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brought in carriages, and worked up in my any subsidies upon his subjects, who are house; an hundred and fifty of their beds, bound to attend him in his wars at their sewn together, made up the breadth and own expence. An ellablishment was also length; and these were four doubled, svhich made of fix hundred persons to be my dohowever kept me but indifferently from the meltics, who had board-wages allo.ved for hardness of the floor, that was of smooth their maintenance, and tents built for thein stone. By the same computation they pro- very conveniently on each side of my door: vided me with sheets, blankets, and cover. It was likewise ordered, that three hundred lids, tolerable enough for one who had been taylors should make me a suit of cloaths so long inured to hardthips.

after the fashion of the country: that fix Asthe news of my arrival spread through of his majesty's greatest scholars should be the kingdom, it brought prodigious nun- employed to instruct me in their language: bers of rich, idle, and curious people to see and lastly, that the emperor's horses, and me; so that the villages were alniost emp- those of the nobility, and troops of guards, tied; and great neglečt of tillage and house. should be frequently exercised in my sight, hold affairs must have ensued, if his impe. to accustom themselves to me. All these rial majelty had not provided, by several orders were duly put in execution, and in proclamations and orders of state, againit about three weeks I made great progress this inconveniency. He directed, that those in learning their language; during which who had already beheld me should return time the emperor frequently honoured me home, and not presume to come within tifty with his visits, and was pleased to assist my yards of my house without licence from masters in teaching me. We began already court; whereby the secretaries of state got to converse together in some fort; and the considerable fees,

first words I learnt were to express my In the mean time the emperor held fre. desire, that he would please to give me my quent councils, to debate what course should liberty, which I every day repeated on my be taken with me; and I was afterwards knees. His answer, as I could appre. . assured by a particular friend, a person of hend it, was, that this must be a work of great quality, who was as much in the se- time, not to be thought on without the cret as any, that the court was under many advice of his council, and that first I must difficulties concerning me, They appre- lumos kelmin pello de/mar lon emposo; that is, hended my breaking loose; that my diet swear a peace with him and his kingdom. would be very expensive, and might cause However, that I should be used with all a famine. Sometimes they determined to kindness; and he advised me to acquire, Harve me, or at least to Thoot me in the by my patience and discreet behaviour, the face and hands with poisoned arrows, which good opinion of himself and his subjects, would soon dispatch me; but again they He desired I would not take it ill, if he confidered, that the stench of so large a gave orders to certain proper officers to carcase might produce a plague in the men search me; for probably I might carry tropolis, and probably spread through the about me several weapons, which muit whole kingdom. In the midst of these needs be dangerous things, if they an: consultations, several officers of the army swered the bulk of so prodigious a person. went to the door of the great council. I said, his majesty should be satisfied; for 1 chamber, and two of them being admitted, was ready to strip myself, and turn up my gave an account of my behaviour to the pockets before him. 'This I delivered fix criminals above-mentioned, which made part in words, and part in signs. He so favourable an impression in the breast replied, that by the laws of the kingdom of his majesty, and the whole board, in my I must be searched by two of his officers; behalf, that an imperial commifiion was that he knew this could not be done withissued out, obliging all the villages nine out my consent and aslistance; that he had hundred yards round the city to deliver in so good an opinion of my generosity and every morning fix beeves, forty sheep, and justice, as to trust their persons in my other victuals, for my sustenance ; together hands: that whatever they took from me, with a proportionable quantity of bread, should be returned when I left the counand wine, aud other liquors; for the due try, or paid for at the rate which I would payment of which his majesty gave allign. set upon them.” I took up the two officers ments upon his treasury. For this prince in my hands, put them first into my coatlives chiefly upon his own demesnes, sel pockets, and then into every other pocket dom, except upon great occafions, raising about me, except my two fobs, and another

303

. secret

secret pocket, which I had no mind should were two black pillars irregularly thaped be searched, wherein I had some little ne- we could not without difficulty reach the cessaries, that were of no consequence to top of them, as we stood at the bottom of any but myself. In one of iny fobs there his pocket. One of them was covered, was a silver watch, and in the other a small and seemed all of a-piece; but at the upquantity of gold in a purse. These gen- per end of the other there appeared a white tlemen, having pen, ink, and paper about round substance, about twice the bigness them, made an exact inventory of every of our heads. Within each of these was thing they faw; and, when they had done, inclosed a prodigious place of steel; which, desired I would set them down, that they by our orders, we obliged him to thew us, might deliver it to the emperor. This in. because we apprehended they might be ventory I afterwards translated into Eng- dangerous engines. He took them out of lith, and is word for word as follows: their cases, and told us, that in his own

Imprimis, In the right coat.pocket of the country his practice was to shave his beard great Man-mountain (for so I interpret the with one of these, and to cut his meat with words Quinbus Flestrin) after the strictest the other. There were two pockets, which search we found only one great piece of we could not enter: there he called his coarse cloth, large enough to be a foot- fobs: they were two large slits cut into the cloth for your majesty's chief room of state. top of his middle cover, but squeezed close In the left pocket we saw a huge filver by the pressure of his belly. Out of the cheft, with a cover of the same metal, right fob hung a great silver chain with which we the searchers were not able to a wonderful engine at the bottom. We lift. We desired it should be opened, and directed him to draw out whatever was at one of us stepping into it, found himself the end of that chain; which appeared to up to the mid-leg in a sort of dust, some be a globe, half silver, and half of some part whereof flying up to our faces, set transparent metal; for on the transparent us both a sneezing for several times toge- fide we saw certain strange figures circu. ther. In his right waistcoat-pocket we larly drawn, and thought we could touch found a prodigious bundle of white thin them, till we found our fingers stopped by substances, folded one over another, about that lucid substance. He put this engine the bigness of three men, tied with a strong to our ears, which made an inceflant noile cable, and marked with black figures; like that of a water-mill: and we conjece which we humbly conceive to be writings, ture it is either soine unknown animal, or every letter almost half as large as the the god that he worships; but we are more palm of our hands. In the left there was inclined to the latter opinion, becaufe he a sort of engine, from the back of which afured us (if we understood him right, for were extended twenty long poles, reseme he expresied himself very imperfectly) that bling the palliradoes before your majesty's he feldoon did any thing without consulting court; wherewith we conjeture the Man- it. He called it his oracle, and said it mountain combs his head; for we did pointed out the time for every action of his not always trouble bin with queitions, be- life*. From the left fob he took out a net cause we found it a great difficulty to make almost large enough for a fisherman, but him understand os. In the large pocket contrived to open and shut like a purie, on the right side of his middle cover (fo I and served him for the fame ufe: we found translate the word ranfulo, by which they therein several massy pieces of yellow me. meant my breeches) we saw a hollow pil. tal, which, if they be real gold, muft be of Jar of iron, about the length of a man, immense value. faficned to a strong piece of timber, larger Having thus, in obedience to your mathan the pillar; and upon one fide of the jesty's commands, diligently searched all pillar were huge pieces of iron sticking his pockets, we observed a girdle about his out, cut into strange figures, which we waist, made of ihe hide of some prodigious know not what to make of. In the left animal, from which on the left side hung pocket another engine of the fame kind. a sword of the length of five men; and on In the smaller pocket on the right side the right a bag or pouch divided into two were several round fiat pieces of white and red metal of different bulk; some of the Perhaps the author intended to expose the white, which seemed to be silver, were so probable fallacy of opinions derived from the re. Jarge and heavy, that my comrade and I

lations of travellers, by thewing how little truth

need to be misunderstood to make falschood fpcm could hardly lift them. In the left pocket cious.

cells

cells, each cell capable of holding three of tioned the emperor not to be afraid, and your majesty's subjects. In one of these then I let it off in the air. The astonith. cells were several globes, or balls, of a moft ment here was much greater than at the ponderous metal, about the bigness of our fight of my scymeter. Hundreds fell down, heads, and required a strong hand to lift as if they had been struck dead; and even them; the other cell contained a heap of the emperor, although he had stood his certain black grains, but of no great bulk ground, could not recover himself in some or weight, for we could hold above fifty of time. I delivered up both my piltols in them in the palms of our hands.

the fame manner I had done my fcymeter, This is an exact inventory of what we and then my pouch of powder and bullets; found about the body of the Man-moun- begging him that the former might be tain, who used us with great civilicy, and kept from fire, for it would kindle with due respect to your majeity's commission. the smallest spark, and blow up his impe. Signed and sealed, on the fourth day of rial palace into the air. I likewise delithe eighty-ninth moon of your majesty's vered up my watch, which the emperor auspicious reign.

was very curious to fee, and commanded Clefrin Frelock, Marsi Frelock. two of his tallest yeoman of the guards to

bear it on a pale upon their shoulders, as When this inventory was read over to draymen in England do a barrel of ale. the emperor, he dire&ed me, although in He was amazed at the continual noise it very gentle terms, to deliver up the several made, and the motion of the minute-hand. particulars, He first called for my scyme. which he could eagly difcern; for their ter, which I took out, scabbard and all fight is much more acute than ours: he In the mean time he ordered three thou. asked the opinions of his learned men about fand of his choicest troops (who then at- it; which were various and remote, as the tended him) to surround me at a distance, reader may well imagine without my re. with their bows and arrows just ready to peating it; although indeed I could not very discharge: but I did not observe it, for mine perfectly understand them. I then gave up eyes were wholly fixed upon his majesty. my silver and copper money, my purse with He then defired me to draw my scymeter, nine large pieces of gold, and some smaller which, although it had got some rust by ones: my knife and razor, my comb and the sea-water, was in most parts exceeding

filver snuff-box, my handkerchief and jour. bright. I did so, and immediately all the nal-book. My scy meter, piftols, and pouch. troops gave a shout between terror and were conveyed in carriages to his maiety's surprize; for the sun shone clear, and the itores; but the rest of my goods were re. reflection dazzled their eyes, as I waved turned me. the scymeter to and fro in my hand. His I had, as I before observed, one private majesty, who is a molt magnanimous pocket, which escaped their search, whereprince, was less daunted than I conid ex- in there was a pair of spectacles (which I pect; he ordered me to return it into the sometimes use for the weakness of mine scabbard, and cast it on the ground as eyes) a pocket perspective, and some other gently as I could, about fix feet from the little conveniences; which being of no conend of my chain. The next thing he de- sequence to the emperor, I did not think manded, was one of the hollow iron pillars; myself bound in honour to discover, and I by which he meant my pocket-piftols. I apprehended they might be lost or spoiled, drew it out, and at his desire, as well as I if I ventured them out of my poffeffion. could, expressed to him the use of it; and charging it only with powder, which by

CH A P. III. the clofeness of my pouch happened to

The author diverts the emperor and his nobility

o escape wetting in the sea (an inconveni

of both sexes in a very uncommon manner. ence against which all prudent mariners

The diversions of the court of Lilliput decake special care to provide) I firft cau.

fcribed. The author bas bis liberty granted . He who does not find himself disposed to ho.

bim upon certain conditions. pour this magnanimity should reflect, that a right My gentleness and good behaviour had to judge of moral and intelectual excellence is gained fo far on the emperor and his court, with great absurdity and injustice arrogated by

and indeed upon the army, and people in him who admires, in a being fix feet high, any qualities that he despises in one whose ftature does

general, that I began to conceive hopes of pot exceed fix inches.

getting my liberty in a short time. I took 34

all

all possible methods, to cultivate this fa. his neck, if one of the king's cushions, that vourable difpofition. The natives came by accidentally lay on the ground, had noi degrees to be less apprehensive of any daná weakened the force of his fall. ger from me. I would sometimes lie down, There is likewise another diversion, which and let five or six of them dance on my is only shewn before the emperor and emhand : and at last the boys and girls would press, and first minister, upon particular venture to come and play at hide and seek occafions. The emperor lays on the table in my hair. I had now made a good pro- three fine filken threads of fix inches long; gress in understanding and speaking their one is blue, the other red, and the third language. The emperor had a mind one green. These threads are proposed as day to entertain me with several of the prizes for those persons, whom the emperor country thows, wherein they exceed all hath a mind to diftinguish by a peculiar nations I have known both for dexterity mark of his favour. The ceremony is pera and magnificence. I was diverted with formed in his majesty's great chamber of none so much as that of the rope-dancers, ftate, where the candidates are to undergo performed upon a slender white thread, a trial of dexterity very differeut from the extended about two feet, and twelve inches former, and such as I have not observed the from the ground. Upon which I fall least resemblance of in any other country of defire liberty, with the reader's patience, the old or new world. The emperor holds to enlarge a little.

a stick in his hands, both ends parallel to the This diversion is only practised by those horizon, while the candidates advancing, persons, who are candidates for great one by one, sometimes leap over the stick, employments, and high favour at court, sometimes creep under it backwards and forThey are trained in this art from their wards several times, according as the itick youth, and are not always of noble birth, is advanced or depressed. Sometimes the or liberal education. When a great office is emperor holds one end of the stick, and his vacant either by death or disgrace (which forfi minister the other; sometimes the mi. often happens) five or six of those candi- nister has it entirely to himself. Whoever dates petition the emperor to entertain his performs his part with molt agility, and majesty and the court with a dance on the holds out the longest in leaping and creeprope, and whoever jumps the highest with- ing, is rewarded with the blue-coloured filk; out falling, fucceeds in the office. Very the red is given to the next, and the green often the chief minifters themselves are to the third; which they all wear girt twice commanded to shew their skill, and to con- round about the middle; and you fee few vince the emperor that they have not loft great perfons about this court, who are not their faculty. Flimnap, the treasurer, is adorned with one of these girdles. allowed to cut a caper on the strait rope at The horses of the army, and those of the least an inch higher than any other lord in royal ftables, having been daily led before the whole empire, I have seen him do the me, were no longer shy, but would come up summerset several times together upon a to my very feet without starting. The trencher, fixed on a rope, which is no thicker riders would leap them over my hand, as I than a common packthread in England, held it on the ground; and one of the emMy friend Reldrefal, principal secretary for peror's huntsmen upon a large courser took private affairs, is, in my opinion, if I am my foot, shoe and all; which was indeed a not partial, the second after the treasurer ; prodigious leap. I had the good fortune to the rest of the great officers are much upon divert the emperor one day after a very a par.

extraordinary manner. I desired he would "These diversions are often attended with order several sticks of two feet high, and the fatal accidents, whereof great numbers are thickness of an ordinary cane, to be brought on record. I myself have seen two or three me; whereupon his majesty commanded the candidates break a limb. But the danger master of his woods to give directions aco is much greater, when the ministers them- cordingly, and the next morning fix wood selves are commanded to sew their dexte. men arrived with as many carriages, drawn rity; for, by contending to excel themselves by eight horses to each., I took nine of and their fellows, they (train so far, that these sticks, and fixing them firmly in the there is hardly one of them, who hath not re- ground in a quadrangular figure, two feet ceived a fall, and some of them, twoor three. and a half square, I took four other iticks, I was assured, that a year or two before my and tied them parallel at cach corner about arrival Flimnap would have infallibly broke two feet from the ground; then I fastened

my my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood humbly conceived it might be something erect; and extended it on all sides, till it was belonging to the Man-mountain ; and if his tight as the top of a drum; and the four majesty pleased, they would undertake to parallel sticks, rising about fiveinches higher bring it with only five horses, I prefently than the handkerchiefs, served as ledges on knew what they meant, and was glad at each side. When I had finished my work, heart to receive this intelligence. It feems, I desired the emperor to let a troop of his upon my first reaching the shore after our best horse, twenty-four in number, come and shipwreck, I was in such confusion, that, exercise upon this plain. His majesty ap- before I came to the place where I went to proved of the proposal, and I took them up fleep, my hat, which I had fastened with a one by one in my hands, ready mounted and string to my head while I was rowing, and armed, with the proper officers to exercise had stack on all the time I was swimming, them. As soon as they got into order, they fell off after I came to land; the string, as divided into two parties, performed mock I conjecture, breaking by some accident, kirmishes, discharged blunt arrows, drew which I never observed, but thought my their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and hat had been lost at sea. I entreated his imretired, and in thort discovered the best mi. Perial majesty to give orders it might be litary discipline I ever beheld. The paral. brought to me as soon as poflible,describing lel sticks secured them and their horses from to him the use and the nature of it: and the falling over the stage ; and the emperor was next day the waggoners arrived with it, but so much delighted, that he ordered this en- not in a very good condition: they had tertainment to be repeated several days, and bored two holes in the brim within an inch once was pleased to be lifted up, and give and a half of the edge, and fastened two the word of command ; and, with great dif- hooks in the holes; these hooks were tied ficulty, persuaded even the empress herself by a long cord to the harness, and thus my to let me hold her in her close chair within hat was dragged along for above half an two yards of the flage, from whence she was English mile; but the ground in that counable to take a full view of the whole per- try being extremely smooth and level, it reformance. It was my good fortune, that ceived less damage than I expected. no illaccident happened in these entertain- Two days after this adventure, the emments, only once a fiery horse, that belonged peror having ordered that part of his army, to one of the captains, pawing with his hoof, which quarters in and about his metropoAtruck a hole in my handkerchief, and his lis, to be in readiness, took a fancy of di. foot flipping he overthrew his rider and verting himself in a very singular manner. himself; but I immediately relieved them He desired I would stand like a colorfus, both, and covering the hole with one hand, with iny legs as far asunder as I conveni. I set down the troop with the other, in the ently could. He then commanded his gefime manner as I took them up. The horse neral (who was an old experienced leader, that fell was ítrained in the left shoulder, but and a great patron of mine) to draw up the the rider got no hurt, and I repaired my troops in close order, and march them under handkerchief as well as I could; however, me; the foot by twenty-four in a breaft, I would not cruft to the strength of it any and the horse by fixteen, with drums bearmore in such dangerous enterprizes. ing, colours flying, and pikes advanced. · About two or three days before I was set This body confitted of three thousand foot at liberty, as I was entertaining the court and a thousand horse. His majesty gave with this kind of feats, there arrived an ex- orders, upon pain of death, that every fol. press to inform his majesty, that some of his dier in his march should observe the stri&est Tubjects, riding near the place where I was decency with regard to my person ; which first taken up, had seen a great black sub- however could not prevent some of the Itance lying on the ground, very odly shap. younger officers from turning up their eyes, ed, extending its edges round as wide as his as they passed under me: and, to confess majesty's bedchamber, and rising up in the the truth, my breeches were at that time middle as high as a man; that it was no in so ill a condition, that they afforded living creature, as they at first apprehended, some opportunities for laughter and admi. for it lay on the grass without motion; and ration. some of them had walked round it several I had sent so many memorials and peti. times; that, by mounting up on each other's tions for my liberty, that his majesty at shoulders, they had got to the top, which length mentioned the matter first in the ca. was flat and even, and stamping upon it, binet, and then in a full council; where it they found it was hollow within ; that they was opposed by none, except Skyresh Bol

golam,

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