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truly whimsical; as if the writing could, for I wish to see him put out. But if by no possibility, tend to a contrary effect, you lay down and stick to the maxim, by causing the grievance complained of to be ibat nothing complained of by the press is removed. This consequence never seems ever to be redressed, then, indeed, all its to enter into the minds of those who are complaints must tend to the destruction of so ready, upon all occasions, to cry out the government and of the present order libel! libel! libel! They tell us that the of things; then, indeed, it never can com. liberty of the press is a very great blessing; plain without striking a blow at the gothat it is the glory of this country; and (vernment. But, if this maxim be good, they bid us look at the miserable state of what pitiful mockery is it to talk about Napoleon's people, who possess it not. Liberty of the Press! What! must I comBut, they always say, when we complain plain of no man in power without incurof any thing, that our object is to excite ring the charge of a wish to excite sedi. discontent, to produce insurrection, and to tion? Suppose, for instance, I could make the country an easy prey to that prove that some man in power had taken same Napoleon !. It seems to be laid down a bribe from some other rogue to get the as a maxim, that every thing, which is other rogue a good fat contract or job. complained of through the means of the Suppose me able to prove this? Must I press, ought to remain just as it is; that not state it? Am I to be charged with a nothing that the press complains of ought seditious intention for stating it? Am I ever to be redressed; and, of course, that to be told, that I wish to bring the godernall the complaints of the press against the ment into hatred and contempi? I should character or conduct of public men, must say, NO. I had no such intention. My have a mischievous tendency and must arise intention was to expose the two rogues to from a mischievous intension. Praise them hatred and to punishment; but, the goyou may as long as you please; that is vernment ought to be obliged to me for always right; you will never weary them that. Aye, but you should have gone with that; your efforts in that way are privately io the minister, or should have proalways most laudable; but, the moment ceeded in a court of law against the guilty you begin to find fault with them, or with parties. Oh! that might have done, perany thing they do, you are seditious and haps; but, then, what is the use of my almost guilty of treason. It never appears press? Pray tell me, where I shall look to strike them, that it would silence our for the occasion when I am to use this precomplaints by redressing the grievance you cious LIBERTY of the Press, which you complain of. This way of silencing you tell me I have. Do tell me that, or for they never seem to dream of. No: all you ever hold your tongue.-The enemies complain of is good, and, therefore, you must of the press are in a dilemma : for, either complain from a wicked motive and with they must give up the notions they have an intention to produce a mischievous effect. been endeavouring to inculcate ; or, they
- And this is what they call the liberty must confess, that the Liberty of the Press of the press.----- In the present case, this is a mere empty sound ; a mere mockery. Clarke charges Mr. DRAKARD with an in. This they do not like. They would fain. tention to cause a mutiny in the army: see the press stifled; they would sain see Why shonld that be his wish? Why should it choaked; they would fain see it with we not rather suppose, that his wish was no powers of censure or complaint left according to his words: that is to say, to belonging to it; they would fain see this, do away the punishment of flogging? This while, at the same time, the people were was much the more likely of the two, es. made to believe that we had Liberty of the pecially as Mr. Drakard avowed this to be Press; it being very inconvenient for these his wish.--If I expose the character and enemies of the press that the mass of the conduct of a corrupt knave in power, and people should perceive, that there was no express my desire to see him put out of such liberty. But, in this these ene• power, is it to be concluded, that I wish mies of the press will not succeed. We to overturn the government, and not to put out can, as yet, argue about what is Liberty the corrupt knade? The government, in- of the Press and what is not Liberty of the deed, will become endangered by the Press; and, if the nation do but see the knave's remaining in power; because thing in its proper light; if they do not the just hatred I excite against him will suffer themselves to be deceived with a divide itself amongst the whole govern- sound; if they clearly understand the truth ment; but, then, I do not wish for this; of the matter, that is all that is wanted.
*This lawyer Clarke is stated to have said, ways thus. The people are always, in in allusion to what had been said about the those cases, considered as a set of senseLiberty of the Press," that too much was less brutes, quite incapable of discovering "assumed under that misused phrase ; that, the tendency of any publication, and so " in France, and other countries, the perverse and wicked in their natures as to " Liberty of the Press existed not, because be able to give to every publication the " Licencers were appointed to controul it; worst of meanings and to like it the better for " and this eremption from Licences in Eng-being of a bad tendency. A pretty compli"land was what was rightly understood by ment this to the hearts as well as to the " the Liberty of the Press.” -Now, you heads of the people of England.-But, see, though Mr. DrakARD was not allowed as to the fact of intention, how was this to strengthen his argument by a compari- lawyer to know that Sir Robert Wilson son of our practices with those of Napo- meant his book to be read only by those leon, this lawyer made no scruple to do it. who are here called men of judgment ? And And what right had he to do this any how was he to know, that Mr. DRAKARD more than Mr. DRAKARD? What right did not mean his writing to be read by such had he to appeal to the practice of France, men? Compare the two writings, and you in case of the press, any more than the will see, I believe, that Mr. Drakard's is other had, in cases of 'military punish- by far the most worthy of the attention of ments! Oh! but the lawyer's compari- men of judgment, and to have a place in son favoured our practice. Did it? Let their librariese Nay, the very stir that the us see. Napoleon suffers no man to latter has made is an undeniable proof of print or publish any thing that has not its superior efficacy; and, after all, what been first approved of by persons whom is the sure test of the literary merit of a be appoints for the purpose, and which publication, if not its degree of efficacy in this lawyer calls Licensers
. Well, at any relation to its object ? Sir Robert Wilson's rate, no man can, then, get himself jailed pamphlet was written about six years ago. for printing or publishing in France; and, It has long been gone, in company of that though we are told, that Napoleon has of Sir John Stuart, to line trunks, or to eight Bastilles, they cannot be filled with pack up snuff and tobacco. These pubmen whose crime is printing and publish- lications made no more noise than Cure ing. But, really, lawyer Clarke is to wen's art of stewing straw and fattening be applauded for his frank avowal; for, the poor upon milk. They went out as he is, I believe, the first who, since the quietly and were as completely, and more time of the Stuarts, has openly declared, completely, extinguished than the book that our Liberty of the Press means nothing of which it is related that the author burnt more, than that we are not compelled to the whole edition with his own hands. Not show our works to a previous Licenser; so the little article of Mr. DRAKARD. It and, of course, that we may be punished produced effects; and effects, too, that will for any thing that we do publish. If this long be remembered. For, whatever lawyer be the case, the Liberty of the Press is, in Clarke may think of it, this is become a deed, “a' misused phrase.” It should be great cause, and as such it will hereafter be called the use of the press; the power of known.—Sir Robert Wilson and Sir printing; or, something other than the John Stuart wrote against flogging soldiers liberty of the press, as I have, I trust
, five or six years ago. But, no alteration took clearly demonstrated, in former articles place. The work of flogging went on as upon this subject. —Yet, to this they usual ; just in the same way as if they had must come, or give up the point. They never written a word in all their lives. must contend, that we may be punished for Five or six Mutiny Acts were passed afany thing that we publish, or they must terwards, and no alteration was proposed. concede to us the right of publishing with. Now, however, an alteration (at least, so it out risk to ourselves, any thing that we is said,) has been made; and, if this should can prove to be true. Lawyer Clarke is prove to be true, why are we not to ascribe stated to have said, that Mr. DraKARD's it to the exertions of the Press? At any publication was not to be regarded in the rate, it does so happen, that no alteration , same light as that of Sir Robert Wilson, in this respect, followed the pamphlets of the latter being meant for the libraries of Sir Robert Wilson and Sir John Stuart, and men of judgment, while the former was that, if the parliamentaryreports are correct, meant to be read in public-houses by per- an aiteration is now to take place; though, sons incapable of deep thinking. It is al. I beg leave to be clearly understood as
giving no opinion as to the nature of that " and made their condition superior, the alteration, because I have not yet seen the “ safety of the country was no longer to be renew Mutiny Bill. -Hence, then, I think, " garded as certain."
-The lawyer seems it is pretty clear, that Mr. DrakaRD had to have waxed wroth here at the close of not only as good a right to publish his re his speech. Passion, however, was quite probation of flogging as Sir Robert Wilson useless. It could not alter the case ; and, had; but, that there is a possibility, at I will engage, that, illiterate and stupid least, thal the writing of the former was and brutish as this man seems to think the much better calculated for the libraries of people of England, they will not fail 10 those whom this lawyer calls men of judy. I understand and to put a proper construcment than the writings of the latter.-In tion upon the whole of this, which would comparing the merits of writings we ought not call forth a word of commentary from to follow the principle upon
which me, were it not for the word “ insulted." proceed in comparing tho merits of other This is a charge, which, really, it is quite labours, when we always set the most value astonishing to hear preferred against Mr. upon that which is most efficacious in effect. DrakaRD. Did he insult the soldiers ? ing its intended object. That is the best He most strongly protested against their reaper, who cuts the most corn and in the being flogged; but, was that to insult best manner, in any given space of time, them? They must be made of odd sort whether he work with a sickle or a hook, or of stuff indeed, if they could look upon whether he be left-handed or right-hunded. this as an insult - This will naturally Both these gentlemen wrote against flogg- put the reader in mind of the Atlorney ing soldiers; and he whom the public General's telling the Judges, in my case, shall think has done most towards ettecting that the ARMY called upon them to punish the abolition of flogging, has, as a writer, me most severely.“Well, but if this the most merit. The best missionary is was really insulting the soldiers; if he who makes the most converts, without this was really an insult to them ; if it any reference to his arguments or his mode was, in good earnest, an insult to them to of using them. - Lawyer Clarke is remonstrate against flogging them, what stated to have observed, that, “ notwith- will lawyer Clarke say of the new clause in standing the boasted excellence of the the Mutiny Act, which, if truly represented system of Buonaparté, our soldiers never in the parliamentary debates, is intended yet met those of the tyrant, without prov- | to lessen, at least, the quantity of flog. ing the superiority of thcir courage.” ging; and, he should recollect, that ibis Well, but what of that? What does that Act will
, or ought to be, read several make against Mr. Drakard's objection to times in the year, at the head of every flogging, them? It, surely, cannot be company in the army? What will he, meant, that our men owe any part of their then, say to this; and 10 those members courage to the cat-o’-nine-tails. This is of the House of Commons, who said they loo monstrous to suppose. This, indeed, approved of the clause, because they looked would be to insult the very hearts in their upon it as leading to the ubolition of flogging bosoms. What is, then, meant as the de- altogether ? If Mr. DrakARD was guilty of duction from this ? Are we to gather from an insult to the soldiers, what will lawyer it, that flogging men does not make them Clarke call all this? I have only one cowards ? Well, but, surely, then, it is more passage of the lawyer's speech to rewell worth while to consider, whether such mark on.--
--He said, and very truly, a mude of punishment might not be dis. that “it was a strange way of encouragiug pensed with amongst men so brave as those “the English soldier, to hold him out as here spoken of; to which might be added, " a degraded sluve, cut of from the pale of that, after all those proofs of their bravery, “ the constitution, and below the level of his of which lawyer CLARKE spoke, there "fellow subjects." Yes, lawyer, a very would seem to be no argument wanted strange way indeed; but it was a way against the practice complained of by die that Mr. Drakard did not pursue. It was defendant. -But, the lawyer added, the Courier that said this; and, which is that, " if the soldiers were to be seduced very curious, he said it in an article, in- . « by such miscreants as the author of the tended to shew, that Mr. Drakard and the " present libel, if they were to be insulted | whole of us, who had written against « and taunted and taught that they bled flogging, were “ MUTINOUS LIBELLERS," " for those who treuted them only with cruelty, and ought to be punished ; and he con“ while Buonaparté respected his soldiers demned in us, and especially in Mr.
DRAKARD, an attempt to make the soldier “ current; and whereas it has been believe, that he was upon a level with the rest “ deemed expedient at the recommendaof his fellow subjects; for an attempt lo “tion of the Right Honourable the Lords persuade him that the laws of the country “ Committee of Privy Council for Coin, were applicable to him; for an attempt to " in order to PREVENT THEIR BEING persuade him that he was NOT cut off “ WITHDRAWN FROM CIRCULAfrom civil society; for an attempt to “ TION, that an ADDITIONAL VALUE make him suppose, that he was not put out nearly proportionate to that at which of the pale of the constitution.--This was "they were first issued in relation to their the charge preferred against us all by the “INTRINSIC VALUE be now assigned venal COURIER; and, yet, Mr. DRAKAID " to them: The Governor and Company is accused of the very opposite ; and the “ of the Bank of England do therefore sentiments and the words of his unmanly, hereby give notice, that they have his base and cowardly adversary, are “given orders to their Cashiers and other · put into his mouth.--Here I quit the « officers from henceforth (until a public lawyer, referring the reader to his whole “ notice to the contrary of not less than speech, as published in the report of the “ six months shall have been given,)' to trial. - The speech of the Judge, I “ receive all Bank Dollar Tokens tendered shall leave to the perusal of the reader; “ in payment at the Bank, at the rate of but, I must beg leave to express my hope, « FIVE SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE that that perusal will be attentive. “ EACII instead of 5s, as heretofore; and While we have subjects like this before “ to puy and to issue all such Bank Dollar us, that man must be little better than a “ Tokens us shall be paid or issued hereafter by brute beast who can suffer his mind to be “ them at the same rate of 5s, 6d. each.drawn abroud, and his attention to be Robert Best, Secretary." -There ! fixed upon marches and counter-marches. Now you may all to breakfast or dinner or Sagar and Coffee islands and the firing of supper " with what appetite you may.”, Park and Tower guns, may, at such times, -There it is. You have it now; and engage the attention of nen whose skulls if you are amongst those, who have so are empty, or who are intent upon con- long abused me for my warnings, much tracts and jobs; but subjects like that now good may it do you.--Oh! " that before us are the only ones that will, or the great statesman now no more" were can, command the serious attention of still alive and here amongst us! Iis men of sense who love their country ; be- death, at which so many thousands, I might cause in them we may easily read some, say millions, so sincerely rejoiced, was at least, of the events that are to come. always a subject of sorrow with me; and
I cannot help wondering, that Mr. HUNT BANK Dollar TokenS.Reader, rub should, at the Somersetshire Meeting, your eyes; if you wear spectacles wipe have expressed his sutisfaction that the them clean; and, if you are blind, bid great man
no more, The your reader raise his voice; for, here is moment I clapped my eyes upon this noan article that demands all the attention tice, my pen dropped, and my hands flew that you can, in any wise, muster up. Ye instinctively to my pockets, where, alas ! ancient spinsters, whose incomes are fixed I found but two dollars, and so I became in nominal sums; ye widows and orphans only one shilling richer than I was the whose all is what is called vested, lay minute before.--If poor GRIZZLE aside your cards and your baubles; and you, Greenhorn should not yet understand Guzzie GREENHORN, away with your knit- the matter, she will the next time she goes ting needle and your half-made purse, to the grocer's, with a pound note, for a which cruelly mocks you; come the whole pound of tea, price five shillings; for, Mr. of you gather round me, and hear the con Figgins will not give her three dollars in firmation of what I have, in vain, so long change as he used to do, but will hand her been endeavouring to make you believe. truo dollars and four shillings, thus :
-- BANK OF ENGLAND, 18 March "1811. BANK DOLLAR TOKENS. 1 lb. fine Bohea .......... £o 5 0 " Whereas the price of Silver bas risen so 2 Dollars at 5s. Od
(ỉ O "much since the first issue of Bank Dollar Small change.............. 0 4 0
Tokens at Five Shillings each as now " to make them worth more to be sold as
Total £ 1 0 0 " bullion than the price at which they are
Oh! “that the great man" could come / stop the progress of this, nor retard, for again! I shall not easily forgive Mu. Hunt only one single moment, the event, or, rafor expressing satisfaction at his premature ther the numerous and most important end. The great man wished to have his events, with which it teems, and which I name inscribed on a monument raised to Public have no hesitation in believing to be far Credit. He said so. I have his speech. greater than any that modern Europe has Of all the malicious pranks that Death yet witnessed. We shall now soon see ever played us, the taking off the great it will not be three years first) what degree man so soon was the worst.--However, of knowledge is possessed by such men as his school are alive. We shall have them Sinclair and HUSKISSON and CHALMERS to talk to; and, that, at any rate, will be and the rest of the rabble of authors, who some little consolations. I have been have been choaking up the shops of the asked by a score of correspondents, why book-sellers with pamphlets about the I do not finish my series of Letters to the Bullion report. That hardened and inFarmers and Tradesmen in and near Salis- exorable scribbler, CHALMERS, bas stated bury, upon the subject of Paper against Bank Notes, not convertible into specie, Gold. The reason is, that I wait to see the to be “a miraculous mean of salvation to the Report of the BULLION COMMITTEE dis. “ British constitution.” Very true, in his cussed in the House of Commons. I was come sense of the constitution. But, there to the place where I must have offered my will be time to speak of this hereafter. At opinion as to their proposed remedy; and I present I will leave what has been said to was not willing to do that, until I had the consideration of the reader; and with fully heard them; until I had heard them my earnest advice to him to open bis eyes out;Until, indeed, I had heard what all and look before him, being well satisfied, the statesmen of our age and country had that the time is not far distanţ when be to say.--But, really, if this discussion will repent it sorely, if he remain deaf to does not come on soon, I must proceed; my advice. for, I begin to be alarmed, lest the accomplishment should precede the prophecy.-- ENGLISHMAN's Right.-In another The discussion appears to have been put part of this Number, I have begun the inoff on account of Mr. Horner's absence sertion of an excellent little work on the upon the Circuit. If he looked upon the Rights and Duties of Juries. It was written thing in the light that I do, he would look a long while ago by a very eminent and sharp and get back again. Even now, excellent person. I have had the whole the discussion will have lost half its in- treatise printed in the form of a pamphlet, terest; for this tenth, at a slap, added to and it is now for sale (Price one shilling) at the nominal value of the dollar, or, in other Mr. Bagshaw's and Mr. Budd's; but, so words, the two shillings deducted from the excellent do I think the work, and so much value of the pound note, will, in the course good do I think it calculated to produce, of a few days, enable every creature of that I shall continue to insert parts of it, common sense to judge very correctly of 'till the whole may have reached those, what is going on.--What strikes me who are not within reach of the pamphlet. most is the admirable coolness, or what My object is to communicate its contents the French call, sang froid, with which to every body, if I can, and therefore, I this notification is given from the Bank, have put only such a price upon it as will who tell us, in so many words, that their pay a part of the expence, being very willing silver notes or tokens now worth to bear some part of it myself. more than when they were issued; that
WM COBBETT. they will be withdrawn from circula
State Prison, Newgate, Tuesday, tion (that is sent abroad or melted) un
March 1811. less their value is raised; and that, therefore, they have raised the value, and mean to issue them at the raised value in future.
LIBEL CAUSE. And, all this with as much coolness and MR. DRAKARD OF THE STAMFORD News. composure as if nothing at all was the Report of this Trial, at the Assizes at Lin. matter! The man is a fool who frets and teazes himself at this, seeing that it is a
COLN, on Wednesday, 13th March,
1811, before JUDGE Wood, and a Spething that is sure, quite sure, to correct itself. The Jacobins and Democrats can
cial Jury. do nothing here. No human power can
At nine o'clock on Wednesday morning