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Where these two Christian armies might combine
The blood of malice in a vein of league,
And not to-spend it so unneighbourly!2

Lew. A noble temper dost thou show in this;
And great affections, wrestling in thy bosom,
Do make an earthquake of nobility.

O, what a noble combat hast thou fought,3
Between compulsion, and a brave respect!4
Let me wipe off this honourable dew,
That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks:
My heart hath melted at a lady's tears,
Being an ordinary inundation;

But this effusion of such manly drops,

This shower, blown up by tempest of the soul,*

&c. Perhaps our author wrote gripple, a word used by Drayton, in his Polyolbion, Song 1:


"That thrusts his gripple hand into her golden maw." Our author, however, in Macbeth, has the verb-grapple: "Grapples thee to the heart and love of us." The emendation (as Mr. Malone observes) was made by Mr. Pope. Steevens. unto a Pagan shore;] Our author seems to have been thinking on the wars carried on by Christian princes in the holy land against the Saracens, where the united armies of France and England might have laid their mutual animosities aside, and fought in the cause of Christ, instead of fighting against brethren and countrymen, as Salisbury and the other English noblemen who had joined the Dauphin were about to do. Malone.

2 And not to-spend it so unneighbourly!] This is one of many passages in which Shakspeare concludes a sentence without attending to the manner in which the former part of it is constructed, Malone.

Shakspeare only employs, in the present instance, a phraseology which he had used before in The Merry Wives of Windsor: “And, fairy-like, to-pinch the unclean knight."

To, in composition with verbs, is common enough in ancient language. See Mr. Tyrwhitt's observations on this last passage, and many instances in support of his position, Vol. III, p. 131, n. 4. Steevens.

3 hast thou fought,] Thou, which appears to have been accidentally omitted by the transcriber or compositor, was inserted by the editor of the fourth folio. Malone.

4 Between compulsion and a brave respect!] This compulsion was the necessity of a reformation in the state; which, according to Salisbury's opinion, (who, in his speech preceding, calls it an enforced cause,) could only be procured by foreign arms: and the brave respect was the love of his country. Warburton.

Startles mine eyes, and makes me more amaz'd
Than had I seen the vaulty top of heaven
Figur'd quite o'er with burning meteors.
Lift up thy brow, renowned Salisbury,
And with a great heart heave away this storm:
Commend these waters to those baby eyes,
That never saw the giant world enrag'd;
Nor met with fortune other than at feasts,
Full warm of blood, of mirth, of gossiping.
Come, come; for thou shalt thrust thy hand as deep
Into the purse of rich prosperity,

As Lewis himself:-so, nobles, shall you all,
That knit your sinews to the strength of mine.
Enter PANDULPH, attended.

And even there, methinks, an angel spake:
Look, where the holy legate comes apace,
To give us warrant from the hand of heaven;
And on our actions set the name of right,
With holy breath.

Hail, noble prince of France!
The next is this,-king John hath reconcil'd
Himself to Rome; his spirit is come in,
That so stood out against the holy church,
The great metropolis and see of Rome:
Therefore thy threat'ning colours now wind up,
And tame the savage spirit of wild war;

5 This shower, blown up by tempest of the soul,] So, in our author's Rape of Lucrece:


"This windy tempest, till it blow up rain,

"Held back his sorrow's tide -." Malone.

an angel spake :] Sir T. Hanmer, and, after him, Dr. Warburton read here—an angel speeds, I think unnecessarily. The Dauphin does not hear the legate indeed, nor pretend to hear him; but seeing him advance, and concluding that he comes to animate and authorise him with the power of the church, he cries out, at the sight of this holy man, I am encouraged as by the voice of an angel. Johnson.

Rather, In what I have now said, an angel spake; for see, the holy legate approaches, to give a warrant from heaven, and the name of right to our cause.


This thought is far from a new one. Thus, in Gower, De Con fessione Amantis:

"Hem thought it sowned in her ere,

"As though that it an angell were." Steevens.

That, like a lion foster'd up at hand,

It may lie gently at the foot of peace,
And be no further harmful than in show.

Lew. Your grace shall pardon me, I will not back; I am too high-born to be propertied,

To be a secondary at control,

Or useful serving-man, and instrument,
To any sovereign state throughout the world.
Your breath first kindled the dead coal of wars
Between this chástis'd kingdom and myself,
And brought in matter that should feed this fire;
And now 'tis far too huge to be blown out
With that same weak wind which enkindled it.
You taught me how to know the face of right,
Acquainted me with interest to this land,"
Yea, thrust this enterprize into my heart;
And come you now to tell me, John hath made
His peace with Rome? What is that peace to me?
I, by the honour of my marriage-bed,

After young Arthur, claim this land for mine;
And, now it is half-conquer'd, must I back,

Because that John hath made his peace with Rome?
Am I Rome's slave? What penny hath Rome borne,
What men provided, what munition sent,

To underprop this action? is 't not I,

That undergo this charge? who else but I,
And such as to my claim are liable,

Sweat in this business, and maintain this war?
Have I not heard these islanders shout out,
Vive le roy! as I have bank'd their towns?

You taught me how to know the face of right,

Acquainted me with interest to this land,] This was the phraseology of Shakspeare's time. So again, in King Henry IV, P. II : "He hath more worthy interest to the state,

"Than thou the shadow of succession."

Again, in Dugdale's Antiquities of Warwickshire, Vol. II, p. 927: "in 4. R. 2. he had a release from Rose the daughter and heir of Sir John de Arden before specified, of all her interest to the manor of Pedimore." Malone.

8 — as I have bank'd their towns?] Bank'd their towns may mean, throw up entrenchments before them.

The old play of King John, however, leaves this interpretation extremely disputable. It appears from thence that these salutations were given to the Dauphin as he sailed along the banks

Have I not here the best cards for the game,
To win this easy match play'd for a crown?
And shall I now give o'er the yielded set?
No, on my soul, it never shall be said.

Pand. You look but on the outside of this work.
Lew. Outside or inside, I will not return
Till my attempt so much be glorified
As to my ample hope was promised
Before I drew this gallant head of war,1
And cull'd these firy spirits from the world,
To outlook conquest, and to win renown
Even in the jaws of danger and of death.—

[Trumpet sounds.

What lusty trumpet thus doth summon us?
Enter the Bastard, attended.

Bast. According to the fair play of the world,
Let me have audience; I am sent to speak:
My holy lord of Milan, from the king

I come, to learn how you have dealt for him:
And, as you answer, I do know the scope
And warrant limited unto my tongue.

Pand. The Dauphin is too wilful-opposite,
And will not temporize with my entreaties;
He flatly says, he'll not lay down his arms.

Bast. By all the blood that ever fury breath'd,

of the river. This, I suppose, Shakspeare calls banking the


from the hollow holes of Thamesis

"Echo apace replied, Vive le Roi!

"From thence along the wanton rolling glade,
"To Troynovant, your fair metropolis.'


We still say to coast and to flank; and to bank has no less of propriety, though it is not reconciled to us by modern usage.


9 No, on my soul,] In the old copy, no, injuriously to the measure, is repeated. Steevens.


drew this gallant head of war,] i. e. assembled it, drew it out into the field. So, in King Henry IV, P. I:

"And that his friends by deputation could not

"So soon be drawn." Steevens.

2-outlook] i. e. face down, bear down by a show of magnanimity. In a former scene of this play we have: outface the brow

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"Of bragging horror." Steevens.

The youth says well:-Now hear our English king;
For thus his royalty doth speak in me.
He is prepar'd; and reason too,3 he should:
This apish and unmannerly approach,

This harness'd masque, and unadvised revel,
This unhair'd sauciness, and boyish troops,*
The king doth smile at: and is well prepar'd
To whip this dwarfish war, these pigmy arms,
From out the circle of his territories.

That hand, which had the strength, even at your door,
To cudgel you, and make you take the hatch;5


and reason too,] Old copy-to. Corrected by the edi tor of the second folio. Malone.

4 This unhair'd sauciness, and boyish troops,] The printed copies-unheard; but unheard is an epithet of very little force or meaning here; besides, let us observe how it is coupled. Faulconbridge is sneering at the Dauphin's invasion, as an unadvised enterprize, savouring of youth and indiscretion; the result of childishness, and unthinking rashness; and he seems altogether to dwell on this character of it, by calling his preparation boyish troops, dwarfish war, pigmy arms, &c. which, according to my emendation, sort very well with unhair'd, i. e. unbearded sauciness. Theobald.

Hair was formerly written hear. Hence the mistake might easily happen. Faulconbridge has already, in this Act, ex


"Shall a beardless boy,

"A cocker'd silken wanton, brave our fields?"

So, in the fifth Act of Macbeth, Lenox tells Cathness that the English army is near, in which, he says, there are➡—

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many unrough youths, that even now

"Protest their first of manhood."

Again, in King Henry V:

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"For who is he, whose chin is but enrich'd

"With one appearing hair, that will not follow

"These cull'd and choice-drawn cavaliers to France?"


take the hatch;] To take the hatch, is to leap the hatch.To take a hedge or a ditch is the hunter's phrase. Chapman has more than once employed it in his version of Homer. Thus, in the 22d Iliad:

66 take the town; retire, dear son," &c.

Again, ibid:


· and take the town, not tempting the rude field."
εἰσερχεο τεῖ -Τείχεος ἐντὸς ἰών.” Steevents.

So, in Massinger's Fatal Dowry, 1632:
"I look about and neigh, take hedge and ditch,
"Feed in my neighbour's pastures." Malone

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