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ed a wide extent of this romantic few of these are usually exerted, country, gave myself up to contem- how imperfectly they are subjected plation, and the perusal of Milton's to the will, and yet that the will is Comus.
capable of being rendered unlimitMy reflections were naturally sug- ed and absolute, will not our wongested by the singularity of this echo, der cease? To hear my own voice speak at a We have seen men who could distance would have been formerly hide their tongues so perfectly that regarded as prodigious. To hear even an Anatomist, after the most too, that voice, not uttered by an- accurate inspection that a living subother, by whom it might easily be ject could admit, has affirmed the mimicked, but by myself! I cannot organ to be wanting, but this was now recollect the transition which effected by the exertion of muscles led me to the notion of sounds, simi. ' unknown and incredible to the greatlar to these, but produced by other er part of mankind. means than reverberation. Could The concurrence of teeth, palate I not so dispose my organs as to and tongue, in the formation of make my voice appear at a dis- speech should seem to be indispentance ?
sable, and yet men have spoken disFrom speculation I proceeded to tinctly though wanting a tongue, and experiment. The idea of a dis- to whom, therefore, teeth and palate tant voice, like my own, was inti. were superfluous. The tribe of momately present to my fancy. I ex- tions requisite to this end, are wholly erted myself with a most ardent de- latent and unknown, to those who sire, and with something like a per- possess that organ. suasion that I should succeed. I I mean not to be more explicit. started with surprise, for it seemed I have no reason to suppose a peas if success had crowned my at- culiar conformation or activity in tempts. I repeated the effort, but my own organs, or that the power failed. A certain position of the which I possess may not, with suitaorgans took place on the first at- ble directions and by steady efforts, tempt, altogether new, unexampled be obtained by others, but I will do and as it were, by accident, for I nothing to facilitate the acquisicould not attain it on the second ex- tion. It is by far, too liable to perperiment.
version for a good man to desire You will not wonder that I exert- to possess it, or to teach it to aned myself with indefatigable zeal to other. regain what had once, though for There remained but one thing to so short a space, been in my pow- render this instrument as powerful er. Your own ears have witnessed in my hands as it was capable of the success of these efforts. By per- being. From my childhood, I was petual exertion I gained it a second remarkably skilful at imitation. time, and now was a diligent obsery. There were few voices whether of er of the circumstances attending menor birds or beasts which I could it. Gradually I subjected these finer not imitate with success. To add and more subtle motions to the com- my ancient, to my newly acquired mand of my will. What was at skill, to talk from a distance, and at first difficult, by exercise and habit, the same time, in the accents of was rendered easy. I learned to another, was the object of my enaccommodate my voice to all the deavours, and this object, after a varieties of distance and direc- certain number of trials, I finally tion.
obtained. It cannot be denied that this fa- In my present situation every culty is wonderful and rare, but thing that denoted intellectual exwhen we consider the possible modi. ertion was a crime, and exposed me fications of muscular motion, how to invectives if not to stripes. This
circumstance induced me to be si- restraints of my present condition. lent to all others, on the subject of For some time I was not aware of my discovery. But, added to this, the mode in which it might be renwas a confused belief, that it might dered subservient to this end. be made, in some way instrumental
[To be continued.] to my relief from the hardships and
The Ruling Passion: an occasional Mr. P. in his Ruling Passion,
noem. Iritten by the appointment after representing man as a world of the Sociely of the OB K, and of wonders in himself, and in some sproken, on their Anniversary, in respects inexplorable, then endeathe Chapel of the University,
vours to describe him as he seenis
to be, and draws several pictures Cambridge, July 20, 1797. By Ofi
of persons actuated by a predomi. Thomas Paine, A. M. Published nant passion.... Some of these disaccording to act of Congress. cover strong and vivid touches of Boston....Manning and Loring. a keen and harmonious pencil.....
The interest with which we read Though some of the characters are this poem, was increased by the of the same nature with those recent and melancholy termination painted by Pope in his first moral of the author's life...Mr. Paine was epistle, yet they bear not the least considered and respected by those impression o
ose impression of imitation....we trust who knew him, as a scholar and a
i that our readers will acknowledge poet. Several circumstances tended the propriety of our commendation, to embitter his life; and over his
when they have read and examined death, those who have most injured
ired the following extracts......Mr. P. him, will have most cause to lament.
after comparing men to animals, It is, however, not our province or
represents life as a Print-shop, desire to dwell on his history, nor
where we may trace different outare we possessed of sufficient infor
lines in every face...he paints the mation concerning him, to become
beau as fashion's gossamer, and his just and satisfactory biogra
then in a rapid transition, presents
before us a character of a very difphers.
The Poem before us was printed ferent description: this is a Pedant in Boston, 1797. As we do mean to
deep and dul, grave without sense, confine our attention entirely in our
o'erflowing, yet not full. . reviews to recent performances, In embodying this character, the we shall, from time to time, give poet thus proceeds: some account of selected works “See, the lank BOOK-WORM, pild which we deem above the common
with lumbering lore, level of American poetry... In this Wrinkled in Latin, and in Greek class, we have no hesitation in
fourscore, placing the “ Ruling Passion.”.....
*** With toil incessant, thumbs the anIt discovers in its author very con
cient page, siderable talents at satire, and a
Now blot: a hero, now turns down a
sage! pupil who has studied in the school
O'er learning's field, with leaden eye of Pope. Notwithstanding the me
he strays, rits of this poem, and its just title
'Mid busts of fame, and menuments to the notice of criticisms, we have of praise. never seen it mentioned in the With Gothic foot, he treads on flowers American prints.
Yet stoops to pick the pebbles from the Would sooner coin his ears, than stocks waste.
should fall, Profound in trifles, he can tell, how And cheat the pillory, than not cheat short
at all!” Were Esop's legs....how large was TULLY's wart;
The last extract which we shall And, scal'd by GUNTER, marks, with offer from this meritorious poem, is joy absurd,
the description of the Savoyard on The cut of Homer's cloak, and Eu.
his native hills; and while we offer CLID's beard !
it, we assert with confidence, that
it is equal to any similar represenThus through the weary watch of
tation contained in the celebrated sleepless night,
Pleasures of Memory. This learned plouglıman plods in piteous plight;
" To fame unknown, to happier Till the dim taper takes French leave fortune born, to doze,
The blythe SAVOYARD hails the peep And the fat folio tumbles on his of morn; tces."
And while the fluid gold his eye sur
veys, The following picture of the The hoary Glaciers Aling their dia. Miser, we think deserving of high mond blaze; commendation.
GENEVA's broad lake rushes from its
shores, " Next comes the MISER....palsied,
Arve gently murmurs, and the rough jealous, lean,
RHONE roars. He tooks the very SKELETON OF
Mid the cleft ALPs, his cabin peers SPLEEN!
from high, 'Mid forests drear, he haunts, in spec
Hangs o'er the clouds, and perches on tred gloom,
the sky. Some desert abbey, or some Druid's O'er fields of ice, across the headlong tomb;
food, Where, hers'd in earth, his occult From clill to clit he bounds in fearless riches lay,
mood. Fleeced from the world, and buried While, far beneath, a night of temfrom the day.
pest lies, With crutch in hand, he points his Deep thunder mutters, harniless lightmineral rod,
ning flies; Limps to the spot, and turns the well. While, far above, from battlements known sod;
of snow, While there, involv‘d in night, he
Loud torrents tumble on the world counts his store,
below; By the soft tint:lings of the golden ore. On rustic reed he wakes a merrier He shakes with terror, lest the moon
tune, should spy,
Than the lark warbles on the “ Ides And the breeze whisper, where his of June,” treasures lie.
Far of, let Glory's clarion shrilly
swell; This wretch, who, dying, would not
He loves the music of his pipe as well. take one pill,
Let shouting millions crown the he. If, lioma, he must pay a doctor's bill,
roe's head, Sill chugs to life, of every joy bereft;
And Prive her tessellated pavement H. Gulii gull, and bis ke igion theft!
tread; Aud, as of yore, when modern vice
More happy far, this denizen of air
Enjoys w ha- Naiure condescends to pas strange, Could leitberm soney pass on 'Change,
Spare :.... His rep ile soul, whose reasoning
His days are jocund, undisturb'd his poners are pend
nighis; 1''it: bhi the land bounds of CEXT PER
His spulso contents him, and his mul: CEI,
The poem closes with a just tri. It is to be expected that out bute to the memory of the greatest knowledge of Egypt will be greatly character which this country, or enlarged by the reports of British this age has produced...to our peer- travellers, whom the temporary doless Washington; who, greater minion of their nation in that counthan the Cobham of Pope, deserves try, will have enabled to inquire the celebration of a bard, as pre- and examine for themselves. Coeminent in the walks of poetry, as lonel Wilson gives us reason to form he was in the military and political expectations of this kind. He men
tions several persons who penetrated much farther than any of the French, into Nubia and into the western deserts. By these the world will probably be furnished with the
means of corroborating or correctFor the Literary Magazine. ing the accounts of the French, and
thus, whatever evils have befallen History of the British Expedition humanity in the Egyptian war, Eu
to Egypt ; to which is subjoined, ropean curiosity will be greatly ina sketch of the present state of debted to it. that country and its means of de- This military narrative is plain fence. Illustrated with maps, and
and and distinct. It is adorned with no a portrait of Sir Ralph Aber
flowers of rhetoric, and enlivened cromby. By Robert Thomas
by few of those minute circumstanWilson, lieutenant colonel of ca
ca ces, which give interest and colourvalry in his Britannic Majesty's
y ing to a picture. On this account, service, and knight of the Impie- though, perhaps, less amusing to riai Military Order of Maria the general reader, it is more inTheresa.
structive to the military one. Ingens, Insigne, Recens, adhuc Among the articles of general Indictum ore alio. Hor interest, the following account of
Rosetta and the Nile, is one of the Philadelphia: published by Cor
- most striking, as it shews the difrad, Co.- Bonsal for
Sonsalo Milce, ferent lights in which the same ob
Mölcs, Printers, Wilmington.-P. p. ject will present itself to different 317.
spectators: This narrative is drawn up by « The officers of the English aran officer, whose education and my who went to Rosetta, expected pursuits appear to have been chiefly to find Savary's glowing description confined to military affairs. His of its beauties realized, as they had professed object indeed is the British found some justice in his remarks expedition to Egypt, and though a on that Desert, which separates soldier has abundant opportunities Aboukir and Alexandria. Their cf indulging a liberalcuriosity in the mortification was extreme, to disscene of his exploits, and has some- cover that the boasted delights of times more advantages for literary this city only consisted in compariand scientific researches than other son. The sight of verdure after men, Colonel Wilson appears to that barren waste is a gratifying see little beside the movements of novelty, which pleases and fascinates the army and records little beside the eve, in proportion to the pretheir movemements. He is actus vious suffering of the traveller, reated likewise by the national and lieving his despondency and charmprofessional spirit, and is not slow ing the senses. For two or three to assert and vindicate the reputa- miles immediately on the bank of tion of the troops to which he bc- the Nile, towards St. Julien, is cerlongs.
tainly a luxuriant vegetation, but beyond that, and over in the Delta, up, having performed their ablu. the scenery is bleak. To the south, tions ; he then passes through nar. hills of sand are only to be seen. row passages, smelling offensively
Rosetta is built of a dingy red from the abuses allowed in them, brick; a great part of the town is whilst each becomes gradually in ruins, many of the houses having warmer, till the steam heat is almost been pulled down by the French for intolerable; when he arrives in the fuel : the streets are not more than room where the baths are, he sees two yards wide, and full of wretches, a number of naked people, in vari. which the pride of civilized man ous attitudes, some in the water, revolts at, to acknowledge human. others rubbing down by the atten. The number of blind is prodigious; dants, with gloves filled with cotnearly every fifth inhabitant has ton. Their horrid squalled figures, lost, or has some humour in his with their bald heads, excepting a cres; the erysipelas, the dropsy, the little tuft of hair on the crown, and leprosy, the elephantiasis, all kinds bristly black beards, made the place of extraordinary contortions, and resemble a den of satyrs. No scene husus naturæ, constantly offend the could be more disgusting; and sight.
it is astonishing how any person “ Filth, musquitos of the most could remain five minutes, since dreadful sort, vermin of every kind, the air is so tainted and oppressive. women so ugly, that, fortunately Hundreds of English, attracted by for Europeans, their faces are con- the description, attempted to get as cealed by a black cloth veil, in which far as the baths, but were obliged two eye holes are cut, stench into to turn back when they had advanclerable houses almost uninhabitable, ed a little way. The Mosaic paveform the charms of Rosetta and Sa- ment, with which, however, the vary's garden of Eden. The quay floors are paved, is really beautiful, is alone a handsome object, and this and repays some inconvenience.” certainly might be made noble. On Among the many accounts we it General D'Estaign had fitted up have received of the Egyptian peaa house in the Italian style, in which sants, the following deserves a conwere the only clean apartments in spicuous place: the city, excepting a house belong- “ All language is insufficient to ing to Mrs. D'Arcy.
give a just idea of the misery of an * The Nile, the celebrated Nile, Egyptian village ; but those who afforded, uncombined with its boun- have been in Ireland may best supties and wonderful properties, no pose the degree, when an Irish hut pleasure to the sight; the muddy is described as a palace, in comparistream, rotten banks, putrifying with son to an Arab's stye, for it can be the fatness of the slime, left from called by no other name. the waters; its narrow breadth, not “Each habitation is built of mud, being more than a hundred yards even the roof, and resembles in across, impressed with no idea of shape an oven : within is only one majesty ; but a reflection on the apartment, generally of about ten miraculous qualities of this river, feet square. The door does not ad. an anticipation of the luxuries which mit of a man's entering upright; the very kennelly waters would af- but as the bottom is dug out about ford, rendered it an object of con- two feet, when in the room, an erect siderable gratification.
posture is possible. A mat, some « The baths at Rosetta were es. large vessels to hold water, which teemed very fine, and Savary de- it is the constant occupation of the scribes them as such ; therefore women to fetch, a pitcher made of they must be mentioned. The cu- fine porous clay, found best in Up rinus stranger enters first into a per Egypt, near Cunie, and in which large saloon, where many people the water is kept very cool, a rice are laying naked in bed, or getting pan, and coffee-pot, are all the or
VOL. I....NO. II. a