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Revenges burn in them: for their dear causes
Would, to the bleeding, and the grim alarm,
Excite the mortified man.4
Ang.

Near Birnam wood
Shall we well meet them; that way are they coming.

Cath. Who knows, if Donalbain be with his brother?

Len. For certain, sir, he is not: I have a file
Of all the gentry; there is Siward's son,
And many unrough youths, that even now
Protest their first of manhood.
Ment.

What does the tyrant
Cath. Great Dunsinane he strongly fortifies :
Some say, he's mad; others, that lesser hate him,
Do call it valiant fury; but, for certain,
He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause
Within the belt of rule.

Northumberland.” See, however, a note on the Persone Droo matis. Steevens.

4 Excite the mortified man.) Mr. Theobald will needs ex. plain this expression. It means (says he) the man who bas abundoned himself to despair, who has no spirit or resolution left." And, to support this sense of mortified miin, he quotes mortified spirit in another place. But, if this was the meaning, Shak. speare had not wrote the mortified man, but a mortified man. In a word, by the mortifeil man, is meant a religious; one who who has subdued his passions, is dead to the world, has aban. doned it, and all the affairs of it: an Ascetic. Warburton. So, in Monsieur D’Olive, 1606:

“ He like a mortified hermit sits.” Again, in Green's Never too late 1616: “I perceived in the words of the hermit the perfect idea of a mortifed man." Again, in Love's Labour's Lost, Act I, sc. i:

“ My loving lord, Dumain is mortified;
“ The grosser manner of this world's delights
He throws upon the gross world's baser slaves," &c.

Steevens, $unrough youths,] An odd expression. It means smooth-faced, unbearded. Steevens. See The Tempest:

till new-born chins “ Be rough and razorable.” Again, in King Fobn:

“ This unhair'd sauciness, and boyish troops,

“ The king doth smile at.” Malone. He cannot buckle bis distem perd cause

Within the belt of rule.] The same metaphor occurs in

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Ang.

Now does he feel
His secret murders sticking on his hands;
Now minutely revolts upbraid his faith-breach;
Those he commands, move only in command,
Nothing in love: now does he feel his title
Hang loose about him, like a giant's robe
Upon a dwarfish thief.
Ment.

Who then shall blame
His pester'd senses to recoil, and start,
When all that is within him does condemn
Itself, for being there?
Cath,

Well, march we on,
To give obedience where 'tis truly ow'd:
Meet we the medecin of the sickly weal ;
And with him pour we, in our country's purge,
Each drop of us.
Len.

Or so much as it needs,
To dew the sovereign flower, and drown the weeds.
Make we our march towad Birnam.

[Exeunt, marching.

SCENE III.

Dunsinane. A Room in the Castle.

Enter MACBETH, Doctor, and Attendants. Macb. Bring me no more reports; let them fly all 4

8

Troilus and Cressida:

“ And buckle in a waist most fathomless." Steevens. -7 When all that is within bin does condeinn

Itself, for being there?] That is, when all the faculties of the mind are employed in self-condemnation. Fobnson

the medicin - ] i.e. physician. Shakspeare uses this word in the feminine gender, where Lafeu speaks of Helen in All's Well that Ends Well; and Florizel, in The Winter's Tale, calls Camillo “ the medecin of our house." Steevens.

9 To dew the sovereign flower, &c.] This uncommon verb occurs in Look about you, 1600:

Deaving your princely hand with pity's tears." Again, in Spencer's Fairy Queen, B. IV, c. viï:

Dew'd with her drops of bounty soveraigne.” Steevens. 1 Bring me no more reports ; &c.] Tell me not any more of desertions:--Let all my subjects leave mne :--I am safe till &c.

Fobnson)

1

Revenges burn in them: for their dear
Would, to the bleeding, and the grim
Excite the mortified man.*
Ang.

Near Birna.
Shall we well meet them ; that way are i

Cath. Who knows, if Donalbain be with,

Lin. For certain, sir, he is not: I have
Of all the gentry; there is Siward's son,
And many unrough youths, that even no
Protest their first of manhood.
Ment.

What does
Cath. Great Dunsinane he strongly forti.
Some say, he's mad; others, that lesser h..
Do call it valiant fury; but, for certain,
He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause
Within the belt of rule.

Northumberland.See, however, a note on the P matis. Steevens.

4 Excite the mortified man.) Mr. Theobald wil plain this expression. “ It means (says he) the ni abundoned bimself to despair, who has no spirit or resi And, to support this sense of mortified man, he quot spirit in another place. But, if this was the mean' speare had not wrote the mortified man, but a mor, In a word, by the mortified man, is meant a religious ; who has subdued his passions, is dead to the world, ! doned it, and all the affairs of it: an Ascetic. Warburi So, in Monsieur D’Olive, 1606:

“ He like a mortified hermit sits."
Again, in Green's Never too late 1616: “I perceir
words of the hermit the perfect idea of a mortified nio
Again, in Love's Labour's Lost, Act I, sc. i:

"My loving lord, Dumain is mortified;
“ The grosser manner of this world's delights
He throws upon

the

gross world's baser sla'

- unrough youths,] An odd expression.
smooth-faced, unbearded. Steevens.
See The Tempest:

till new-born chins
“ Be rough and razorable."
Again, in King Fobn:

“ This unhair'd sauciness, and boyish troops,

“ The king doth smile at.” Malone. He cannot buckle his distem per'd cause

Within the belt of rule.] The same metap!

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Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane,
I cannot taint with fear. What's the boy Malcolm?
Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know
All mortal consequents, pronounc'd me thus ::
Fear not, Macbeth ; no man, that's born of woman,
Shall e'er have power on thee. 3. -Then fly, false thanes,
And mingle with the English epicures :*

3

2 All mortal consequents, pronounc'il me thus:] The old copy reads

All mortal consequences, have pronounc'd me tbus. But the line must originally have ran as I have printed it:Currents, consequents, occurrents, ingredients, &c. are always spelt, in the ancient copies of our author's plays, “currence, consequence, occurrence, ingredience,” &c. Steevens. - on thee ] Old copy- upon.

Steevens. English epicures:] The reproach of epicurism, on which Mr. Theobald has bestowed a note, is nothing more than a natural invective uttered by an inhabitant of a barren country, against those who have more opportunities of luxury. Jobnson,

Of the ancient poverty of Scotland, the following mention is made by Froissart, Vol 11, cap iii: “ They be lyke wylde and savage people—they dought ever to lese that they have, for it is a poore country. And when the Englysshe men maketh any roode or voyage into the countrey, if they thynke to lyve, they must cause their provysion and vitayle to followe theym at their backe, for they shall fynde nothyng in that countrey," &c.

Shakspeare, however, took the thought from Holinshed, p. 179 and 180, of his History of Scotland: the Scotish people before had no knowledge nor understanding of fine fare or riotous surfet; yet after they had once tasted the sweet poi. soned bait thereof &c.—those superfluities which came into the realme of Scotland with the Englishmen&c. Again : “ For manie of the people abhorring the riotous manners and superfluous gormandizing brought in among them by the Englisbe. men, were willing inough to receive this Donald for their king, trusting (because he had beene brought up in the Isles, with old customes and manners of their ancient nation, without tast of English likerous delicates), they should by his seuere order in gouernement recouer againe the former temperance of their old progenitors.” The same historian informs us, that in those ages the Scots eat but once a day, and even then very sparingly. It appears from Dr. Johnson's Fourney to the Western Island of Scotland, that the natives had neither kail nor brogues, till they were taught the art of planting the one, and making the other, by the soldiers of Cromwell; and yet king James VI, in his 7th parliament, thought it necessary to form an act “ against superfluous banqueting." Steevens.

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