## Great Muslim MathematiciansThis book presents detailed accounts and analysis of the lives and world view of selected mathematicians of the Islamic period, their place in the world of science, the popularization of their lives, and their contributions specifically in mathematics and astronomy. |

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### Contents

HISTORICAL SETTING | 1 |

ALKHWARIZMI ABU ABDULLAH | 17 |

IBN ALHAYTHAM ABU | 45 |

ALBIRUNI ABU RAYHAN | 63 |

Contributions | 74 |

Mathematics | 81 |

Finding the side of Inscribed Polygon | 88 |

His Life | 95 |

Astronomy | 101 |

Theory of Ratios and Proportions | 109 |

Conclusion | 121 |

147 | |

163 | |

### Common terms and phrases

According activity Ages al-Biruni al-Khwarizmi Algebra ancient angles Arabic arithmetic astronomical Baghdad became calculated Caliph called century chord circle civilization complete considered construction contribution determined developed difference Diophantus earth East Elements equal equation Euclid example explained fact Figure gave geometrical given gives greatest Greek Hindu historians Ibn al-Haytham important India influence intellectual interest Islamic Islamic civilization Khwarizm knowledge known later Latin learning light lived mathematicians mathematics means measurements medieval method Muhammad Muslim Nasir al-Din nature object observations Omar Omar's Optics original period Persian philosophy places positive postulate present principle probably problem proofs proved Ptolemy rectangle referred result root ruler Sarton scholars scientific scientists showed side solution solved sources square tables theorem theory translated treatise various West written wrote