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ment and its tax-gatherers and Cabyles, too, are divided into disagents. They are ignorant, rude, tinct tribes, many of which are and uncultivated, and strangers to free and independent, and do not all the advantages and comforts of acknowledge the superiority of social life. They retain the ancient Algiers; especially those who inhacustom of distinguishing themselves bit the inaccessible ridges of mounby families and tribes. In the towns tains. The neighbouring tribes are this distinction is no longer attended often united by friendly alliance, to: which circumstance would seem without, however, subjecting themto corroborate the opinion of those selves to a common head. Others who maintain that the inhabitants live in a continual state of contenof the cities are descendants of the tion and feud with their neighbours: Moors who were expelled from the most potent causes of these Spain and Portugal. Many Moorish quarrels are the infidelity and elopefamilies do not remain constantly at ment of their wives. They are in a fixed place of abode, but lead a general well grown, robust, mea. nomadical life. Some of the poorest gre, and of a sun-burnt, red, and settle on the estates of the wealthy often blackish yellow colaplexion, Moors, Turks, or Coloris, where and have black or dark-brown hair. they earn their subsistence by culti. Their external appearance is renvating the land under certain con dered still more uncoutli by dirt and ditions. These fare better than tattered clothes. They generally their nomadicalbrethren, are more dwell in straw-huts: however, stone civilized, nor have so savage and houses here and there occur in frightful an appearance. Among their Daskras, or villages. Their all the Moorish tribes in the coun- number decreases ; and their love try, polygamy prevails : but in the of liberty likewise gradually wears towns they seldom avail themselves away. Only the inhabitants of the of this privilege. Into the chief highest parts of the mountains still military corps, or the infantry, the assert their independence, and Moors are never admitted: but defend their liberty with undaunted the whole cavalry of the Dey of valour against every hostile attack. Algiers is composed of them; for Their courage, joined to a perfect the Turks and Coloris seldom serve knowledge of the country, saves as horse-soldiers. This body of them from the superior force of cavalry are not bad troops; but their enemies: as the Algerines they are not much esteemed, as the have several times, and even no government cannot rely on them so later than twenty years ago, expeconfidently as upon the infantry: rienced to their cost. The governbesides, from the mcuntainous state ment therefore endeavours to mainof the country, cavalry cannot be tain a good undersanding and 60 often and usefully employed. friendship, where force can produce

The Moorish mountaineers are no effect; and often gives way to called Cabyles or Cabeyis : they are even their unreasonable demands. partly the immediate descendants Thus the Catyles of Couco are of the most ancient inhabitants of treated with very great lenity; for the country, and are in this res- the situation of their country is pect frequently denominated Bre- favourable, and they can assemble bers or Berbers; partly the mixed a strong ariny; and they carry progeny of the aborigines and of great quantities of oil and soap for the nations who in former times sale to Algiers. The same is the invaded and settled in the country; case with respect to the Cabules but all of them have always been, who inhabit the sea coast about and still are distinguished from the Bugia, Bona, and Tabarca. Among other inhabitants of the country by the Cabyles who acknowledge no their language, love of freedom, and common chief, those of the greatest rude unpolished maoners. The age are particularly honoured: and

VOL. I....N0. 11.

only their priests, or Marabuts, Superior Beings, when of late they enjoy the general confidence of the

saw tribes, and have under the cloak of A mor al man unfold all nature's religion acquired great power and

law - authority, which in some instances

Admir'd such wisdom in an earthly has become hereditary. These then

shape, act in the capacity of heads of the

And shew'd a Newton, as we shew tribes, form treaties of peace, send

an ape. ambassadors, and are by others, and

Essay on Man, Ep. ii. V. 31. even by the Turks, considered as the chiefs of the nation. In the Utque movet nobis imitatrix simia vicinity of the sepulchre of a de

risum, ceased Marabut, or saint, generally Sic nos cælicolis, quoties cervice is the habitation of the Marabut of

superbâ the trive, who gives, by means of a Ventosi gradimur. flag, hoisted on a pole, erected upon the edifice, the usual signal when the Again, time of prayer arrives. From the

Simia cælicolùm risusque jocusque same place signals are made, on the

Deorum est approach of an enemy, to the Ca

Tunc homo, quum temere ingenio byles, to assemble them at the

confidit, et audet appointed place of rendezvous. The

Abdita naturæ scrutari, arcanaque language of the Cabyles, like that

Divûin. of the Moors, is a dialect of the

Palingenius. Arabic. It deviates, however, so much from the latter, that in many When the loose mountain trembles places Moors and Cabyles are not

from on high, able to understand one another.

Must gravitation cease? when you [To be concluded in our next.]

Or some old temple, nodding to its


For Chartre's head reserve the SPECIMENS OF LITERARY RE

hanging wall. SEMBLANCE.

Essay on Man, Ep. iv. V. 123. [The Editor will occasionally give Extracts from Berdmore's Literary

If a good man be passing by an in. Resemblance, a late performance, firm building just in the article of full of good sense and acute criti falling, can it be expected that God cism.)

should suspend the force of gravita

tion till he is gone by, in order to his LETTER I.

deliverance? MY DEAR P. The remarks which I sent you a

Wollaston, Rel. Nat. few days ago, on a passage in Pope's

Chaos of thought and passion, all translation of Homer, have engaged

confus'd, me so far in the consideration of

Still by himself abus'd, or disaLITERARY RESEMBLANCE OR

bus'd; IMITATION, and the subject is so Created half to rise, and half to curious and interesting, that perhaps you will indulge me while I Great lord of all things, yet a prey pursue it in a page or two further. to all;

In a periodical paper, begin Sole judge of truth, in endless 1752, are cited many passages frein

error hur!'di Pope, said never to have been The glory, jest, and riddle of the taken notice of, as “ evidently

world. borrowed, though they are improved."

Essay on Man, Ep. ii. V. 13.

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What a chimera then is man! what said to be imitated. In the LEARN. a confused chaos' what a subject of ED CRITIC they are ushered in contradiction! a professed judge of with all the ceremonies of a regular all things, and a feeble worm of the introduction, and presented in form. earth; the great depositary and guar. In the first cited instance, we obdian of truth, and yet a mere huddle serve a very remarkable difference of uncertainty; the glory and scandal herween of the universe.

between the one and the other: Pascal.

Superior Beings, when of late they None of these passages can be

saw new to you, but I have taken the

A mortal man unfold all nature's liberty of transcribing them, as

law, they furnish occasion for a few

Admir'd such wisdom in an earthly remarks: and I have selected the


And shew'd a Newton, as we shew three above from several others; as a LEARNED CRITIC, whom, while

an ape. on this subject, we cannot fail of

The Adventurer derives this sin. having continually in our view, has

gular passage from one Palingenius, chosen these very instances to illustrate some observations in his

an obscure monk. Not so the

LEARNED CRITIC. He did not letter to Mr. Mason on the MARKS

wish to have it thought, ihat he OF IMITATION.

could for a moment so far forget his It will be thought perhaps some

own character, as to waste any porwhat strange, that he takes no no

tion of his valuable time in turning tice of the Adventurer. But we

over such trash; much less that must suppose that either he had

the “great poet," so superior to never read those ingenious essays;

ADDISON in true' genius, could or, if he had, that he thought them

ever degrade himself by borrowing little worthy his attention; though,

a thought from one of so inferior in general, the sentiments, contain

an order. More conformably there. ed in this paper, seem to bear a

fore to that literary dignity, which, very near relation to those, which

he was conscious, belonged not less he himself advances. Engaged, as

as to himself, than to Pope, he prohe at all times was, in pursuits so

nounces that the great poet had much more important, he never, it

his eye on Plato, who makes Soseems, found an hour or two of leisure to read more than one work

crates say, in allusion to a remark

of Heraclitus ;". of the very learned and respectable Dr. Leland; and that one, cnly

'Οτι ανθρωπων ο σοφωτατος προς with an intention to refute it, Be this as it may, he certainly

ermninly OEON wi0nxos perantau.

EU stamps a value on these quotations

Hipp. Major. by adopting them. He had too much respect both for himself and Conspiring with this laudablo for his readers, to obtrude upon sense, which the LEARNED CRITIC " their consideration, those vulgar at all times fondly cherished, of passages, which every body recol. literary dignity, there appears to lects, and sets down for acknow- have been another motive for his ledged imitations."

conduct in this place. Had he de. If you compare the different man- rived the passage, as the Advenner of the two writers, you cannot turer did before him, from Palinbut admire the superior manage- gerius, he would have had no ou. ment and address of the LEARNED portunity of exhibiting that masterCRITIC. In the Adventurer, the ly display of the true critic; and passages from Pope are brought all the refined reasoning which fol. forward without preparation, and lows, with the nice distinction be. confronted at once with the authors, tween the god of the philosopher, and the Superior Beings of the seem to operate very strongly in Poet, had been lost.

favour of this opinion. Does it not require more than a In a paper, printed 1745, are common share of critical acumen, pointed out several Expressions, a perspicacity far beyond that of Similes, and Sentiments in Palin“ these dull minds, by which the genius, Translated and Improved shapes and appearances of things by Mr. Pope, in his Essay on Man, are apprehended only in the gross;” amongst which this very simile of to discriminate between a Heathen the ape is one ; whence it appears god and a Superior Being? The that the great poet condescended real state of the case seems to be, now and then to amuse himself with that the LEARNED CRITIC, in or- turning over such trash; and that der to make the sentence which he he was tempted to turn over the has quoted, more accommodable to pages of this obscure author more his purpose, concealed, even from than once. At the same time I sushimself, the true meaning of the pect that he was very little converphilosopher's words. The philo- sant in the writings of Plato sopher, he says, refers meos OEON, If you are not quite wore down, i. e. not to God the God; but, I am tempted to remind you of an agreeably to the idiom of the Greek apparent imitation in Pope from language, as the word stands with- Ovid, which I sent you some time out the article, a god; one amongst ago. It has at least one merit, which many; according to the generally I find is considered by other collecreceived opinion of the age and tors of these curious trifles, as a country in which Plato lived; as primary recommendation. It has appears more evidently by what never, so far as I know, been blown follows:

upon by any of the swarm, which

usually buz about the works of celeΟμολογησομεν, Ιππια, την καλ

brated writers. In the Eloise you hoothu tagterwy w gos OESN yevos have these charming lines. Bioxqoy elva

In each low wind methinks a spirit Again,

calls, Και δη προς γε ΘΕΟΥΣ ότι και

And more than echoes talk along the

walls; xahoy To wybowTEOY 7 syoso X. T. do Here, as I watch'd the dying lamps

around, Thus the god of the philosopher From yonder shrine I heard a hollow is plainly no more than one of the sound; Superior Beings alluded to by the Come, sister, come ! it said, or seem'd poet; consequently the application to say, is, in both cases, precisely the same: Thy place is here; sad sister, como addressed to the same order of bes away. ings; and the ape, o minicos, be. comes an object either of derision or admiration, as the one or the

I come, I come. other may chance to fall in more Nowe turn to Ovid. aptiv with the writer's views.

Now turn to Ovid: The great picet, it must be said, afpears in the hands of the LEARN

do Est mihi marmorea sacratus in æde ED CRITIC to advantage; yet I

Sicheus, doubt whether an indifferent looker

Appositze frondes, velleraque alba

tegunt, on would not, after all, be disposed Hinc ego me sensi moto quater ore citari, to think with the Adventurer, that inse sono tenui dixit, Ilissa, veni. more probably Pope at this time Nulla mcra est, venio, uenio, &c. hal his eye on Paligenius. There are some plausible reasons, which

Dido Ænex, V.99.

Here are not only the game scended from parents remarkable, Thoughts, and expression, but, what for nothing but the innocence and the LEARNED CRITIC considers as simplicity of their lives, and who a more decided mark of imitation, in the twenty-first year of his age the same disposition of the parts. perished under that scourge of our Yet it occurs to me that you doubted isle, pulmonary consumption. whether we could pronounce with in the year 1787, travelling certainty, that our English bard through the western Highlands of borrowed these thoughts from the Scotland, and returning to EdinRoman.

burgh by Loch Leven and North You will not think that I deal Ferry, I rode by the house, situated fairly with your farourite, if I do about three miles from Kinross, not here add another paysage from where this ingenious youth was the same poem, where you think, born. " I never look on his dwellvery justly, that Pope has much ing," says the author of the Mir. improved and embellished the hint ror, “ a small thatched house diswhich Ovid gave him.

tinguised from the cottages of the No: Cæsar's empress would I deign breee would I deion other inhabitants only by a sashed

window at the end, instead of a to prove ; No! make me mistress to the man I lattice, fringed with a honey-suckle love.

plant, which the poor youth had If there be yet another name more trained around it,.....I never find free,

myself in that spot, but I stop my More fond than mistress, make me horse involuntarily; and looking on that to thee.

the window, which the honey.suckle Si pudet uxoris, non nupta, sed hospita has now almost covered, in the dicar ;

dream of the moment, I picture out Dum tua sit Dido, quidlibet ésse a figure for the gentle tenant of the feret.

mansion; I wish, and my heart Dido Anex, V. 167. swells while I do so, that he were Every reader of taste will agree alive, and that I were a great man in the opinion of Pope's superiority. to have the luxury of visiting him I am pleased to leave him with you there, and bidding him be happy." under such favourable circum These natural and pleasing ideas stances.

possessed my mind at the time I ADIEU.

passed his door, which I did not do without checking my horse to indulge the tribute of a sigh. The

concluding lines of his beautifully IRON DRAKE'S LITERARY HOURS.

descriptive poem on Loch Leven,

which was finished under the pres...............Poor Edwin was no vulgar sure of mortal disease, and at a boy:

distance from his native cottage, Song was his favourite and first pur- instantly occurred to my memory. suit;

Thus sang the youth, amid unfertile The wild harp rang to his adventurous

fields hand,

And nameless deserts, unpoetic And languish'd to his breath the

plaintive flutė, His infant muse, though artless, was

Far from his friends he stray'd, re

cording thus not muté.


The dear remembrance of his native


Tocheer the tedious nig?:?; while slow In the periodical paper entitled The Mirror, is an elegant essay Prey'd on his pining vitals, and the on the character and genius of blasts Michael Bruce, a young poct of of dark December shook his humble considerable ability, who was de cot.



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