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and much ashamed that Brutus, having left him a victim to female blandishments, went to war without him.
Brutus, in the end, succeeded in his enterprize against the giants, and enchantment vac nished before him ; having reduced the fortresses of superstition, anarchy and tyranny, the whole illand submits to good government, and with this the poem was intended to close.
Such are the outlines of the plan, which have been extracted froin the shcets before me; and that nothing might be wanting to perfect it as an epic composition, our poet had prepared his machinery, and given names to his good and evil spirits. He observes,' that both Scripture and common opinion agree in authorizing the operation of such spirits, as these employed for good ends, to advance the worship of the Deity and virtue; and those for evil, to promote superstition and vice: and he adds, that they may be equally admitted under any difpensation, either Ethic or Christian.
Nor has our poet forgotten the Dramatis Persona, of which some are taken notice of in this sketch, particularly that of Brutus, whose character is as perfect as human nature will admit. A most wife legislator, an undaunted soldier, a just, moderate, beneficent prince; the example and pattern of kings, and true heroes.
That of Orontes, a young man next in command under hiin, of an impetuous nature, such Еe 3
as Achilles, Rinaldo, Alexander; valiant, ungovernable, licentious, but generous; and when free from paflion, good and humane.
That of Pisander, to contrast with Orontes, a very old man, the Nestor of Troy, who had feen three generations, being born before the rape of Helen, in the flourishing days of king Priam. Wise, cautious, eloquent; of great authority in Brutus's army, employed to tame the lavages in Britain, and to unite the different clans of the good Britons, &c.
Hipomedom, a bloody, cruel soldier, always for violent measures; killed by the giants.
Clounthus, a soldier seeking only plunder and luit, destroyed by a woman.
Eulemon, a physician, carried away captive, while yet a boy, at the taking of Troy, by Machaon, the son of Esculapius, who instructed him in his art, and afterwards enfranchised him. After the death of Machaon, he became highly honoured all over Greece; nevertheless, he leaves the court of Orestes, whose physician he was, out of love to his country, to follow Brutus. A charac?er of uncommon philanthropy, learning and virtue, but devoted to the worship of Esculapius, out of gratitude to the memory of his son."
Gofarius, in artful politic prince, without virtuc, trusting more to stratagem in war, than to force.
Magog, another Mezentius, a despiser of the gods ; brutal, trusting to his great strength, without fear, conscience, or prudence.
Corineus, valiant, proud, bloody; but subtle, avaritious, and dissembling.
Sagibert, favourite to Goffarius, a gay agreeable young man; vicious, spirited and brave, such as the Duc de Joyeuse, killed in the wars against the King of Navarre.
Hanno, a man of a severe republican virtue, high spirit, and great knowledge of men and manners, from having been much abroad in his different commands.
Our Author had actually begun this poem ; and part of the manuscript, in blank verse, now lies before me. But various accidents concurred, to prevent his making any farther progress in
He had likewise planned two odes, or moral poems, on the Mischiefs of arbitrary Power, and the Folly of Ambition. The first was to open with a view and description of Mount Etna or Vesuvius, after a long intermission from eruptions; in which was given a picture of all rural felicity, in the most enchanting scenes of vineyards and olive-yards in one place, the products of Ceres in another, and flowery pastures, overSpread with flocks and herds, in a third, while the shepherds were indulging themselves in their rural dances, fongs and music; and the hufEe 4
bandmen in feats of activity. In the heat of these amusements, is heard the rumbling in the bowels of the mountain, the day is overcast, and after other dreadful symptoms of approaching desolation, a torrent of liquid fire breaks out from the mouth, and running down the declivity, carries away every thing in its passage; and, as Milton says“All the flourishing works of Peace destroys."
That on the folly of ambition and a name, was to open with the view of a large chainpain defart country; in the midst of which was a large heap of shapeless and deformed ruins, under the íhadow of which was seen a shepherd's fhed, who ai his door was tending a few sheep and goats. The ruins attract the eye of a traveller passing by, who, curious to be informed of what he saw, addresses himself to the shepherd, to know to what fuperb structures these ruins belonged. The shepherd entertains him with an absurd and fabulous account of antient times, in which there were such traces of true history, that the traveller at length discovers, by the aid of the fabulous narrator, joined to certain marks in the ruins themselves, that this was the famous Blenheim, built, at the public expence, by a war, like nation, for the Deliverer of Europe, &c.
It may be worth observing farther, that Mr. Pope once had a purpofe to pen a discourse on the rise and progress of English poetry, as it came from the Provincial poets, and had classed the English poets, according to their several schools and
fucceflions, as appears from the list underneath.
r Chaucer's Visions, Romaunt of the Rose, 1. School of ?rovence l'ierce Plowman, Tales from Boccace.
T. Occleve, 2, School of Chaucer 3
Walt. de Mapes, (Skelton.
E. of urrey,
) Sir Thomas Wyat, . 3. School of Petrarch 3
Sir Philip -ydney, (G. Gascoyn, 1 ranslator of Ariosto's Com. Mirror of Magistrates,
Lord Buckhurst's Induction, Gorbo4. School of Dante
3 duck,--Original of good Tragedy,
Æ RA II.
(W. Brown's Pastorals, 5. School of Spencer,
| Ph. Fletcher's Purple Island, Alabaster,
(Milton's Juvenilia. Heath. Habinton. Translators from Ita-S
Sir John Davis,
(Models to in his' Par. (in Versifica-> Waller.
of Job. tion (Fairfax, Sir John Mennis, ļOriginals of Hudibras. Tho. Baynal,