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With all my heart I thank thee for my father!
And they shall say, when Richard me begot,
Enter, on one side, the Archduke of Austria, and Forces;
on the other, PHILIP, King of France, and Forces; LEWIS, CONSTANCE, ARTHUR, and Attendants.
Lew. Before Angiers well met, brave Austria... Arthur, that great fore-runner of thy blood, Richard, that robb'd the lion of his heart,
By this brave duke came early to his grave:
8 Richard, that robb’d &c.] So Rastal, in his Chronicle: “It is sayd that a lyon was put to kynge Richard, beynge in prison, to have devoured him, and when the lyon was gapynge he put his arme in his mouth, and pulled the lyon by the harte so hard that he slewe the lyon, and therefore some say he is called Rycharde Cure de Lyon; but some say he is called Cure de Lyon, because of his boldness and hardy stomake.” Grey.
I have an old black-lettered History of Lord Faulconbridge, whence Shakspeare might pick up this circumstance. Farmer.
9 By this brave duke came early to his grave:) The old play led Shakspeare into this error of ascribing to the duke of Austria the death of Richard, who lost his life at the siege of Chaluz, long after he had been ransomed out of Austria's power. Steevens.
The producing Austria on the scene is also contrary to the truth of history, into which anachronism our author was led by the old play. Leopold, Duke of Austria, by whom Richard I had been thrown in prison in 1193, died, in consequence of a fall from his horse, in 1195, some years before the commencement of the present play:
The original cause of the enmity between Richard the First and the Duke of Austria, was, according to Fabian, that Richard " tooke from a knighte of the Duke of Ostriche the said Duke's
And, for amends to his posterity,
Arth. God shall forgive you Caur-de-lion's death,
Lew. A noble boy! Who would not do thee right?
Aust. Upon thy cheek lay I this zealous kiss,.
banner, and in despite of the said duke, trade it under foote, and did unto it all the spite he might.” Harding says, in his Chronicle, that the cause of quarrel was Richard's taking down the Duke of Austria's arms and banner, which he had set up above those of the King of France and the King of Jerusalem. The affront was given, when they lay before Acre in Palestine. This circumstance is alluded to in the old King John, where the Bastard, af. ter killing Austria, says
“ And as my father triumph'd in thy spoils,
“ And trod thine ensigns underneath his feet,” &c. Other historians say, that the duke suspected Richard to have been concerned in the assassination of his kinsman, the Marquis of Montferrat, who was stabbed in Tyre, soon after he had been elected King of Jerusalem; but this was a calumny, propagated by Richard's enemies, for political purposes. Malone.
1 At our importance -) At our importunity. Fohnson. So, in Twelfth Night:
Maria writ “ The letter at Sir Toby's great importance.” Steevens.
that pale, that white-fac'd shore, ] England is supposed to be called Albion from the white rocks facing France. Johnson.
Even till that utmost corner of the west,
Const. O, take his mother's thanks, a widow's thanks,
swords In such a just and charitable war.
K. Phi. Well then, to work; our cannon shall be bent
Const. Stay for an answer to your embassy,
Chat. Then turn your forces from this paltry siege,
3 To make a more requital &c.] I believe it has been already observed, that more signified, in our author's time, greater.
Steevens. 4 To cull the plots of best advantages :) i.e. to mark such stations as might most over-awe the town. Henley.
5 A wonder, lady?] The wonder is only that Chatillon happened to arrive at the moment when Constance mentioned him; which the French king, according to a superstition which prevails, more or less, in every mind agitated by great affairs, turns inte a miraculous interposition, or omen of good. Johnson.
To land his legions all as soon as I :
expedient -) Immediate, expeditious. Yohnson. So, in King Henry VI, P. II:
“A breach, that craves a quick, expedient stop.” Steevens. ? An Até, stirring him &c.] Até was the Goddess of Revenge. The player-editors read-an Ace. Steevens.
Corrected by Mr. Rowe. Malone.
8 With them a bastard of the king deceas'd:] The old copy erroneously reads-king's. Steevens.
This line, except the word with, is borrowed from the old play of King John, already mentioned. Our author should have written-king, and so the modern editors read. But there is certainly no corruption, for we have the same phraseology elsewhere. Malone.
It may as justly be said, that the same error has been else.. where repeated by the same illiterate compositors. Steevens. Bearing their birthrights &c.] So, in King Henry VIII: “ Have broke their backs with laying manors on them."
Fohnson. 1 Than now the English bottoms have waft o'er.) Waft for wafted. So again in this play:
“ The iron of itself, though heat red hot" i.e. heated. Steevens.
scath - ) Destruction, harm. Johnson. So, in How to chuse a good Wife from a bad, 1602:
“ For these accounts, 'faith it shall scath thee something." Again :
“ And it shall scath him somewhat of my purse." Steeneng.
The interruption of their churlish drums [Drums beat.
K. Phim How much unlook'd for is this expedition!
Aust. By how much unexpected, by so much We must awake endeavour for defence; For courage mounteth with occasion: Let them be welcome then, we are prepar’d. Enter King John, ELINOR, BLANCH, the Bastard,
PEMBROKE, and Forces.
K. Phi. Peace be to England; if that war return
under-wrought - ] i. e. underworked, undermined.
Steevens this brief - ) A brief is a short writing, abstract, or de. scription. So, in A Midsummer Night's Dream:
“ Here is a brief how many sports are ripe.” Steevens. 5 England was Geffrey's right,
And this is Geffrey's:) I have no doubt but we should read* and his is Geffrey's.” The meaning is, “England was Geffrey's right, and whatever was Geffrey's, is now his," pointing to Artbur. M. Mason.