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attachment. I am, however, by no can such a sovereign look his people in means sorry, that the MEAN, MERCE- the face? How can he call upon them to NARY and MALIGNANT men have thus risk their lives in defence of him and their fully disclosed themselves. The country, country? Wretches that they are, they the deceived country, will now, or never, have no country; they have nothing to risk see to the bottoịn of their corrupt souls. life for? they are stripped of their proThey will see, that these advocates of cor- perty, they are degraded in character; of roption had, at heart, nothing but their the soil on which they feed they own noown private gains, while they were ac- thing but the “ six by two,” and of that it cusing others of disloyal intentions. The is not in the power of any conqueror 10 Prince and bis Brothers, too, will, one deprire them. Thus it is that countries are would fain hope, perceive, that, it is not conquered and that dynasties fall. Politi. the friend of freedom who is their foe, but, cal institutions are not now-a-days to be according to the sentiment of my motto, upheld by mere prejudice. The world the wretch who would tempt them to sub cannot unlearn what it has learnt. Nations vert it; that this is the real traitor; that now well know their rights, and, if they this is the worm, that cats out all the hap. submit to oppression and insult, it is bepiness of kingdoms. In short, they must cause they are unable to resist; and, their now be as blind as the stones they tread / submission has no other measure than that on, if they do not see as clear as daylight, of inability. Never was there so fair an that their true interests and the people's are opportunity for producing a great and saluthe same; that the best friends of the tary effeets as the Prince of Wales now has. people are also their best friends; that it is in his power, if the necessity of inthose who are the people's enemies are, at vesting him with the kingly powers should bottom, their enemies; and that with the continue, to rivet the affection of the people people they must stand or fall. Let the to him in a way to enable him to laugh to Prince say, in the language of Mallet: scorn all the attempts, which the venal and If not to build the public weal
corrupt are now making against him. But, « On the firm base, which can alone resist he should never forget, and those are his “ Both time and chance, fair liberly and law ; greatest enemies who would endeavour to “ If I for this great end am not ordained, make him overlook the fact, that it is in
“May I ne'er poorly fill the throne of England!” | these days, only by the arms and the hearts Let the Prince say this, let him act up to of the people, that kingly governments, or, the sentiment, and he need fear no intrigues indeed, governments of any kind, can long and cabals : he will want none of that be preserved. It cannot be unknown to support which corruption yields: he safely him, that the people of this kingdom most may, as I trust be will, scori all disguise, anxiously desire a reform of abuses, and, all the arts of affectation and hypocrisy : as the only means of effecting that, a he will be strong in that in which alone reform of the Commons House of Parliareal strength is found when the day of ment; and, one would think, that if he trial comes, the interest of the people to de- had not before, he must now have seen send their country, from which country enough to convince him, that such a reform the fate of himself and his family is in- is not less neccssary to the support of the separable. He has now had a pretty fair just prerogatives of the throne than it is to specimen of the reliance which is to be the freedoin and happiness of the people. placed upon venality and corruption. He Those high-toned gentry, who are never must now see, or he never will see, that wanting to a court, may tell him the conhe can safely rely upon none of those trary ; they may tell him, that, while he who are hostile to the liberties of the has armies, he has nothing to fear from the people. He has the example of Europe people; but, after the experience of so before him. He has seen many dynasties many dynasties, now laid under his eyes, fall; and he has seen, in every instance, in the dust, he will, besides the integrity without a single exception, that the of his own heart, want nothing more to fall has been produced by those fawning make him turn from such advisers. slaves, who, after having seduced their
WM. COBBETT. sovereign to oppress and insult his people, State Prison, Newgate, Tuesday, have, in the hour of danger, been the very January 1, 1811. first to desert him. In such an hour, how
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent - Garden :-Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall,
LONDON :-Printed by T. C. Hansard, Peterborough-Court, Fleet-Street,
VOL. XIX. No. 2.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1811.
[13 THE REGENCY.
form some singular naval or military
achievement. We have now before us, in the shape of 3. That it is the opinion of this ComRESOLUTIONS, proposed in the House of mittee, That, for a time to be limited, Commons, MR. PERCEVAL's project of li the said power shall not extend to the mitations of the Royal Authority in the granting of any office whatever in bands of the Prince of Wales,
We will, reversion, or to the granting of any therefore, now take a regular, though, per office, salary, or premium, for any haps, concise view of this project; and, other term than during his Majesty's at every look, we shall, I am persuaded, pleasure, except such offices as are by imbibe fresh conviction of its unfitness and law required to be granted for life or injustice, and of the evil consequences, during good behaviour. which, if adopted, it must tend to produce 4. That it is the opinion of this Comnot only with regard to the Crown, but mittee, That such parts of his Majesty's with regard also to the best interests of the private property as are not vested in people.The Resolutions were five in trustees, shall be vested in trustees for number, and were, in substance, if not the benefit of his Majesty. exactly word for word, as follows:
5. That it is the opinion of this ComJ. Resolved, That it is the opinion of mittee, That the care of his Ma
this Committee, that for the purpose jesty's Royal Person, during the conof providing for the exercise of the tinuance of bis Majesty's illness, shall Royal Authority during the continu be committed to the care of the ance of his Majesty's illness, in such Queen's Most Excellent Majesty ; manner, and to such extent, as the and that, for a time to be limited, her present circumstances, and the urgent Majesty shall huve the power to reinove concerns of the Nation appear to re from, and to nominate and appoint such quire, it is expedient, that his Royal persons as she shall think proper, to the Highness the Prince of Wales, being several Offices in his Majesty's Houseresident within the Realm, shall be hold; and to dispose, order, and maempowered to exercise and adminis nage all other matters and things relating ter the Royal Authority, according to the care of his Majesty's Royal Perto the Laws and Constitution of Great son, during the time aforesaid; and that,. Britain, in the name, and on the be for the better enabling her Majesty balf of his Majesty, and under the to discharge this important task, it is style and title of Regent of the King also expedient that a Council shall be dom; and to use, execute, and per appointed to advise and assist ber form, in the name and on the be Majesty in the several matters aforehalf of his Majesty, all Authorities, said : and with power, from time 10 Prerogatives, Acts of Government, time, as they may see cause, to esa. and Administration of the same, that mine, upon oath, the Physicians and belong to the King of this Realm to others attending his Majesty's Peruse, execute, and perform according son, touching the state of his Majesto the law thereof, subject to such li. ty's health, and all matters relative mitations and exceptions as shall be thereto. provided.
The four first resolutions were moved 2. That it is the opinion of this Com- by Mr. Perceval, en Monday last, the
mittee, That, for a time to be limited, 31st of December; and after a long Dethe power so to be given to bis Royal bate, were carried by a majority of 16, Highness the Prince of Wales shall there being 220 for them and 210 against not extend to the granting of any them. On the 1st instant the 5th Resolurank or dignity of the peerage of the tion was moved by him, and was lost, by realm to any person whatever, except | 13 votes, there being 226 for an amendsuch person or persons as may pero ment, moved by Loro Gower, and 213
against the amendment; which was as , naval or military achievements. -- As follows : to leave out that part of the Re to time, there is no argument that can have solution, which is distinguished by italics, any weight for a year, which will not and to insert other words in their stead, bare equal weight for any longer period. so that the Resolution was, when passed, Such arguments have been attempted; but changed into this:
they have all failed, and, indeed, they That it is the opinion of this Commit- have all been anticipated and answered
tee, That the care of his Majesty's by me long enough ago.--I have shewn Royal Person, during the continuance before, that, if the power of creating of his Majesty's illness, shall be com peers ought ever to exist in the hands of mitted to the care of the Queen's the King, it ought to exist in the hands of Most Excellent Majesty : together with the Regent; that, to withhold the power the sole direction of such portion of his from the Regent, is to declare, in acts, Majesty's Houschold as shall be deemed that the power is not necessary to the wellsuitable to a due attendance and regard governing of the nation; and that, if it to his Royal Person; and that for lhe is unsafe to entrust it in the hands of the better enabling her Majesty to dis. Prince, who is now 48 years of age, and charge this important task, it is also who, in the course of nature, must be ex. expedient that a Council shall be ap- pected soon to be King, the inevitable conpointed to advise and assist her Ma Clusion is, that it is a power that ought jesty in the several matters aforesaid; never to be entrusted to the King. -Has and with power, from time to time, this objection been answered ? I have seen as they may see cause, to examine, no answer to it at all. Nay, I have seen npon oath, the physicians and others
no attempt to answer it. What said Mr. attending his Majesty's person, louch- Perceval in his defence of this part of ing the state of his Majesty's health, his project? The following is given in the and all matters relative thereto. report of his speech of the 31st of DeSuch were the proceedings thus far. cember. “ It cannot surely be gravely What may finally be the fate of the Re. argued that
serious inconvenience is solutions; how they may fare when they " to be apprehended from withholding the come to be embodied into a Bill; what honours of peerage for twelve months, they will hare to encounter in the House “ when it is recollected that during the of Lords; this cannot yet be known; but, “ last four years, excepting for naval and thus far the thing has gone. We have the “ military services, but two new Peers have project before us; and, though it should « been created, When it is also rememfinally fail, nothing can do away the in r bered, that in the short administration tention. That is beyond the power of re " which preceded the present, no less tractation or disguise. Let us, therefore, " than eleden were added to the number of the now proceed 10 take a view of this project, " Othon House, it is obvious that this is a as it here lies before us.
prerogative which may be converted to The First RESOLUTION is exceptionable "purposes of an ambiguous nature; that it is a only in as much as ir talks of limitations, power which
may possibly be abused:"; and as it implies the conferring of the Now as to the exception with regard to powers by Bill instead of by Address, and Naval and Military Officers who may peras it may be construed to mean, that the form some great nationalservice, what does two Houses of Parliament alove have the this amount to? Why 10 a very good rearight of appointing whom they please to sup son, if ic be worth any thing at all
, for taking ply the place of the King, during his in from the King for ever the power of creatcapacity. All this, however, is little as to ing any peers but men who shall have the substance. There is, in fact, no ques- performed some singular Naval or Military tion as to who shall be Regent; and, though service. Besides, who is to be the judge there is a good deal to be said as to the of the nature of such service? Who is to mode of proceeding, as to the mode of say, whether it be singular or not? Who conferring the authority, still the great is to have the final determination of such question is, whether the authority shall be
a question ? — But, why suffer him to really conferred entire, or whether it shall advance Naval and Military officers rather be partly withheld from the Regent. than any body else? It has been truly ob-.
The Second RESOLUTION withholds from served by soine one, that it is staiesmen him the power of making peers, for a time that we now stand in need of more than to be limited, except in cases of singular Naval and Military officers. The latter;
from the state of the war, cannot be rea- nished turn, there really does appear sonably expected to have any occasion nothing wanting but a further exception' soon offered them for performing wonder- in favour of those candidates for the peerful and singular exploits, such as those of age, of whom Mr. Perceval and bis Lords Gambier and Talavera; while of states. colleagues might think proper to approve. men, if to save a sinking nation; if to rescue ---He says, that the power of creating the kingdom from the greatest danger that peers may be abused; and be couples this ever kingdom was placed in; if this be work with an observation, that no less than that calls for the talents of statesmen, of eleven members were added to the other great need do we stand of them; of great House, during the short administration need do we stand of the immediate appli- that immediately preceded the present, cation of their talents; and, of course, if while he and his colleagues, during four the prerogative of making peers be at any years (it is only 3!)' have added but two, time necessary as a mean in the hands of excepting Naval and Military officers. the Sovereign of calling such talents --I do not recollect, who the eleven into exertion, it would be necessary in new peers were; but, this I know very the hands of the Regent; and, if not well, that, one half of the whole House, or necessary then, if not necessary for a thereabouts, have been promoted to or in · year, can never be necessary at all. the peerage by him and his predecessors
-Can Mr. Perceval discover nor of the sume party and school. He appears thing for statesmen to do, at this time? to have quite overlooked this circumstance; Does he look upon the state of the king. but, it is a very material one for the peo.' dom, whether with regard to its domes-ple to bear in mind; and, if they pay due tic or its foreign concerns, as being so pros. attention to the main drift of his argument, perous as to require the application of no they will clearly see what is the real oba! talents and exertions of a kind to merit jeci in withholding the exercise of this prethe highest reward that the talents and rogative from the Prince, and, the seeing exertions of statesmen can receive? Sup- of inat object is quite enough to convince pose some one were to discover and put in them, that the prerogative ought not to be practice the means of tranquillizing Ireland, withheld.--- Ishall not here enter into an and of rendering an army unnecessary inquiry respecting the wisdom or justice there; or, of putting a stop to the further of the practice of promoting men to the depreciation of money; or, of giving us a peerage merely on account of their wealth. constitutional reform of parliament and unit. It is, perhaps, a very nice question to deing us heart and hand against the enemy; termine how far such a claim to the peeror, of making peace with Napoleon without age ought to be admitted. But, it is per. disgrace or danger. Would not such a man fectly notorious, that many men have have a stronger claim to the gratitude of been, and especially since the power of the nation, and to the highest reward Me. Pitt began to be felt, promoted to which the sovereign has to bestow, than the peerage upon no other visible, or asang Naval or Military man could possibly signable ground. What reason, then, can hare? Where, then, is the reason for shut- be given for withholding this power from ting such a person out from the peerage, the Prince ? Royal favour has fowed all while it is left open for Naval and Military in one channel for an uninterrupted series men ---But, though Mr. Perceval did of 26 years; and is there not, therefore, reanot observe, there is no objection, I take son lo suppose, that it might now with pro. it, to our observing, that all the Naval | priety flow in the other channel ? Ifthe Prince and Military men, now in actual service, were Regent only for six months, or for have had their appointments from him and one month, is it likely that he would do his predecessors ofth s Pitt school, who much mischief in selecting men from the have had the making on. Il appointments party opposed to the Pittiles to promote for the last twenty-six years ; so that, what to the peerage? What harm could arise he would be willing to leave, as to peer- from his causing the Royal favour to flow ages, in the hands of the Prince, would in a new direction for a short space of time? he the promotion to the rank of peers, any And, if you suppose, that the King will men, from amongst those, who have in never resume his functions, there is, at fact, been selected by himself and his party; once, an end of Mr. Perceval's reasonwhich, to be sure, is a very generous and ing; unless he will go the length of regracious concession, and, to which, in order fusing, in future, the power of the peerage to round the proposition, and give it a fi creation, to the King as well as to the
Regent. There is one more point, and To the THIRD RESOLUTION, which
pre. that, too, admitting of a practical illustra- vents the Prince, for the intended year, tion that all the world will understand.. from granting any office whatever, in Who is the Prince to have for a Lord reversion, and from granting any office, or Chancellor ? “ Lord Erskine, to be sure." salary, or, pension, for other term than dur. ---Aye, with all our hearts; but who is ing the KING'S PLEASURE, except such 10 insure Lord Erskine's life for a year offices as are by law to be granted for life Who is to make him live and make him during good behaviour; to this resolution well for a year?--Oh! there is Lord almost all the arguments against the seEldon, or, who may do full as well, there coud Resolution equally apply.--Of is Lord Redesdale, or Lord Ellenborough grants in reversion it is hardly necessary (for a Chief Justice may, as used to be for me to say, that I am no advocate; the case, exist without a peerage); so that but, such has been the profusion of these the Prince would have free liberty to grants, that the Prince, unless he meant choose his Lord Chancellor, would be to give offices to children the futhers of quite at liberty to choose the person highest whom are not yet born, would find very in office under him, would have perfect little room for the exercise of his power freedom to choose the " keeper of his in this way. Therefore, I should be very s secrets and bis CONSCIENCE” from willing to prevent him from taking away amongst those who had been promoted the patronage of his natural successor, it; to the peerage by Mr. Pitt and Mr. Ad in the same bill,, provision be made, that dington! But, after all, even these the King, if he ever should recover, shall men, however pure, and perfect as human not grant any more reversions ; shall beings, are not immortal. They too might not any further grant away the patrondie, or they might become incapable of age that would fall to the Prince or his performing the functions of Chanoellor. heir, in due course of time. But, is it What would the Prince then do? He not a little too hard upon bim, that he inight, lo be sure, make any body Chant els should be bound up from granting away lor, and the House of Lords might choose what would naturally fall into his hands, a Speaker ; but, why should this be? Why while the way is left open for his father, should he not have the power of adding in case of a resumption of his power, one Lawyer to the number of the peers ? to grant away that which would naturally Is he less capable of judging as to who fall into the lands of his son ?-- This ought to be promoted ihan his father proposition is the more strikingly unjust was? Is he more likely to be deceived as coming almost immediately after the by evil counsellors? Has he less capa- struggles of this same Me. PERCEVAL to city; is he less qualified for the office of keep the power of granting reversions in sovereign ; or, is there any fact that can the hands of the King. It is well known, be stati d that warrants a suspicion that that Dill after Bill have been brought into he would abuse bis trust, a suspicion that the House of Commons, have passed there, would and must be conveyed in any re. and have been rejected by the Lords, the sriction of any sort that should be im- object of which Bills was to prevent the posed upon him, and that was not imposed King from making any more grants of upon his father. To impose such restric. offices in reversion ; that is to say, from tion is, in itself, a mark of degradation, granting away any more of those things and must be a cause of weakness; and, that would waturally fall into llie hands of for the adoptiog of such a ineasure the his successor. To ihese Bills Mr. Percereader will, I am satisfied, not be able to val made constant and persevering resistdiscover the smallest reason, other than
He represented the power of that reason which the people, with heart granting reversions as necessary to the and voice, ought to join in rejecting; maintenance of the Crown; but, now he that is to say, that his having the power would withhold from the Regent, though to create peers would strongly tend to that Regent is the person, into whose enable him to disregard the opposition of hands the grants would naturally fall, if those, who now contend for the restriction, not made in reversion. I before oband to carry into execution measures for served upon the measure of with holding changing ihui system, upon which they the power of granting any pluce or pension and their predecessors have invariably for life. Why should it be adopted ? acted for the last 20 years, and of which Suppose Lord APDEN were to die and his system the country is now, in so many sinecure place, of twenty thousand pounda ways, feeling the fatal effects.