbury, where he remained upon where a niece of his slept, about ticed and unknown, till a gentleman eight years of age, whom he mangave him his permission to orna- gled in a shocking manner. ment a room which he was finishing. She had several gashes of the axe The superior beauty and elegance of in different parts of her face, neck, this perfirmance caught thie eye of and breast; three of her fingers cut a watchmaker of taste who was fit. entirely off, and others partly. He ting up a shop in Boston ; Mr. 2. then returned to the room where his was engaged to embellish it; when wife was, and left the axe, went this second work was finished, his into a lower room, and cut his throat genius was suffered no longer to re- from ear to ear. He was about 40 main in obscurity; for, from the rears of age. The next morning liberal citizens of Boston, he had the deed was discovered by a little immediate applications for work, lad who went to the house with an the completion of which will take errand, who spread the alarm..... more than two years.

The scene was enough to “harrow

up the soul" of a stoic. A jnry of Carlisle, Penn. Dec. 14. inquest was immediately summoned On Saturday morning last, a fire who brought in a verdict of.... W 22broke out in the dwelling-house of ful Murder!

New-Bedford, Dec. 28. thought it one of the finest or richest On the 16th instant, the deputy- pieces of land I had ever seen. At marshal, agreeable to previous no- a few perches from the shore our tice, proceedeci to sell by public auc- conductor brought us to the stump tion, at tweive o'clock, on that day, of a large tree, indeed. The stump a quantity of rum and molasses, was about twelve or fifteen feet high, which had been justly forfeited by and being hollow, there was a kind law, for an attempt to evade the of door cut in one side, where I went payment of the duties. At the com- in, the shell was about two or three mencement of the sale, a mob col- inches thick and the cavity nearly lected to the number of one hundred circular. We had the curiosity to and fifty or two hundred, with an measure the diameter on the ground evident determination to abuse any inside, and found it upwards of person who should over bid the ori- eighteen feet, and as high as we ginal owners....two or three respec- could reach up, it was about thir. table individuals from the country, teen and an half feet on the outside, saw proper, not withstanding these on the ground the circumference “ squally appearances,” to make was about sixty feet, but not quite higher bids; they were shamefully so much higher up, though it kept abused, and one of them, after an its thickness remarkably. The tree unsuccessful attempt had been made had two large branches or limbs, to throw him into the dock, was which were broken down, and had beaten in a most shocking manner, fallen in opposite directions. One and it was only by the most spirited of these limbs, at the distance of exertions of his friends, that he was twenty steps, or about sixty feet from rescued from the hands of the ruf- the root of the tree, we all supposed fians, in so mangled and exhausted to be six feet in diameter, the other a situation that his life was at first I did not so particularly attend to, despaired of. We forbear adding but one of the young men in compamore at present, we regret that a ny told me he stood upright in the cause should exist for saying so hollow, in this end of it, as it lay much, and sincerely hope, for the near the root of the stump. These honour of that ancient town, that branches had separated from each the instigators of so daring all out- other, perhaps fifteen or twenty rage on the laws of civilized society, feet high.” will receive the punishment which

Cabarrus County, N. Carolina. their conduct merits.

The gold mind in Cabarras, has Late in the fall of the year 1798,

of late drawn the attention of a as I went down the Ohio in compa

number of our citizens very much, ny with three or four others, we

Indeed it has so far engaged the lodged one night at a house on the

minds of many, that it has become bank of the river oprosite to the

the common theme in almost every upper end of a small island, about Co

company. The fact is, it has lately thirteen miles above Marietta. In

in produced wonders. Besides a vari. the morning our landlord asked us

ety of less magnitude, there was, if we would go over to the island to

about three weeks ago, one lump see the big tree. I had several year's

found just below the surface of the before heard of a remarkably large

earth, that weighed twenty-eight tree somewhere on the Ohio, but

p. unds, steellyard weight. This, at had not recollected where, neither

the common calculation . will be had I much curiosity to see it....

worth about seven thousand dollars. however, the company being very

• So that from its present appearance desirous to go, I went with them....

it is well worthy of notice. the island is supposed to contin Predericksburg, Vir, Dec. 29. about ten or twelve acres of land, On Monday last, Mr. William dying low, just above high water. I Thornton and Mr. Francis Conwa

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